2013考研英语完形填空真题及参考答案

来源:文都教育 2019-02-18

 真题:

People are, on the whole, poor at considering background information when making individual decisions. At first glance this might seem like a strength that __1__ the ability to make judgments which are unbiased by __2___ factors. But Dr. Uri Simonsohn speculated that an inability to consider the big __3___ was leading decision-makers to be biased by the daily samles of information they were working with. __4___ , he theorised that a judge __5___ of apperaring too soft __6__  crime might be more likely to send someone to prison __7___ he had already sentenced five or six other defendants only to forced community service on that day.

To __8__  this idea, he turned to the university-admissions process. In theory, the __9___  of an applicant should not depend on the few others __10___  randomly for interview during the same day, but Dr. Simonsoho suspected the truth was __11___ .

He studied the results of 9,323 MBA interviews __12___by 31 admissions officers. The interviewers had__13___applicants on a scale of one to five. This scale __14___ numerous factors into consideration. The scores were __15___ used in conjunction with an applicants score on the Granduate Managent Adimssion Test, or GMAT, a standardized exam which is__16___ out of 800 points, to make a decision on whether to accept him or her.

Dr. Simonsoho found if the score of the previous candidate in a daily series of interviewees was 0.75 points or more higher than that of the one __17___that, then the score for the next applicant would __18___by an average of 0.075 points. This might sound small, but to __19___ the effects of such a decrease a candidate could need 30 more GMAT points than would otherwise have been __20___.

1. [A] grants [B]submits [C]transmits [D]delivers

2. [A] minor [B]objective [C]crucial [D] external

3. [A] issue [B]vision [C]picture [D]external

4. [A] For example [B] On average [C]In principle [D]Above all

5. [A] fond [B] fearful [C]capable [D] thoughtless

6. [A] in [B] on [C] to [D] for

7. [A] if [B] until [C] though [D] unless

8. [A] promote [B] emphasize [C] share [D]success

9. [A] decision [B] quality [C] status [D] success

10. [A] chosen [B] studied [C] found [D] identified

11. [A] exceptional [B] defensible [C] replaceable [D] otherwise

12. [A] inspired [B] expressed [C] conducted [D] secured

13. [A] assigned [B] rated [C] matched [D] arranged

14. [A] put [B] got [C] gave [D] took

15. [A] instead [B] then [C] ever [D] rather

16. [A] selected [B] passed [C] marked [D] introduced

17. [A] before [B] after [C] above [D] below

18. [A] jump [B] float [C] drop [D] fluctuate

19. [A] achieve [B] undo [C] maintain [D] disregard

20. [A] promising [B] possible [C] necessary [D] helpful

注: 本文原文出自《经济学人》杂志

答案:

1,grants

2.external

3.picture

4.For example

5.fearful

6.on

7. if

8.test

9.success

10.chosen

11. otherwise

12.conducted

13.rated

14.took

15.then

16.marked

17.before

18.drop

19.undo

20.necessary




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