2012专四单选练习【附答案详解】-4

来源:恒星 2019-03-14

 

第一页:单项选择

第二页:参考答案

 

 

 

51. __ I love you, I should never consider marrying you.
A. Whether   B. Also   C. However   D. Much as

52. I wish I hadn't been so busy this morning, otherwise I __ you with the cleaning.
A. will have helped  B. should help   C. could have helped   D. could help

53. I'd rather you __ make any comments on the issue for the time being.
A. don't   B. wouldn't   C. didn't   D. shouldn't

54. Just as there are occupations that require college or even higher degrees, so too are there occupations __ technical training is necessary.
A. for which   B. in which   C. to which   D. at which

55. She sat on the bench in the park, her chin __ in her hand.
A. was cupped   B. cupped   C. cupping   D. to be cupped

56. I __ advise you not to do that again in the future.
A. dare   B. would   C. should   D. need

57. The atmosphere is as much a part of the earth as __ its soil and the water of its lakes, rivers and oceans.
A. are   B. is   C. do   D. has

58. If negotiations for the new trade agreements take __, critical food shortages will develop in several countries.
A. too much longer   B. much long too   C. too many longer   D. much too long

59. Doing your homework is a sure way to improve your test scores, and this is especially true__ comes to classroom tests.
A. when   B. since  C. before    D. after

60. I recommend that the planning __ until all the materials have been supplied.
A. is not started   B. will not be started
C. not be started    D. is not to be started

61. Greatly agitated, I rushed to the apartment and tried the door, __ to find it locked.
A. just   B. only   C. hence   D. thus

62. When he arrived, he found ___ the aged and the sick at home.
A. none but   B. none other than   C. nothing but   D. no other than

63. As 4 to 8, ____ 8 is to 16.
A. as   B. so   C. that   D. which

64. According to some educators, the goal of teaching is to help students learn what __ to know to live a well-adjusted and successful  life.
A. do they need   B. they need   C. they are needed   D. as they may need

65. If ever again ____ happens an accident like this, we will have only ourselves to blame.
A. it   B. so   C. there   D. that

66. An ambulance must have priority as it usually has to deal with some kind of __
A. crisis   B. emergency    C. urgency   D. emergence

67. She was complaining that the doctor was __ too much for the treatment he was giving her.
A. expending   B. offering   C. costing   D. charging

68. The patient's health failed to such an extent that he was put into __ care.
A. tense   B. rigid   C. intensive   D. tight

69. Although architecture has artistic qualities, it must also satisfy a number of important practical __
A. obligations   B. regulations   C. observations   D. considerations

70. Too much __ to X-rays can cause skin burns, cancer or other damage to the body.
A. disclosure   B. exhibition   C. contact   D. exposure

71. In his last years, Henry suffered from a disease that slowly __ him of much of his sight.
A. relieved   B. jeopardized   C. deprived   D. eliminated

72. Plastics today contribute to a wide __ of industries.
A. field   B. area   C. scope   D. range

73. Watching me pulling the calf awkwardly to the barn, the Irish milkmaid fought hard to __ her laughter.
A. hold back   B. hold on  C. hold out   D. hold up

74. If you get into a bath full of water, some of the water will __ onto the floor.
A. overlap   B. overflow   C. flourish   D. flutter

75. He did write a wonderful book, but it was just a __ in the pan.
A. flare   B. gleam   C. flash   D. glisten

76. The Beatles, the most famous British band of the 1960s, traveled worldwide for many years, __ cultural barriers.
A. transporting   B. transplanting   C. transferring   D. transcending

77. The meeting was so prolonged and exhausting that __ the speakers stopped for refreshments.
A. at ease   B. at random   C. at intervals   D. at large

78. The relationship between employers and employees has been studied __
A. originally   B. extremely   C. violently   D. intensively

79. Johnson's news report covering the conference was so __ that nothing had been omitted.
A. understanding   B. comprehensible   C. comprehensive   D. understandable

80. The new edition of the encyclopedia __ many improvements, which is the result of the persistent effort of all the compilers.
A. embedded   B. embodied   C. enchanted   D. enclosed

#p#副标题#e#

 

第一页:单项选择

第二页:参考答案
 

 



51.[D]【译文】虽然我很爱你,我并不打算跟你结婚。
            【解析】考查as引导的让步状语从句。as引导让步状语从句,必须将从句的表语、状语置于as之前,故选D

52.[C]【译文】今天早上要是我没有那么忙的话我就可以帮你搞卫生了。
            【解析】考查虚拟语气。本句中,1 wish后面的谓语动词用过去完成时表示过去的愿望,因此本题选Ccould have done表示“本可以做到却没有做”。

53.[C]【译文】在那个问题上,我宁愿你暂时不要做任何评论。
            【解析】考查wouid rather的用法。I'd rather后接从句时要用虚拟语气,即用一般过去时表示过去、现在或将来要做的事情,故选C

54.[A]【译文】正如某些职业要求大学或大学以上学历一样,有些职位的技术培训也是必须的。
            【解析】考查带介词的定语从句。be necessary for表示“对……来说是必要的”。介词for提前,先行词为occupations。故选A

55.[B]【译文】她坐在公园的长凳上,一只手托着下巴。
            【解析】考查分词的独立结构。cup意为“捧”,为及物动词,通常用cup sthin ones handher chin是动作cup的逻辑宾语,故选BD项用不定式表示将来,不对。

56.[C]【译文】我奉劝你以后再也不要那样做了。
            【解析】考查情态动词的用法。should在此表示“劝告”,would表“意愿",need表“需要”,dare表示“敢于……”。

57.[A]【译文】正如大气是地球的一部分一样,土壤、湖泊、河流和海洋的水也是如此。
            【解析】考查主谓一致。句子后半句是倒装句,主语是复数its soil and the water of its lakesrivers and oceans。因为较长,所以后置,故选A

58.[D]【译文】如果新贸易协定的洽谈持续太久的话,好几个国家的食物就会严重匮乏了。
            【解析】考查much too的用法。much too后接形容词或副词,表示程度,故选Dtoo muchmany表示“太多的……”,后接名词。

59.[A]【译文】做家庭作业当然是提高考试成绩的方法,特别是对于课堂测试来说就更是如此。
            【解析】考查固定句型。when it comes to“当谈及,就……而论”,故选A

60.[C]【译文】我建议当所有的材料都准备好以后再开始实施那个计划。
            【解析】考查recommend的用法。I recommend that后面的从句谓语动词要用“should+动词原形”,should可以省略,故选C

61.[B]【译文】极度焦虑之下,我匆忙赶到公寓,试着开门却发现上锁了。
            【解析】0nly to find该动词不定式表示结果,通常不是人们所期望的结果,往往是不好的结果。

62.[A]【译文】当他赶到时,他发现只有老人和病人在家。
            【解析】考查短语含义。此处none but相当于no one but“只有”;nothing but“只有”接表示物的词;none other thanno other than都是“(不是别的)……正是……”的意思,与本题句意不符。

63.[B]【译文】4与8的关系就如同8与l6的关系一样。
            【解析】考查固定句型。S0前后两句话有着相类似的内在联系,即“AB”就如AlBlS0的意思是in the same way,表示在程度和结构关系上的一致。

64.[B]【译文】根据某些教育学家的说法,教学的目的在于帮助学生了解他们想要知道的东西,以使他们完全适应环境.过上成功的生活。
            【解析】考查宾语从句。learn是及物动词要接宾语,what they need to knowlearn的宾语从句。“他们需要”是逻辑上的主谓关系,故C中的被动语态是错误的。这里的what相当于sththat。由此可知B正确。

65.[C]【译文】如果类似这样的事故再次发生,那么唯一能责怪的人就是我们自己了。
            【解析】考查there be句型。这是there be句型的异化形式,即there be句型还可以用be以外的不及物动词,如livestandexistcomeremain等。

66.[B]【译文】救护车应该拥有优先权,因为它通常处理的是非常紧急的事情。
            【解析】名词词义辨析题。crisis“危机”;emergency“紧急情况”,常指突然发生需要马上处理的严重情况或事件;urgency“紧急,紧急的事”,指敦促要做的事情;emergence“浮现,露出”。

67.[D]【译文】她抱怨那个医生医疗收费太贵。
         【解析】动词词义辨析题。expend“花费”;offer“提供;开价”;cost“花费”;charge“收费,索价”。该题中首先可排除AB。 主语是the doctor亦可排除C,选Dcharge的搭配为charge sbmoney for sth.。

68.[C]【译文】这位病人的健康状况严重恶化,因此需要精心护理。
            【解析】形容词词义辨析及搭配题。tense“紧张的,使紧张”;rigid“严格的”;intensive“加强的,集中的,特别护理的”:tight“紧的.密封的”。intensive care“重病特护区”。

69.[B]【译文】尽管建筑具有艺术性,但也必须满足一些重要的实用方面的需要。
            【解析】考查名词词义辨析。obligation“义务,职责,责任”;regulation“规则,规章”;0bservation“注意,观察力”;consideration“需要考虑的事”。

70.[D]【译文】过多的x射线辐射会引起皮肤烧伤、癌症或其他对身体的伤害。
            【解析】名词词义辨析题。disclosure“揭发,泄漏”;exhibition“展览,展览品”;contact“接触,联系”;exposure“暴露。暴晒”。由此分析可知,应选D

71.[C]【译文】在过去的几年里,亨利遭受了使他视力渐趋丧失的疾病之苦。
            【解析】动词词义辨析题。refieve“免除,解除;减轻”;jeopardize“使处于危险之中,危及”;deprive sbof“剥夺某人的……”;eliminate“除去,淘汰”。由词义可知选C

72.[B]【译文】今天塑料对很多工业都起着重要作用。
         【解析】名词词义辨析及搭配题。field一般指视野宽的领域,如足球场、田野等;area指空地较多的区域,如停车场parking areascope指活动的范围、领域等,一般是比较抽象的,可以指人的见识、学识的广度、研究的领域等:range强调变化的具体范围。a wide range of表示“各种各样的……”。根据以上分析,可知选D

73.[A]【译文】看着我笨拙地拉着小牛走向牛棚,那个爱尔兰挤奶女工忍不住大笑起来。
            【解析】动词短语含义辨析题。hold back“抑制”;hold on“继续,坚持”;hold out“坚持,维持”;hold up“阻碍;拦截”。难以“抑制”笑声。故选A

74.[B]【译文】如果你走进一个装满水的浴缸,水就会溢到地板上。
            【解析】动词词义辨析题。overflow“溢出,泛滥”;ovedap表示部分重叠;flourish意为“兴旺,茂盛”;flutter意为“(鸟儿)振翅,(旗帜)飘扬”。根据词义分析可知应选B
75.[C]【译文】他确实写了一部佳作,却只是昙花一现。
            【解析】考查习惯用语。flare“闪光;突然发怒”;gleam“亮光,闪光”;flash“闪光,一闪”;glisten“闪耀,闪光”。flash in the pan是固定搭配,意为“昙花一现”。

76.[D]【译文】20世纪60年代最著名的英国乐队——甲壳虫乐队——超越了文化障碍,多年来巡演全世界。
            【解析】动词词义辨析题。transport“运输,运送”;transplant“移种,移植”;transfer“搬迁;转车;转学”;transcend“超越”。乐队全国巡演,故可知应该是超越了“文化障碍”,故选D

77.[C]【译文】会议拖延了很久,令人疲惫,以至于发言人都时不时停下来稍作休息。
            【解析】短语含义辨析题。at ease“自在,不拘束”;at random“随便地,任意地”;at intervals“不时,每隔一段时间”;at large“在逃;详尽的”。说话者应该是“不时停下”,故选C

78.[D]【译文】人们对老板与员工的关系进行了深入细致的研究。
            【解析】副词词义辨析题。originally“本来,独创地”;extremely“极端地,非常地”;violently“猛烈地”;intensively “集中地,深入细致地”。由此可知选D

79.[C]【译文】约翰逊对会议所做的新闻报道全面详尽,没有遗漏任何细节。
          【解析】形容词词义辨析题。comprehensive“完全的,无所不包的”;comprehensible“能懂的,可以理解 的”;understandable“可以理解的”,主要用来指人的行为;understandin9用来指人时,表示“善于理解别人的,体谅的”。

80.[B]【译文】新版本的百科全书在多方面做了改进,这是所有编撰者不懈努力的结果。
            【解析】动词词义辨析题。embed“使嵌入,使插入”;embody“体现;包含”;enchant“使欣喜,使陶醉”;enclose“把……封人,围住”。根据词义分析可知选B




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