2012年英语专业四级考试真题及答案

来源:网络 2019-03-10

PART I DICTATION [15 MIN]

Listen to the following passage.Altogether the passage will be read to you four times.During the first reading, which will be done at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning.For the second and third readingsthe passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrasewith intervals of 15 seconds.The last reading will be done at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work.You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more.Please write the whole passage on ANSWER SHEET ONE.
 
今年的听写主题是生态旅游eco-tourism,文章先列举了人类目前的环保生活方式,并介绍在旅游中如何做到环保。文章条理清楚,听懂不难,有几个长单词可能会一下子反应不过来。
 
参考文本:
 
Eco-tourism
 
Nowadays, many of us try to live in a way that will damage the environment as little as possible. We recycle our newspapers and bottles, we take public transport to get to work, we try to buy locally produced fruit and vegetablesand we want to take these attitudes on holiday with us. This is why alternative forms of tourism are becoming popular in the world. There are a lot of names for these new forms of tourism: responsible tourism, nature tourism, adventure tourism, educational tourism and more.
 
Although everyone may have a different definition, most people agree that these new forms of tourism should do the following: first, they should conserve the wildlife and culture of the area; second, they should benefit the local people; third, they should make a profit without destroying natural resources; and finally they should provide an experience that tourists want to pay for.
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PART II LISTENING COMPREHENSION [20 MIN]
 
In Sections A,B and C you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow.Mark the best answer to each question on Answer Sheet Two.
 
SECTION A CONVERSATIONS
 
In this section you will hear several conversations.Listen to the conversations carefully and then answer the questions that follow.
 
Questions l to 3 are based on the following conversation.At the end of the conversation, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions.Now, listen to the conversation.
 
l.The Ethical Consumer Research Association will provide information to shoppers on
 
A.product price.
 
B.product quality.
 
C.manufacturers.
 
D.production methods.
 
2.According to the conversationan ethical shopper should
 
A.ask for othersadvice before buying things.
 
B.consider the worth of something to be bought.
 
C.postpone buying things whenever possible.
 
D.search for things that are less costly.
 
3.According to the conversationethical shoppers can be best
described as
 
A.shrewd. B.thrifty.
 
C.extravagant. D.cautious.
 
Questions 4 to 7 are based on the following conversation. At the end
of the conversationyou will be given 20 seconds to answer the
questions.Now,listen to the conversation.
 
4.Which of the following statements is CORRECT about Mary?
 
A.She is enjoying her language study.
 
B.She is enjoying her management study.
 
C.She is not feeling very well at the moment.
 
D.She is not happy about her study pressure.
 
5.What does Mary think of the course initially?
 
A.It is useful. B.It is difficult.
 
C.It is challenging. D.It is interesting.
 
6.What is Marys problem of living in a family house?
 
A.She dislikes the food she eats. B.She is unable to sleep well.
 
C.She has no chance to make friends. D.She finds the rent high.
 
7.Which of the following is Mr.Daviesadvice?
 
A.To tryto make more friends.
 
B.To try to change accommodation.
 
C.To spend more time on English.
 
D.To stop attending language classes.
 
Questions 8 to 10 are based on the following conversation. At the end of the conversationyou will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the conversation.
 
8.According to the conversationthe day is special because
 
A.many people are surfing the net on that day.
 
B.it is an anniversary of the internet.
 
C.the net brought about no changes until that day.
 
D.big changes will take place on that day.
 
9.We learn from the conversation that people
 
A.cannot Jive without the internet.
 
B.cannot work without the internet.
 
C.all use the internet to keep in touch.
 
D.have varied opinions about internet use.
 
10.At the end of the conversation.the speakers talk about
 
A.the future of the internet.
 
B.the type of office furniture.
 
C.when changes will come.
 
D.how people will use the internet.
 
SECTION B PASSAGES
 
In this sectionyou will hear several passages. Listen to the passages carefully and then answer the questions that follow.
 
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage.
 
11.In order to open a bank accountyou need to produce____in addition to your passport.
 
A.a library card B.a registration form
 
C.a telephone bill D.a receipt
 
12.Which of the following might NOT be included in theutility bill’?
 
A.Rent. B.Gas. C.Water. D.Telephone.
 
13.According to the passagewhat can one do in the post office?
 
A.Getting contact details. B.Obtaining tax forms.
 
C.Paying housing rents. D.Applying for loans.
 
Questions 14 to 17 are based on the following passage. At the end of the passage, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage.
 
14.According to the passage,‘schedulingmeans that you
 
A.need to be efficient in work.
 
B.plan your work properly.
 
C.try to finish work ahead of time.
 
D.know how to work in teams.
 
15.According to the passage, one of the activities to relax could be
 
A.protecting wild animals.
 
B.spending time with your family.
 
C.learning how to read efficiently.
 
D.learning how to do gardening.
 
16.One of the ways to reduce stress is to
 
A.do better than anyone else.
 
B.fulfill high ambitions in one's work.
 
C.work and have reasonable aims.
 
D.start with a relatively low aim.
 
17.According to the passageto reduce stress has something to do with the following EXCEPT
 
A.one's position. B.one's interest.
 
C.one's health. D.one's mood.
 
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the following passage. At the end of  the passage, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the passage.
 
18.According to the passagenew words tend to come from
 
A.world politics. B.advances in science.
 
C.areas of life. D.all the above.
 
19.The passage explains the larger and richer vocabulary of English mainly from a viewpoint.
 
A.historical B.cultural
 
C.commercial D.colonial
 
20.According to the passagewhich of the following statements best describes the English language?
 
A.It is outdated in grammar.
 
B.It accepts new words from science.
 
C.It has begun taking in new words.
 
D.It tends to embrace new words.
 
SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST
 
In this sectionyou will hear several news items. Listen to them carefully and then answer the questions that follow.
 
Questions 21 and 22 are based OH the following news. At the end of the news itemyou will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news.
 
21.Where was the marble statue found?
 
A.Out in the sea. B.Inside a bath house.
 
C.On a cliff along the coast. D.On the coast outside Jerusalem.
 
22.Which of the following best describes the condition of the statue?
 
A.It was incomplete. B.It was recent artwork.
 
C.It was fairly tall. D.It was in pieces.
 
Questions 23 and 24 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item. you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news.
 
23.The rescue efforts concentrated mainly on
 
A.the U.S.-Canada border B.snow-stricken regions.
 
C.highways. D.city streets.
 
24.According to the newsthe last group of people might have been stranded in their vehicles for more than ____ hours before being rescued.
 
A.24 B.25 C.40 D.48
 
Questions 25 and 26 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news.
 
25.According to the 2006 anti-smoking restrictionssmoking was NOT allowed in
 
A.offices. B.restaurants. C.bars. D.school playgrounds.
 
26.According to the newswhich of the following groups reacts negatively to the new law?
 
A.Television producers. B.Hotel owners.
 
C.Medical workers. D.Hospital management.
 
Questions 27 and 28 are based on the following news. At the end of the news itemyou will be given 10 seconds to answer the questions. Now, listen to the news.
 
27.According to the newswho first discovered the fraud?
 
A.A client. B.A bank manager.
 
C.The police. D.Bank headquarters.
 
28.When did the bank employee hand himself in?
 
A.A month before the fraud was discovered.
 
B.A day before the fraud was discovered.
 
C.A day after the police launched investigation.
 
D.A month after he transferred the money.
 
Question 29 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 5 seconds to answer the question. Now, listen to the news.
 
29.What is this news item mainly about?
 
A.How to open Hotmail accounts.
 
B.How to retrieve missing e-mails.
 
C.New e-mail service by Microsoft.
 
D.Problems and complaints about e-mails.
 
Question30 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 5 seconds to answer the question. Now, listen to the news.
 
30.Compared with 2009,which of the following figures remained about the same in 2010?
 
A.Number of tickets sold. B.Box office revenues.
 
C.Attendance rate. D Number of cinemas.
 
参考答案:
 
1-5 CBBDA
6-10 CBBDA
11-15 CADBD
16-20 CADAD
21-25 DACDA
26-30 BACDB
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PART III CLOZE 【15 MIN
 
Decide which of the choices given below would best complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the best choice for each blank on Answer Sheet Two.
 
The earthquake of 26th December 2004 resulted in one of the worst natural disasters in living memory. It was a (31) _____ underwater quake and occurred in the Indian Ocean. It (32) ____ coastlinescommunities and brought death to many people.
 
Why do earthquakes happen?
 
The surface of the earth has not always looked as it does today; it is moving(33)____ (although very slowly)and has done so for billions of years. This is one(34)____ of earthquakeswhen one section of the earth (tectonic plate)(35)____ another. Scientists can predict where but not(36)____ this might happen and the area between plates is called a fault line. On one fault line in KobeJapan in 1923 over 200,000 people were killed.(37)____,earthquakes do not always happen on fault lines,(38)____ is why they are so dangerous and (39)____.
 
Where do volcanoes happen?
 
Volcanoes happen where the earth's(40)____ is thinlavadust and gases(41)____ from beneath the earth. They can rise into a huge cone shape like a mountain and erupt,(42)____ they can be so violent(43)____ they just explode directly from the earth with no warning. There are 1511(44)'____' volcanoes in the world. This means that they may(45)____ be dangerous. In 1985 the Colombian volcano
Nevado del Ruiz erupted. The lava melted a glacier and sent tones of mud(46)____ the town below. Twenty thousand people died. Natural disasters like volcanic eruptions are often unpredictable. We regularly do not know when they(47)____ penor (48)____ where they will happen. In the futurescientists may be able to watch and predict(49)____ before they happen.This could(50)____ many lives.
 
31.A.massive B.significant C.great D.grand
 
32.A.changed B.converted C.destroyed D.transformed
 
33.A.frequently B.continuously C.regularly D.periodically
 
34.A.source B.reason C.movement D.cause
 
35.A.collides with B.confronts with C.meets with D.faces with
 
36.A.how B.why C.when D.what
 
37.A.Generally B.However C.Similarly D.Anyway
 
38.A.that B.it C.this D.which
 
39.A.unpredictable B.unaccountable C.inevitable D.irresistible
 
40.A.surface B.appearance C.crust D.cover
 
41.A.flowed out B.burst out C.1eaked out D.trickled out
 
42.A.or B.and C.nor D.but
 
43.A.like B.for C.as D.that
 
44.A.living B.active C.alive D.live
 
45.A.relatively B.hardly C.still D.gradually
 
46.A.down B.on C.across D.beyond
 
47.A.are to B.should C.must D.might
 
48.A.else B.even C.though D.whether
 
49.A.accidents B.incidents C.occasions D.events
 
50.A.rescue B.save C.preserve D.shelter
 
2012年英语专四完形填空答案
 
31) massive
 
32) destroyed
 
33) continuously
 
34) cause
 
35) collides with
 
36) when
 
37) However
 
38) which
 
39) unpredictable
 
40) crust
 
41) burst out
 
42) or
 
43) that
 
44) active
 
45) still
 
46) down
 
47) might
 
48) even
 
49) events
 
50) save
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PART IV GRAMMAR &VOCABULARY 【15 MIN
 
There are thirty sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words, phrases or statements marked AB, C and D.Choose one word, phrase or statement that best completes the sentence. Mark your answers on Answer Sheet Two.
 
51.Which of the following sentences is INCORRECT?
 
A.Twenty miles seems like a long walk to him.
 
B.No one except his supporters agree with him.
 
C.Neither Julia nor I were going to the party.
 
D.Few students in my class are really lazy.
 
52.Which of the following determiners(限定词)can be placed before
both singular count nouns and plural count nouns?
 
A.many a B.few C.such D.the next
 
53.Which of the following reflexive pronouns(反身代词)is used as an
appositive(同位语)?
 
AHe promised himself rapid progress.
 
B.The manager herself will interview Mary.
 
C.I have nothing to say for myself.
 
D.They quarreled themselves red in the face.
 
54.My boss ordered that the legal documents ____ to him before
lunch.
 
A.be sent B.were sent C.were to be sent D.must be sent
 
55.Which of the following sentences expresses WILLINGNESS?
 
A.By now she will be eating dinner.
 
B.I shall never do that again.
 
C.My brother will help you with the luggage.
 
D.You shall get a promotion.
 
56.Which of the following sentences is INCORRECT?
 
A.How strange feelings they are!
 
B.How dare you speak to me like that!
 
C.What noise they are making!
 
D. What a mess we are in!
 
57.which of the italicized parts functions as a subject?
 
A.We never doubt that her brother is honest.
 
B.The problem is not who will go but who will stay.
 
C.You must give it back to whoever it belongs to
 
D.It is clear that the crime was done deliberately.
 
58.which of the italicized parts functions as an object?
 
A.He doesnt like the idea of my speaking at the meeting.
 
B.It is no use your pretending not to know the matter.
 
C.My parents strongly object to my going out alone at night.
 
D.Her falling into the river was the climax of the whole trip.
 
59.All the following sentences have an appositive EXCEPT
 
A.She bought herself a pair of new shoes.
 
B.Only one problem still remains-the food.
 
C.My friends all understand and support me.
 
D.She liked her current jobteaching English.
 
60.Which of the following best explains the meaning ofShall we buy the tickets first”?
 
A.He said that we were going to buy the tickets first.
 
B.He requested that we buy the tickets first.
 
C.He suggested that we buy the tickets first.
 
D.He advised us to buy the tickets first.
 
61.Which of the following contains an adverbial clause of cause?
 
A.I got a job as soon as I left university.
 
B.As there was no answer, I wrote again.
 
C.You must do the exercises as I show you.
 
D.Wealthy as he isMark is not a happy man.
 
62.Which of the following prepositional phrases can function as an adverbial?
 
A.Are you sure of Simon's disappearance?
 
B.The man with a beard is talking to the manage.
 
C.Every precaution was taken against the failure of the plan.
 
D.Despite the raineveryone enjoyed the trip.
 
63.AMother.you promised to take me out. BWell_____
 
A. so I did! B. so did I. C. so I do! D. so do I
 
64.Which of the following prepositional phrases is an adverbial of concession?
 
A.They used the box for keeping treasures.
 
B.I stepped aside for her to get in first.
 
C.For all that he seems to dislike meI still like him.
 
D.The parents bought a birthday cake for their son.
 
65.Which of the following sentences is INCORRECT?
 
A.Poultry are very expensive in the city.
 
B.New machinery were introduced in the factory.
 
C.The police are investigating the murder case.
 
D.The militia were called out to rescue flood victims.
 
66.The girl cannot come to school today on account of the flu.The underlined part means_____.
 
A.concerning B.because of C.as to D.for
 
67.Mary and John are busy looking for a hotel for their wedding _____.
 
A.meal B.snack C.refreshment D.banquet
 
68.Mini-skirts first _____ in the 1960s.
 
A.caught out B.caught in C.caught on D.caught up
 
69.That outburst at the meeting was ____ of his bad temper.
 
A.illustrative B.explanatory C.expository D.revealing
 
70.The earthquake refugees are ____ for food and blankets.
 
A.desirous B.ambitious C.seriously off D.badly off
 
71.When Linda heard the good news she tried to sound casualbut her excitement was obvious.
 
The underlined part means _____.
 
A.uncaring B.disinterested C.without plan D.without warning
 
72.Most Chinese people went to work by bike within living _____.
 
A.mind B.knowledge C.memory D.scope
 
73.The speaker was very good at ____ his ideas during the discussion.
 
A.putting aside B.putting across C.putting back D.putting off
 
74.The food is good at this hotelbut the ____ is poor;the waiters dont seem to be well trained.
 
A.maintenance B.repair C.charge D.service
 
75.Slavery was ____ in America in the 19th century.
 
A.abolished B.cancelled C.abandoned D.terminated
 
76.MercifullyI was able to complete all I had to do within a few days. The underlined part means _____.
 
A.efficiently B.surprisingly C.fortunately D.shortly
 
77.The boys in the dorm ____ a coin to decide who would clean the floor.
 
A.held B.tossed C.put D.collected
 
78.The patterns of spoken language are ____ from those of writing.
 
A.distinct B.distinctive C.distinguished D.distinguishing
 
79.A(n)____ shape has four straight sides at 90°to each other, two of which are much longer than the other two.
 
A.square B.oval C.oblong D.circular
 
80.Id like to have a ____ word with his parents.
 
A.peaceful B.quiet C.silent D.personal
 
2012英语专四考试词汇语法答案
 
51-55 BDBAC
 
56-60ACDBC
 
61-65 BADCA
 
66-70 DBACB
 
71-75 BCBAD
 
76-80 CBACB
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PART V READING COMPREHENSION 【25 MIN
 
In this section there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statementseach with four suggested answers marked A,B,C and DChoose the one that you think is the best answerMark your answers on Answer Sheet Two
 
TEXT A
 
Sayingthank youis probably the first thing most of us learn to do in a foreign languageAfter allwere brought up to be politeand it is important to make a good impression upon other peopleespecially across national divides
 
Sowhat exactly are you supposed to say when "thank you" is only the 20th most popular way to express gratitude? According to a recent survey,19 other ways of expressing appreciation finished ahead of "thank you" in a poll of 3,000 people
 
Pollsters found almost half of those asked preferred the more informalcheers”,while others liked to use such expressions asta”,“great" andnice one”.
 
Sojust what is the appropriate form of words to express your thanks?
 
Fortunately, the clue is in the language itself.“Cheers”,despite its popularityis considered an informal way to say thank youand this is a definite clue as to when you can best use it
 
For instancewhen going for a drink with friendsa smile and acheersby way of thanks is not only appropriate to the situationit is also culturally accurate.“Ta”,originated from the Danish wordtak”, was the second-most popular expression of thanksand is also commonly used in informal situationsalong with phrases such asnice one”, andbrilliant”.Interestingly, one word that didnt make it into the top 20 wasthanks”.Thank you's shorter, more informal cousin
 
Thankscan be usefulas it is able to bridge the divide between the formality ofthank you" and the downright relaxedcheers”.
 
Certain words can double as an expression of thanks as well as delightAgainthe words themselves offer the clue as to when best to use them
 
For examplewords likeawesome”,“brilliant" andyou star" featured highly in the new poll and they can hint at both your pleasure at someone's actionas well as serving to express your thanksIf you are on the receiving end of anewthank youyou can respond with a simpleno problem”, orsure”.
 
Of coursein certain circumstancesa simple wavenod or smile may be appropriateFor instanceif a car driver slows down to let you cross the roadsimply raising your hand in acknowledgement is enough to show that you appreciate the driver's consideration
 
Sometimesformality is necessary, andthank youis still the best choice in such situations
 
But students should not worry about when exactly to use certain expressions
 
Many people in Western countries are worried that good manners are in declinePeople are tired of seeing their acts of kindness and service pass without commentSo dont think that yourthank youwas clumsy or awkwardly formalThe chances areif you saidthank you”,you made someones dayYou star
 
81.We can tell from the results of the poll that
 
Apeople are unconcerned about politeness nowadays
 
B.“thank youremains the best expression of gratitude
 
Cthere is a variety of expressions of appreciation
 
Dthere are more formal expressions than informal ones
 
82.Which word/phrase does NOT appear in the top 20?
 
ACheersBThanksCBrilliantDYou star
 
83.According to the passagewhich is an appropriate response toawesomeorbrilliant”?
 
AThanksBCheersCNice oneDSure
 
84.According to the passagethe way in which we express our gratitude depends on all the following EXCEPT
 
AgenderBformalityCcultureDcircumstance
 
85.In the last paragraph the author encourages people to
 
Acontinue their acts of kindness
 
Bbehave themselves well
 
Cshow their gratitude to others
 
Dstop worrying about bad manners
 
TEXT B
 
From 2007 to 2010,American households lost $l1 trillion in real estatesavings, and stocks More than half of all USworkers either lost their jobs or were forced to take cuts in hours or pay during the recessionThe worst may be behind them now, but the shocking losses of the past few years have reshaped nearly every facet of their liveshow they liveworkand spendeven the way they think about the future
 
For Cindy, the recession began when her husband was relocated to Rhinelander, Wisconsinby his company forcing the family to move in a hurryThe couple bought a new house but were unable to sell their two-bedroom home in Big LakeMinnesotaWith two mortgages(抵押借款) and two young children to care for, Cindy couldn't imagine how to stretch her husband's paycheck to keep her family fed
 
Then she stumbled upon an online community called Blotanicala forum for gardenersmany with an interest in sustainability.“The more I read and discussed these practicesthe more I realized this would help not only our budget but also our health,”she says
 
Cindy admits that before the recessionshe was a city girl with no interest in growing her own dinner.“I grew flowers mostlyI didnt think about plants that werent visually interesting." But to stretch her budgetshe began putting in vegetables and fruiteverything from strawberry beds to apple treesand as her first seedlings grewher spirits liftedShe no longer thinks of gardening and making her own jams as just a money savertheyre a genuine pleasure.“Its brought us closer together as a family, too,”she saysHer kids voluntarily pitch in with(主动帮助)the garden workand the family cooks together instead of eating out
The food tastes betterit's fresher and organicand the garden handily fulfills its original purposecost cuttingNow she spends about $200 to $300 a month on groceriesless than half of the $650 a month that she used to lay out
 
After discovering how resourceful she can be in tough timesCindy is no longer easily discouraged.“It makes me feel proud to be able to say I made it myself,”she says.“I feel accomplishedand I'm more confident about attempting things I've never done before." Now she avoids convenience stores and has begun learning to knitquiltand make her own soap."I don't think I would have ever begun this journey if it werent for the recession,”she says.“I have a feeling that from now onit will affect my familys health and happiness for the better."
 
86.We learn from the first paragraph that the recession
 
Aaffected Americans in certain occupations
 
Bhad great impact on Americanswork and life
 
Chad only brought huge losses in savings and stocks
 
Dis over with some of the losses recovered.
 
87.What made the family's financial situation even worse was that they
 
Amoved to Rhinelander in a hurry
 
Bhad two children to raise
 
Cdidn't know anyone in Rhinelander
 
Dcouldn't sell their home in Big Lake
 
88.Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
 
ACindy had seen the benefits of gardening in a different way
 
BCindy had developed a hobby of gardening before the recession
 
CCindy had already had a keen interest in sustainability
 
DCindy had already planned to meet the gardeners
 
89.In addition, Cindy views gardening as a genuine pleasure because gardening
 
Ahelped her cut living costs almost by half
 
Benabled her to make her own jams
 
Cbuilt up family ties and kidsenthusiasm
 
Denabled her to know more about plants
 
90.What does Cindy think of the difficult times she has gone through?
 
AIt gave the couple and their kids a tough lesson
 
BIt gave her confidence and optimism
 
CIt would come again and affect the family
 
DIt left a lasting psychological impact on the family
 
TEXT C
 
I'm a little worried about my future,”said Dustin Hoffman in The GraduateHe should be so luckyAll he had to worry about was whether to have an affair with Mrs RobinsonIn the sixtiesthat was the sum total of post-graduation anxiety syndromeHoffman's modern counterparts are not so fortunateThe Mrs
Robinsons aren't sitting around at home any moreseducing graduatesThey are out in the workplacedoing the high-powered jobs the graduates wantbut cannot getFor those fresh out of university, desperate for work but unable to get itthere is a big imbalance between supply and demandAnd there is no narrowing of the gap in sight
 
The latest unemployment figures show that 746,000 of 18-24 year-olds are unemployeda record rate of 18 per centMany of those will have graduated this summerThey are not panicking yetbut as the job rejections mount upthey are beginning to feel alarmed
 
Of courseit is easy to blame the Government andin particular, the target that Labour has long trumpeted---50 per cent of school-leavers in higher educationThat was not too smartThe Government has not only failed to meet its targetthe actual figure is still closer to 40 per centbut it has raised expectations to unrealistic levels
 
Parents feel as badly let down as the young people themselvesMiddle-class families see their graduate offspring on the dole(救济金)queue and wonder why they bothered paying school feesWorking-class families feel an even keener sense of disappointmentFor many such familiesgetting a child into university was the fulfillment of a lifelong dreamIt represented upward social and financial mobilityIt was proof that they were living in a dynamiceconomically successful countryThat dream does not seem so rosy now
 
Graduate unemployment is notultimately, a political problem ready to be solvedJob-creation schemes for graduates are very low down in ministerial in-traysIf David Cameron's Conservatives had a brilliant idea for guaranteeing every graduate a well-paid jobthey would have unveiled it by nowIt is a social problemthough a more deep-seated social problem than people perhaps realize
 
91.The author begins with an episode from The Graduate in order to
 
Asupport the fact that more women are working now
 
Bshow that few graduates started working right after graduation
 
Cdemonstrate that there were much fewer graduates than now
 
Demphasize the sharp contrast between now and then
 
92.With regard to job opportunities for young graduatesthe author sounds
 
ApessimisticBhopefulCindifferentDfurious
 
93.The author is ____ the Labour Government's target:50% of school leavers in higher education
 
Ain favour of Bdoubtful about
 
Cstrongly critical of Dmildly critical of
 
94.Which of the following statements about parentsfeelings is CORRECT?
 
AWorkingclass parents feel just as disappointed
 
BParents and their children feel equally disappointed
 
CMiddleclass parents feel more disappointed
 
DParents feel more disappointed than their children
 
95.Towards the end of the passagethe author implies that
 
Athere will be job-creation schemes for graduates
 
Bgraduate unemployment is more of a political issue
 
Cgraduate unemployment is both a political and a social issue
 
Dthe Conservatives are doing far from enough to solve the issue
 
TEXT D
 
No matter how many times you have seen images of the golden mask of boy king Tutankhamencome face to face with it in Egypt's Cairo museumand you will suck in your breath
 
It was on Nov 4,1923,that British archaeologist Howard Carter stumbled on a stone at the base of the tomb of another pharaoh(法老)in Luxor that eventually led to a sealed doorway
 
Thenon Nov 23,Carter found a second door and when he stuck his head through itwhat he saw was to stun the worldInside lay the great stone coffinenclosing three chests of gilded wood
 
A few months later, when a crane lifted its granite cover and one coffin after another was removed, Carter found a solid block of gold weighing 110kgIn it was the mummy(木乃伊) of the19-year-old
Tutankhamencovered in gold with that splendid funeral maskAnd all this lay buried for more than 3,000 years
 
Months after my trip to Egypt, I can relive the rush of emotion I felt and sense the hush that descended on the crammed Cairo museum's Tutankhamen gallery
 
Cairoa dusty city of 20 million peopleis a place where time seems to both stand still and rush into utter chaosIt is a place where the ancient and contemporary happily go along on parallel tracks
 
Take the Great Pyramids of Gizasitting on the western edge of the cityEven as the setting sun silhouettes these gigantic structures against the great desert expansea call for prayer floats over semi-finished apartment blocks filled with the activity of city life

 
While careful planning for the afterlife may lie buried underground in Cairoit is noise and confusion on the streetsDonkey carts battle for space with pedestrians and the only operative road rule ismight is right.”But it is a city that is full of lifefrom the small roadside restaurants to the coffee shops where men and women smoke the shisha(水烟壶).
 
Donkey carts piled high with flat-breads magically find their way in and out the maddening trafficyoung women in long skirts and headscarves hold hands with young men in open collar shirtswhile conversations dwell on Kuwait's chances at the soccer World Cup
 
96.According to the context,“suck in your breathmeansfeel a
sense of ____".
 
Aawe Bhorror Cdoubt Ddelight
 
97.Which of the following statements about the discovery of the mummy is INCORRECT?
 
AThe mummy was first discovered by a British archaeologist
 
BThe discovery of the mummy came as a surprise
 
CThe mummy was found lying right inside the stone coffin
 
DThe masked mummy was covered in gold
 
98.Which word CANNOT be used to describe the city of Cairo?
 
ACrowdednessBQuietCNoiseDConfusion
 
99.Which pair of words/phrases indicates contrast?
 
AGigantic structuregreat desert expanse
 
BA call for prayermen and women with the shisha
 
CChaosmaddening
 
DCoffee shopspyramids
 
100.What is the author's attitude towards Cairo?
 
APositiveBObjectiveCNegativeD. Not clear
 
2012英语专四考试阅读理解答案
 
81-85 CADBA
 
86-90 DBCAD
 
91-95 BADBB
 
96-100 ADBAC
#p#副标题#e#
 
PART VI WRITING 【45 MIN
 
SECTION A COMPOSITION [35 MIN]
 
The Dragon Boat Festival(端午节)is one of the important national festivals in China. Write on ANSWER SHEET THREE a composition of about 200 words on the following topic
 
The Dragon Boat Festival
 
First, you should tell what you know about the festival.
 
Second, you should describe how you or other people usually observe the festival.
 
Marks will be awarded for content, organizationlanguage and appropriateness. Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks.
 
SECTION B NOTE-WRITING [10 MIN]
 
Write on ANSWER SHEET THREE a note of about 50-60 words based on the following situation:
 
The winter vacation was overand you came back by train yesterday. Your friend (Michael or Lucy)went to the railway station to meet you and helped cleaning your dorm. Nowwrite him/her a noteexpressing your gratitude and offering your help in return.
 
Marks will be awarded for content organization, language and appropriateness.




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