2011考研英语写作注意事项大盘点

来源:网络 2019-02-04

考研词汇

考研英语写作讲究用词准确而且正式。同时,英语的词汇非常丰富,一个词语通常都有许多同义词和近义词。考生如果平时注意积累并加以练习,就能够熟练在考试中运用。下面我们举一些英语词汇变化的例子。

help out->assist; set up to->establish; go up->increase;

cut down->reduce; find out->determine; look into->investigate;

bring up->raise; come up with->create; go up and down->fluctuate

good->considerable; get->obtain; a lot of->numerous;

things that will happen->consequences

考研语法

英文写作非常讲究语法,尤其是考研作文作为正式文体,需要注意以下几点小细节:

1、尽量少用缩写形式。如don't, can't, won't写做do not, cannot, will not等。

2、用更加正式的否定形式。如notany写做no, notmuch 写做 little, not many 写做few等。

例如:He did not say any words.

He said no words

There are not many chances available.

There are few chances available.

3、尽量少用"etc.", "and so on"等表达方式。

例如:Activities include dancing, singing, etc.

Activities include dancing, singing, and other fun stuff.

4、尽量把副词和动词放在一起。

例如:Consequently we may arrive at the conclusion that

We may consequently arrive at the conclusion that

标点

1、英语中没有顿号,在汉语需要顿号的情况下可以用逗号。

2、汉语中的引言通常都是:“”的格式,而英语中不用冒号,用逗号,如, " ".

3、书名、文章名等出版物名称用下划线或者斜体字表示(手写时用下划线)。

4、破折号可以用于在一个句子的前面或后面加入额外的注释,灵活地运用破折号可以使长句子变得更加生动,增加文章的文采。

 




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