2012专四单选练习【附答案详解】-3

来源:网络 2019-03-10

 

第一页:单项选择

第二页:参考答案

 

 

 

1. It is not who rules us __ is important, but how he rules us.
    A. what   B. that   C. /   D. which

2. More than one student___ ever been to the Great Wall.
    A. have   B. has   C. had   D. was

3. As you worked late last night, you __ have come this morning.
    A. needn't   B. shouldn't   C. can't   D. mustn't

4. If only the committee __ the regulations and put them into effect as possible.
    A. approve   B. will approve   C. can approve   D. would approve

5. We were to__ the school bus to get to the museum, but it was broken, so we had to take the subway.
    A. take    B. have taken         C. to be taking   D. to have been taking

6. The policeman declared that the blow on the victim's head __ from behind.
    A. should have been made   B. must have been made
    C. would have been made   D. ought to have been made

7. It is not his illness___ much as idleness that ruined him so much.
    A. that   B. as   C. so   D. very

8. The teacher told us nothing __ difficult if we put our hearts into it.
    A. is   B. was   C. will be   D. were

9.
Whether or not the next plan will yield any positive results __ to be seen.
   A. remain   B. remains     C. is remained   D. have remained

10. She could not have believed it, but that she___ it.
      A. had seen   B. see   C. saw   D. would see

11. A dark suit is preferable __ a light one for evening wear.
      A. to   B. than   C. for   D. against

12. He knows little of physics, and __ of math.
      A. even more   B. still less   C. no less   D. still more

13. Which of the following adverbs can NOT be used to complete "it is___ too difficult"?
      A. rather   B. much   C. far   D. quite

14. Which of the following is INCORRECT?
      A. We know what each other thinks.
      B. They know one another's weak points.
      C. None of the books is interesting:
      D. He didn't stay there so long as she.

15. "I was going to see the film, but he reminded me of seeing it before." The sentence means that
      A. he reminded me to see the film, and I would go to see it.
      B. I was about to see the film, but he reminded me that I had seen it before.
      C. I wouldn't remember to see the film if he didn't remind me.
      D. I forget that I have seen the film before if he didn't remind me.

16.
Get to the point, don't __ about the bush.
      A. beat   B. hit   C. blow   D. strike

17. He holds that education should place more __ on logic thinking, and education of emotion is of little use.
      A. importance   B. significance   C. stress   D. emphasis

18. Tom wasn't paid because he was the __ secretary of the association.
      A. honorable   B. honor   C. honored   D. honorary

19. Her letter was in such a casual scrawl, and in such pale ink, that it was __
      A. unintelligible B. vague C. ambiguous D. illegible

20.
Because of the___ of its ideas, the book was in wide circulation both at home and abroad.
      A. originality   B. subjectivity    C. generality   D. ambiguity

21.
The juvenile delinquent was released in ___ of his good behavior.
      A. case   B. way   C. view   D. event

22. People who live in small towns often seem more friendly than those living in __ populated areas.
      A. densely   B. intensely     C. abundantly   D. extremely

23. If you find this item too difficult to ____, it is advisable to leave as it is and move on to the next one.
     A. work out   B. work on   C. work for   D. work at

24. We are doing this work in the ___ of reforms in the economic, social and cultural spheres.
      A. context   B. contest   C. pretext   D. texture

25. In our team, no person ___ Tom could finish this tough task in such a short time.
      A. better than   B. rather than     C. other than   D. more than

26. The city is an important railroad __ and industrial and convention center.
      A. conjunction   B. network   C. junction   D. link

27. A qualified teacher should have good manners and __ knowledge.
      A. extensive   B. expansive     C. intensive   D. expensive

28. It is reported that many people were hurt when the two buses
      A. bumped   B. crashed   C. collided   D. struck

29. Californians and New Englanders speak the same language and __ by the same federal laws.
      A. stand   B. conform   C. abide   D. sustain

30. The meeting was ___ over by the mayor to discuss the tax raise in the city.
      A. presumed   B. propelled  C. presided   D. pricked

#p#副标题#e#

 

第一页:单项选择

第二页:参考答案
 

 



1.[B]【译文】谁来管理我们并不重要,重要的是他如何管理我们。
          【解析】考查强调句型。英语中常用It iswaswhothat结构来强调句子的某一成分(一般是主语、宾语或状语)。在这个句型中,it没有词汇意义,只是引出被强调的成分。在这里被强调的是“谁来管理我们”,在主句中作主语,B符合。

2.[B]【译文】不止一个学生曾经去过长城。
          【解析】考查主谓一致。more than one从意义上看,表示复数,但用作主语时,谓语用单数。故选B

3.[A]【译文】昨晚忙到那么晚,今天早上你本不必来的了。
          【解析】情态动词接完成体的用法。“neednt+have done”表示“本不必做的事情却做了”。A符合旬意。shouldnt have done表示“本不应该做的事却做了”;cant have done则表对过去事情的否定推测,译成“不可能做过某事”;没有mustnt have done的形式。

4.[B]【译文】要是委员会能批准那些规章制度并使之生效就好了。
          【解析】if onlyI wish一样,用于表示与事实相反的愿望。as possible提示这些规章应该是还没有得到批准认可的.故选D

5.[B]【译文】我们本打算乘校园车去博物馆的,但它坏了,所以我们不得不坐地铁。
          【解析】waswere to have done表示“本打算”、“本计划”做某事却没有做成。我们原本是打算坐校车的,但它却坏了.最后只能坐地铁,因此选B

6.[B]【译文】警察称,受害者头部的一击肯定来自身后。
          【解析】考查情态动词的用法。对过去发生事情的肯定推测,用must+have done,选B

7.[C]【译文】使他如此堕落的,与其说是疾病不如说是懒惰。
          【解析】考查not SO muchas的用法。该短语意为“与其说……不如说……”,故选C

8.[A]【译文】老师告诉我们世上无难事,只怕有心人。
          【解析】考查宾语从句中的时态。当宾语从旬表达的是客观真理、规律时,其时态用一般现在时,故选A

9.[B]【译文】下一个计划能否产生积极的效果还有待验证。
           [ 解析】whether引导名词性从句作主语,谓语动词应为单数。另外,remain一般不用被动式,所以B为正确选项。

10.[C]【译文】她本不相信它的,但她(毕竟)亲眼看见了。
            【解析】考查时态。她看见是真,而且已经发生,所以用过去时。

11.[A]【译文】晚装,深色西装比浅色好。
            【解析】考查preferable的搭配。Preferable“更可取的”,本身就含有比较的意思,常与to连用,表比较。类似用法的单词还 有:prefersuperiorinferiorseniorjuniorpriormajorminoretc.。

12.[B]【译文】他对物理学知之甚少,更不用说数学了。
            【解析】考查比较级的否定形式。still less表示“更不用说,更何况”,and并列结构提示他对数学的了解应该是更不及物理学。故选B

13.[D]【译文】下面哪一个词不可以填入“it is——too difficult”,以构成完整的句子?
            【解析】考查副词的用法。当形容词前有t00时,只有rather, muchfar可以与其连用,而quite则不可,故选D

14.[A]【译文】下面哪句话是错误的?
            【解析】each otherone another都不能用作主语,故A错。none of后接可数名词时,谓语动词可用单数或复数:not SO long asas long as的否定形式。

15.[B]【译文】“我正要去看电影,他提醒我说我已经看过了”这句话与下列哪个选项含义相当?
            【解析】考查句子的意思。remind sbof doing sth."提醒某人已经做过某事”,B与此含义相当。remind sbTo do sm.表示“提醒某人要做某事”。

16.[A]【译文】不要兜圈子了,说重点吧。
            【解析】考查习惯用语。beat about the bush“旁敲侧击,兜圈子”。

17.[D]【译文】他坚持认为教育应更注重于逻辑思维,情感教育的作用不是很大。
            【解析】考查固定搭配。Emphasis“强调,重点”,placeput emphasis on“注重于……,强调”,选Dimportance“重要性”;significance“意义,价值”;stress“压力,强调”。

18.[D]【译文】因为汤姆是协会的名誉干事,所以没有工资。
            【解析】考查honor一词变换形式后的意义。honorable“荣誉的,正直的,可尊敬的”;honor“荣幸,荣誉,尊敬”;honored“荣幸的”;honorary“荣誉的,名誉的”。honorary secretary意为“名誉秘书”。

19.[D]【译文】她的信如此潦草,墨迹模糊,难以辨认。
            【解析】形容词词义辨析题。unintelligible“难理解的,晦涩难懂的”;vague“含糊的,不明确的”;ambiguous“含糊不清的,引起歧义的”;illegible“字迹模糊的,难辨认的”。根据以上词义可知,应选D

20.[A]【译文】由于其观点的独创性,这本书在国内外的销量都很大。
            【解析】名词词义辨析题。0riginality“独创性,创造力”;subjectivity“主观性,主观”;generality“普遍性,概论”;ambiguity“含糊性,模棱两可的话”。销量很大,一定有该书的独到之处,故选A

21.[C]【译文】鉴于少年罪犯的良好表现,他被释放了。
            【解析】短语搭配题。in view of“鉴于,考虑到”;in case of“万一,如果”;没有in event ofin the event of “如果……发生”。在该题中,空格处要表达的意思不是假设,可以排除AD。代入BC可知C符合句意。

22.[A]【译文】与那些居住在人口稠密区的人相比,住在小城镇的人似乎更友好。
            【解析】副词词义辨析题。Densely“稠密地,密集地”;intensely“强烈地,热切地”;abundantly“大量地”;extremely“极端地”。人口稠密,一般都用densely

23.[A]【译文】如果你发现这个项目方案太难制订,那么我建议你先放一边看看下一个。
            【解析】动词词义辨析题。work out“制订,解决”;work on“继续工作,致力于”;work for“为……效力”;work at“从事于……”。由此可知,应选A

24.[A]【译文】我们是在经济、社会和文化领域改革的背景下从事这项工作的。
            【解析】名词词义辨析题。in the context of“在……情况下”;contest“比赛,竞争”;pretext“借口,托辞”;texture “手感,质地”。

25.[C]【译文】在我们组,除了汤姆没有人能在如此短的时间内完成这个艰巨的任务。
            【解析】固定短语的含义。better than“比……好”;rather than“而不是”;0ther than“除了”;more than“多于……,不只……”。空格前的no person表明是要将Tom除外,故选C

26.[C]【译文】这座城市是一个重要的铁路枢纽,同时也是一个工业和会议中心。
            【解析】名词词义辨析题。conjunction“连词;结合,连接”;network“网络”;junction“连接处,交叉点”;link“连接,连接物”。railroad junction“铁路枢纽”为固定搭配。

27.[A]【译文】一个合格的老师应该有得体的举止和渊博的知识。
            【解析】形容词词义辨析题。extensive“广泛的,多方面的”;expansive“辽阔的;健谈的”;intensive“加强的,密集的”:expensive“昂贵的,奢华的”。知识的渊博、广博,一般都用extensive来修饰,故选A

28.[B]【译文】据报道,两辆公交车相撞许多人受伤了。
            【解析】动词词义辨析题。四个选项都有“撞”的含义。bump一般表示小磕小碰,例如头碰到墙等,后面跟againstonintocrash一 般指飞机、汽车的失事,作不及物动词时,其后跟intothroughcollide用于表达猛撞或互撞,多表示运动物体之间的碰撞,相关联的词语有 planeship等;strike是及物动词,直接跟宾语,多用来指敲钟、划火柴。

29.[C]【译文】加利福尼亚人和新英格兰人讲同一种语言,并遵守同样的联邦法律。
            【解析】动词词义辨析和固定搭配题。stand by“袖手旁观;支持;遵守(诺言,协定等)”;conform后一般接to表示“遵照”;abide by“遵守,信守”;sustain“承受,维持”是及物动词直接接宾语。

30.[C]【译文】会议由市长主持,讨论该市税收增加的问题。
            【解析】动词词义辨析和固定搭配题。presume常与that连用,表示假设;propel“推进,激励”;preside over“主持”;prick“刺,刺痛”。根据词义可知选C




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