SECTLON 1: LISTENING TEST (40 minutes)
Part A: Spot Dictation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in the corresponding space in you ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the passage only once.
Good afternoon, I'd like to thank professor Leach for giving me the chance to talk to you students. My topic today is “Attitudes, Values and Tastes”.An attitude, or the way we feel about something, can take different forms. On the one hand, there are attitudes that are simply_______(1). There may change from year to year, month to month and even, day to day. On the other hand, there are attitudes that can be firmly fixed ____________(2) that rarely, if ever, change.
Included in the first___________ (3) are statements like “Sally has beautiful eyes”, or “I hate icecream”. Attitudes like these may simply ____________(4) a person, al taste or preference that does not always affect other people. Nobody will get particularly ___________(5), for example, if you have a preference for tea ____________(6) coffee. The second type of attitude could _________(7) such statements as “Smoking should be banned in _________(8)”, and “War is a terrible thing”. With attitudes like these, however, we are expressing an opinion that we ____________(9) about. Opinions such as these are very much a part of ____________(10) since they express the way we feel about certain __________(11) and events.
If someone is a smoker, for example, it can become very difficult to ___________(12) that person if they smoke ____________(13) in our company. Preference and tastes refer to specific ______(14) , where values are general and include __________(15). There is big difference, for example, between these two ___________(16): “Your boss is very rude ” and “I could never work under a boss”. In the first statement, the speaker is____________ (17) an opinion based on one person, the boss. The idea is that other bosses are not _____________(18). In the second one, though, the speaker indicates a _____________(19) about work in general: he could not work for anyone, ______________(20) they were.
Part B: Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short statements. These statements will be spoken only once. and you will not find them written on the paper; so you must listen carefully. When you hear a statement, read the answer choices and decide which one is closest in meaning to the statement you have heard. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
1. A. Jack left home without an umbrella.
B. Jack didn't hear the rain.
C. Jack's umbrella didn't work.
D. Jack had the day off due to the weather.
2. A. They didn't pay attention to the consulant's opinion.
B. They called in the consultant for her advice.
C. They always do what their consultant tells them.
D. They listened to the concert over the radio.
3. A. The manufacturer wishes it could find a good advertising agent.
B. The manufacturer hopes to increase its sales through advertising.
C. The advertising campaign includes many sporting events.
D. The advertising campaign is joined by well-known individuals.
4. A. Did Cathy put a new report in here?
B. Is the yearly report in here, or is it someplace else?
C. Which picture do you like, the new one or the old one?
D. Is it ture that Cathy only remembered to lock one of the drawers?
5. A. A lawyer should sign the memo.
B. We should get legal advice.
C. We have seen a lawyer.
D. Let's wait for a lucky sign.
6. A. The company was unable to order spare parts.
B. The company was short of cash for delivery.
C. The parts could be considered genuine.
D. The parts could be sent in late January.
7. A. The completion of the project was long.
B. The project was none other than a stupid one.
C. We finished the project rather quickly.
D. We didn't sign the contract in time.
8. A. I can't make any food for the party.
B. I'm afraid to accept your party invitations.
C. We won't be able to hold the party this evening.
D. We can't come to the party this evening.
9. A. Not many people enjoy that kind of design.
B. It took a while for that design to become pupular.
C. The public's first reaction to that design was positive.
D. You'd never catch me wearing that kind of design.
10. A. The consultant is publishing an excellent report on geology.
B. They consultant left after he turned in his research and investigation report.
C. The consultant studied some excellent rock samples in his report.
D. The consultant did very thorough research and investigation for his report.
Ⅱ. Talks and Conversations
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short talks and conversations. After each of and questions only once. When you hear a question, read the four answer chioces and choose the best answer to that question. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
11. A. Hobbies that cost him little money.
B. Hobbies that give him fresh air and excitement.
C. An old hobby and a new hobby.
D. An indoor hobby and an outdoor hobby.
12. A. When she was still at school.
C. When she had her first baby.
B. After she got married.
D. After she attended a special course.
13. A. she was taught by an authority on bobbies.
B. She attended special courses at school.
C. She attended special courses at school.
D. She learned it from her husband.
14. A. Motor-racing.
C. Making decorations.
15. A. Ways of tracking wild animals.
C. Radio receivers and satellites.
D. Collecting coins.
B. Animals in the wild.
D. Animal hunting.
16. A. They hired native hunters or local people.
B. They followed the animal's footprints.
C. They cornered animals into a special enclosure.
D. They used radio transmitters.
17. A. By receiving signals via satellites.
B. By taking photos from satellites.
C. By studying animals in the zoo.
D. By attaching a specail collar to the wild animal.
18. A. Geology
19. A. It means that you continue studying for as many years as you can.
B. It means that you go back to school after you've finished formal education.
C. It means that you go back to the high school to continue your study.
D. It means that you have continued studying for twelve years in high school.
20. A. He could use it in his work.
B. He will continue to learn it after finishing high school.
C. He had learnt a lot from high school.
D. He hadn't gotten much out of going to school.
21. A. Because he had often been beaten up by other students.
B. Because the school make him wear the school uniform.
C. Because the school make him wear the school uniform.
D. Because the school tried to regulate his life there.
22. A. A prisoner
C. A construction worker.
B. A tailor
D. A high school administrator.
23. A. About a hundred villagers were killed during an earthquake.
B. A main road was rebuilt after the earthquake.
C. There was an earthquake, but little damage occurred.
D. A rock had fallen from the sky, but no one was injured.
24. A. Near a volcano.
C. Not far from a main road.
B. Beside a mountain.
D. In the Rockies.
25. A. They decided to try again the following day.
B. They sought advice from an old man.
C. They asked for help from nearby villages.
D. They planned to change the course of the road.
26. A. He buried it in the main road.
C. he did magic to it at night.
27. A. She's going to Canada.
C. She's going to get married.
28. A. Because he is a Canadian.
C. Because he becomes homesick
B. He called in more men to remove it.
D. He pushed it off the main road.
B. She's leaving the factory.
D. She's going to study engineering.
B. Because he is a young engineer.
D. Because he wants to earn more.
29. A. $200
30. A. In her hometown.
C. In Canada.
B. In the man's factory.
D. In a department store.
Part C: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Ⅱ. Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages. You will hear the passages only once. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in you ANSWER BOOKLET. You may take notes while you are listening.
SECTION 2: STUDY SKILLS (50 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will read several passages. Each passage is followed by several questions based on its content. You are to choose ONE best answer, A., B., C. or D., to each question. Answer all the questions following each passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Today one in every ten of us has difficulty getting to sleep and, according to Dr. Ian Oswald of Edinburgh university, the reason is simple. Most people who can't sleep are their own worst enemies. They go to bed too early.
For every person who works most efficiently on the usual eight hours of sleep a night, two work best on five or six, and two on nine or ten. Voltaire made do with three hours but Sir Winston Churchill would happily sleep for 12～14 hours at a stretch if he could.
So how much sleep does a person really need? It seems that the national average for men is seven hours and ten minutes, and for women ten minutes less, but everyone's needs are different. Find out what you need and, according to Dr. Ernest Hartmann, one of America's leading sleep scientists, you're well on your way to allowing your body to work at its greatest efficiency. After studying the sleep habits of nearly 1000 people, Dr Hartmann believes it's the amount of deep sleep we get that really matters. We all need roughly the same amount—about 75 minutes a night. The rest, a shallower type of sllep, vaies greatly from person to person. How much of the second type of sleep, you need seems to depend on what sort of person you are. According to Dr. Hartmann short sleepers—those sleeping less than six hours a night— were busy, active people, employed in demanding jobs, and often worked a 60 or 70-hour week. Most of them had started sleeping shorter hours to deal with the pressure of schoolwork or business and fornd that a few hours sleep a night was quite enough. Their defence against worry and stress was usually “to keep so busy that I don't have time to think about these things. ...” Most of the long sleepers — those needing at least nine hours — were self-employed.
Almost all of them had slept for nine hours a night since late childhood, long before their work pattern became fixed. They tended to complain more than the short sleepers and several admitted that sleeping was an escape from life.
In the past it was believed that too much sleep could be just as disturbing as too little, but now a study in America has shown that many people can enjoy ten hours or more and still be able to sleep through the following night.
A sleep researcher says:“No one should worry about not sleeping unless they are not feeling well or cannot do their work properly. Lack of sleep doesn't matter greatly if we are resting—the body can still get on with its repain work. But worrying about not sleeping can sometimes do you harm. There would be far less sleeplessness about if we planned our sleeping lives as carefully as we plan our waking ones.”
1. According to the passage, people have difficulty getting to sleep because.
A. they work more than sixty hours a week
B. they have too many enemies
C. they do not sleep happily
D. they are not tired enough
2. In comparison with Voltaire, Sir Winston Churchill.
A. was happier with three hours of sleep
B. would sleep more when stretched out
C. world enjoy a longer sleep if possible
D. was less happy when he was asleep
3. Studies show that the average woman.
A. sleeps less than the average man
B. sleeps longer when she goes out to work
C. has difficulty in getting to sleep
D. sleeps over eight hours a night
4. Dr. Harmann is mentioned in the passage.
A. as the opponent of Dr. Ian Oswald
B. because he has strange sleeping habits
C. as the pioneering sleep scientist
D. because of his observation and analysis of sleep habits
5. Not being able to sleep can be dangerous if we.
A. are feeling well
C. repair our bodies by resting
B. worry about it too much
D. plan our sleeping lives carefully
I think it was De Mandeville who suggested a river party for the staffs of the various embassies. Nor, on the face of it, was the idea a bad one. All winter long the logs come down the River Sava until the frost locks them in: now with the spring thaw the river has a pontoon of treetrunks some forty feet wide lining the bank under the willows so that you can walk out over the river, avoiding the margins, and swim in the deep water.
These logs had been made into a hundred feet by sixty—big enough even to dance on. While everyone was dancing the rumba and while the buffet was plying a heavy trade, it was noticed that the distance between the raft and the shore had noticeably increased. The gang-plank subsided in the ooze. It was not a great distance—perhaps ten feet. But owing to the solid resistance such a large raft set up in the main current the pull was definitely outward. But as yet nobody was alarmed; indeed most of the party thought it was part of a planned entertainment.
As we approached the next bend of the river it looked as if the whole thing would run aground on the bank, and a few of us made preparations to grab hold of the overhanging willows and halt our progress. But by ill luck a change in the current carried us just too far into the centre of the river and we were carried past the spit of land, vainly groping at the tips of bushes. It was about another five minutes before the full significance of our position began to dawn upon us. By this time we were moving in stately fashion down the centre of the river, all lit up like a Christmas tree. Exclamations, suggestions, counter suggestions poured from the lips of the diplomates and their spouses in a dozen tongues.
Unknown to us, too, other factors were being introduced which were to make this a memorable night for us all. Spy-mania was at its height and the Yugoslav forces lived in a permanent state of alertness. There were frequent rumours of armed raids from Czechoslovakia.It was in this context that some Yugoslav infantryman at an observation post along the river saw what he took to be a large armed man on war full of Czech paratroops in dinner jackets and ball dresses sailing upon Belgrade. He did not wait to verify this first impression. He galloped into Belgrade Castle a quarter of an hour later on a foam-flecked mule with the news that the city was about to be invaded.
6. According to the passage, a river party was practicable because__________.
A. the river was lined with willow trees
B. the banks were not muddy at this time
C. there was a suitable surface for walking on
D. there was not too much frost at this season
7. The raft started moving from the shore because___________.
A. the gang-plank had fallen in the mud
B. the buffet was too heavy
C. it was too large to stay in place
D. the organisers wanted to surprise the guests
8. The raft did not stop at the next bend because_______________.
A. there was too much mud on the river bank
B. There were only bushes to catch hold of
C. the current made it swirl outwards
D. the water was not shallow enough
9. According to the passage, people on the raft were____________.
A. completely unaware of their situation
B. quarrelling angrily
C. indignant with the organizers of the party
D. anxious to help solve the problem
10. The Yugoslav look out made a mistake because______________.
A. the party were dressed in soldiers' uniforms
B. the raft was sailing towards Belgrade
C. many of the party were armed
D. he was affected by the general tension
The elephants left the shade, crossed an open piece of grass between bushes, and came towards the mud-pool where my truck was parked. One by one they arrived on the shore, but, just as they seemed to be about to bathe in the inviting muddy liquid, they became aware of the silent truck with its tell-tale smell of man. the leading elephant merely spread her ears and cautiously backed away taking the young elephants with her.
A smaller mother elephant continued to stand next to the pool, however, swinging her long trunk and swaying her head from side to side, always keeping an eye on the truck. The baby elephant behind her held up his head, waving his trunk to sample the suspicious smell in the wind. The mother elephant seemed to be uncertain about whether to come on and investigate the truck or to back away with the other. Finally she made up her mind and slowly advanced on the truck. Her ears were helf out, and her trunk moved inquiringly towards the vehicle and then back under her stomach in a rhythmic swing.
I was fascinated by this close approach. Never before had I been able to see the hairiness around the jaw, nor smell the warm scent of elephant, which now reached me in concentrated waves. The mother elephant's steps were slow but determine, and brought her to within a couple of metres of me.
She gave the impression of being intensely curious about this metal object with had appeared in her world and behaved as if it were itself an animal. I wondered how far she would accept the situation and, if after all the centuries of men killing elephant, she would ever allow me to approach her on foot. To be able to move freely among the elephants without their minding was an exciting thought, but I certainly did not expect it would ever be possible.
11. It was the elephants' intention to___________.
A. feed on the grass
C. swim in the pool
B. lie in the sunshine
D. avoid the mud
12. The presence of the writer and his vehicle______________.
A. was not noticed by the elephants
B. made the leading elephant suspicious
C. made the adult elephants curious
D. frightened all the elephants away
13. How did the smaller elephant react to the truck?
A. She showed more curiosity than other elephants.
B. She kept her baby away from it.
C. After some hesitation she moved away with other elephants.
D. She rushed up to it excitedly.
14. While he watched the mother elephant approaching, the author______________.
A. was worried that the elephants were too close
B. found the smell very unpleasant
C. was impressed by the elephant's size
D. saw the details he had not noticed before
15. The author did not expect he would ever be able to_________________.
A. see the elephants killed
B. touch the elephants
C. walk about freely near the elephants
D. drive his truck close to the elephants
Whatever may be said against mass circulation magazines and newspapers, it can hardly be argued that they are out of touch with their reader's daydreams, and therefore the inducements such as gifts and prizes and prizes they hold out to them must be a near accurate reflection of their unfulfilled wants and aspirations. Study these and you will assuredly understand a good deal of what it is that makes society tick.
Looking back, for example, to the twenties and thirties, we can see that circulation managers unerringly diagnosed the twin obsessions which dominated that era of mass unemployment-economic insecurity and a passionate concern for the next generation. Thus it was that readers were recruited with offers of free insurance policies for the one, and free instant, or an arm in a flood, could confidently expect to collect several hundred pounds from the Daily This of the Evening That. The family who could not afford to send their son to grammar school could find consolation in equipping him with the complete works of Shakespeare in one magnificent, easy to read volume.
After the war the need to fall into step with the new consumer society was soon realised. If you were flanked by neighbours who, unlike you, could afford a holiday abroad, then winning an easy competition could set you up with a fortnight in an exotic sunspot. Dishwashers, washing machines, slow-cookers and deep-fat-friers were—and still are — available by the same means.
16. The writer finds the study of gifts and prizes interesting because it_____________.
A. shows the power of the popular press
B. reveals social trends
C. confirms his view of human nature
D. exposes journalistic dishonesty
17. It can be inferred from the passage that newspapers in the 1920s and 1930s offered their readers gifts in order to______________.
A. spread popular education
C. improve social conditions
B. increase their circulation
D. enrich their readers' knowledge
18. The choice of gifts tells us that the circulation managers______________.
A. despised their readers
C. understood their readers
B. wanted to educate their readers
D. enjoyed being powerful
19. According to the passage, one of the reasons why readers in the 1920s and 130s were attracted by free insurance policies was that_____________.
A. they were afraid of being unable to work
B. jobs were more dangerous then
C. they had bigger families to look after
D. money was given away with the policies
20. Why did holidays abroad become a common prize after the war?
A. People became more interested in material possessions.
B. Everyone wanted the opportuity to travel.
C. Group travel became easier.
D. People wanted to get away from familiar surroundings.
A stylish dining room with cream walls and curtains and black carpet ad foil to an eclectic array of furniture. Many of the pieces are classics of their particular era, and demonstrate how old and new designs can be happily mixed together. The prototype chair in the foreground has yet to prove its staying power and was thought up by the flat's occupant. He is pictured in his living area which has the same decorative theme and is linked to the dining-room by a high Medieval-styled archway where there was once a redundant and uninspiring fireplace.
Old bathrooms often contain a great deal of ugly pipework in need of disguising. This can either be done by boxing in the exposed pipes, or by fitting wood panelling over them.As wood panelling can be secured over almost anything—including old ceramic tiles and chipped walls— it is an effective way of disguising pipework as well as being an attractive form of decoration. The panelling can be vertical, horizontal or diagonal. An alternative way to approach the problem of exposed pipes is to actually make them a feature of the room by picking the pipework out in bright strong colours.
Cooking takes second place in this charming room which, with its deep armchairs, is more of a sitting-room than a kitchen, and the new Rayburn stove was a good choice, as it blends in well with the old brick and beamed fireplace. There are no fitted units or built-in appliances, so all food preparation is done at the big farmhouse table in the foreground, and the china, pots and pans have been deliberately left on show to make an attractive display. What about the kitchen sink? It's hidden away behind an archway which leads into a small scullery. Here there's a second cooker and —in the best farmhouse tradition )a huge, walk-in larder for all food storage.
21. In what way does the colour of the carpet contribute to the stylishness of the dining room?
A. It darkens the interior of the room.
B. It provides a contrast to the furniture.
C. It blends in with the tones of the funrniture.
D. It gives the room a classical style.
22. What is the purpose of the archway described in Extract 1?
A. To hide an unattractive fireplace.
B. To give the room an exotic eastern style.
C. To Join the dining room with another room.
D. to make room for the unusual seating arrangements.
23. Extract 2 is most probably taken from___________.
A. a fashion magazine
B. a plumber's manual
C. a do-it –yourself magazine
D. an advertisement for new bathrooms
24. Extracts 2 and 3 focus on____________.
A. old furniture
C. cheap improvements
B. colour schemes
D. decorative approaches
25. Which of the following rooms is NOT described in the three extracts?
If You Really Want to Read This, You'll Be too Busy NEW YORK—Pythagoras had his theorems, Einstein his theories and Murphy his laws. I have developed the maxim of inverse reciprocals.
After years of research, I've determined inverse reciprocals affecting all human endeavors. Consider these categorized examples.
Travel There is an inverse reciprocal between: ·the amount of luggage you are carrying and the distance from curbside to the airline ticket counter. The more luggage, the greater the distance.
·the ammount of time you have left before the flight leaves and the distance you must go to reach the gate from which the plane leaves. If you have 30 minutes, the gate is 25 feet from the ticket counter. If you have three minutes, the gate is on the other side of airport.
Vacations These is an inverse reciprocal between:
·the size of the nonrefundable deposit you have already made and the health of the children(or spouse) the night before you are scheduled to leave.
·the time at which you take a much needed long weekend, and the weather conditions during just those days. Entertainment There is an inverse reciprocal between:
·our desire to see a film to the spur of the moment and the length of the line in front of you (and, perforce, the possiblility of tickets being available when you are next).
·the time left to reach a theather for the opeining curtain (or, the start of movie) and the amount of traffic on the highway that you must take to get there (or, the number of red lights for which you must stop, if taking local roads). Home Care There is an inverse reciprocal between:
·the number of plumbing parts removed, coupled with the importance of completing the new assembly, and the availability of one key nut (or, more generally, the need for a specific product and the time the store closes).
·the volume of leaves gathered in a pile and the velocity of the wind immediately after the pile is made.
Business There is an inverse reciprocal between:
·the importance of the guests you are entertaining, coupled with the size of the bill, and either the credit cards accepted at the restaurant (relative to the credit cards in your wallet), the amount of cash in your pocket or the balance in your checkbook.
·the new baby-sitter's curfew and the time it will take you to make the round trip to the dinner party your boss is giving.
In each instance, which of the following statements (A), (B), (C) or (D) offers the best advice or comment in view of what the author has to say on the five subjects?
A. It takes a long time to buy tickets.
B. It is best to travel light.
C. It is best not to arrive too early.
D. Latecomers usually catch their planes.
A. Look for holidays with small deposits.
B. Never pay too small a deposit.
C. Book a day or two before you leave.
D. Don't pay too much attention to weather forecasts.
A. Give yourself plenty of time.
B. Latecomers have most advantages.
C. Traffic affects the size of a line (queue).
D. Avoid main roads on evenings out.
29. Home Care
A. Don't try to do it yourself.
B. Complete the new assembly in time.
C. Supply yourself with sufficient parts.
D. Remove the leaves gathered in a pile.
A. Spend without limit on important guests.
B. Carry your credit card when entertaining.
C. Don't try to entertain guests cheaply.
D. Be suitably prepared before entertaining.
SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST (1) (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
On August 6, 1997, when 55,000 people gathered in Hiroshima to commemorate the 46th anniversary of the devastating bombing that killed an estimated 140,000 people and brought World War Ⅱ to a sudden halt, the city's newly elected mayor broke with tradition by adding a few uncustomay lines to the annual Peace Declaration. It should also be recalled, he declared, that “Japan inflicted great suffering and despair on the peoples of Asia and the Pacific during its reign of colonial domination and war. For this we are truly sorry.” Noting that this year marks the 50th anniversary of the Japaness assalt on the U.S., he added, “Remembering all too well the horror of this war, starting with the attack on Pearl Harbor and ending with the atombombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, we are determined anew to work for world peace.” Usually, in Japan, when people discuss the war at all, they speak of vicitimization: their own victimization by the militarists who led the country into battle and by the Americans who bombed their cities. The suffering inflicted by the imperial army on the peoples of Asia is ignored, as is Japna's aggression in China and at Pearl Harbor. The appealing image of Japan the victim has no room for the underside of Japan the aggressor.
SECTION 4: TRANSLATION TEST (2) (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into English and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
澳门，南海之滨一颗闪耀的明珠，以她的风采、沧桑和辉煌，更以 1999 年 12 月 20 日这个不同寻常的日子，吸引着全世界的目光。
早在 80 年代，世纪伟人邓小平就提出了“一国两制”的伟大构想。1997 年 7 月 1 日， 中华人民共和国恢复对香港行使主权。今年，澳门又将彻底结束外国管治，回到祖国怀抱， 这是中华民族的又一件历史盛事，它标志着中国人民向着祖国统一的伟大目标又迈出了重 大的步。澳门的明天一定会更好美好。
SECTION1: LISTENING TEST
Part A: Spot Dictation
1. tastes or preference
3. type of attitude
6. rather than
8. public places
9. feel very strongly
10. our personality
11. important things
12. get on with
13. all the time
15. complete stating
17. simply stating
18. so rude
19. deeply held view
20. no matter who
Part B: Listening Comprehension
Part C: Listening and Translation
2. 我很遗憾，你必须至少提前 14 天预定机票，才能打到七折/减 30%票价。
5. 在这里外事办公室的人员千方百计尽可能地帮助你。我们会帮你解决护照或签证问题、 财政问题，乃至个人问题。
1. 妇女解放运动已成功地清除了那些曾经将妇女阻挡在（专门）职业外的障碍。然而在 劳动大军中还存在着一个阻止非大学学历妇女得到平等待遇的障碍----“粉红领”障碍。 每八个妇女中有七个从事那些没有什么地位，也几乎没有晋升机会的工作。粉红领的 工作就是女招待（服务员），秘书或销售员。
2. 微型电脑是最新的一种家用电器。它就像一架附加了（一面）电视屏幕的打字机，能 进行用途广泛的操作，从为孩子提供电子游戏到记录全而新的圣诞费用。在添置其他 的硬件后，微型电脑会（变得）像微波炉那样时髦，像袖珍计算机那样流行。
SECTION2: STUDY SKILLS
1997 年 8 月 6 日，55000 人在广岛集会，纪念原子弹事件 46 周年。毁灭性的原子弹 使约 14 万人丧命，遏止了二次大战的战火。广岛市新当选的市长打破传统，在年度《和 平宣言》中增加了不寻常内容。他宣称人们应该牢记“日本在亚洲和太平洋地区实行侵略 和殖民统治期间，给这些地区的人民带来了苦难和绝望，为此我们深感内疚。”谈及 50 年 前日本袭击美国事件，他补充道：“对可怕的二战，我们仍记忆犹新，从日本偷袭珍珠港 开始，到广岛、长崎原子弹爆炸告终。我们决心为世界和平继续奋斗。” 在日本，只要提到战争，就会讲到受害，讲他们是军国主义的受害者，军国主义把国 家引入战争；他们是美国的受害者，美国向他们的城市投掷了原子弹。然而他们闭口不谈 皇军给亚洲人民带来的灾难、也不谈对华侵略、偷袭珍珠港。日本作为战争的受害者，形 象很感人，从而掩盖了其侵略者的一面。
Macao, a sparking pearl in the coast of China, catches the world’s attention for her charm, her experiences of various changes and her bright achievements, and moreover, for the unusual date of December 20, 1999.
Macao has been the territory of China ever since the ancient times. The Chinese people have been living and working there for generations.
Early in the 80s, Mr. Deng Xiaoping, one of the great figures of the century, put forward the bold concept of “One Country, Two Systems”.
On July 1, 1997, the People’s Republic of China resumed her sovereignty over Hong Kong. This year, Macao will completely get rid of the foreign regime and return to motherland. This is another great historical event for the Chinese people.
It symbolizes another big step for the Chinese people on their way towards the great goal of the country’s reunification.
Macao’s future is sure to be even brighter.