来源:www.putclub.com 2019-01-28

University expansion

BRITAINS universities are in an awful spin. Top universities were overwhelmed by the 24% of A-level applicants sporting indistinguishable straight As; newer ones are beating the byways for bodies.  

Curiously, both images of educationthe weeping willows of Cambridge and the futuristic architecture of UELare cherished by the government. Ministers want to see half of all young people in universities by 2010 (numbers have stalled at 42%), without relinquishing the world?class quality of its top institutions.

Many argue that the two goals are incompatible without spending a lot more money. Researchers scrabble for funds, and students complain of large classes and reduced teaching time. To help solve the problem, the government agreed in 2004 to let universities increase tuition fees.

Though low, the fees have introduced a market of sorts into higher education. Universities can offer cut-price tuition, although most have stuck close to the $3,000. Other incentives are more popular. Newcomers to St Mark & St John, a higher-education college linked to Exeter University, will receive free laptops.

As universities enter the third week ofclearing” , the marketing has become weirder. Bradford University is luring students with the chance of winning an MP3 player in a prize draw. Plymouth University students visited Cornish seaside resorts, tempting young holiday-makers with surfboards and cinema vouchers. These offers suggest that supply has outstripped demand.

Not so the top universities that make up theRussell group”, however. Their ranks include the likes of Imperial College London and Bristol University along with Oxford and Cambridge. Swamped with applicants, only half offer any places through clearing. They have a different problem: they need money to compete for high?calibre students and academics, both British and foreign, who could be tempted overseas by better?heeled American universities or fast improving institutions in developing countries such as India.

Higher fees and excess supply are causing students to look more critically at just what different universities have to offer. And the crunch could become more acute. The number of 18-year-olds in Britain will drop around 2010 and decline over the following ten years, according to government projections.

Bahram Bekhradnia, the director of the Higher Education Policy Institute, a think?tank, says the government hasnt a hope of getting 50% of young Britons into higher education by 2010. And the decline of home-grown student numbers will have adifferential effecton universities, he reckons. Those at the bottom end will have to become increasinglyinnovativeabout whom they admit and some may not survive.

The Cambridge shades evoked by Rupert Brooke were gentle, nostalgic ones. Many vice?chancellors today are pursued by far more vengeful spectres of empty campuses, deserted laboratories, failed institutions. Markets, after all, create winnersand losers.







学费虽然不高,却已经引来了高等教育的初级市场。尽管多数大学的学费已经固定在接近3000镑的价位,但仍可以减少学费。其他激励措施则更为流行。St Mark & St John大学(与Exeter大学合作的高等教育学院)的新生可以免费获得笔记本电脑。




高等教育政策学会(一个智囊机构)主任Bahram Bekhradnia说,政府在2010年达成让50%的英国年轻人读大学的目标渺茫。他估计,本土大学生数量的减少将对大学产生“差异化效应”。那些在底层的大学在招生上将不得不变得更富于创新,而其中的一些可能会惨遭淘汰。

Rupert Brooke所唤起的剑桥记忆是温柔而怀旧的。如今许多大学校长则更多地被空荡荡的校园、荒废的实验室、废止的机构里的幽灵所追逐。毕竟,市场成就胜者,也造就败者。#p#副标题#e#

awful  a.①极度的,极坏的,糟糕的;②威严的,可怕的;ad.十分,极度地

overwhelm vt. 淹没, 覆没, 受打击, 制服, 压倒

curiously  ad.好奇地

imperial   a.皇帝的;帝国的

swamp   n.沼泽, 湿地, 煤层聚水;v.陷入沼泽, 淹没, 覆没

acute   a.①敏锐的,尖锐的;②(疾病)急性的

[真题例句]Acute (①) foreign observers related American adaptiveness and inventiveness to this educational advantage.[1996年阅读4]

[例句精译] 目光敏锐的外国观察家把美国人的适应能力和创新能力与这种教育优势联系起来。

innovative a.创新的, 革新(主义)的