1998年9月上海英语中级口译第一阶段考试

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1998.9 上海市英语中级口译资格证书第一阶段考试

SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST (40 minutes)
Part A: Spot Dictation

Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the passage only once.

The usual good-luck wish to a theatre actor who is about to _________ (1) or to be engaged in a performance is to sayBreak a leg”. This may seem to be a rather _____ ___(2) to say to someone who is probably already quite impatient, ______ ___ (3). But most theatre actors and actresses are, by tradition, very (4). And they would do everything to avoid slipping or throwing themselves into“__________” (5). Among many actors and actresses, it is thought that wishing for good luck from their ____ _(6) will have the opposite effect. Consequently, by __________(7) for bad luck, ___________(8) that the actor or actress will in fact have good luck. Actors and actresses _________(9) noisy, squeaking shoes to be a sign of good luck, and it is also __________(10) to have a theatre cat. On the other hand, bad luck can come _________ _(11); it comes from the audience's whistling _____ __(12), from the actor's repeating the last line of the play ___ _____(13) and from certain shades of the colour _____ stage. _(14) in the background of the Where do these ________ the result of an actor's ________ __(15) or worries come from? Some people believe them to be __(16). The real reason, although, may have more to do with simply being frightened about ________ _(17) in front of a large audience and making silly, laughable mistakes. After all, acting is a very _______ ___(18). If an actor performs badly, it is very likely that he would gradually ________ __(19) and eventually his job and livelihood. Under such adverse and frightful conditions, it is not surprising that actors and actresses___________(20) bad things to happen.

Part B: Listening Comprehension
Ⅰ. Statements
Directions: In this part of the lest, you will hear several short statements. These statements will be spoken only once, and you will not find them written on the paper; so you must listen carefully. When you hear a statement, read the answer choices and decide which one is closest in meaning to the statement you have heard. Then write the letter of the answer you have chose in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
1. A. We spent three days visiting factories.
B. We were planning to see three factories.
C. We didn't expect to go to three factories.
D. We went to see the factory on the third day.
2. A. That school was once a shop.
B. Stores stand today where once there was a school.
C. A shop is in the center of that school.
D. A school is set up beside the shopping center.
3. A. This room is not only small, but it is also far away.
B. Fewer than nineteen guests will come, so we need a smaller room.
C. We must reduce our guest list by at least ninety.
D. Ninety people won't fit in this room.
4. A. Joyce is so busy that she always runs for work.
B. Joyce runs her small business herself.
C. Joyce eventually became successful.
D. Joyce's business had been successful for a long time.
5. A. We're using four colors to paint the lounge.
B. We have chosen the fight colors.
C. The lounge has walls of beautifully painted wood.
D. The colors in the painting aren't right for the lounge.
6. A. It's never cooler in the suburbs.
B. The suburbs gets hotter before the city does.
C. Compared to the suburbs, city temperatures are higher.
D. Unlike city schools, suburban schools are open year-round.
7. A. Miss Moore has failed one-third of the classes.
B. Those who are absent more than one-third of the time should fail.
C. More than one-third of the students fail the test.
D. Only one-third of the students missed their classes while on holiday.
8. A. The figures on those instructions are difficult to see.
B. The instructions are illogical and incomplete.
C. I don't know how people can understand those instructions.
D. I can't look at anyone else's figures.
9. A. You should write down your daily activities.
B. It's a good idea to read the paper every day.
C. You should keep a record of the music you've heard.
D. After your trip, you should record what you see.
10.A. Mathematics isn't a required course.
B. He's never met the math student before.
C. Peter is taking a mathematics course.
D. They will never require mathematics.

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Ⅱ. Talks and Conversations
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short talks and conversations. After each of these, you will hear a few questions. Listen carefully because you will hear the four answer choices and choose the best answer to that question. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 11~14
11. A. An architect.
B. A janitor
C. A housing agent.
D. A university professor.
12. A. One.
B. Two.
C. Three.
D. Four.
13. A. It is large and sunny.
B. It is smaller than the living-room.
C. It has only a small window.
D. It has large cupboards.
14. A. The larger bedroom.
B. The stove and the refrigerator
C. The fireplace.
D. The furniture.
Questions 15~18
15. A. A new bicycle.
B. An inexpensive bicycle.
C. A fast bicycle.
D. A stationary bicycle.
16. A. A half mile.
B. A mile.
C. Two miles.
D. Four miles.
17. A. He doesn't like it.
B. It doesn't work very well.
C. It's broken.
D. He got a new one.
18. A. Go see his friend's bicycle.
B. See her new apartment.
C. Walk to school.
D. Buy a new bicycle.

Questions 19~22
19. A. An assembly line.
B. A car.
C. A company.
D. An inventor.
20. A. In 1908.
B. In 1914.
C. In 1918.
D. In 1924.
21. A. It was faster.
B. It was more efficient.
C. It was more individualized.
D. It was cheaper.
22. A. It increased slowly.
B. It increased quickly.
C. It remained about the same.
D. It decreased.
Questions 23~26
23. A. To qualify for a high school diploma.
B. To learn some things she needed to know.
C. To become the manager of a night club.
D. To assist in the control of her life.
24. A. She is married.
B. She has no one else to-rely on.
C. Her children can't afford to go to school.
D. Her husband is out of work.
25. A. Philosophy
B. Plumbing
C. Auto Repair
D. Indifferent
26. A. Amused
B. Indifferent
C. Positive
D. Negative
Questions 27~30
27. A. Travel for pleasure.
B. Travel for adventure.
C. Travel for freedom.
D. Travel for education.
28. A. Because travel was slow and difficult then.
B. Because people preferred to stay at home.
C. Because travel was considered a miracle to most people.
D. Because coaches had not been invented.
29. A. Two days.
B. Four days.
C. A week.
D. Two weeks.
30. A. They will take it for granted.
B. They will be astonished.
C. They will regard it as an uncommon activity.
D. They will consider it a waste of time and money.

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Part C: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)

Ⅱ.Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages. You will hear the passages only once. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. You may take notes while you are listening.
(1) _________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
 _____________________________________________________________________________
(2) __________________________________________________________________________
 _____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
 _____________________________________________________________________________

SECTION 2: STUDY SKILLS (50 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will read several passages. Each passage is followed by several questions based on its content. You are to choose ONE best answer, (A.), (B.), (C),or (D.),to each question. Answer all the questions following each passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 1~5
An unexpectedly bitter dispute between the Royal Mail and the union of postal workers has kept Britain's postal service closed for two weeks.
Street-comer mail boxes are sealed and international mail suspended until the Union of Communication Workers and post office management settle their differences over special pay for new recruits.
The strike began as a spotty, 24-hour work stoppage Aug. 31 but was extended last week to include most of the 1,500 Royal Mail offices and more than 100,000 union members. It is the first major disruption of service since 1981,and has prompted discussion of further privatizing postal deliveries. British Prime Minister has said the Royal Mail is one public service that should remain in government hands. But some businessmen have pressed British Prime Minister to expand the market for private courier services to include carrying large volumes of mail. The pay dispute concerns special bonuses of between £ 15 and £ 35 a week for workers in the London area where the cost of living is high and it is difficult to attract new recruits. The Royal Mail is offering the premiums to help alleviate an acute shortage of workers in London but union leader want the bonuses distributed equally across the country.
The post office has asked other countries to hold all mail deliveries for Britain until the strike is settled, because it is difficult to guarantee security for mail bags piling up at air and seaports.
1. The passage suggests that a strike is happening _______.
A. within the Union of Communication Workers
B. within post-office management
C. within the British government
D. within the postal service of Great Britain
2. According to the passage, the postal strike_________.
A. has been the second major strike since 1981
B. has been settled by the British government
C. has attracted many new recruits
D. has already lasted for two weeks
3. Which of the following is NOOT true about the postal strike?
A. The strike began as a spotty, 24 hour work stoppage Aug.31.
B. The strike has included all the 1,500 Royal Mail offices.
C. The strike has made the street-comer mail boxes sealed.
D. The strike has been joined by more than 100,000 union members.
4. According to the passage, the purpose for the postal strike is________.
A. to prompt discussion of further privatizing postal deliveries
B. to expand the market for private courier services
C. to have special pay for newly hired workers
D. to offer the premiums to help workers in London.
5. What would be the best title for this passage?
A. Britain's postal strike
B. Britain's post-office management
C. Britain's private courier services
D. Britain's Royal Mail offices
Questions 6~10
Hong Kong, where buildings rise and fall like mood swings, has never had much time for the past. Yet even by those normally harried standards, authorities face a remarkably tight deadline for the transition between old and new airports. In the seven hours between 11:30 p.m. on July 5, when venerable Kai Tak shuts down, down, and 6:30 a.m. on July 6 when HKIA opens, a lumbering menagerie of equipment will trek the 39 km from one to the other.
Thousands of items have been logged and assigned a moving time.“The plan is a living thing, and it changes all the time,”says Michael Winarick, the ex-British Army colonel in charge of the move. The operation actually began May 6, when the first pieces of equipment were transferred to the new site, and won't end until early August. But pressure will be greatest on the critical night, when a parade of ungainly vehicles will take to the closed-off roads of Kowloon —“deck loadersthat equip planes, the tractors that nudge jumbo jets into position, the scuttling baggage trains and fire trucks and erect moving staircases. Winarick admits to tense moments when crews discovered they only had 15cm to spare under some overpasses:“We looked at letting out tire pressure.” Heaver items like the scaffolding used by maintenance crews will sail on 17 barges through Victoria Harbor. Thirty planes will take off from Kai Tak on a rare set of domestic flights, winging the 15 minutes to Chek Lap Kok. Some 1,000 police will watch over the move, which will be televised to discourage rubberneckers. But the greatest threat is beyond anyone's control: officials say that if a typhoon hits that night, they'll postpone HKLA'S opening for a week.
6. The wordtrek” (paragraph 1) means__________.
A. to go through wild country
C. to travel to a holy place
B. to walk slowly for pleasure
D. to make a long hard journey.
7. The passage suggests that authorities_________.
A. nudge jumbo jets into position before July 5
B. watch over the move on July 6
C. have a tight deadline for the transition
D. look at letting out tire pressure
8. According to the passage, thirty planes will__________.
A. trek the 39km from one to the other
B. move along with tractors and fire trucks
C. sail on 17 barges through Victoria Harbor
D. fly from Kai Tak to Chek Lap Kok
9. According to the passage, the move will be televised to___________.
A. discourage people who watch something with too much interest
B. show to world the transition between old and new airports
C. report the whole process of lumbering menagerie of equipment
D. display the scuttling baggage trains, fire trucks and erect moving staircases
10. Which of the following can be the best title for this passage?
A. Last Plane Out, Don't Forget to Trek the 39km
B. Last Plane Out, Don't Forget to Turn Off the Lights
C. Last Plane Out, Don't Forget to Nudge Jumbo Jets into Position
D. Last Plane Out, Don't Forget to Sail on 17 Barges through Victoria Harbor

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Questions 11~15
Don't be Bashful
Listening in on the CB (Citizens Band two-way radio\receiver) channels can be a lot of fun However, it is even more fun to take part in the conversations. But, don't be bashful. All of those on the air were also newcomers once. Now they are more experienced than you, they should not make fun of you if you make a boo-boo.
What is the most common boo-boo made by CB beginners? It's failing to release the PTT (push-to-talk) button on the microphone when they stop transmitting (stop talking). Just remember to push to talk and then release the PTT switch so you can listen to the reply. The PTT switch, when pushed in, turns the transmitter on and then, when released, turns the transmitter off and reactivates the receiver.
Brevity (keep it short) You can get more benefit out of your CB radio, and so can everyone else, if you keep your transmissions short. You can make transmissionscrystal clearif you use abbreviations. The Ten-Signals Listed below are the most commonly used; however, you may encounter local variations.
11. According to the passage, CB beginners _________.
A. don't wait long enough between transmissions
B. don't release the PTT Button while transmitting
C. don't use the equipment correctly
D. don't know when to stop talking
12. A CB user has just given you what you think is a very confused account of a road accident in
your vicinity. Which Ten-Signal would you send him?
A. 10—1
C. 10—11
B.10—9
D. 10—26
13. You want to tell someone briefly where there is a package for him. You begin________.
A.10—17
C.10—16
B. 10—25
D. 10—22
14. You are due to leave the motorway five miles ahead for a secondary road, but you have heard the wordstraffic jamat the tail end of a local radio broadcast. Which Ten-Signal would you transmit?
A.10—27
C.10—20
B.10—30
D.10—13
15.You have just delivered a small box would like a break before returning to base. Which
Ten-Signal would you send?
A.10—10
C.10—18
B10—24
D.10—7

Questions 16~20
When my first child was born, my mother-in-law said to me:“Motherhood is wonderful just as long as you remember that A Mothers Place is in the Wrong. No matter what you do, your children will blame you.”
Since that time, almost nine years ago, I have carefully monitored mothers and their growing offspring to verify this maxim, and found that indeed it contains much truth. For example, if a mother stints herself to the point of starvation to send her darling to a good boarding school, the darling will turn round years later and accuse her of being a snob who deprived her of everyday family life.
If, on the other hand, a mother sends her little lamb to the local neighbourhood school; the little lamb will grumble years later that his parents didnt give a fig for education and that is why he is illiterate and on the dole.
If a women has a job, her children will speak mournfully of the experience of being latchkey kids who never knew what it was to come home to the joy and security of a mum baking bread in the kitchen.
If a women does not work, her daughter will afterwards describe her old mum as asuburban cabbagewho neverfulfilled herself”.
If a women endures a painful and difficult marriage for the sake of the children, she will be told by those children, when grow-up, that she was an absolute fool to put up with it and should have walked out years ago.
If she considers it to be best to end the marriage, they will accuse her of causing thempaternal deprivation syndromeand obliging them to grow up ina one-parent situation”. If you try to shield your children from the weary realities of life, they will say you were absurdly overprotective.
If you try to share your troubles with them, they will say that you overburdened them with responsibilities and cheated them of their childhood.
If you have but a single child, the child will say afterwards that you selfishly deprived it of siblings, and will tell sad stories about the loneliness of its childhood.
If you have two children, they will describe their family background as typical, stereotyped, neurotic, introverted-a nuclear family. Truly, a mothers place is in the wrong-and, yea, it goes on even unto the third generation.
When your children encounter trouble or difficulties as adults, in their own marriages or in their personalities, whom do they blame? Youve got it in one: mother!
16. Having thought about her mother-in-laws advice, the author_________.
A. was inclined to doubt the advice
B. interviewed women whose children had grown up
C. decided to put the advice to the test
D. asked adults about their childhood
17. The passage suggests that local schools______________.
A. make children feel insecure
B. have a poor educational record
C. allow children too much freedom
D. are for the children ofsuburban cabbages
18. According to the passage, a women who divorces her husband will___________.
A. be backed by her children
B. be blamed by her children
C. usually blame her husband
D. soon lose the childrens affection
19. It can be concluded from the passage that mother________.
A. are willing to take the blame
B. are blamed unfairly
C. can not be blameless
D. cannot avoid blame
20. What would be the best title for this passage?
A. A Great Mother Should Fulfill Herself
B. A Typical And Stereotyped Family
C. The Generation Gap
D. Motherhood Is A No-Win Situation
Questions 6~10
A child who has once been pleased with a tale likes, as a rule, to have it retold in identically the same words, but this should not lead parents to treat printed fairy stories as sacred texts. It is always much better to tell a story than to read it out of a book and, if a parent can produce an improvement on the printed text, so much the better.
A charge made against fairy tales is that they harm the child by frightening him or arousing his sadistic impulses. To prove the latter, one would have to show in controlled experiment that children who have read fairy stories were more often guilty of cruelty than those who had not. On the whole, their symbolic verbal discharge seems to be rather a safety valve than an incitement to overt action. As to fears, there are, I think, well-authenticated cases of children being dangerously terrified by some fairy story. Often, however, this arises from the child having been told the story on only one occasion. Familiarity with the story by repetition turns the pain of fear into the pleasure of a fear faced and mastered.
There are also people who object to fairy stories on the grounds that they are not objectively true, that giants, witches, two-headed dragons, magic carpets, etc. do not exist; and that instead of indulging his fantasies in fairy tales, the child should be taught how to adapt to reality by studying history and mechanics. I find such people, I must confess, so unsympathetic and peculiar that I do not know how to argue with them. If their case were sound, the world should be full of madmen attempting to fly from New York to Philadelphia on a broomstick or covering a telephone with kisses in the belief that it was their enchanted girl-friend. No fairy story ever claimed to be a description of the external world and no sane child has ever believed that it was.
21. The author considers that a fairy story is more effective when it is_________.
A. repeated without variation
B. treated with reverence
C. adapted by the parent
D. set in the past
22. The wordovert” (paragraph 2) means__________.
A. acute
B. authentic
C. apparent
D. artificial
23. According to the passage, great fear can be stimulated in a child when a story is_______.
A. filled with excitement
B. heard only once
C. repeated too often
D. read out of a book
24. According to the passage, the advantage claimed for repeating fairy stories to young children
is that it_______.
A. makes them come to terms with their fears
B. develops their power of memory
C. convinces them there is something to be afraid of
D. encourages them not to have ridiculous beliefs
25. The author's mention of broomsticks and telephones is meant to suggest that_______.
A. fairy stories are still being vividly made up
B. children do not easily accept fairy tales as they are
C. people try their best to modernise old fairy stories
D. there is more concern for children's fears nowadays

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Questions 26~30
What are we? To the biologist we are member of a sub-species called Homo sapiens sapiens, which represents a division of the species known as Homo sapiens. Every species is unique and distinct: that is part of the definition of a species. But what is particularly interesting about out species? For a star, we walk upright on our hindlegs at all times, which is an extremely unusual way of getting around for a mammal. There are also several unusual features about our head, not least of which is the very large brain it contains. A second unusual feature is our strangely flattened face with its prominent, down-turned nose. Apes and monkeys have faces that protrude forwards as a muzzle and havesquashednoses on top of this muzzle. There are many mysteries about human evolution, and the reason for our unusually shaped nose is one of them.
Another mystery is our nakedness, or rather apparent nakedness. Unlike the apes, we are not covered by a coat of thick hair. Human body hair is very plentiful, but it is extremely fine and short so that, for all practical purposes, we are naked. Very probably this has something to do with the second interesting feature of our body; the skin is richly covered with millions of microscopic sweat glands. The human ability to sweat is unmatched in the primate world.
So much for our appearance: what about our behaviour? Our forelimbs, being freed from helping us to get about, possess a very high degree of manipulative skill. Part of this skill lies in the anatomical structure of the hands, but the crucial element is, of course, the power of the brain. No matter how suitable the limbs are for detailed manipulation, they are useless in the absence of finely tuned instructions delivered through nerve fibres. The most obvious product of our hands and brains is technology. No other animal manipulates the world in the extensive and arbitrary way that humans do. The termites are capable of constructing intricately structured mounds which create their ownair-conditionedenvironment inside. But the termites cannot choose to build a cathedral instead. Humans unique because they have the capacity to choose what they do.
26. According to the author, biologists see us as_________.
A. exactly the same as Homo sapiens
B. totally different from Homo sapiens
C. a divided species
D. an interesting sub-division of Homo sapiens
27. Which of the following is not an indication as being particularly interesting about our
species?
A. The fact that we walk.
B The size of our hindlegs.
C. The shape of our faces.
D. The way our noses evolved.
28. According to the passage, other primates__________.
A. do not sweat
B. sweat more than human beings
C. have larger sweat glands than humans
D. do not sweat as much as humans
29. According to the passage, what is most important about our hands?
A. The way they are made.
B. They are very naked.
C. Our control over them.
D. Their muscular power.
30. Which of the following can be the best title of the passage?
A. What are Human Beings: Appearance and Behaviour
B. What are Primates: the Ability to Sweat
C. What are Termites: Architects of the Animal World
D. What are Human Hands Capable of: the Ability to Choose
SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST (1) (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write your version it the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKKLET.
BBC World Service is the world's biggest radio network, with 140 million listeners across the globe, broadcasting in 44 languages, heard on short-wave, medium-wave, FM and satellite. We have an ambitious plan for the brand new technology of Digital Broadcasting by Satellite, due to start next year. The appearance of the Internet has taken us broadcasters all by surprise. The Internet has enabled any radio station anywhere to become an international broadcaster with only a minor investment. Although its sound quality is far from perfect, it excels that of short-wave. Internet radio does not only mean competition but also great opportunities. The BBC is taking the Internet very seriously, for it's a cheap way of getting a reasonable quality signal to places in the even our short-wave transmitters can't adequately reach. Very recently, we launchedBBC On-Line”, which incorporates a 24-hour news service. And the users can hear programmes in Mandarin, Arabic, Spanish and Russian.

SECTION 4: TRANSLATION TEST (2) (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into English and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
深圳作为全国最早的特区,与内地经济往来极为密切,特别是在香港回归祖国以后, 人员往来大为增加,深圳机场是全国十大机场之一。由于深圳地处亚热带,与北方温差较 大,从北方来的旅客,为了适应深圳的气候,走下飞机的第一件大事就是脱掉身上过多过 厚的衣服。
深圳机场为方便旅客,设置了 4 间更衣室。室内设备齐全。旅客可以轻松愉快的环境 中更换衣服,整理仪容,给前来迎接的亲朋好友留下良好的第一印象。

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1998.9上海市英语中级口译资格证书第一阶段考试
参考答案:
SECTION1: LISTENINGTEST
Part A: Spot Dictation
1. go on stage
2. unkind thing
3. restless and nervous
4. superstitious people
5. stage fright
6. friends and colleagues
7. wishing
8. it is hopes
9. also consider
10. good luck
11. from all directions
12. in the theatre
13. at rehearsal
14. yellow
15. traditional fears
16. 1artistic personality
17. performing live
18. unstable profession
19. lose his confidence
20. always expect
Part B: Listening Comprehension
1-5 C B D C D 6-10 C B C AC
11-15 C C A D B 16-20 C D A BA
21-25 C D B B A 26-30 C C A DA
Part C: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ.Sentence Translation
1. 公司正在考虑招聘额外工作人员以应付日益增长的需要。
2. 那家超市经理,其背景我很熟悉,绝对/百分之百的诚实。
3. 我承认/同意,它们很相似,但是假如你确实仔细观察的话,你会发现它们并不是一样 的。
4. 我认为应该迫使所有的教师到外部世界生活,而不是从教室走向大学,然后再回到教 室。
5. 社会学家发现很多妇女希望自己生来就是男人,据说这数字在发达国家高达百分之六 十。
Ⅱ.Passage Translation
1. “全包/一揽子/包办度假”越来越流行。旅行社为度假者安排交通和旅馆,甚至饮食。 那就是为什么称为包办度假。这类度假通常非常便宜。那可能是为什么包办度假在工 薪阶层和养老金领取者中那么流行的缘故。
2. 关于家长/父母方面,我最恼火的是他们不会说/不知道怎么说“不”。他们很少花时间 去向他们的孩子解释为什么某种行为是错的,结果是,孩子们被允许自己决定做什么 以及什么时候去做。他们被允许熬夜,看不适合他们的电视,并且拥有过多的新玩具。 他们并不需要糖果或玩具。他们需要的是父母的时间,而这似乎是越来越少/老是不够。

SECTION2: STUDY SKILLS
1-5 D D B C A 6-10 D C D A B
11-15 C B C D B 16-20 C B B D D
21-25 C C B A B 26-30 D B D C A
SECTION3: TRANSLATION(1)
英国广播公司国际广播电台是世界上最大的广播网,在全球拥有1.4 亿听众,可以通 过短波、中波、调频和卫星收听以44 种语言广播的节目。我们有一项雄心勃勃的计划, 即明年起使用全新的卫星数码技术进行广播。国际互联网的出现使我们(广播人)措手不 及。国际互联网可以使位于世界任何一个地方的广播电台以很小的投资便可成为一家国际 广播站。虽然互联网广播的音质远非完善,但却胜于短波。互联网电台的出现不仅意味着 竞争,同时也提供了机会。英国广播公司非成认真地对待互联网广播一事。因为互联网广 播的确是一条耗资少但可以将音质不劣的信号传送到短波都无法达到的地区。最近,我们 开通了一条包括24 小时新闻联播在内的英国广播公司(BBC)联网(频道)。用户可以收 听到汉语、阿拉伯语、西班牙语和俄罗斯语的广播节目。
SECTION4: TRANSLATION(2)
As the nations earliest established special economic zone, Shenzhen has very close economic contacts with the innerland provinces. Especially after the returning of Hongkong to the motherland, the number of passengers coming and leaving Shenzhen is increasing rapidly. Shenzhen Airport claims to be one of the ten largest airports in the country. Because Shenzhen is located in the subtropical zone, there exists quite big temperature difference between the city and northern areas in China. So the passengers from the north are always anxious to take off their overdressed warm clothes for the first important thing to do after landing in order to adapt themselves to the local temperature.
For the convenience of the passengers, Shenzhen Airport Administration set up 4 well-furnished changerooms. The passengers can change their clothes, tidy themselves up in the easy and pleasant surroundings, so as to leave a good first impression on the relatives and friends who come to meet them at the airport.

听力测试题录音文字稿:
SECTION 1: LISTENINGTEST
Part A: Spot Dictation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blanks in it. Fill in each ofthe blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the passage only once. Now lets begin Part A with Spot Dictation.
The usual good-luck wish to a theatre actor who is about to go on stage or to be engaged in a performance Is to sayBreak a leg”. This may seem to be a rather unkind thing to say to someone who is probably already quite impatient, restless and nervous. But most theatre actors and actresses are, by tradition, very superstitious people. And they would do everything to avoid slipping or throwing themselves intostage fright”.
Among many actors and actresses, it is thought that wishing for good luck from their friends and colleagues will have the opposite effect. Consequently, by wishing for bad luck, it is hoped that the actor or actress will in fact have good luck.
Actors and actresses also consider noisy, squeaking shoes to be a sign of good luck, and it is also good luck to have a theatre cat. On the other hand, bad luck can come from all directions; it comes from the audiences whistling in the theatre, from the actors repeating the last line of the play at rehearsal and from certain shades of the colour yellow in the background of the stage. Where do these traditional fears or worries come from? Some people believe them to be the result of an actors artistic personality. The real reason, although, may have more to do with simply being frightened about performing live in front of a large audience and making silly, laughable mistakes. After all, acting is a very unstable profession. If an actor performs badly, it is very likely that he would gradually lose his confidence and eventually his job and livelihood. Under such adverse and frightful conditions, it is not surprising that actors and actresses always expect bad things to happen.

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Part B: Listening Comprehension
I Statements
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short statements. These statements will be spoken only once, and you will not find them written on the paper; so you .lust listen carefully. When you hear a statement, read the answer choices and decide which one is closest in meaning to the statement you have heard. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

Question No. 1. We werent planning on seeing three factories, but we did.
Question No. 2. There used to be a school there, but now its a shopping center.
Question No. 3. We have at least ninety guests coming to the dinner party, so this room is far too small.
Question No. 4. In the long run, Joyce proved herself a successful businesswoman.
Question No. 5. Exceptfor the colors, the painting on the right would be perfect on our lounge room wall.
Question No. 6. Its always hotter and stuffier in the city than in the suburbs.
Question No. 7. Anyone who missed more than one-third of the classes deserves to fail.
Question No. 8. Those instructions are so complicated. I dont see how anyone could ever figure them out.
Question No. 9. You should keep a journal to have a record of what youve done every day.
Question No. 10. Peterd never be studying mathematics if it werent required.
Talks and Conversations
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short talks and conversations. After each of these, you will hear a few questions. Listen carefully, because you will hear the talk or conversation and questions only once. When you hear a question, read the four answer choices and choose the best answer to that question. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

Questions 11 to 14 are based on the following description of an apartment.
The next apartment that Id like to show you is one of the larger apartments that we have for rent. This is a three-bedroom apartment. As you can see, one of the bedroom is larger, and two of the bedrooms are smaller.
The kitchen area is large. Because of those windows, it is also very sunny.
The stove and refrigerator that you see there are included in the rent.
The living room is not very large, but it does have a fireplace and some nice built-in bookshelves.
This apartment is unfurnished, so you will need furniture. If you have your own furniture already, thats great. If you dont have any furniture of your own, I can show you where you can rent some.
Do you have any questions?
Question No. 11. Who is probably talking?
Question No. 12. How many bedrooms are there in the apartment?
Question No. 13. What is TRUE about the kitchen?
Question No. 14. Which of the following is NOT included in the rent?
Questions 15 to 18 are based on the following conversation.
Woman: Do you know where I can get a bicycle? It doesnt have to be a new bicycle, but it does have to be rather cheap.
Man: Why do you need a bicycle’?
Woman: I just found a great apartment, but its a little bit far from school. I really want to take this apartment, but I have to find some transportation. A bicycle would be great!
Man: How far away from school is the apartment?
Woman: Just a little over two miles, so I definitely could walk if I had to. But it would save so much time if I had a bicycle. My problem is that I cant afford a really new, expensive bicycle.
Man: Well, you happen to be in luck today. I have a friend who wants to sell his old bicycle
because he just bought a new one, and I think you can get it cheap. Do you wahl to go see the bicycle?
Woman: Thanks. That sounds great. Lets go there now.
Question No. 15. What does the woman want to get?
Question No. 16. Approximately how far away from school is the womans apartment?
Question No. 17. Why is the mans friend selling his old bicycle?
Question No. 18. What will the man and woman probably do next?

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the following talk by a business professor.
Henry Fords Mode T automobile is a great example of the benefits of mass production. Henry Ford introduced the Model T in 1908. These first model T cars were not mass produced. They were sold for a price of $ 8.50 each. The Model T cars were very popular, and many people wanted to own them. To meet this high demand, Henry Ford designed the first major assembly line. With this assembly line, cars could be produced more quickly, efficiently, and cheaply. Using the assembly-line method of production, the company was able to produce 1,000 identical cars a day. The price of the Model T dropped from $ 850 to $ 440 per car by 1924. This example clearly demonstrates the effect that mass production can have on prices.
Question No. 19. What is the model T?
Question No. 20. When was the model T introduced?
Question No. 21. Which of the following is NOT true about the assembly-line production introduced, by Ford?
Question No. 22. What happened to the price of the model T over time?

Questions 23 to 26 are based on the following interview.
(I=INTERVIEWER;W=WOMAN)
I: What are your views about continuing education?
W: I suppose its a good thing. Ive been taking some classes myself at night, trying to get in control of my life, trying to learn some things that I need to know.
I: I see. I see. So...
W: ... to take care of myself and my family.
I: So, you are using continuing education right now past the.., high school kind of level or...
W: Yes, Ive got a high school diploma and now Im taking classes in... auto repair and...
I: Ah ... auto repair! Is that ... uh ... a necessary thing for you to have, do you feel?
W: I think it is. Im single. Ive got children and I need to know how to do things myself and I have no one else to rely on. So I think its an important skill for me to have.
I: Uh-huh. Uh... Is there anything else that youre.., uh... studying or using continuing education for?
W: Nothing else right now. Im hoping next term to take some courses in plumbing or electrical repair, something like that.
I: So, you are using continuing education to broaden your capabilities with in your own life.
W. Right. On the practical aspect, rather than abstract courses that really wont help me on a day-to-day basis.
Question No. 23. According to the woman, why did she take night classes?
Question No. 24. Which of the following is TRUE about the women?
Question No. 25. According to the woman, which course would she NOT take in using continuing education ?
Question No. 26. What is the womans attitude towards continuing education?
Questions 27 to 30 are based on the following conversation.
Woman: Why do you think people travel so much nowadays?Whats this modern craze for travel all about? The travel agencies are doing a roaring trade.
Man: Well, you know, people travel for all sorts of reasons. Travelling for pleasure is only one of them. People travel on business, to get to work, for adventure, even for education. Travel is supposed to broaden the mind, you know. Theres more leisure and money about, so travel has become available to many people.
Woman: In the old days, I suppose, people travelled very little because travel was so slow and difficult. It used to take a fortnight to travel from London to Edinburgh by coach. Now you can travel many times round the world in that time!
Man: And travel to the moon and back in a week!
Woman: I know, isnt it amazing! And to think that the next generation will take it all or granted.
Man: Think of what Columbus and his contemporaries would have thought. Crossing the Atlantic seemed miraculous to them. Distances have dwindled to nothing in this space age of ours. Travelling to far away places has become a common activity. Woman: Yes, but travelling on this planet is quite enough for me. You wont ever catch me travelling to the moon in one of those space-ships, thank you very much!
Question No. 27. Which of the following is NOT a reason for people to travel, according to the conversation?
Question No. 28. Why did people travel less in the old days?
Question No. 29. How long did it use to take to travel from London to Edinburgh by coach?
Question No. 30. What will the next generation think about travelling to the moon? Part C. Listening and Translation
I. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write 3,our version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Now lets begin Sentence Translation with Sentence No. 1.
Sentence No. 1. The company is thinking of taking on extra staff to cope with the increasing demand.
Sentence No. 2. The manager of the supermarket, whose background I know quite well, is 100% honest.
Sentence No. 3. They are quite similar, I agree, but if you look really carefully, youll see they are not quite the same.
Sentence No. 4. I think all teachers should be forced to live in the outside world, rather than go from the classroom to the university and back to the classroom a again.
Sentence No. 5. Sociologists have found that a large number of women wish that they had been born men, and the number is said to be as high as 60 % in developed countries.
Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages. You will hear the passages only once. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLE? You may take notes while you are listening. Now, lets begin Passage Translation with the first passage.
Passage 1:
Package holidaysare becoming more and more popular. The travel agency will arrange for the holiday-makers the transportation and the hotel accommodation and even order the food. That is why it is called a package holiday. Such holidays are usually very cheap. That is probably why they are so popular among wage-owners and pensioners.
Passage 2:
What annoyed me most about parents is their inability to say No. Few take the time to explain to their children why certain behaviour is wrong, and as a result children are allowed to decide for themselves what they want to do and when to do it. They are allowed to stay up too late. Watch unsuitable TV and have too many new toys. They dont need candies or toys. What they need is their parentstime, which seems to be in increasingly short supply.
 




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