1997年9月上海英语中级口译第一阶段考试

来源:网络 2019-01-20

1997年9月上海英语中级口译第一阶段考试


SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST (40 minutes)

Part A: Spot Dictation

Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with banks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer inthecorresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the passage ONLY ONCE.

Doctors are starting to believe that laughter not only improves your state of mind, but actually affects your entire physical well-being. Britain's first laughter therapist, Robert Holden says:“Instinctively we know that laughing help us (1) and alive. Each time we laugh we feel better and more (2).”

A French newspaper found that in 1930 the French laughed (3) for nineteen minutes per day. By 1980 this had fallen to (4). Eight per cent of the people questioned said that they would like to (5). Other research suggests that children laugh on average about (6) a day, but by the time they reach (7) this has been reduced to about fifteen times. Somewhere in the process of (8) we lose an astonishing 385 laughs a day.

William Fry, a psychiatrist from California, studied the (9) on the body. He got patients to watch funny films, and monitored their (10), heart rate and muscle tone. He found that laughter has a similar effect to (11). It speeds up the heart rate, increases blood pressure and quickens breathing. It also makes out (12) muscles work.Fry thinks laughter is a type of (13) in the spot. Laughter can even provide a kind of (14).Fry had proved that laughter produces endorphinschemicals in the body that relieve pain. Researchers divided (15) into four groups. The first group Listened to a (16) for twenty minutes. The other three groups listened to either an informative tape, or a cassette (17) hem,or no tape at all. Researchers found that if they produce pain in the students, those who had listened to the humorous tape could (18) much longer.Some doctors are convinced that (19) should be a part of every medical consultation, as there is evidence to suggest that laughter stimulates the (20).

Part B: Listening Comprehension
 Ⅰ.Statements
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short statements. These statements will be spoken only once,and you will not find them written on the  paper; so you must listen carefully. When you hear a statement, read the answer choices and decide which one is closest in meaning to the statement you have heard. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

1.A. Florence's brother has four tickets.
   B. Florence still has two tickets.
   C. Florence's brother has to book two tickets.
   D. Florence didn't keep any tickets.
2. A. You have to pay for the pool but not for towels.
    B. There is no charge for the pool or for towels.
    C. You must pay to use the pool and to rent a towel.
    D. Towels cost money, but the pool is free.
3. A. Mr. Johnson lied
    B. Mr. Johnson denied that he had lied.
    C. Mr. Johnson denied that he had lied.
    D. Mr. Johnson insisted that he had not murdered the liar.
4. A. Fifteen students continued after the first two weeks.
    B. forty students dropped out after the first week.
    C. Twenty-five students continued after the second week.
    D. Fifteen students dropped out after the first lecture.
5. A. You will have it well done if you cook it less than ten minutes.
    B. If you don't want it well done, cook it more than ten minutes.
    C. It won't take more than ten minutes to have it well done.
    D. It will take over ten minutes to get it well done.
6. A. This week's holiday will be too late for trash collection.
    B. Trash collection is always late on Mondays and Thursdays.
    C. Trash will have to be collected earlier this week.
    D. This week trash will be collected later than usual.
7. A. The desire to seek happiness is stronger than the desire to seek good health.
    B. The desire to seek happiness is not strong.
    C. The desire for food is stronger than the desire to be happy.
    D. The desire for food is stronger than the desire to be happy.
8. A. I don't have a telephone.
    B. I don't have to write Peter a letter.
    C. I don't know Peter's telephone number.
    D. I know Peter's telephone number, but not his address.
9. A. School children like to play with noisemakers.
    B. Small children like toys that make noise.
    C. Small children like to ride in noisy cars and trucks.
    D. Small children like to have quiet toys to play with.
10.A. I got it right after he sent it.
     B. It took a long time to reach me.
     C. He sent it only yesterday.
     D. I sent him the telegram on Monday.

#p#副标题#e#

 Ⅱ.Talks and Conversations
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short talks and conversations. After each of  theseyou  will hear a few questions.Listen carefully, because you will hear the talk or conversation and questions only once. When you hear a question, read the four answer choices and choose the best answer to that question. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

Questions 11~14
11.A. A beautiful plant.                                B. A poisonous plant.
     C. A delicious plant.                               D. A fast-growing plant.
12.A. In vegetable gardens.                            B. Only in the United States.
     C. In supermarkets.                                  D. In many different places.
13.A. Its leaves resemble parsley.                       B. It grows next to carrots.
     C. Its leaves are shaped like carrots.              D. It does not have roots.
14.A. The person may die.
     B. The person may get lots of healthful nutrients.
     C. The person may enjoy it and want more.
     D. The person may become dangerous.

Questions 15~18
15.A. At one o'clock.                                      B. At two o'clock.
     C. At three o'clock.                                    D. At four o'clock.
16.A. Ski.                                                  B. Read books on skiing.
     C. Buy skiing equipment.                       D. Plan ski trips.
17.A. He doesn't know how to ski.
     B. He doesn't know where the meeting is.
     C. He doesn't know what time the meeting starts.
     D. He is afraid of skiing.
18.A. Leave on a skiing trip.
     B. Go with the woman to the meeting.
     C. Try on some skis.
     D. Give a lecture to the ski club.

Questions 19~22     
19.A. To the Grand Canyon.                                B. To a jewelry show.
     C. To a deserted stone building.                      D. To the Petrified Forest.
20. A. To the Grand Canyon.                         B. To the Colorado River.
      C. To a tree house.                                   D. To the Petrified Forest.
21. A. They have fallen in the river.                     B. They have turned to stone.
      C. They have grown larger.                           D. They have gotten softer.
22. A. Swim in the river.                                B. Walk through the trees.
      C. Stay at a distance.                               D. Take any petrified wood.

Questions 23~26
23. A. From the radio.                                     B. From a book.
      C. From the newspaper.                            D. From a lecture.
24. A. You can eat it.
      B. It is used only for burgers and fries.
      C. It is inexpensive.
      D. You cannot see it.
25. A. Paper.                                                 B. Fries.
      C. Com.                                                   D. Burgers.
26. A. It is not as good as paper.
      B. It should not be used for food.
      C. It should be faster than paper.
      D. It might be healthier than the food.

Questions 27~30
27. A. Training dogs to use smell.
      B. Techniques of dog trainers.
      C. The smells of various types of food.
      D. How dog breeds are different.
28. A. Most have no sense of smell.
      B. They are all unable to smell drugs.
      C. They have equally good senses of smell.
      D. Most are quite untrainable.
29. A. Drugs                                                     B. People.
      C. Luggage                                                 D. Explosives.
30. A. Because they are small.
      B. Because they are friendly.
      C. Because they react quickly.
      D. Because they work well in the cold.     

Part C: Listening and Translation
 Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test. you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

(1)                                                                                         
(2)                                                                                         
(3)                                                                                         
(4)                                                                                         
(5)                                                                                         

Ⅱ. Passage Translation
Directions: In this part  of the test, you will hear 2 passages. You will hear  the passages only once. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. You may take notes while you are listening.

(1)                                                                                         
(2)                                                                                         

SECTION 2: STUDY SKILLS (50 minutes)

Directions: In this section, you will read several passages. Each passage is followed by several questions based on its content.You are to choose ONE best answer, A., B., C. or  D., to each question.Answer all the questions  following each passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

Questions 1~6
Most people picture sharks as huge, powerful, frightening predators, ready at any moment to use their  sharp  teeth to attack unwary swimmers without provocation. There are numerous fallacies, however, in this conception of sharks. First, there are about 350 species of shark, and not all of them are large. They range in size from the dwarf shark, which can be only 6 inches (0.5 feet) long and can be held in the palm of the hand, to the whale shark, which can be more than 55 feet long.

A second  fallacy concerns the number and type of teeth, which can vary tremendously among the different species of shark.A shark can have from one to seven sets of teeth at same time, and some types of shark can have several hundred teeth in each jaw. It is true that the fierce and predatory species do possess extremely sharp and brutal teeth used to rip their prey apart; many other types of shark, however, have teeth more adapted to grabbing and holding than to cutting and slashing.

Finally, not all sharks are predatory animals ready  to strike out at humans on the least whim. In fact, only 12 of the 350 species of shark have been known to attack humans, and shark needs to be provoked  in order to attack. The types of  shard that  have the worst  record  with humans are the tiger shark, the bull shark, and the great white shark. However, for most species of shark, even some of the largest types, there are no known instances of attacks on humans.

1.The author's main purpose in the passage is to.
    A. categorize the different kinds of sharks throughout the world
    B. warn humans of the dangers posed by sharks
    C. describe the characteristics of shark teeth
    D. clear up misconceptions about sharks
2. The longest shark is probably the.
    A. whale shark                                     B. great white shark
    C. bull shark                                         D. tiger shark
3. Which of the following is NOT true about a shark's teeth?
    A. All sharks have teeth.
    B. A shark can have six rows of teeth.
    C. A shark can have hundreds of teeth.
    D. All sharks have extremely sharp teeth.
4. Ajaw” (paragraph 3) is
    A. a part of the shark's tail                           B. a part of the stomach
    C. a backbone                                            D. a bone in the mouth
5. The passage indicates that a shark attacks a person.
    A. for no reason                                        B. every time it sees one          
    C. only if it is bothered                              D. only at night
6. It can be inferred from the passage that a person should probably be the least afraid of.
    A. a dwarf shark                                        B. a tiger shark
    C. a bull shark                                          D. a great white shark

#p#副标题#e#

Questions 7~11
Quite different from storm surges are the giant sea waves called tsunamis, which derive their name from the Japanese expression forhigh water  in  a  harbor”. These waves are  also referred to by the general public as tidal waves, although they have relatively little to do with tides. Scientists often refer to them as seismic sea waves, far more appropriate in that they do result from undersea seismic activity.

Tsunamis are caused when the sea bottom suddenly moves,during an underwater earthquake or volcano for example, and the water above the moving earth is suddenly displaced. This sudden shift of water sets off a series of waves. These waves can travel great distances at speeds close to 700  kilometers per hour.In the open ocean, tsunamis have little  noticeable amplitude, often no more than one or two meters. It is when they hit the shallow waters near the coast that they increase in height, possibly up to 40 meters.

Tsunamis often occur in the Pacific because the pacific is an area of heavy seismic activity. Two areas of  the Pacific well accustomed  to the threat of  tsunamis are Japan and  Hawaii. Because the seismic activity that causes tsunamis in Japan often occurs on the ocean bottom quite close to the islands, the tsunamis that  hit Japan often come with  little warning  and can therefore prove disastrous.Most of  the tsunamis that hit  the  Hawaiian  Islands, however, originate  thousands of miles away near the coast of  Alaskaso these tsunamis  have a much greater distance to travel and the inbabitants of hawaii generally have time for warning of their imminent arrival.

Tsunamis are certainly not limited to Japan and Hawaii. In 1755, Europe  experienced a calamitous tsunami,when movement along the fault lines near the Azores caused a massive tsunami to sweep onto the Portuguese coast and flood the heavily populated area around Lisbon. The greatest tsunami on record on the other side of the world in 1883 when the krakatoa volcano underwent a massive explosion,sending waves more than 30 meters high onto nearby Indonesian islands; the tsunami from this volcano actually traveled around the world and was witnessed as far away as the English Channel.

7. The paragraph preceding this passage most probably discusses.
    A. tidal waves                                          B. tides
    C. storm surges                                        D. underwater earthquakes
8. According to the passage, all of the following are true about tidal waves EXCEPT that.
    A. they are the same as tsunamis
    B. they are caused by sudden changes in high and low tides
    C. this terminology is not used by the scientific community
    D. they refer to the same phenomenon as seismic sea waves
9. It can be inferred from the passage that tsunamis.
    A. cause severe damage in the middle of the ocean
    B. generally reach heights greater than 40 meters
    C. are far more dangerous on the coast than in the open ocean
    D. are often identified by ships on the ocean
10. A. main difference between tsunamis in Japan and in Hawaii is that tsunamis in Japan are more likely to.
     A. arrive without warning                           B. come from greater distances
     C. be less of a problem                              D. originate in Alaska
11. The passage suggests that the tsunami resulting from the Krakatoa volcano.
     A. caused volcanic explosions in the English Channel
     B. was far more destructive close to the source than far away
     C. was unobserved outside of the Indonesian islands
     D. resulted in little damage.

Questions 12~16

FIRE Instructions

 THE PERSON DLSCOVERINGA FIRE WILL:
 1. OPERATE THE NEAREST FIRE ALARM. (This will cause the Alarm Bells to ring, and also  send  a  signal  to  the  telephone  switchboard  operator  who  will  immediately  call  the  Fire  Brigade).

 2. ATTACK THE FIRE WTTH AVAIL ABLE EQUIPMENT,IF IT IS SAFE TO DO SOFIRE ALARM BELLS
 The  Fire Alarm Bells will  ring  either  in  the  area  of A Block  (workshops  and Administration  Offices) or the area of B Blook (Teaching) and C Block (Sports Hall).Those in the area where the  Alarm Bells are ringing should take action as indicated below. Others should continue with their  work.

 ON HEARINGYOUR FIRE ALARM:
1. Those in class: will go to the Assembly Area under instructions given by the teacher. 2.  Those elsewhere: will  go to the Assembly Area by the most  sensible route, and  stay near  the  Head of their Department.

 ASSEMBLY AREA
The Assembly Area is the playing field which is south of the Sports Hall. Here names will  be checked.

 PROCEDURE
 1. Move quietly.
 2. Do NOT stop to collect your personal belongings
 3. Do NOT attempt to pass others on your way to the Assembly Area.
 4. Do NOT use the lift

 FIRE ALARMS
 Fire Alarms are situated as follows:
  1.Administrative Block
 At the Reception desk; at east end of connecting corridor, outside the kitchen door, back of  the stage in the Main Hall.
 2. Teaching Blocks
 At the bottom of  both stairways and on each landing.
 3. Workshops
 Outside Machine Shop No. 1' Engineering Machine Shop No. 2.
 4. Sports Hall
 Inside entrance lobby.

12. This passage consists of advice on fire safety primarily for.
     A. people using a new kind of equipment
     B. workers in an engineering factory
     C. university teachers
     D. students at college
13.When a person discovers a fire, what is the first thing he should do?
     A. Attempt to put it out himself.
     B. Telephone the switchboard operator.
     C. Start the alarm bells ringing.
     D. Contact the fire brigade.
14. People in the block where the fire bell has rung must gather for a check of names.
    A. in another block                                 B. in the administration office
    C. in one of the playing fields                  D. in the sports hall
15. Imagine you are in the administration office, when a fire breaks out in the sports hall. What should you do, according to the fire instructions?
    A. Look for the fire-fighting equipment.
    B. Go quickly to the assembly area.
    C. Go to the reception desk.
    D. Carry on with the work you are doing.
16.According to the instructions, what is a teacher supposed to do first in case of a fire?
    A. To check the names of your students from a list.
    B. To lead your students out of the building.
    C. To get detailed instructions from your Head of Department.
    D. To patrol the stairways and landings.

Questions 17~21                                                                       
     “It's not what you know but who you know that counts.” People who get on in life may be successful not because they deserve it, but because of influential friends or the right background. We sayAh yes, he must have gone to the right school”. orShe must come from a good family.” We may suspect that some people in positions of authority are there because they belong to the right group or party. To get something donea signature on a document.or a quick decisionit helps to know someoneon the inside”. At least, this is the widespread belief.

      It is a  comforting  belief  too.If  your boss strikes you as  incompetent, it is tempting to believe that he only got the job because his father pulled some strings. If someone else gets the job which you should have had, well, theold boy networkmust be operating. And yet, if we can get what we want byhaving a wordwith so-and-so, or by getting so-and-so to put  in a good word for us, which of us would not take advantage of the opportunity?

      Often it is quite harmless. For instance, when Miguel went with Julia to visit Michelle in hospital, he bumped into someone he knew, a doctor who had been at medical school with his father. As a result of this chance meeting, Miguel was able to find out a great deal about Michelle's condition. Julia was not only  grateful to him for making use of his connection, but delighted that she was able to learn so much by this means which she of his connection, but delighted that she was able to learn so much by this means which she might never have found out otherwise.

      At the other extreme it can be very destructive. I once met a brilliant young engineer who worked in a chemical plant. Because of her knowledge and experience, she should have been promoted to Production Manager. Instead, the job went to a man who was totally unsuited for the post. Everyone knew that he only got it because he was politically acceptable to his superiors. This injustice demoralized the young engineer and many of her colleagues. It also meant that the factory was much less efficient than it could have been.

      All the same, we should not be pessimistic. More and more, the modem world depends on having people who are in the job because they are good enough, not just because heir face fits. There is a story of a factory owner who sent for an engineer to see to a machine which would not go. He examined it, then took out a hammer and  tapped  it,once.The  machine started  up immediately. When he presented his bill, the owner protested,“This can't be fight! 100 pounds just for tapping a machine with a hammer?” The engineer wrote out a new bill:“For tapping a machine, 1 pound; for knowing where to tap it, 99 pounds.”

      Maybe it is what you know that really counts, after all.

 17. It is believed that people have succeeded in life because_________.
     A. they are influential                                 B. they feel superior to others
     C. they are from rich families                     D. they have some special advantage
 18.Which of the following is the best definition of the expressionold boy network” (para. 2)?
     A. People who were at school together help each other to get goodjobs.
     B. Older people help younger people, especially if they are the children of friends.
     C. People of the same family background help each other to get ton in life.      
     D. The best jobs often go to people who have the right political connections.
19. Miguel took advantage of the fact that he knew the doctor in order to get more information about Michelle's condition. According to the writer, Miguel's action is.
    A. an example of how badly everybody behaves in using such opportunities
    B. an example of how some people have an unfair advantage over others
    C. an example of the way we can use such opportunities without hurting anyone else
    D. a good example of how to get something done by knowing someoneon the inside”.
20. The engineer at the chemical plant was not promoted because.
    A. it is very difficult for a woman to get a promotion to a managerial position
    B. her bosses did not think she had the right qualifications for the job
    C. the man who got the promotion was more experienced than she was
    D. her bosses did not approve of her political opinions
21. The engineer who repaired the machine was right to charge 100 pounds because
    A. he was the only person who could find out what was wring with it
    B. he was charging for his knowledge and expertise
    C. the factory owner could not have repaired it himself
    D. he hit the machine to get it stared again

#p#副标题#e#

Questions 22~26
In the immediate post-war years,the city of  Birmingham scheduled some 50,00  small working class cottages as slums due for demolition. Today that process is nearly complete. Yet  it  is clear that, quite apart from any question of  race, an  environmental  problem  remains. The expectation built into the planning policies of 1945 was that  in the  foreseeable future the city would be a better place to live in. But now that slum clearance has run its course, there seems to be universal agreement that the total environment where the slums once stood is more depressing than ever.

For the past ten years the slum clearance areas have looked like bomb sites. The buildings and places which survive do so on islands in a sea of rubble and ash. When the slums were there they supported an organic community life and each building, each activity, fitted in as part of the whole. But now that they have been destroyed, nothing meaningful appears to remain, or rather those activities which do go on do not seem to have any meaningful relation to the place. They happen there because it is an empty stage which no-one is using any more.

Typical of the inner-city in this sense is the Birmingham City Football Ground. Standing in un-splendid isolation on what is now wasteland on the edge of Small Heath, it brings into the area a stage army on twenty of so Saturdays a year who come and cheer and then go away again with  little concern  any  more for the  place  where  they have done their  cheeringEven  they, however, have revolted recently. “The groundsays the leader  of the revolt, “is a  slum”, thus putting his finger on the fact that the demolition of houses creates rather than solves problems of the inner city.           

A new element has now come upon the scene in the inner-city in the form of the over block. Somehow it doesn't seem to be what Le Corbusier  and the planners who wrote those post war Pelicans  intendedThe public spaces either haven't yet been developed or are more meanly conceived, and the corridors and lifts are places of  horror. In fact these places  were  always suspect. They had no legitimacy in the minds of the public as suburban family housing had, and those who were placed there felt that they had been cheated. Along with the decaying elements, therefore, that which had been conceived as part of the brave new world was part of the problem.

22. The past few decades in Birmingham have proved that slum clearance___________.
    A. takes longer time than expected
    B. creates as many problems as it solves
    C. often raises racial issues
    D. has achieved its aims
23. According to the passage, now that the slum dwellings have gone_________,
    A. no one does anythings at all in those areas
    B. urban theatrical life has gone, too
    C. rebuilding can start almost immediately
    D. the area is extremely unattractive
24. According to the author, a number of Birmingham City football fans_________.
    A. express their dissatisfaction about the slum clearance
    B. are as rebellious as any other club's supporters
    C. get necessary release from watching their team play
    D. are concerned about the future of that part of Birmingham
25. What did people think about tower bocks when thy were first built?
    A. Town planners thought they were badly conceived.
    B. The public compared them with rural housing.
    C. The man in the street didn't like them at all.
    D. People thought them an improvement on suburban housing.
26. This passage is most probably taken from__________.
    A. an official local planning report
    B. a novel set in Birmingham
    C. a history of the Industrial Revolution
    D. a sociology textbook

Questions 27~30
                                     MILESTONES IN ENGLISH
The inspectors suggest that the pupils should have achieved the following at each stage of their school career:

By the age of 7
Listening:    Carry out simple, heard instructions;understand  simple oral  information; keep listening  attentively  for  reasonably  lengthy  periodsfollow  and  remember  an uncomplicated story; respond to poetic rhythm. Speaking: Speak clearly and audibly; narrate events; explain what they are doing; discuss with other children; express feelings to adults' ask relevant questions; describe what they have seen; converse confidently.
Reading:      Understand  lablesnoticesand  written instructionsread  simple  storiesrhymes, information passage;know the alphabet,consult dictionaries;enjoy  books; use books as information sources.
Writing:       Be able to write legibly; write personal experience in prose and poetry; link writing to picturesgraphsand  plansrecord  investigationswrite  simple  stories  and  informal  letters, descriptions, directions.

By the age of 11 
      All  pupils  should be able to embark on secondary schoolingwithout hindrance or handicapin linguistic ability.
Listening:     Hear fairly complex instructions, and carry them out; follow story plots or broadcast plays; respond to poetry.
Speaking:    Speak  with  expression  and  sensitivity  to  listener's responseshow  some  ability  to match  vocabularysyntax  and  style  to  various  situationsconverseconverse  confidently  and pleasantly; frame pertinent questions.
Reading:      Have formed the habit of voluntary and sustained reading for pleasure and information; know how to find books in library.
Writing:       Discribe   personal   feeling, thoughts,   and   experiences;   produce   vivid  imaginative writingaccurate  recordingpersuasive  writingformal  lettershave  control  over  syntaxand good handwriting.
About  LanguageRules of spellingvowels and  consonants, pronouns, verbsadjectives, adverbs, statements, questions, commands, exclamations, subject and object and tenses; should all be used and understood.

By the age of 16 
Listening:     Understand instructions of length and complexity; demonstrate ability to concentrate on  oral  discussiontaking  notescreticize  attempts  to  persuade  listenerso  as  to  recognize specious arguments and loaded language.”
Reading:      Read  full  range  of  literaturewhole  long  booksread  newspapers  and  advertising critically, distinguish bias, criticize television  and reporting; show  ability to judge quality  and value.
Writing:       Explore and conclude issues; use stylistic effects; use direct and reported speech; write job application letters and curricula vitae. About language: Know all the main part of speech, including prepositions and communications; use  formal and  informal  styles; show knowledge of metaphor, simile, and cliche; demonstrate proper use of figurative language.
                                                                              
27. Which of these would a 7-year-old be expected to do?
    A. Read for long periods for enjoyment.
    B. Understand the rules of grammar.
    C. Use certain reference books.
    D. Write and persuade someone else to do something.
28. According to the document, which of these should an 11-yeaar-old have developed?
    A. The skill of recording his or her own speech.
    B. The ability to read literature.
    C. A feeling for tone and appropriateness in speech.
    D. A proper use of figurative language.
29. The document says that he 16-year-old listener should be able to__________.
    A. concentrate on everything he or she listens to
    B. see through false reasoning
    C. answer cliches with cliches
    D. write down accurately everything he or she hears
30. By 16, a student should have mastered all the following skills except__________.
    A. reading extensively in classical literature
    B. using appropriately figures of speech
    C. presenting lectures to an audience
    D. influencing a reader with his or her written English

#p#副标题#e#

SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST (1) (30 minutes)

Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWRE BOOKLET.

      Dolphins, like whales, must surface to breathe air through a blowhole on top of their heads. Dolphins are social animals and love company. Many of them, in fact, even enj oy being around humans. It is not uncommon to hear of dolphins giving rides through the water to humans

      In  addition to being playful, dolphins are helpful to men. For example, as 400 B. C. the Greek poet Arion was saved from drowning by a dolphin. From then until now, dolphins have been helping swimmers who are in trouble. Swimmers, however, are not the only humans they help. In some parts of the world, they can be counted on to help men catch fish.

      Moreover, dolphins are very intelligent. A dolphin's brain resembles a human brain, but it is larger. Consequently, some people claim that dolphins are really smarter than men. Of course, there is no way of proving  this  pointBrain size is not an absolute measure of intelligence. Furthermore, measuring dolphins'  intelligence in other ways is not possible since men cannot fully communicate with them. Apparently, however, dolphins communicate with each other. At any rate, they make whistling, clicking and buzzing sounds which seem to be at least a form of language. So far, however, men have not been able to figure out the communication code the dolphins use.

SECTION 4: TRANSLATION TEST (2) (30 minutes)                                                      

Directions: Translate the following passage into English and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

    每年春季,数以万计的中外客商云集申城,参加一年一度的华东出口品交易会。上海各类商品在这里与全国各地一比短长。上海的优势在于科技实力,因此高技术产口的出口应成为上海外贸出口增长的排头兵”。

著名物理学家杨振宁教授曾说:高科技战场是中国超越发达国家的主战场,也是最后的战场。”走发展高科技贸易之路,是历史的必然,也是末来的需要。

参考答案

SECTION1: LISTENING TEST
Part A: Spot Dictation


1. feel healthy 2. content
3. on average 4. six minutes
5. laugh more 6. 400 times
7. adulthood 8. growing up
9. effects of laughter 10. blood and stomach
11. physical exercises 12. facial and stomach
13. jogging 14. pain relief
15. forty university students 16. funny cassette
17. intended to relax 18. tolerate the discomfort
19. humour 20. immune system

Part B: Listening Comprehension

1-5    B D C A D 6-10   D D C B B
11-15  B D A A C 16-20   D A B A D
21-25  B D C A C 26-30   D A C B C

Part C: Listening and Translation
 Ⅰ.Sentence Translation 
1.这类独特的酒被认为是世界上最好的一种酒。
2. 由于他打算扩店,他开价要买下隔壁的房产。
3.我再也不准备容忍你的无能。你被开除了。
4.会上有人提议在委员会里应该有一位教工代表。
5. “广告” 个词最简单的涵义就是“让某事物引起他人注意”。或者“将某事物告知某人”。

Ⅱ.Passage Translation 
1.  请各位注意,图书馆马上就要关门了。请把参考书放回原处,如果要外借备用书籍以便当夜使用,现在可以办理(手续),多谢各位合作。
2.  30 年前,我还是个小孩子的时候,我父亲曾安排我去乡下一个农场过了两个暑假。他 认为那对我有好处,他是对的。那使我懂得了不少有关自立的重要意义。那地方非常偏僻,农场主的地位当时肯定已是二十出头的女儿说她从未离开过家门,也未见过火车。

SECTION 2:STUDY SKILLS

1-5      D A D D C 6-10    A C B C A
11-15    B D C C D 16-20    B D A C D
21-25    B B D A C 26-30    D C C B C

SECTION3: TRANSLATION(1)
海豚与鲸鱼一样,需要不时浮出水面以其头顶上的鼻孔进行呼吸。海豚是群居动物, 爱结伴。事实上,不少海豚还以与人相处为乐,它们在水中供人乘骑之事也是常有所闻的。 

除了可爱逗趣之外,海豚对于人类是极有帮助的。例如,早在公元前400 年希腊诗人 艾里昂就因溺水而被一头海豚救起。至今为止,海豚一直在帮助遇到麻烦的游泳者。不仅如此,它们还能帮助人们捕鱼。
 更有甚者,海豚智力发达。它的大脑与人类的相似,但容量更大。因而有人宣称,海豚真的比人更聪明。当然,现在没法证明点。脑容量并不是一个决定聪明程度的检测标准。还有,由于人们无法完全同海豚进行交流,也就不可能用其他方法测定它们的智力, 然而,海豚与海豚之间显然能进行交流。不管怎么说,他们发出的哨音、 哒声和嗡嗡声等至少是一种语言的形式。但是,迄今为止人们尚不能解释海豚语言交流的密码。

SECTION4: TRANSLATION(2)
     Every spring hundreds of thousands of domestic and foreign businessmen swarm into Shanghai to attend the annual East China Export Commodity Trade Fair. Here, all kinds of goods from Shanghai compete with the goods from other places in China. The advantage of Shanghai lies  in its  advanced  scientific  and  technological strengththerefore  the export of  high-tech products should take the lead in increasing Shanghai s foreign trade and export. Professor Yang Zhenning, a famous physicist, once said, “The high-tech battlefield is the main and  the last battlefield for China to overtake the developed countries.”It is not only indispensable in history, but also necessary in  the  future to develop by way of promoting high-indispensable in history, but also necessary in the future to develop by way of promoting high-indispensable in history, but also necessary in the future to develop by way of promoting high-tech trade.

#p#副标题#e#

听力测试题录音文字稿:

SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST
Part A: Sport Dictation 
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with Blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in corresponding space in your answer bookletRemember you will hear the passage only once. Now let s begin Part A with Spot Dictation.

     Doctors  are  starting  to  believe  that  laughter  not  only  improves  your  state  of  mindbut actually affects your entire physical well-being. Britain's first laughter therapist, Robert Holden says: “Instinctively we know that laughing help us feel healthy and alive. Each time we laugh we feel better and more content.”

      A French newspaper found that in 1930 the French laughed on average for nineteen minutes per day. By 1980 this had fallen to six minutes. Eight per cent of the people questioned said that they would like to laugh more. Other research suggests that children laugh on average about 400 times a day, but by the time they reach adulthood this had been reduced to about fifteen times. Somewhere in the process of growing up we lose an astonishing 385 laughs a day.

      William Fry, a psychiatrist from California studied the effects of laughter on the body. He got patients to watch funny films, and monitored their blood pressure, heart rate and muscle tone. He found that laughter has a similar effect to physical exercise. It speeds up the heart rate,increases blood pressure and quickens breathing. It also makes our facial and stomach muscles work. Fry thinks laughter is a type ofjogging on the spot.

      Laughter can even provide a kind of pain relief. Fry had proved that  laughter produces endorphins-chemicals in the body that relieve pain. Researchers divided forty university students into four groups. The first group listened to a funny cassette for twenty minutes. The other three groups listened to either an informative tape, or a cassette intended to relax them, or no tape at all. Researchers found that if they produce pain in the students, those who had listened to the humorous tape  could tolerate the  discomfort much longer.Some doctors are convinced that humour should be a part of every medical consultation,as there is evidence to suggest that laughter stimulates the immune system.

Part B: Listening Comprehension
 ⅠStatements 
Directions: In this part of the test you will hear several short statements. These statements will be  spoken only once,and you will not find them written on the paper,so you  must  listen carefully.When you hear a statement, read the answer choices and decide which one is closets in meaning to the statement you have heard. Then write the letter or the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your answer booklet. Now let's begin with question number one.

Question No. 1.      Florence had four tickets for the concert, but she gave two to her brother.
Question No. 2.      There is no additional charge for the use of the pool, and towels may be rented for a nominal fee.
Question No. 3.      Mr. Johnson insisted that he hadn't lied about his whereabouts the night of the murder.
Question No. 4.      Forty students came to professor Green's first lecture on economics, but after a fortnight, all but fifteen had dropped out.
Question No. 5.      According to the recipeyou  don't  have to cook it more than 10 minutes unless you want it well done.
Question No. 6.      Trash is normally collected Monday and Thursday, but this week the holiday will cause a delay.          
Question No. 7.      There is no stronger desire than the desire to seek happiness or good health.
Question No. 8.      If I knew Peter's telephone number, I wouldn't have to write this letter~
Question No. 9.      Pre-school children usually like to play with toy cars and trucks or anything that makes noise.
Question No. 10.      Martin sent the telegram on Monday, but I received it only yesterday.

 ⅡTalks and Conversations 
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hearseveral short talks and conversations. After each of these,you will hear a few questions.Listen carefully,because you will hear  the talk or conversation and questions only once. When you hear a question, read the .four answer choices and choose the best answer to that question. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your answer booklet.

Questions 11 to 14 are based on the following talk.
      One of the most  deadly plants in the world is poison hemlock. This plant  grows in many parts of the world. It is quite dangerous to humans; people can die if they eat it.

      One thing that makes poison hemlock really dangerous is that it looks like some plants that people normally eat. Hemlock belongs to the same family of plants as the carrot. The leaves of the plant look very much like parsley, and its roots look like carrots. People will die when they have made a mistake and have eaten poison hemlock when they thought that they were eating either parsley or carrots.
 
Question No. 11.      What is the topic of the talk?
Question No. 12.      Where is hemlock found?
Question No. 13.      What is true about hemlock?
Question No. 14.      What can happen to someone who eats hemlock?

Questions 15 to 18 are based on the following conversation
W:    Hi, Jack
M:    Hi, Wanda. Where are you rushing to?
W:    I'm heading for a meeting of the ski club. It starts at three o'clock.
M:    The ski club?
W:    Yes, the ski club. Do you want to come along?
M:    What does the ski club do?
W:    Well, you get to know other people who enjoy skiing, listen to lectures and presentations on skiing, techniques and equipment, and--best of all--plan skiing trips. Doesn't that sound good ?
M:    It does sound great, but I don't exactly know how to ski very well.
W:    That doesn't matter. You don't have to know how to ski. You just have to want to learn how to ski.
M:    That sounds like my kind of club. I guess I'll come along with you and try it.
W:    We've got to hurry. It's almost three o'clock.

Question No. 15. What time does the meeting begin?
Question No. 16. What do people do at ski club meetings?
Question No. 17. What problem does the man have?
Question No. 18. What will the man probably do next?

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the following talk
      I'm sure you all enjoyed that trip along the Grand Canyon and the Colorado River. It's quite amazing, isn't it?

      The next stop on our tour is the Petrified Forest. This is a huge desert forest that is not exactly made of trees. You see, the trees are so old that they have fallen and have turned to stone. They look just like fallen logs, but they are no longer made of wood. Instead they are made of beautifully colored stone, such as jasper, agate, carnelian, and onyx. It's unbelievable to see all of these fallen trees from a distance and then up close see that  they are really stone and not wood.

      When we arrive at the Petrified Forest, please be sure to keep in mind that it is against the law to take any petrified wood out of the forest with you. You may think about picking up just a tiny little piece, but please don't do it.

Question No. 19.      Where have they just been?
Question No. 20.      Where are they heading now?
Question No. 21.      What has happened to the trees?
Question No. 22.      What does the man ask them not to do?

Questions 23 to 26 are based on the following conversation.
M:    I was reading an article in the paper about a new type of fast-food packaging. It's really great!
W:    What's so great about this packaging for fast food?
M:    What's great isthat the packaging is edible.
W:    Edible
M:    That's right. With this new packaging, you can go to fast-food restaurant, order a burger and fries, and then eat the wrappings that the burger and fries came in.
W:    So, you d be eating paper.
M:    (laughs) Oh, no. The wrappers sort of look and feel like paper, but they re really made from things like soybeans, corn and flour.
W:    It sounds like the wrappers might be even better for you than the fast food!

Question No. 23.      Where did the man learn about the new fast-food packaging?
Question No. 24.      What is interesting about the new fast-food packaging?
Question No. 25.      Which of the following is used in making the fast-food packaging?
Question No. 26.      What does the woman think about the new fast-food packaging?

Questions 27 to 30 are based on the following talk.
      Today  dogs are being trained in a variety of ways. One way that  dogs are being trained involvessmell.” For example, dogs are being trained to use their sense of smell to find missing persons, hidden drugs, or explosives such as dynamite.

      Dog trainers have found that almost all types of dogs have equally good senses Of smell. Even though different types of dogs have equivalent sense of smell, they are not equally good at different  tasks. However,certain types of dogs are better at certain tasks because of other characteristics they have. For example, beagles are small and friendly, so they are often used at crowded airports to smell for illegal food products in luggage.German shepherds have quick reactions,so they are often used to smell for  explosives such as dynamite. Golden retrievers work well in the cold, so they are often used to find people lost in the snow.

Question No. 27.     What is the topic of the talk
Question No. 28.     What is true about the various types of dogs?
Question No. 29.     According to the talk, what are golden retrievers trained to find?
Question No. 30.     Why are German shepherds used to find explosives?

Part C: Listening and Translation
I Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in  the  corresponding space in your answer booklet. Now let's begin Part A with Sentence Translation with Sentence No.1.

Sentence No. 1.     This particular wine is regarded as one of the finest in the world.
Sentence No. 2.     As he intended to expand his shop,he made an offer for the premises next door.
Sentence No. 3.     I mjust not prepared to put up with your inefficiency any longer. You're fired!
Sentence No. 4.     At the meeting someone suggested that there should be a staff representative on the committee.
Sentence No. 5.    In its simplest sense the wordadvertisingmeansdrawing attention to something”,or notifying or informing somebody of something.

 ⅡPassage Translation 
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages. You will hear the passages only once. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your answer booklet. You may take notes while you are listening. Now, let's begin Passage Translation with the first passage.

Passage 1:
      May I have your attention, please. The library is closing in a few minutes. Please return the reference books to the shelves they belong to. Those who want to check out reserved books for overnight use may do so now. Thank you very much for your co-operation.

Passage 2: 
      Thirty years ago, when I was a small child, my father arranged for me to spend two summer holidays at a farm in the countryside. He thought it would be good for me, and he was right. It taught me a great deal about the importance of independence. The place was so isolated that the owner's daughter, who must have been in her early twenties, said that she had never been away from home or seen a locomotive.

 




相关文章