SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST (40 minutes)
Part A: Spot Dictation
Directions: Is this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the passage only once.
Britain is changing more rapidly than ever before in her long history. In some respects the new British society reflects general world trends. In other respects it has kept its own _________(1). British society is evolving, that is to say, developing and suiting itself to __________(2). Evolution rather than revolution or violent change is a ___________(3) of the British way of life.
This is shown in one way by how the British people __________(4). The Conservative and Labour Parties have controlled __________(5) for the last fifty years, but today neither party can any longer be sure from which class or __________(6) its support will come. Not long ago you _______(7) the working classes always to vote for the Labour Party. The' word “Labour” means “hard work”—especially hard work”___________(8). The Labour Party is the party which is supposed _________(9) the “working man”. Your would also have expected the ________ (10) classes to vote for the Conservative Party. The word“Conservative” means “keeping things _________(11)” The Conservative Party is supposed to be the party which represents __________(12), businessmen and the self-employed. In some respects traditional British“class distinctions” are becoming _________(13), and you can be less sure how people will vote. Many members of the middle class __________(14).
Many ordinary working people enjoy a better standard of living and are ___________(15) any change which might affect them. But the ___________(16) between the classes remain. Many Conservative fear that the sovereignty of Parliament is being threatened by __________(17). Many workers are afraid that the Conservative bosses are trying to keep __________(18) down. But class feelings have not reached a __________(19) yet. Middle-class and working class min can ___________(20) at a football match and be the best of friends.
Part B: Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short statements. These statements ill be spoken only once, and you will not find them written on the paper; so you must listen carefully. When you hear a statement, read the answer choices and decide which one is closest in meaning to the statement you have heard. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
1. A. The houses had not been sold until last January.
B. The houses have been for sale for some time.
C. They went to the market to but their house.
D. They have marked down their house since last January.
2. A. Alice doesn't have much talent.
B. Alice is writing a book on business administration.
C. Alice earns more money in writing novels.
D. Alice knows more about business administration.
3. A. We knew your phone number, so we called you.
B. We didn't know you were at home, so we didn't call you.
C. We didn't want to disturb you, although we had your phone number.
D. We didn't have your phone number, so we didn't call you.
4. A. The suitcases are $ 19.85 each and come in three colors.
B. The suitcases are available in red, green and blue for $ 19.85.
C. The suitcases are nine dollars each.
D. Each color has a different price.
5. A. Most of the board members didn't like the dress code.
B. Few of the board members voted for the dress code.
C. The director was the only one who was against the dress code.
D. The director as well as the board members voted for the dress code.
6. A. Cathy told the police about the burglary.
B. Cathy telephoned to say that her office had a window pane broken.
C. The police told Cathy that they had found the key to her office.
D. The police was called in to check the security system of Cathy's office.
7. A. The manager will spend his summer holiday in the North.
B. The manager is going to have a look at some northern factories.
C. The manager himself will run the factories in the North.
D. The manager plans to retire after his travel to the North.
8. A. Thirty guests came.
B. Forty guests came.
C. Twenty guests didn't receive their invitation cards.
D. More guests came than were expected.
9. A. One hundred and fourteen passengers called about the flight.
B. Flight 114 was announced over the public address system.
C. Flight 114 was canceled because of the weather.
D. The flight was delayed due to the heavy rains.
10.A. Many shops are moving to the suburbs.
B. Sales figure is increasing in the suburbs.
C. Shops in the downtown areas are more expensive.
D. More goods are on sale in the suburbs.
Ⅱ. Talks and Conversations
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short talks and conversations. After each of these, you will hear a few questions. Listen carefully, because you will hear the talk or conversation and questions only once. When you hear a question, read the four answer choices the best answer to that question. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
11. A. The size of the campus.
B. The city bus system.
C. The length of time for each class.
D. The university bus system.
12. A. The entire campus.
C. The campus and the.
13. A. Nothing.
C. A few cents
B. Part of the campus.
D. Only the off-campus areas.
B. Three dollars.
D. Fifty cents.
14. A. Red.
15. A. Big computers.
C. Various kinds of computers.
16. A. Only big computers.
C. Various kinds of computers
B. Portable computers.
D. Three types of machines.
B. Only portable computers.
D. Three types of machines.
17. A. Professional people only.
B. Large department stores.
C. Small businesses, large companies and professional people.
D. School children and university students.
18. A. International Business Machines Corporation.
B. Internal Business Machine.
C. Iron Beam Machining Company.
D. Iron Boat Machine Corporation.
19. A. From a textbook.
C. From a periodical.
20. A. How trees are grown in America.
B. How paper is made from trees.
C. The quality of paper used in America.
D. The amount of paper that Americans use.
21. A. 15 million tons.
B. From the television.
D. From a lecture.
B. 50 million tons.
C. 85 million tons.
22. A. Cut down more trees.
B. Use less paper.
C. Produce more paper.
D. Read more about the problem.
23. A. Artificial plants.
B. Plants in plastic containers.
C. Plants that resemble plastic.
D. Plants that produce a usable substance.
24. A. It lasts longer.
B. It is more artificial.
27. A. Because there were so many clever boys at that time.
B. Because they could provide free education for clever boys from poor families.
C. Because the government planned to give free education to all the poor children.
D. Because the government wanted to develop a new school examination system.
28. A. They are more than 120 years old.
B. They are open to all pupils.
C. They are very expensive.
D. They become smaller and smaller in size.
29. A. Prepare children for the public school examination.
B. Produce Britain's most famous men and women.
C. Train pupils to live and stay at public schools.
D. Enroll pupils who are not admitted by public schools.
30. A. Overseas
C. Suburban areas
D. Upper classes
Part C: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Ⅱ. Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages. You will hear the passages only once. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. You may take notes while you are listening.
SECTION 2: STUDY SKILLS (50 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will read several passage. Each passage is followed by several questions based on its content. You are to choose ONE best answer, A., B., C., or D., to each question. Answer all the questions following each passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
The bath was invented before the bath plug. The bath plug could not have been invented before the bath, except as a small object with which to play ice hockey. The order in which inventions are made is very important, much more important than has ever been realised, because we tend automatically to think that later inventions are better than earlier ones. A moment's thought will show this is not so. If, for example, a solution to today's urban traffic problems was proposed in the shape of a small man-powered two-wheeled vehicle which would make the motor car look like a cumbersome overpowered device, a space rocket trying to tackle suburban problems, we would greet it as a great technological break through.“Bicycle makes car obsolete!” we would cry. Unfortunately, the bike came first, so we shall unconsciously see it as a cruder version of the car.
Other things which may have been invented too early are the airship, the radio, the railway train, the piano-roll player and the cuff-link.
Consider also the zip. Zips represent a technological advance on buttons, being faster and more complete. They are also more liable to come adrift, break, jam, malfunction, stick and catch. Buttons can only go wrong if the thread is faulty. Even then, buttons can be mended by the user. Zips rarely can.
1. The expression“ice hockey” (sentence 2) means_________.
A. a freezing compartment
C. a sweet flavoured frozen food
B. a game played on an ice rink
D. a building in which ice is made.
2. If the bicycle were to be invented now the car would appear__________.
A. unsuitable for its purpose
C. unnecessarily expensive
B. in advance of its time
D. too fast for safety
3. The airship and the radio are examples of thins which__________.
A. were not fully appreciated at the time of their invention
B. are more suitable for use now than when they were invented
C. have been neglected in favour of more recent inventions
D. are less suited to their purpose than earlier inventions
4. According to the writer, buttons are preferable to zips because they__________.
A. are more convenient
C. cost less to replace
B. are more reliable
D. are safer to use
5. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?
A. A Cumbersome Over-Powered Device
B. A Great Technological Breakthrough
C. Do Zips Represent A Technological Advance?
D. Does Technological Progress Work Backwards?
It took policeman John Pooley only an hour or two to solve the Case of the Thorpeness Burglary. It must be said, however, that the crime was not difficult. The description, though slight, narrowed the number of persons likely to commit such a crime...to one. Pooley, of course, knows everyone in the three villages in his care, and their children. But after he had made the arrest—something he has to do more rarely than once a month—he felt troubled because he not only knew the man, but also knew that he had family problems.
Like most village police men, John Pooley is in charge of a very large area by police standards, which includes the three villages of Middleton, Dunwich and Westleton, where he lives. With a total population of 1, 219, he has more than twice as many people to look after as the average policeman has. Moreover, he is attached to the Halesworth subdivision and is frequently given duties outside his home area. After 15 years as a policeman, he accepts these duties without question, but his villages are clearly where his heart and interest really lie. When he was first sent to Westleton, he lived in the police house which was both his home and the police station; when the system was changed, he bought the house where he now lives with his wife, Ann, and his two daughters.
He could hardly be better qualified for the job of village policeman. Before he joined the police, he was an agricultural worker for five years and a male nurse in a mental hospital for six years. He says:“If you haven't had another job before you join the police, you tend to think nothing but police.”
Crime in the country, of course, is somewhat different from city crime. Who was ever attacked while walking along the village street in Middleton? The things which John Pooley has to watch for are people stealing tools and equipment from farm vehicles, or wood from the surrounding forests. There are natural dangers too: he is so worried about the fire risk in forests that he has turned his bedroom window into a look-post.
6. Why was John Pooley able to solve the Case of the Thorpeness Burglary so easily?
A. He had been given a full description of the criminal.
B. He knew everything that happened in the area.
C. There were few crime cases in his area.
D. There was only one possible suspect.
7. From the passage it appears that nowadays a village policeman, like John Pooley, has to_______.
A. live in a village police house
B. put out forest fires
C. go through a long period of training
D. look after more people than policemen elsewhere
8. According to the passage, we learn that he________.
A. is unpopular with the people in the villages
B. objects when he is given work outside his own area
C. prefers working in the villages of Middleton, Dunwich and Westleton
D. feels unhappy when he arrests anybody.
9. John Pooley thinks he is well qualified for his job because_________.
A. he had other jobs before he became a policeman
B. has has been a policeman for fifteen years
C. he has lived in Westleton all his life
D. he is a countryman at heart
10. Crime in this area is different from crime in a big city because_________.
A. it is hardly ever violent
B. people here have more family problems
C. the victim is easily attacked
D. it is connected with natural disasters
Another dropped stitch in life's rich tapestry: 15-year-old schoolboy who was caught in the Stock Market crash after a ￡ 100,000 shares gamble. Peeved stockbrokers to whom he owes ￡ 20,000 now say in injured tones:“He has been very naughty. We thought he was 19.” I must say that small fry finances have come on a bit since the era of Billy Bunter's nonarriving five bob postal order. While not in the same league as Britain's youngest yuppie, I see from a Health Education Authority survey that school teenagers are now spending ￡ 10 a week or more on records, clothes and booze. The good news is that nearly one in two of the big spenders holds, the girls either babysitting or working in shops and cafes.
I call this a very welcome trend. For a very long time, going right back to the golden age of the Welfate State, there was a real social stigma attached to the idea of school kids working. Local authorities frowned on it, teachers disapproved of it, parents felt guilty about it, and children themselves came to believe that having to earn their own pocket money was a great imposition.
To be sure, there is still opposition in some quarters. But by and large the pendulum seems to be swinging the right way again. The other day I heard of a gang of lads who station themselves outside a car wash every Saturday offering, much to the rage of the manager, to do the job half-price. Now that's enterprise. Back in the days of the Saturday penny. I was something of an entrepreneur myself. I had five paper rounds, a firewood business, a golf-caddying concession and a contract to carry groceries back to the convent for a bunch of local nuns. I was working a good twenty-four hours a week out of school, and as the saying goes, it never did me any harm. Indeed I'm sure it did me a good deal of good.
Ten pounds a week does seem an awful lot to be squandering on fripperies, but at least it's as often as not their own hard earned cash. More to the point, they learn at a tender age that while it may or may not be ture that money cannot buy happiness, at least happiness—in the form of satisfaction at a job well done, that is—can buy money. But don't sink it all in futures, kids.
11. According to the passage, which of the following indicates the stockbrokers' attitude to the
12. According to the passage, which of the following is the most popular job for boys?
C. Paper rounds.
B. Working in cafes.
D. Working in shops.
13. It can be concluded from the passage that local authorities and teachers frowned on children
working part-time because_________.
A. it was socially unacceptable
B. nearly one in two of the big spenders got a poor mark
C. teenagers had spent too much money on records
D. money cannot buy happiness and progress
14. How did the writer earn extra money when he was a teenager?
A. Selling sandalwood.
C. Working in cafes.
B. Working in shops.
D. Delivering groceries.
15. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
A. Children may get satisfaction from working part-time.
B. School teenagers usually spend ￡ 10 a week on records.
C. A good 24 hours a week out of school is the right amount of time for kids.
D. School girls often work in shops and cafes.
In the mid-1980's no thrusting executive was complete without his her personal organiser— a leather binder containing everything from address-book and diary to a career-planning chart. Then came the portable telephone, whispered into with ostentatious discretion. Now the electronic organiser has arrived. Psion, a British firm which created the first such digital diarycum-calculator, sells about 200,000 a year. Competitors are piling into the market. When Psion launched its hand-held computer in 1982, it foresaw two markets. One was in the salerooms and warehouses of large companies. Here, stocktakers and salesmen needed a portable way to talk to the big computers back at head office. About half of Psion's sales now come from companies—as well as many lucrative contracts to write software specially tailored to link its little machines into a firm's computer network.
The other half of Psion's sales come from individuals keen to organise themselves electronically. Most use the machine as a “personal data base”(i.e., address book and diary) or to crunch numbers too tough for their calculators to handle. It takes several times longer to tap a name or a date into the tiny keyboard of a hand-held computer than it does to write it down on an Asprey pad. But hundreds of thousands of people seem to think it worthwhile—maybe because the computer can search speedily through electronically stored names—or because it impresses their friends.
Whatever the reasons, other companies are impressed with the market the Psion Organiser Ⅱ has discovered. Japan's Sharp recently launched a similar machine, and Casio has been nibbling at the edges of the market for some time. Other companies are selling programs that enable Psion to do tasks ranging from complex financial calculations to rudimentary French-English translation.
A fledgling British firm has launched an electronic “Agenda” with a new, faster way of entering “lunch with Desdemona”. It uses the Microwriter keyboard, which was invented some years ago by Mr. Cy Endfield, a film director whose other works include “Zulu”. His idea soon gained the support of Sir Mark Weinberg, chairman of an insurance group. Allied Dunbar. He is a 30% shareholder in Microwriter and has written its notably undaunting instruction book.
In addition to the standard letter keys, the Microwriter has a second keyboard consisting of five unmarked keys, one for each finger. By pressing the keys in various combinations, one can learn quickly to “type” almost as fast as on a full keyboard. The Microwriter was first peddled as a sort of hand-held word-processor, but only about 7,000 were sold. Now the firm is hoping that the boom in electronic organisers will revive its fortunes.
16. According to the passage, which of the following is true about a personal organiser popular in the mid-1980's?
A. It had an expensive binding.
B. It contained all the information needed.
C. It was an impact made on status-conscious friends.
D. It was indispensable to ambitious executives.
17. The advantage of the Psion product over earlier personal organisers is.
A. that information can be retrieved more quickly
B. the ability to provide a quicker input of information
C. improved electronics
D. its processing of numbers
18. Compared to traditional calculators, the Psion product.
A. is cheaper
C. has greater capacity
B. is more durable
D. has a longer quality guarantee
19. According to the author, the response of other companies to Psion has been to
A. criticize its technology
B. launch more competitively priced products
C. capitalise on its success
D. produce bilingual models
20. We can learn from the passage that one novel feature of the Microwriter is_______.
A. its instruction book
B. the fact that it was invented by a film director
C. its dual keyboard
D. the fact that it is a word-processor
Great emotional and intellectual resources are demanded in quarrels; stamina helps, as does a capacity for obsession. But no one is born a good quarreller; the craft must be learned. There are two generally recognised apprenticeships. First, and universally preferred, is a long childhood spent in the company of fractious siblings. After several years of rainy afternoons, brothers and sister develop a sure feel for the tactics of attrition and the niceties of strategy so necessary in first-rate quarrelling.
The only child, or the child of peaceful or repressed households, is likely to grow up failing to understand that quarrels, unlike arguments, are not about anything, least of all the pursuit of truth. The apparent subject of a quarrel is a mere pretext; the real business is the quarrel itself.
Essentially, adversaries in a quarrel are out to establish or rescue their dignity. Hence the elementary principle: anything may be said. The unschooled, probably no less quarrelsome by inclination than anyone else, may spend an hour with knocking heart, sifting the consequences of calling this old acquaintance a lying fraud. Too late! With a cheerful wave the old acquaintance has left the room.
Those who miss their first apprenticeship may care to enrol in the second, the bad marriage. This can be perilous for the neophyte; the mutual intimacy of spouses makes them at once more vulnerable and more dangerous in attack. Once sex is involved, the stakes are higher all round. And there is an unspoken rule that those who love, or have loved, one another are granted a licence for unlimited beastliness such as is denied to mere sworn enemies. For all that, some of our most tenacious black belt quarrellers have come to it late in lie and mastered every throw, from the Grushing Silence to the Gloating Apology, in less than ten years of marriage.
A quarrel may last years among brooding types with time on their hands, like writers, half a lifetime is not uncommon. In its most refined form, a quarrel may consist of the participants not talking to each other. They will need to scheme laboriously to appear in public together to register their silence.
Brief, violent quarrels are also known as rows. In all cases the essential ingredient remains the same; the original must be forgotten as soon as possible. From here on, dignity, pride, self-esteem honour are the crucial issues, which is why quarrelling, like jealousy, is an all-consuming business, virtually a profession. For the quarreler's very sefl-hood is on the line. To lose an argument is a brief disappointment, much like losing a game of tennis, but to be crushed in a quarrel...rather bite off your tongue and spread it at your opponent's feet.
21. Unschooled quarrelers are said to be at disadvantage because_________.
A. their insults fail to offend their opponent
B. they reveal their nervousness to their opponent
C. they suffer from remorse for what they've said
D. they are apprehensive about speaking their minds
22. According to the writer, quarrels between married couples may be_________.
A. physically violent
C. essentially trivial
B. extremely frequent
D. sincerely regretted
23. When quarreling, both children and married couples may__________.
A. be particularly brutal
C. employ skillful maneuvers
B. use politeness as a weapon
D. exaggerate their feelings
24. The difference between a quarrel and an argument is said to be that__________.
A. the former involves individual egos
B. the former concerns strong points of view
C. the latter has well-established rules
D. the latter concerns trivial issues
25. In the passage as a whole, the writer treats quarreling as if it were__________.
A. a military campaign
B. a social skill
C. a moral evil
D. a natural gift
When an individual enters the presence of others, they commonly seek to acquire information about him or to bring into play information about him already possessed. They will be interested in his general socio-economic status, his conception of self, his attitude towards them, his competence and his trustworthiness. Although some of this information seems to be sought almost as an end in itself, there are usually quite practical reasons for acquiring it.
Information about the individual helps to define the situation, enabling others to know in advance what he will expect of them and what they may expect of him. Informed in these ways, the others will know how best to act in order to call forth a desired response from him. For those present, many sources of information become accessible and many carriers (or “sign-vehicles”) become available for conveying this information. If unacquatinted with the individual, observers can glean clues from his conduct and appearnce which allow them to apply their previous experience with individuals roughly similar to the one before them or, more important, to apply untested stereotypes to him. They can also assume from past experience that only individuals of a particular kind are likely to be found in a given social setting. They can rely on what the individual says about himself or on documentary evidence he provides as to who and what he is. If prior to the interaction, they can rely on assumptions as to the persistence and generality of psychological traits as a means of prediciting his present and future behaviour However, during the period in which the individual is in the immediate presence of the others, few events may occur which directly provide the others with the conclusive information they will need if they are to direct wisely their own activity. Many crucial facts lie beyond the time and place of interaction to lie concealed within it. For example, “true” or real attitudes, beliefs and emotions of the individual can be ascertained only indirectly, through his avowals or through what appears to be involuntary expressive behaviour. Similarly, if the individual offers the others a product or service, they will often find that during the interaction there will be no time and place immediately available for eating the pudding that the proof can be found in. They will be forced to accept some events as conventional or natural signs of something not directly available to the senses. 26. In paragraph 2, what does the underlined word “them” in “...which allow them to apply their previous experience with individuals...” refer to?
27. The expression “untested stereotypes” (paragraph 2) means_________.
A. unstable mental characteristics
B. the capacity not proved by a person's earning power
C. fixed views that have not been questioned
D. areas of information not available
28. When people meet someone they generally want to find out all of the following EXCEPT_____.
A. his general socio-economic status
B. his general attitude towards life
C. his future behaviour
D. key information about his education
29. Which of the following is NOT true about the points given by the author about self-presentation?
A. Key factors in self-presentation are to do with personality, characteristics and socio-economic status.
B. People carry “sign-vehicles—such as appearance and conduct—that give information about them.
C. Self-presentation may mask deeper realities
D. Self-presentation is important for successful interpersonal communication.
30. According to the passage, how can people find out about another person's“real” beliefs and attitudes?
A. By studying crucial facts
C. Only directly.
B. by talking with the person.
D. Only indirectly.
SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST (1) (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
One way an organization can find staff for job vacancies is to recruit outside the company. It may opt to put an advertisement in a newspaper or magazine which gives a short description of the job and invites introductory letters from applicants. Since the company would not desire applicants who do not have a good profile. it is important that an application form sent to a profile. it is important that an application form sent to a prospective applicant should request clear information about such things as the applicant's age, qualifications and work experience as well as references from other individuals who know the applicant well. This information assists the company's management in making a final decision on those applicants they can short-list for an interview.
The staff conducting an interview together are called an “interview panel”, who, prior to the interview, carefully review the job descriptions, personnel specifications, and applications. To help the panel in their selection, an interview assessment form is often used during the interview when each applicant is checked according to a number of criteria indicated on the form.
SECTION 4: TRANSLATION TEST (2) (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
这所大学的任务是培养德智体全面发展，能熟练运用外语从事外事和文化交流工作的 合格人才。本科生分四年制和五年制两种，学生毕业考试及格并且通过论文后，即可获得 学士学位。通用语种的学生，在能熟练使用外语后，还要接受诸如外事翻译、语言学、文 学、新闻、国际文化交流等方面的专业训练。这样，毕业生在掌握一门外语之外还须具备 上述专业的基础知识。
SECTION1: LISTENING TEST
Part A: Spot Dictation
1. particular flavour
2. rapidly changing conditions
3. special characteristic
4. vote at elections
5. the political scene
6. income group
7. would have expected
8. with the hands
9. to represent
10. upper and middle
11. as they are
12. property owners
13. less clear
14. support social reform
15. suspicious of
16. old division
17. the Trade Unions
18. their wages
19. personal level
20. stand together
Part B: Listening Comprehension
Part C: Listening and Translation
2. 只有那些持有效 A 级证书的申请者才被考虑是否适合该职位。
1. 剑桥不仅是英国，而且是欧洲最重要和最美丽的城镇之一。其建筑物的特色吸引着全 世界的游览者，尤其是那些隶属于（剑桥）大学的建筑物以及那河流与花园汇合交融 的独特气氛。
2. 我认为青少年犯法这个问题是因为失业而引起的。由于失业率高，现在好多青少年毕 业后发现自己与工作无缘。结果他们感到厌倦，更容易喝醉，在街上闲逛无所事事， 如此，很容易导致这样或那样的麻烦。
SECTION2: STUDY SKILLS
6-10D D C AA
企业组织找人补充职位空缺的办法之一是向公司以外招聘。它可以选择在报纸或杂志 上等广告，提出简要的工作情况介绍并征集应聘者的自荐信。由于公司不会录用个人材料 不佳的申请者，因此向有希望的应聘者寄发包括年龄、资历、工作经验等简明信息的申请 表，并向了解应聘者情况的有关人士征求参考意见是很重要的。这些信息有助于公司管理 部门缩小面试人员名单以最终作出录用决定。
主持面试的工作人员称之为“面试小组”。他们在面试之前要仔细审阅工作情况介绍、 人员特长要求喝应聘者的情况。为了帮助面试小组作出选择，在面试中经常使用面试评定 表以根据表上的若干标准对应聘者进行考评。
The task of this university is to train qualified personnel for foreign affairs and cultural exchange with foreign countries and teachers for institutions of higher learning, who are morally, intellectually and physically qualified and have a good command of foreign languages. It has a 4-year course and a 5-year course for undergraduates. Those who have passed the graduation examination and have written an acceptable thesis are awarded/given a Bachelor’s degree. Students of commonly used foreign languages, after acquiring the ability to use language efficiently, are intercultural communication, so that the graduates will have a basic knowledge in those fields in addition to their mastery of a foreign language.
Part A: Spot Dictation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the passage only once. Now, let’s begin Part A with Spot Dictation.
Britain is changing more rapidly than ever before in her long history. In some respects the new British society reflects general world trends. In other respects it has kept its own particular flavour. British society is evolving, that is to say, developing and suiting itself to rapidly changing conditions. Evolution rather than revolution or violent change is a special characteristic of the British way of life.
This is shown in one way by how the British people vote at elections. The Conservative and Labour Parties have controlled the political scene for the last fifty years, but today neither party can any longer be sure from which class or income group its support will come. Not long ago you would have expected the working classes always to vote for the Labour Party. The word “labour” means “hard work”—especially hard work with the hands. The Labour Party is the party which is supposed to represent the “working man”. You would also have expected the upper and middle classes to vote for the Conservative Party. The word conservative means “keeping things as they are”. The Conservative Party is supposed to be the party which represents property owners, businessmen and the self-employed. In some respects traditional British “class distinctions” are becoming less clear, and you can be less sure how people will vote. Many members of the middle class support social reform. Many ordinary working people enjoy a better standard of living and are suspicious of any change which might affect them. But the old divisions between the classes remain. Many Conservatives fear that the sovereignty of Parliament is being threatened by the Trade Unions. Many workers are afraid that the Conservative bosses are trying to keep their wages down. But class feelings have not reached a personal level yet. Middle-class and working-class men can stand together at a football match and be the best of friends.
Part B: Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short statements. These statements will be spoken only once, and you will not find them written on the paper; so you must listen carefully. When you hear a statement, read the answer choices and decide which one is closest in meaning to the statement you have heard. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Question No. 1.These houses have been on the market since last January.
Question No. 2.Alice writes novels, but her real background is in business administration.
Question No. 3.If we had your phone number, we would have called you on our arrival.
Question No. 4.The suitcase sells for nineteen-eighty-five and are available in three colours.
Question No. 5. All the board members except the director voted for a company-wide dress code.
Question No. 6.Cathy called the police as soon as she found her office had been broken into.
Question No. 7.Our general manager is planning to visit a few factories when he travels to the North this summer.
Question No. 8. About one-third of the sixty invited guests failed to show up at the dinner party.
Question No. 9.May I have your attention, please. Flight 114 was called off due to the thunderstorm.
Question No. 10.Despite a decrease in the downtown areas, the sales figure is on the up swing in the suburbs.
Ⅱ Talks and Conversations
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short talks and conversations. After each of these, you will hear a few questions. Listen carefully, because you will hear the’ talk or conversation and questions only once. When you hear a question, read the four answer choices and choose the best answer to that question. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 11 to 14 are based on the following conversation.
Man:Can you tell me about the university shuttle bus system? This is such a large campus, and I have classes all over campus. I need to take the shuttle bus from one class to another, or I will never make it on time.
Woman:What do you need to know? I think it’s a really great system.
Man:First of all, where does it go?
Woman:The university shuttle bus system goes all over campus. It does not leave the campus; if want to travel off-campus, you’ll need to take the city bus system. But the university shuttle bus system will get you from one class to the next, very efficiently.
Man:And how much does it cost?
Woman:It’s free, can you believe it? So you don’t have to pay a cent to get all around the university campus.
Man:That’s really great. And how do I catch the shuttle bus?
Woman:Just look for one of the bright yellow shuttle bus signs, and go stand next to it. You can see the yellow shuttle bus signs all over campus. A Shuttle bus will come along approximately every five minutes, so you shouldn’t have to wait long.
Man:That all sounds good. Thanks for your help.
Question No. 11. What are the man and the woman discussing?
Question No. 12. What area does the university shuttle bus cover?
Question No. 13. How much does the shuttle bus cost?
Question No. 14. What color are the shuttle bus signs?
Question 15 to 18 are based on the following advertisement.
You may think IBM makes only big computers. The range of products pictured here should change your mind.
But more important, it’s likely that one of them is a perfect fit for you and the work you have to do.
IBM’s portable computers bring problem--solving power to the people who need it most.
Small businesses can use them to prosper today and plan for tomorrow. Large companies can use them to help a key person or department become more productive. Professional people can use them to make the most of their own special skills.
IBM portable computers are easy to use and their price tags make them easy to buy. Best of all, even our smallest portable computers give you biggest benefits, i.e. IBM experience and reliability.
So, when you begin sizing up portable computers, think of IBM, the International Business Machines Corporation. Obviously, we’ve thought and will think a lot about you.
Question No. 15.What is this advertisement trying to sell?
Question No. 16.What does IBM produce?
Question No. 17.According to the ad. , who will use IBM’s portable computers?
Question No. 18.Which of the following is the full name of IBM?
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the following conversation.
Did you read this magazine article? The information in it is unbelievable.
What’s the article about?
It’s about paper, specifically about how much paper Americans use up each year.
Why are you so interested in paper?
It’s not paper that I’m interested in; it’s trees. Because Americans use so much paper, many trees have to be cut down.
According to the article, how much paper do Americans use?
About 50 million tons of paper a year, can you believe it?
That’s probably a lot of trees, isn’t it ?
You bet it is; 850 million trees a year.
I can’t believe we really need to use so much paper.
Neither can I. I’m sure we could reduce the amount of paper we use if we wanted to.
Question No.19. Where did the woman learn the information?
Question No 20. What is the topic of the conversation?
Question No 21. Approximately how much paper do Americans use in one year?
Question No 22. What does the woman want people to do?
Questions 23 to 26 are based on the following talk.
Today I’d like to discuss something new that botanists may be bringing us in the near future: plants that Produce plastic. I’m not talking about artificial plants made from plastic. I’m talking about living, growing plants that produce a plastic-like substance.
The natural plastic from these plants has at least one major advantage over the artificial plastic that is so common today. This new plastic from plants biodegrades quickly, which means that it is much better for the environment.
Today’s artificial plastic biodegrades very slowly.
When people finish with plastic products and throw them away, the plastic remains intact for years. These unused plastic products are covering the Earth and causing quite a problem. Perhaps the new, natural plastics from plants can help to solve that problem.
Question No. 23.What type of plant is the woman discussing?
Question No. 24.What is the major advantage of the new natural plastic?
Question No. 25.What is the problem with today’s artificial plastic?
Question No. 26.This lecture might be given in which course?
Questions 27 to 30 are based on the following talk.
The public schools are famous private schools. The oldest of the public schools were founded to give free education to clever boys whose parents could not afford to educate them privately. They were under “public” management or control. But today these schools, and similar ones founded within the past 120 years, are mostly boarding schools. The pupils live as well as study there. Some public schools also take day-pupils. Normally pupils are admitted by examination. Since state schools do not prepare children for this, parents who wish to send their children to a public school often send them first to a preparatory school. Preparatory schools are small, private primary schools which prepare children for the public school examination. Public schools have produced many of Britain’s most famous and distinguished men and women and many parents are still ready to make great sacrifices to send their children there. More pupils come from Britain’s upper classes or wealthy families. Recently, however, there has been a great deal of argument about the future of all private schools.
Question No. 27.According to the passage, why were public schools founded?
Question No. 28.How are those public schools today?
Question No. 29.What can a preparatory school do to help?
Question No. 30.Where do most pupils of the public schools come from now?
Part C: Listening and Translation
I Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Now, with Sentence No. 1.
Sentence No. 1. Buying a house is so expensive that we have decided to try and rent one instead.
Sentence No. 2. Only those applicants holding a current A-level Certificate will be considered for the post.
Sentence No. 3.Linda asked her boss if she might have an afternoon off to show her uncle around Shanghai.
Sentence No. 4.The fire broke out at about three o’clock, but by four the fire brigade had got it under control.
Sentence No. 5.Your job will be to make sure that there is effective communication between the various branches of our corporation.
Ⅱ Passage Translation
Directions: In this’ part of the test, you will hear 2 passages. You will hear the passages only once. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. You may take notes while you are listening. Now, let’s begin Passage Translation with the first passage.
Cambridge is one of the most important and beautiful towns not only in Britain, but also in Europe. Visitors all over the world are attracted by the quality of its buildings, in particular those belonging to the University and the unique atmosphere caused by the combination of rivers and gardens.
I think that this problem of teenagers getting into trouble with the law is mainly caused by unemployment, Because of the high level of unemployment, so many teenagers nowadays leave school and find that they have no chance of getting a ]ob. As a result of this, they feel bored and are much more likely to get drunk and wandering around the streets with nothing to do, which can easily lead to trouble of one sort or another.