Who Benefits Most from Company Training?
According to recent research, the better educated and the higher up the socio&not;economic scale you are, the more likely you are to be offered workplace training. And, incidentally, the more likely you are to then turn (19) the offer, pleading family and personal commitments or (20) of work. Less qualified staff, on the other hand, are offered fewer training opportunities, but are more eager to (21) them up. In fact, people with few or no educational qualifications are three times more likely to accept training when it is offered.
In the majority of companies, more (22) are allocated to management training than to other areas. Employers (23) their better qualified staff as more important to the business, so they pay them accordingly and invest more in them in (24) of training. This is (25) by the fact that organisations are dependent on properly (26) managers making the right decisions. But this (27) may mean that companies are (28) other parts of the workforce down.
The researchers found a growing demand for training among the lower-skilled.Unfortunately this demand is not being (29) by employers, even though there are strong indications that companies would benefit from doing so. They also discovered that, despite the substantial (30) between the training provided for managers and that offered to other staff, there was still widespread endorsement of training.
For the purposes of the research, training was defined as any (31) of planned instruction or tuition provided by an employer with the aim of helping employees do their work better. It therefore included a wide variety of approaches. On-the-job and classroom training (32)to be used equally by employers. But learning on the job, which involved observing a certain procedure and then practising it, was easily the most popular method for all categories of employee. While many felt that learning from colleagues was best,very few (33) the internet as an effective way to train.
19.A back B over C down D off
20.A force B pressure C strain D load
21.A pick B keep C take D put
22.A means B reserves C finances D resources
23.A imagine B regard C suppose D know
24.A requirements B specifications C states D terms
25.A allowed B approved C justified D accepted
26.A understanding B intelligent C informed D knowledgeable
27.A stress B emphasis C weight D strength
28.A letting B cutting C breaking D setting
29.A reached B achieved C gained D met
30.A space B gap C hole D room
31.A frame B structure C form D order
32.A showed B appeared C demonstrated D presented
33.A rated B thought C marked D believed
第一段的三个空需要在理解整体的基础上联系起来进行选择。根据调查，受教育程度越高，越有可能接受公司的培训。And, incidentally，这里最好能理解下incidentally的意思：used to introduce a new topic, or some extra information, or a question that you have just thought of （引出新话题、附加信息、或临时想到的问题）顺便提一句。你越接受培训，越有可能拒绝这份工作，苦苦哀求的家人、个人承诺以及工作压力。相反倒是接受培训较少的员工，可能会接受他们（指前面被拒绝的这些东西）。19题选turn down拒绝，21题与turn down对应，选take up接收。
24题，in terms of固定短语，就….而论，在…..方面。
26，informed，见多识广的，消息灵通的。商务英语中常见的一个常见说法是keep informed（It is a good way to keep staff informed），所以看到这个词应该就很敏感。
27题，emphasis强调（Emphasis is special or extra importance that is given to an activity or to a part or aspect of something.），指培训的侧重点在经理们的身上。
29题，meet the demand满足需要。虽然对低技术职员的培训需求在增长，但经理们并没有满足这样的需要。
31题，any form of 任何形式的计划好的说明。
32题，后面的一句有个BUT，也就是转折，所以前面用appeared to be，看起来像是。