专四词汇语法突击20(附答案详解)

来源:网络 2019-04-20

1. When Jack was eighteen he ?____? going around with a strange set ofpeople and staying out very late.?
A. took toB. took forC. took upD. took on?
2. He ?____? so much work that he couldnt really do it efficiently.?
A. put onB. turned onC. brought onD. took on?
3. A large part of human activity, particularly in relation to the environment, is ?____? conditions and events.?
A. in response to B. in favor of?
C. in contrast to D. in excess of?
4. An obvious change of attitude at the top towards womens status in society will ?____? through the current law system in Japan.?
A. permeateB. probeC. violateD. grope?
5. I seem to have reached a rather gloomy conclusion, but I think that something cheerful may still be derived ?____? it.?
A. ofB. offC. fromD. with?
6. If the fire alarm is sounded, all residents are requested to ?____? in the courtyard.?
A. assembleB. convergeC. crowdD. accumulate?
7. He believed that the greatest of his ?____? was that hed never had a college education.?
A. griefsB. misfortunesC. disastersD. sorrows?
8. The service operates 36 libraries throughout the country, while six ?____? libraries specially serve the countryside.?
A. mobileB. driftingC. shiftingD. rotating?
9. All our attempts to ?____? the child from drowning were in vain.?
A. regainB. recoverC. reserveD. rescue?
10. The shop?assistant was straight with his customers. If an article was of ?____? quality hed tell them so.?
A. humbleB. inferiorC. minorD. awkward

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试题答案与解析??

1. A)【句意】杰克18岁时愿意跟一帮怪里怪气的人混在一起,常常在外面呆到很晚才回来。?

【难点】take to意为“喜欢上”;take for意为“认为,误以为”;take up意为“占据(时间、空间、注意力等)”;take on意为“承担,呈现(面貌),具有(特征)”。?

2. D)【句意】他承担的工作太多,以致于无法真正有效地进行。?

【难点】take on意为“承担”; turn on意为“开(电灯、水源、煤气等)”;bring on意为“引起,导致”;put on意为“穿上(衣服),增加(体重)。”?

3. A)【句意】大部分人类活动,特别是与周围环境有关的活动,是对各种情况或事件的反应。?

【难点】in response to意为“反应”; in favour of意为“赞成,主张”;in contrast to意为“与…形成对照”; in excess of意为“超过”。?

4. A)【句意】上层社会对妇女在社会中地位的态度发生了明显的变化,这种变化将对日本现行的法律体系产生影响。?

【难点】permeate意为“渗透”;violate意为“侵犯,玷污”;probe意为“探索”,作不及物动词时可与介词into搭配; grope意为“摸索,探索”,可与介词for搭配。?

5. C)【句意】我得出的结论似乎令人沮丧,但我想或许能从中产生某种令人高兴的东西。?

【难点】derive无论作及物动词还是不及物动词,都可与介词from搭配,除表示起源之类的意思外,还可表示“取得,得到”等意思。?

6. A)【句意】如遇火警,要求全体居民在院子里集合。?

【难点】assemble意为“集合”;converge意为“会聚,集中(指向一共同点集中);crowd意为“挤满,聚集(含有人群无秩序,人体互相碰擦的意思)”;accumulate意为“积累,积聚”。?

7. A) 【句意】他认为自己最大的不幸就是从未受过高等教育。?

【难点】grief意为“不幸的事,伤心的事(可数名词,常指因所爱的人去世或其它原因造成的、使人感到悲痛或忧虑的事情)”。?

8. A)【句意】这家服务机构在全国有36家图书馆,同时有6家专门为农村服务的流动图书馆。?

【难点】mobile意为“流动的”;drifting意为“漂流的”;shifting意为“移动的(指位置或方向发生改变)”;rotating意为“旋转的”。?

9. D)【句意】抢救落水儿童的一切努力均未成功。?

【难点】rescue意为“抢救”;regain意为“重新获得,恢复(健康,原职等)”;recover意为“(健康,力量,能力等)恢复,痊愈”;reserve意为“保留,保存”。?

10. B)【句意】这位售货员对顾客很坦率。如果商品质量不好的话,他会如实告诉顾客的。?

【难点】inferior意为“次的,次于…的”;humble意为“卑贱的,地位低下的(只用于指人)”;minor意为“次要的”;awkward意为“棘手的,使用不便的”。?
 




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