2012专四完形练习【附答案】-5

来源:网络 2019-03-01

 

第一页:完形填空

第二页:参考答案

 

 

 

       Flight simulator  (飞行模拟器)  refers to any electronic or mechanical system for training airplane and spacecraft pilots and crew member by simulating flight conditions.    The purpose of simulation is not to completely substitute (1)_____ actual flight training but to thoroughly familiarize students with the vehicle (2)_____ before they (3)_____ extensive and possibly dangerous actual flight training.    Simulations also is useful for review and for familiarizing pilots with new (4)_____ to existing craft.

       Two early flight simulators appeared in England within a decade after the first flight of Orville and Wilbur Wright.    They were designed to enable pilots to stimulate simple aircraft (5)_____ in three dimensionsnose up or downleft wing high and right lowor vice versaand (6)_____ to left or right.    It took until 1929, howeverfor a truly effective simulatorthe Link Trainerto appeardevised by Edwin A. Linka self-educated aviator and inventor from BinghamtonNew York.    (7)_____, airplane instrumentation had been developed sufficiently to permitblindflying on instruments alonebut training pilots to do so involved (8)_____ risk.    Link built a model of an airplane cockpit equipped (9)_____ instrument panel and controls that could realistically stimulate all the movements of an airplane.    Pilots could use the device for instrument trainingmanipulating the controls (10)_____ instrument readings so as to maintain straight and level flight or (11)_____ climb or descent with no visual reference (12)_____ any horizon except for the artificial one on the instrument panel.    The trainer was modified (13)_____ aircraft technology advanced.    Commercial airlines began to use the Link Trainer for pilot trainingand the US government began purchasing them in 1934, (14)_____ thousands more as World War II approached.

       Technological advances during the warparticularly in electronicshelped to make the flight simulator increasingly (15)_____.    The use of efficient analog computers in the early 1950s led to further improvements.    Airplane cockpitscontrolsand instrument displays had by then become so individualized that it was no longer feasible to use a generalized trainer to prepare pilots to fly anything (16)_____ the simplest light planes.    By the 1950sthe US Air Force was using simulators that precisely (17)_____ the cockpits of its planes.    During the early 1960s (18)_____ digital and hybrid computers were adoptedand their speed and flexibility revolutionized simulation systems.    Further advances in computer and (19)_____ technologynotably the development of virtual-reality simulationhave made it possible to (20)_____ highly complex real-life conditions.

1.    A. for  B. to C. with  D. on

2. A. concerning   B. concern  C. being concerned  D. concerned

3.  A. undertake  B. undergo  C. underplay  D. underuse

4.  A. models    B. modifications C. modifiers D. modica

5. A. manifestations B. manipulations  C. manifestoes D. maneuvers

6. A. yawling  B. yawning C. yawing  D. yawping

7. A. From then on B. From now on  C. By now D. By then

8. A. considerable  B. considerate C. considering  D. considered

9. A. for  B. in C. with  D. on

10. A. on the part of B. on the basis of C. on the track of  D. on the verge of

11. A. control  B. controllable C. controlled D. controller

12. A. to  B. for  C. on D. in

13. A. as for  B. as to C. as D. for

14. A. acquiring  B. requiring C. sustaining D. retaining

15. A. actual  B. realistic  C. realizing  D. true

16. A. except  B. except for  C. apart from D. but

17. A. replenished  B. replaced C. replicated  D. reposed

18. A. electronic  B. electric  C. electricity  D. electron

19. A. program  B. programmable  C. programmed  D. programming

20. A. resurrect  B. reproduce  C. resuscitate  D. resume

#p#副标题#e#

 

 

第一页:完形填空

第二页:参考答案

 

 


参考答案:

1-5: A D B B D                  6-10: C D A  C B

11-15:C A C A B             16-20:D C A D B




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