2012专四完形练习【附答案详解】-8

来源:网络 2019-03-10

 

第一页:完形填空

第二页:参考答案

 

 

 

   Most worthwhile careers require some kind of specialized training. Ideally, therefore, the choice of a(n) (31) ___ should be made even before the choice of a curriculum in high school. Actually, (32) ___most persons make several job choices during their working livepartly (33) ___ economic and industrial changes and partly to improve their positions. The "one perfect job" does not exist. Young people should therefore (34)­­­­­___ into a broad flexible training program that will (35)____ them for a field of (36) __ rather than for a single job.

   Unfortunately many young people, knowing (37) __ about the occupational world or themselves for that matter, choose their lifework (38) __ a hit-or-miss basis. Some (39)____ from job to job. Others (40)____ to work in which they are unhappy and (41) __ they are not fitted.

   One common mistake is choosing an occupation for (42) __ real or imagined prestige. Too many high-school students--or their parents for them__ choose the professional field, (43)___ both the relatively small proportion of work vacancies in the professions and the extremely high educational and personal (44) ____. The imagined or real prestige of a profession or a "white-collar" job is (45)___ good reason for choosing it as a life's wore (46) __, these occupations are not always well paid. Since a large proportion of jobs are in mechanical and manual work, the majority of young people should give serious (47) ____ to these fields.

   Before making an" occupational choice, a person should have a general idea of what he wants (48) __ life and how hard he is willing to work to get it. Some people desire social prestige, others intellectual satisfaction. Some want security; others are willing to take (49) __ for financial gain. Each occupational choice has its demands as well as its (50)___.

31. A. academy    B. occupation  C. guidance  D. identification

32. A. therefore   B. so            C. though    D. however

33. A. in case of  B. for           C. because of  D. to

34. A. enter      B. participate  C. involve   D. join
 
35. A. leave      B. fit         C. require   D. fix

36. A. careers    B. professions  C. prospects  D. work

37. A. few        B. little      C. much      D. less

38. A. with        B. by          C. on        D. at

39. A. flow       B. wander      C. jump      D. drift

40. A. stick      B. turn        C. adhere    D. subscribe

41. A. to which  B. that        C. for which  D. what

42. A. its         B. their       C. /         D. the

43. A. to have disregarded   B. to disregard    C. disregarding    D. disregard

44. A. preparations          B. requirements    C. specifications  D. preferences

45. A. such       B. no          C. very      D. so

46. A. Moreover  B. Otherwise   C. Nevertheless  D. Still

47. A. priority   B. regulation  C. assessment     D. consideration

48. A. out of    B. towards     C. for             D. from over

49. A. advantage  B. patience  C. risks  D. turns

50. A. awards  B. rewards  C. prizes  D. bonuses

#p#副标题#e#

 

第一页:完形填空

第二页:参考答案

 

 



31.[B] 【解析】首旬指出“大多数重要的职业都需要一定的专业培训”,故此空应指对“职业”的选择,选B

32.[D]【解析】根据上下文出现的两个对应副词Ideally (理想地),Actually(实际上)可知两旬存在对立关系.含有转折意义,故选D

33.[C]【解析】前半句陈述现象,后半句分析原因,故选C

34.[A]【解析】根据句意“因此,年轻人应该……广泛灵活的培训计划”.可知enter int0“加入,参加”符合句意。

35.[B]【解析】由后文的“一个领域的工作”和“某项工作”,可知年轻人参加培训的目的是为了“适应”工作.因此B为答案。fit sbfor意为“使适合”。

36.[D]【解析】所填的词应与job对等呼应,故选D

37.[B]【解析】由Unfortunately可知空格处应填表否定意义的词,know little about表示“对……知之甚少”,

38.[C]【解析】OH a basis“在……的基础上”。

39.[D]【解析】SomeOthers…描述了两种现象,根据上下文和一般常识推测此处应表示“不断跳槽”的意思。drift from job to job表示“从一个工作跳到另一个工作”。

40.[A]【解析】others…则为另一种现象,应与drift相反,即死抱着不喜欢的工作,故选A

41.[C]【解析】and提示空格处要填的词应与in which对等.be fitted for为固定搭配,which引导从句,介词提前.故选C

42.[A]【解析】空格处须填入的代词指代的是an occupation故用its

43.[C]【解析】本空要填disregard的某种形式.空格前半句话已有主语和谓语,又由于该句主语是动词disregard的逻辑主语.表主动.故用现在分词.选C

44.[B]【解析】专业性职业领域对教育和个人能力要求相对较高,requirements“要求”符合旬意。

45.[B]【解析】前两句讲选择职业时的常见错误,此处句意顺承上文,应填入否定词,表示有声誉的职业和白领职业并不能成为择业的原因,故8正确。

46.[A]【解析】空格后面一句话继续对这样的选择予以否定.表达的是一种递进关系,有逗号隔开,选A

47.[D]【解析】空格所在的句子与前面的句子构成因果关系(since).故空格处填入的词大意思应为“考虑,思考”,选D

48.[A]【解析】由he wantslife可知,是“从生活中想得到的”之义.故选A。能不能表达“从生活中想得到”的意思,D没有这个说法。

49.[C]【解析】由一些人希望有安全感和另一些人想得到金钱上的回报,可推知填入的词应与security“安全”相反,故选Ctake risks“冒风险”。

50.[B]【解析】这里讲到的是“职业选择”的两个方面,填入的词应与demands对等.故选B




相关文章