2012专四完形练习【附答案详解】-9

来源:网络 2019-03-18

 

第一页:完形填空

第二页:参考答案

 

 

 

       The process by means of which human beings can arbitrarily make certain things stand for other things may be called the symbolic process. (31) ___ we turn, we see the symbolic process (32) __ work. For example, stripes on the sleeve can be made to stand for military rank; crossed sticks can stand for a (33) __ of religious beliefs. There are (34) __ things that have not a symbolic value.

       Almost all fashionable clothes are (35)_ symbolic. And we select our furniture to (36) ____ as visible symbols of our taste, wealth, and social position. We often choose our houses on the (37) ___ of a feeling that it "looks well" to have a "good address". We trade in perfectly good cars for (38) __ models not always to get better transportation, (39) __ to give evidence to the community that we can (40) _____ it.

       I once had an eight-year-old car in good running condition. A repairman, who knew the condition of the car, kept (41) ____ me to trade it (42) __ a new model. "But why?" I asked, "The old car's in (43) __ still." The repairman answered scornfully, "Yeah, but all you've got is transportation."

       Such complicated and apparently (44) __ behavior leads philosophers to (45) __ over "Why can't human beings live simply and naturally?" (46) ____ the complexity of human life makes us look enviously at the relative simplicity of such lives as dogs and cats lead.

       Simply, the fact that symbolic process makes complexity possible is no (47) ___ for wanting to (48) __ to a cat existence. A better (49) ___ is to understand the symbolic process (50)___ instead of being its victims we become, to some degree at least, its masters.

31. A. Whichever   B. Whatever  C. Everywhere   D. However

32. A. in        B. at           C. by           D. on

33. A. serial     B. cluster    C. suite.      D. set

34. A. many     B. few         C. enough   D. little

35. A. highly       B. merely   C. rarely       D. accidentally

36. A. work    B. regard   C. serve        D. signify

37. A. chance   B. purpose  C. opportunity   D. basis

38. A. later   B. former    C. latter        D. earlier

39. A. yet     B. but         C. and           D. so

40. A. afford   B. offer       C. supply       D. grant

41. A. advocating   B. alerting  C. urging   D. pressing

42. A. with    B. in       C. out      D. for

43. A. advance          B. shape    C. demand   D. vogue

44. A. unnecessary   B. useless  C. random    D. impolite

45. A. concern          B. worry      C. ponder     D. determine

46. A. Often              B. Seldom   C. Always     D. Still

47. A. doubt           B. meaning    C. reason     D. time

48. A. return             B. devote     C. lead         D. proceed

49. A. result   B. solution  C. distinction   D. resolution

50. A. while   B. as       C. since that    D. so that

#p#副标题#e#

 

第一页:完形填空

第二页:参考答案

 




31.[C] 【解析】这里要说的是“我们所到的每个地方”,故选C

32.[B] 【解析】根据旬意“我们所到的每个地方,我们都能看到符号的象征意义……”,at work意为“在起作用”,故选B

33.[D] 【解析】本题可用排除法,a set of表示“一套,一组”,与“宗教信仰”搭配符合句意。

34.[B] 【解析】few修饰可数名词,与not构成双重否定,表肯定。

35.[A] 【解析】该句是第二段的主题旬,承上启下,根据首段内容可知,要填的词应表肯定意义,故选A

36.[C] 【解析】serveas“当作,充当……”,这是固定用法。

37.[D] 【解析】本句说我们通常凭感觉来选择房子,on the basis of“以……为基础”,D正确。

38.[A] 【解析】better提示这里有一个隐藏的比较关系。虽然车辆“完好无损”但我们喜欢换较新样式的,故选Alater“更新近的”。

39.[B] 【解析】根据句意可知,人们换车的目的不是为了拥有更便利的交通工具,而是为了证明……,前后语义为转折关系,故B正确。

40.[A] 【解析】afford“买得起,有能力购买”,该词充分体现了人们用较新款式的车辆换本来性能很好的车辆的心态。

41.[C] 【解析】urge sbto do“催促,怂恿某人做某事”,符合作者当时不愿意换车而汽修工怂恿他换车的情况。

42.[D] 【解析】tradefor…意为“用……换……”,符合句意.D 正确。

43.[B] 【解析】由作者的提问可知,他的车性能还是很好的,in shape“(在外形上)处于良好状态”符合句意。

44.[A] 【解析】可利用排除法解题。suchbehavior是代指上文提到汽车修理工劝“我”换车的经历,unnecessary“无必要的”符合句意。

45.  [C] 【解析】ponder over“考虑,深思”,符合旬意。

46.[A] 【解析】根据空格后句子中complexitysimplicity的对照关系,可知0ften符合句意。

47.[C] 【解析】由该段末句中的a betteris to…可知作者并不提倡过着像猫狗那样的简单生活,C符合句意.no reason for…“没有理由……”。

48.[A] 【解析】后文作者指出了更好的解决办法,可知作者在这里并不是要我们return to“回归到”猫狗那样的简单生活。A正确。

49.[B] 【解析】对某问题的解决对策通常都用solutionB正确。

50.[D] 【解析】空格后半句是前半句的结果,D符合句意




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