来源:www.putclub.com 2019-02-17

Athens: Then & Now 
Imagine you are a citizen of Athens, enjoying a warm Mediterranean night in the Theater of Herodes Atticus. You are wearing jeans and a T-shirt, listening to a great concert.
Now rewind this picture 1,839 years. You are in the same seat, only you are watching classical Greek entertainment and wearing a simple chiton, or tunic.

The city of Athens is a fun mix of the old and the new, the classic and the modern. Often a little shop is located next to the ruins of a temple, which is only a block from a large, air?conditioned hotel. The great city of 2,500 years ago is still visible today.

Ruins are the most obvious sign of ancient Athens, and the most famous of these is the Acropolis. The Acropolis is a large hill that was the center of life in Athens. On its Mopes were temples, monuments, and theaters. From the top, Athensurban sprawl stretches out in every direction.
On the top of the Acropolis is the Parthenon. This was once a huge temple to Athena, the citys patron. It was first completed in 432 B.C., but has been damaged and destroyed several times. However, visitors can still admire thetricksused in building the Parthenon. The columns along the outside lean inward, and are slightly fatter in the middle. The temple is also higher in the middle than on the sides. All these effects make the Parthenon look perfectly straight from a distance.
Only a block away from the Acropolis is the neighborhood of Plaka. The area, with its little shops and restaurants, is very popular with both tourists and locals, and is an important part of modern Athenian culture.
Many great thinkers, writers, and political leaders lived in ancient Athens. The ruins of their homes and favorite spots are scattered throughout the busy port city. The hill where St. Paul addressed early Christian Athenians is located near the Acropolis. Great thinkers such as Perikles and Demosthenes spoke to the civil assemblies held at the Pnyx Hill. Today the Pnyx is an open?air theater for light and sound shows.
Greeks still use some ancient sites, such as the Pnyx and the Theater of Herodes Atticus. During Roman times, in 76A.D., gladiators used the Panathenaic Stadium for contests.The Olympics were held there in 1896, and today people still jog and exercise in the stadium.
Tourism is very important to people who live in modern-day Athens. Thousands of people come every year to see these ruins and to tour the many museums that house artifacts from ancient times. This provides many jobs and brings money into Athens, which helps the city pay for improvements. Athenians take pride in the accomplishments of their ancestors, and people from all around the world come to admire them. By looking around the city today, we can imagine what life was like in ancient Athens.


坐落在山上最高点的帕提侬神庙,曾经是供奉城市的保护神——雅典娜的巨大神庙。它建于公元前432年,后来多次遭到毁坏。今天参观者仍然能够欣赏到她精湛的建筑技巧。神庙外围的石柱并非直立而是向里倾斜的,石柱中间略粗。神庙中心建筑比四周的高。这些建筑效果使帕提侬神庙从远处看起来十分高耸笔直。 #p#副标题#e#

rewind  vt.重绕 n. 重绕
obvious  a.明显的,显著的
[真题例句] That experiences influence (v.) subsequent behaviour is evidence of an obvious but nevertheless remarkable activity called remembering.[1995年阅读

[例句精译] 过去的经历会影响日后的行为,这就表明存在着一种明显但却非凡的脑力活动——记忆。 
sprawl  n.四肢伸开的躺卧姿势, 蔓生v.四肢伸开地坐(或卧), 爬行, 蔓生, 蔓延
lean   v.①倾斜,屈身;②倚,靠,依赖;a.精干的;瘦削的
[真题例句] Friedman relies on a lean (a.) staff of 20 in Austin.[2003年阅读1]
[例句精译] 弗莱德曼在奥斯汀市只有20人的精干职员队伍。
assembly  n.①集合,集会,会议;②装配
[真题例句] Our factories hum to the rhythm of robot assembly (②) arms.[2002年阅读2]
[例句精译] 我们的工厂里轰鸣着机械化生产线的节奏。
contest  n.竞争,竞赛,比赛;  v.竞争,比赛,争论
[真题例句] In 1995 the CIA held a contest (n.) to see who could compile the most data about Burundi.[2003年阅读1]
[例句精译] 1995年中央情报局举办了一个竞赛,看谁能够收集到关于“布隆迪”的最多信息。
[真题例句] Clearly, only the biggest and most flexible television companies are going to be able to compete in such a rich and hotly-contested (v.) market.#p#副标题#e#

[例句精译] 显然,只有大型化的,应变能力强的电视传媒集团才能够在这个精彩纷呈而又竞争激烈的市场中生存。