1997年3月上海英语中级口译第一阶段考试

来源:网络 2019-03-14

1997年3月上海英语中级口译资格证书第一阶段考试

 

SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST (40 minutes)

Part A: Spot Dictation

Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with banks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer inthecorresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the passage ONLY ONCE.

The development of the Space Shuttle has dramatically reduced the cost of sending loads into space. The Shuttle takes off from Earth (1), and lands again like a huge aircraft. It can transport not only its own(2), but also passengers, and has a huge (3) which is capable of carrying large satellites or a space (4).

Before the Space Shuttle was created, it was necessary to (5) trips into space several years (6). However, for the rest of the century it should be possible to make space flights (7) or so. Any scientist or engineer needing to travel into orbit will simply take the (8) Shuttle flight, stay as long as necessary, and then return at his or her (9).

It is difficult to imagine the (10) created by the Shuttle. One of the great advantages of having a (11) space vehicle is that it can take one load after another into orbit. Very large (12) could not be launched in their complete form directly from Earth, but they could be built (13) in space. The Space Shuttle is likely to be used as a generalworkhorse” (14) of this century, and the building of such stations in orbit should become (15).

Once these huge orbiting space stations are completed, they are likely to become the (16) from which hundreds of robot space ships could be launched cheaply and easily to explore the (17) and to start mining operations on the Moon. The technology needed for this is already (18). And because of commercial and military pressures to develop space (19), it is likely that governments will be increasingly willing to start (20) of space engineering, exploration and research.

Part B: Listening Comprehension

I. Statements

Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short statements. These statements will be spoken only once, and you will not find them written on the paper; so you must listen carefully. When you ken hear a statement, read the answer choices and decide which one is closest in meaning to the statement you have heard. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your. ANSWER BOOKLET. Now let's begin with question number one.

1.A. Jane stayed in London throughout the summer.
B. Jane went to London for the summer.
C. Jane left London for the summer.
D. Jane stayed in London for a period of the summer.

2. A. Daniel wanted to move to Tokyo.
B. Daniel wanted to quit hisjob.
C. Daniel asked for a vacation.
D. Daniel transferred his money to a Tokyo bank.

3. A. South India benefited a lot from the rain.
B. The rain fell softly on much of South India.
C. The rain left too much water in parts of South India.
D. Many areas of South India didn't get much fain.

4. A. Jason met his former college teacher unexpectedly in Chicago.
B. Jason planned a meeting in Chicago with his former college teacher.
C. Jason planned a meeting in Chicago with his former college teacher.
D. Jason went back to his college in Chicago.

5. A. The plane will arrive at 10:00.
B. The plane will arrive at 9:00.
C. The plane will arrive at 10:30.
D. The plane will arrive at 9:30.

6. A. I knew Smith wanted to sell his computer, but I didn't buy it.
B. I didn't buy Smith's computer, because I didn't know he would sell it.
C. I bought the computer without knowing it was Smith's.
D. I'll buy the computer as soon as Smith decides to sell it.

7. A. I know you will attend the meeting.
B. Tell me whether you will attend the meeting.
C. I know that you won't come to the meeting.
D. The meeting will continue whether you come or not.

8. A. We must go to Hong Kong on Friday.
B. We would be allowed to go to Hong Kong on Friday.
C. Friday is the only day I can manage for the trip.
D. Friday would be a good day for us to go to Hong Kong.

9. A. We told him not to go to Australia and he took our advice.
B. He didn't listen to us when we asked him not to go to Australia.
C. We tried to persuade him to go to Australia, but he said he didn't want to.
D. We said that he could do well in Australia, but he was not convinced.

10.A. The police didn't catch all the thieves.
B. The police caught all the thieves.
C. The police caught one of the thieves.
D. The police almost caught the thieves.

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Ⅱ. Talks and Conversations

Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short talks and conversations. After each of these, you will hear a few questions. Listen carefully, because you will hear the talk or conversation and the questions only once. When you hear a question, read the four answer choices and choose the best answer to that question. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 11~15

11.A. At an airport. B. At a railway station.
C. At a coach station. D. At an underground railway station

12.A. The flight is already closed. B. The flight is now closing.
C. Its passengers are boarding at gate4. D. All its passengers are on board the flight.

13.A. New York. B. Vienna.
C. Athens. D. Stockholm.

14.A. A quarter of an hour. B. Twenty minutes.
C. Thirty minutes. D. Thirty-five minutes.

15.A. Gate 2 B. Gate 4.
C. Gate 6 D. Gate 8.

Questions 16~20

16.A. South London. B. Central London.
C. North London. D. East London.

17.A. The Labour Party. B. The Trades Union Congress.
C. The Liberal and Democratic Party. D. Both A. and B.

18.A. Race prejudice. B. Race riots.
C. Unemployment. D. Poor working conditions.

19.A. Two miles away from the city center.
B. Somewhere near the Trades Union Congress building.
C. Trafalgar Square.
D. Speakers' Comer.

20. A. 1500. B. 5000.
C. 1500. D. 50000.

Questions 21~25

21. A. Ajournalist. B. A policeman.
C. A traffic warden. D. A supermarket executive.

22. A. At the street corner. B. Inside the supermarket.
C. Outside the supermarket. D. At 27 Springfield Road.

23. A. In his teens. B. In his twenties.
C. Around thirty. D. It is difficult to tell.

24. A. A business suit. B. A T-shirt and blue trousers.
C. A bluejacket and jeans. D. A yellow jacket and bluejeans.

25. A. Dark. B. Dark brown.
C. Light Brown. D. Sandy.

Questions 26~30

26. A. Where the Americans came from.
B. The size of the American population.
C. Land in the United States.
D. American Indians.

27. A. One quarter of the whole American population.
B. Eleven percent of the present American population.
C. Around ninety thousand.
D. Some nine hundred thousand.

28. A. The English. B. The Dutch.
C. American Indians. D. Blacks from Africa.

29. A. Over 210 million. B. Less than 200 million.
C. Around 40 million. D. 140 million.

30. A. There are more American Indians than Blacks kin the U.S..
B. A large portion of American Blacks now live in the southwest.
C. The first immigrants to America were English and Dutch.
D. African Blacks came earlier than either the English or the Dutch.

Part C: Listening and Translation

Ⅰ. Sentence Translation

Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space on your ANSWER BOOKLET.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)

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Ⅱ.Passage Translation

Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages. You will hear the passages only once. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. You may take notes while you are listening.
(1)
(2)

SECTION 2: STUDY SKILLS (50 minutes)

Directions: In this section, you will read several passages. Each passage is followed by several questions based on its content. You are to choose ONE best answer, A., B., C. or D., to each question. Answer all the questions following each passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

Questions 1~5

Some kinds of animals that are still around today were in existence millions of years ago during the time of dinosaur.

One of these survivors is the crocodile, which has been around for about 100 million years Today's crocodiles can grow to a length of 20 feet and weigh about a ton. Their prehistoric ancestors were about two-and-a-half times the size of today's animals.

Another survivor form the past is the Galapagos tortoise, whose history goes back around 200 million years. The tortoise of today has not evolved much over the last 200 million years; it looks about

The oldest survivor from prehistoric times is, can you believe it, the cockroaches have been able to stick around for more than 250 million years. The main reason for their incredible endurance is their ability to live in all kinds of conditions and survive on all kinds of food.

1. This passage is mainly about.
A. the dinosaur
B. how the crocodile has survived
C. animals that live to be very old
D. types of animals that have existed for a long time

2. According to the passage, the crocodile.
A. survived an attack by dinosaurs
B. first appeared 100,000 years ago
C. has increased in size over time
D. has existed for millions of years

3. Which of the following is NOT mentioned about the cockroach?
A. It has evolved considerably over years.
B. It has been around for a quarter of a billion years.
C. It lived at the time of the dinosaur.
D. It eats many kinds of food.

4. The expressionstick aroundin the last paragraph is closest in meaning to.
A. endure B. attack
C. travel around D. look around

5. Which of the animals mentioned in the passage has been around for the longest time?
A. The dinosaur. B. The crocodile.
C. The Galapagos tortoise. D. The cockroach.

Questions 6~10

Lincoln's now famous Gettysburg Address was not,on the occasion of its delivery, recognized as the masterpiece that it is today. Lincoln was not even the primary speaker at the ceremonies, held at the height of the Civil War in 1863, to dedicate the battle field at Gettysburg. The main speaker was orator Edward Everest,whose two-hour speech was followed by Lincoln's shorter remarks. Lincoln began his small portion of the program with the words that today are immediately recognized by most Americans:“Four score and seven years ago our father brought forth on this continent a new nation conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.”At the time of the speech, little notice was given to what Lincoln had said, and Lincoln considered his appearance at the ceremonies rather unsuccessful. After his speech appeared in print, appreciation for his words began to grow, and today it is recognized as one of the all-time greatest speeches.

6. The main idea of this passage is that .
A. the Gettysburg Address has always been regarded as a masterpiece
B. at the time of its delivery the Gettysburg Address was truly appreciated as a masterpiece
C. it was not until after 1863 that Lincoln's speech was recorded in history
D. Lincoln is better recognized today than he was at the time of his presidency

7. Which of the following is true about the ceremonies at Gettysburg during the Civil War?
A. Lincoln was the main speaker.
B. Lincoln gave a two-hour speech.
C. Everest was the closing speaker.
D. Everest's speech was longer than Lincoln's.

8. According to the passage, when Lincoln spoke at the Gettysburg ceremonies, .
A. his words were immediately recognized by most Americans
B. he spoke for only a short period of time
C. he was enthusiastically cheered
D. he was extremely proud of his performance

9. When did Lincoln's Gettysburg Address begin to receive public acclaim?
A. After it had been published.
B. Immediately after the speech.
C. Not until the present day.
D. After Lincoln received growing recognition.

10. The pronounitin the last sentence refers to which of the following?
A. His speech. B. Print.
C. Appreciation. D. His appearance.

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Questions 11~14

Even if the sayingcold hands, warm heartwere really true, the warmhearted probably would prefer to forgo frozen fingers during the winter. In Japan, where central heating is still something of a luxury. Aoi Co., Ltd. has been distributing a small disposable hand-and-body warmer that makes use of a harmless chemical reaction in order to generate heat. This winter the Poco body warmer is making its debut in Canada, the United States and patrs of Europe. In addition to chasing away winter chills, the body warmer can be used to help relieve pain that results from muscle sprains and arthritis. The Poco body warmer measures about three by five inches and is one-quarter inch thick.. It consists of a cloth bag containing a mixture of iron powder, moisturized wood powder, activated carbon and salt. To get it going, the user simply opens the outer vinyl bag in which the unit is vacuum-packed and shakes the cloth bag. The unit then absorbs oxygen from the air, which in conjunction with the moisture from the wood powder oxidizes the iron, giving off heat. The packet maintains an average temperature of 140 degree Fahrenheit for 24 hours, according to the manufacturer. Aoi Co. officials say that the product contains o toxic chemicals. The only precaution users need to follow is to avoid direct contact between the skin and the body warmer because burns can occur. The unit sells for about 1.

11.What is the author's main purpose in the passage?
A. To explain a chemical reaction.
B. To recommend a cure for arthritis.
C. To introduce a new product.
D. To compare central heating with the body warmer.

12.Which of the following is LEAST likely to generate heat.
A. It makes use of electric power to generate heat.
B. It measures about three by five inches and is one quarter inch thick.
C. It contains iron powder, wood powder, carbon and salt.
D. It maintains an average temperature of 140 degrees Fahrenheit.

13. In the first paragraph, the wordforgointo forgo frozen fingerscould best be replaced by which of the following?
A. warm. B. forget
C. put up with. D. do without

14. In the second paragraph, the worditinTo get it goingrefers to.
A. arthritis B. muscle sprain
C. the body warmer D. moisturized wood powder

Questions 15~19

Seoul, once city for kings, can now claim to be a city for commuters. The third nation in the Orient to develop an underground rapid-transit system, Korea opened its first line in 1974. After 12 years of continuing construction, Seoul had finally completed the rest of its extensive subway system, capable of serving 5 million commuters a day.

The 73-mile-long system, the world's seventh largest, is expected to alleviate the acute daily traffic congestion downtown.

For an estimated $ 2.7 billion, the city has built one of the most modem subways in the world, replete with air-conditioning, high-tech ticket machines and escalators to deep-level stations.The subway stops, bucking an international tradition of dull concrete walls, are attractions themselves: many ate lined with shopping arcades, others sponsor art exhibits and several have been blasted out of granite and left in their natural state, creating an eerie, cave like effect.

The subway is a long-term solution to transit problems in a city that is bursting at the seams with 9.5 million people. It is designed to encourage the growth of satellite cities along the lines that run outside the city proper. Efficiency, safety and economy are the catchwords of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway Corporation, which handled construction and now manages the four lines. But traditional concern for cleanliness adds to the popularity of this rapid mode of underground transportation.

Recently 20 young couples chose the subway as the site for their wedding ceremonies, proof that the system is heralding a new age of modem living for the inhabitants of the nation's capital.

15. According to the passage, how many cities in the world have subway systems larger than that in Seoul, Korea?
A. None. B. Three.
C. Six D. Seven.

16.Which of the following is LEAST likely to be seen in the subway in Seoul?
A. Commuters.
B. Shopping arcades and art exhibits.
C. Natural caves.
D. Wedding couples.

17.Which of the following can be concluded from the passage?
A. The subway system was completed in 1986.
B. Everyday more than nine million people travel by subway.
C. The subway was built in a huge cave.
D. The subway corporation is making a huge profit.

18.Which of the following is NOT the reason for constructing the underground transit system?
A. The growth of population in the city.
B. The traffic congestion downtown.
C. The traditional concern for a better environment.
D. The lack of wedding ceremony sites.

19.Why do some young couples choose the subway as the site for their wedding ceremonies?
A. It is cleaner than places on the ground.
B. It is a symbol of modem living.
C. It is the world's seventh largest subway.
D. It is built in the nation's capital.

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Questions 20~24

The whole world is going, or has already gone, mad. I do not say this because of problems like the arms race, pollution or the population explosion. These are bad enough, but I think we now have a more serious problem: our desire to make ourselves miserable by sitting ourselves unnecessary problems, called puzzles.Dozens of magazines are published every month with names like The Puzzler, Enigmatic and Brain Teasers. They contain problems which you can do without, and solutions which do not make you feel any better.

The electronics industry is now cashing in on our strange need to set ourselves difficult tasks. Their computer games are even nastier, because the torture (the pain they cause) is not only mental but also physical.Only a superman could possibly keep up with the fast-moving dots which represent space invaders, or whatever they are supposed to be.

Where does it all start, and why do we do it? It starts when our well-meaning parents try to amuse, amaze and puzzle us with games likeI-Spy”. Later the whole thing becomes more sinister, when these puzzles (likeOdd Man Outand the number series) are used as tests to see if we are clever enough or suitable for a particular course or job. And it ends on the bookstalls with those piles of puzzle magazinesusually with a pretty smiling girl on the front cover. (What is she smiling about? Why isn't she as miserable as the rest of us?)

We have plenty of real problems to worry us, and yet we create artificial problems to enable us to be miserable in our spare time as well. Why all this misery? The reason is actually very simple: because of a huge cosmic mistake, we have been put, by accident, on the wrong planet. Out there some where, deep in space, is a beautiful planet where we should have been put, a much more peaceful place than ours, a place with no problems, either real or imagined. The sad thing is that it is probably inhabited by creatures who should have been put on Earth. I bet they have a thriving puzzle book industry too!

20. The writer thinks the world is mad because of.
A. the arms race
B. the increasing world population
C. our spending little time doing puzzles
D. the electronics industry

21. The writer defines a puzzle as kind of problem which is.
A. artificial B. unnecessary
C. odd or strange D. miserable

22. When parents set puzzles for their children, they are trying to.
A. educate them B. test them
C. entertain them D. control them

23. Puzzles likeOdd Man Outand the number series are also used as tests. The writer thinks
that this use of puzzles is
A. amusing B. dangerous
C. clever D. a good idea

24. The writer's questions about the girl on the puzzle magazine cover suggest he finds her smile.
A. attractive B. irritating
C. amusing D. pretty

Questions 25~30

One of the most difficult questions to answer is how much a job is worth. We naturally expect that a doctor's salary will be higher than a bus conductor's wages. But the question becomes much more difficult to answer when we compare, say, a miner with an engineer, or an unskilled man working on an oil-rig in the North Sea with a teacher in a secondary school. What the doctor, the engineer and the teacher have in common is that they have devoted several years of their lives to studying in order to obtain the necessary qualifications for their professions. We feel instinctively that these skills and these years, when they were studying instead of earning money, should be rewarded. At the same time we recognize that the work of the miner and the oil-rig labourer is both hard and dangerous, and that they must be highly paid for the risks they take.

Another factor we must take into consideration is how socially useful a man's work is regardless of the talents he may bring to it. Most people would agree that looking after the sick or teaching children is more important than, say selling second-hand cars or improving the taste of toothpaste by adding a red stripe to it. Yet it is almost certain that the used-car salesman earns more than the nurse and the research chemist earns more than the schoolteacher.

Indeed, this whole question of just rewards can be burned on its head. You can argue that a man who does job which brings him personal satisfaction is already receiving part of his reward in the form of a so-calledpsychic wage”, and that it is the man with the boring, repetitive job who needs more money to make up for the soul-destroying monotony of his work.It is significant that those jobs which are traditionally regarded asvocations”—nursing, teaching and the Church, for examplecontinue to be poorly paid, while others, such as those in the world of sport or entertainment,carry financial rewards out of all proportion to their social worth.

25. The professional man, such as the doctor, should be well-paid because.
A. he has spent several years learning how to do hisjob
B. his work involves much greater intelligence than, say, a bus conductor's
C. he has to work much harder than most other people
D. he knows more than other people about his subject

26. It is difficult to compare a doctor and a miner because.
A. a miner's work is not as useful as a doctor's
B. a miner has a specialist in his own field
C. a miner has to learn just as many skills to be able to do hisjob well
D. a miner'sjob is less skilled but on the other hand it is more dangerous

27. You can compare an engineer with a teacher because.
A. they both do useful work
B. they both earn the same kind of salary
C. one does socially important work and the other does dangerous work
D. they have both spent several years in training

28 As far as rewarding people for their work is concerned, the writer thinks that.
A. people doing manual work should be double paid
B. we should pay people according to their talents
C. we should pay for socially-useful work, regardless of the person's talent
D. qualified people should be the highest paid

29. The argument of thepsychic wageis used to explain why.
A. people who do socially important work are not always well paid
B. people who do monotonousjobs are highly paid
C. you should not try to compare the pay of different professions
D. some professional people are paid more than others

30. We learn from the passage that a man who does a boring, repetitivejob.
A. receives less money than he deserves
B. should receive more money as a compensation for the drudgery of his work
C. can only expect more money if hisjob is a highly-skilled one
D. has no interest in his work apart from the money he receives for doing it

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SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST (1) (30 minutes)

Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.

The shape of the world is changing almost as dramatically as this city's skyline. Today the cold war is over. The risk of the global nuclear conflict has been greatly reduced and the free flow of goods and ideas is bringing to life the concept of a global village. But just as all nations can benefit from the promise of this new world, no nation is immune to its perils. We all have a stake in building peace and prosperity, and in confronting threats that respects no bordersterrorism and drug trafficking, disease and environmental destruction. To meet these challenges most effectively, China and the United States must act in concert. Some argue that with the Cold War's end, the strategic importance of the US-China relationship has diminished. I believe they have it exactly backwards. As a new century begins, the importance of strengthening the ties between the United States and China will grow even greater.

SECTION 4: TRANSLATION TEST (2) (30 minutes)

Directions: Translate the following passage into English and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKRLET.

手术室的门开了,我和爸爸急忙走进去。啊,妈妈那双炯炯有神的大眼睛紧闭着,平进红红的脸现在苍白了。

望着病中的妈妈,我想起了1981 年夏天奶奶生病的情景。

那年是上海少有的炎热天气。奶奶住院了,妈妈一天要去医院好几次,晚上还要去看护奶奶。妈妈多少天没有好好吃饭,好明显的瘦了。

妈妈是音乐教师,好不仅用歌声教育学生什么是爱,也用实行动告诉我孝敬父母是我们中华民族的美德。现在妈妈生病了,我一定要好好照顾她,做一个孝敬妈妈的好女儿。

参考答案

SECTION1: LISTENING TEST
Part A: Spot Dictation

1. like a rocket 2. crew
3. cargo-hold 4. laboratory
5. plan 6. in advance
7. every week 8. next
9. convenience 10. immense opportunities
11. reusable 12. space station
13. piece by piece 14. for the rest
15. commonplace 16. platforms
17. solar system 18. developed and available
19. technology 20. extensive programmes

Part B: Listening Comprehension

1-5 A A C A A 6-10 B B D B D
11-15 A B D D D 16-20 B D A D C
21-25 B C C D B 26-30 A D C A C

Part C: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ.Sentence Translation
1. 纽约有一场大雾,我们在那里被耽搁了。
2. 在中国逗留期间,我们希望了解能否在此开一家新德分支机构。
3. 我希望下星期某个时候能与安妮会面。星期一上午合适吗?
4. 如果你有合格德资历与经验,工资会略微高一点。
5. 他刚开始工作后,发现(工作)比他期望的要困难得多。

Ⅱ.Passage Translation
1. 我是10 年前到美国的,但我非常清楚地记得那一 。飞机下午三点钟降落在肯尼迪机场时,我德朋友在迎候着我。天气很冷,下着雪,我却兴奋,一点也不在乎。
2. 从监狱里获释的人当中大约有七成迟早会再进监狱。有些人认为这正说明了一个人一旦成为罪犯,九可能永远是罪犯。但这也同样意味着进了监狱就会使人更有可能犯罪。

SECTION 2:STUDY SKILLS

1-5 D D C A D 6-10 D D B A A
11-15 C A D C C 16-20 C A D B D
21-25 A C B B A 26-30 D D C A B

SECTION 3: TRANSLATION 1
世界的面貌正在发生引人注目的变化,其变化之快几乎就象这座城市德空中轮廓。今天,冷战已经结束。全球核冲突的危险性已大大减小,商品和思想的自由交流正在激发地球村的概念。但是,正如世界各国会受益于这个新世界的美好前景,没有一个国家能够免遭其祸害。缔造和平与繁荣,抵御不分国界的诸多威胁---恐怖主义、贩毒、疾病和环境破坏,这些与我们大家都有着利害关系。

为了最有效地迎接这些挑战,中国和美国必须协力行动。有些人说,随着冷战的结束,美中关系的战略意义已经减弱了。我认为这些人刚好说反了。随着新世纪的开始,加强美国和中国的联系,其重要性将变得更大。

SCETION 4: TRANSLATION 2
The operating room opened, and Dad and I hurried in. Oh, Mom s big, bright eyes were closed tight, and her normally red face looked pale.

Looking at sick Mom, I recalled the summer of 1981 when Granny was ill.

That summer was unusually hot in Shanghai. Granny was hospitalized. Mom went to the hospital several times a day, and in the evening she was also there looking after Granny. Having had no good meal several days running, Mom was obviously thinning. Mom is a music teacher. She not only teacher her students what love is all about with her songs but tells me by what she does that showing filial respect to parents is a virtue of our Chinese nation. Now that Mom is sick, I must take good care of her and be a fine daughter who is filial towards Mom.

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听力测试题录音文字稿:

SECTION 1:LISTENING TEST
Part A: Spot Dictation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in the corresponding space in your answer booklet. Remember you will hear the passage only once. Now let s begin Part A with Spot Dictation.

The development of the Space Shuttle has dramatically reduced the cost of sending loads into space. The Shuttle takes off from Earth like a rocket, and lands again like a huge aircraft. It can transport not only its own crew, but also passengers, and has a huge cargo-hold which is capable of carrying large satellites or a space laboratory.

Before the Space Shuttle was created, it was necessary to plan trips into space several years in advance. However, for the rest of the century it should be possible to make space flights every week or so. Any scientist or engineer needing to travel into orbit will simply take the next Shuttle flight, stay as long as necessary, and then return at his or her convenience.

It is difficult to imagine the immense opportunities created by the Shuttle. One of the great advantages of having a reusable space vehicle is that it can take one load after another into orbit. Very large space stations could not be launched in their complete form directly from Earth, but they could be built piece by piece in space. The Space Shuttle is likely to be used as a generalworkhorsefor the rest of this century, and the building of such stations in orbit should become commonplace.

Once these huge orbiting space stations are completed, they are likely to become the platforms from which hundreds of robot space ships could be launched cheaply and easily to explore the solar system and to start mining operations on the Moon. The technology needed for this is already developed and available. And because of commercial and military pressures to develop space technology, it is likely that governments will be increasingly willing to start extensive programs of space engineering, exploration and research.

Part B: Listening Comprehension
Ⅰ. Statements
Directions: In this part of the test you will hear several short statements. These statements will be spoken only once, and you will not find them written on the paper; so you must listen carefully. When you hear a statement, read the answer choices and decide which one is closest in meaning to the statement you have heard. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your answer booklet. Now let's begin with question number one.

Question No. 1. Jane remained in London for the summer.
Question No. 2. Daniel requested that he be transferred to Tokyo to start a new branch.
Question No. 3. According to our correspondent, the rain has flooded several areas of South India.
Question No. 4. Jason ran across his former college teacher during a business trip to Chicago.
Question No. 5. The plane was due at 9:30, but has been delayed half an hour.
Question No. 6. I d have bought Smith's computer if I had known he was selling it.
Question No. 7. Please let me know whether you will come to the meeting or not.
Question No. 8. May I suggest Friday for our trip to Hong Kong?
Question No. 9. We tried to persuade him not to go to Australia, but in vain.
Question No. 10. When they were searching the area, the police all but caught the thieves.

Ⅱ. Talks and Conversations
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short talks and conversations. After each of these, you will hear a few questions. Listen carefully. Because you will hear the talk or choose the best answer to that question. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your answer booklet.

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following announcement.
This is the final for Olympic Airways to Athens flight number OA260. Any remaining passengers must go immediately to gate 2 where the flight is now closing. Olympic Airways flight number OA 260 closing now at gate 2.

Scandinavian Airlines to Stockholm, flight number Sk528 now boarding at gate 4.

Passengers to New York. British Airways regret to advise a delay of 35 minutes on their flight number BA175 to New York. That is a delay of 35 minutes on British Airways flight number BA 175 to New York.

Austrian Airlines to Vienna, flight number OS455 now boarding at gate 8. Austrian Airlines flight number OS455 boarding now at gate 8.

Question No.11. Where is this announcement most probably made?
Question No.12. Which of the following statements is true about a about the Qlympic Airways flight to Athens?
Question No.13. Where is the Scandinavian Airlines flight scheduled to fly?
Question No.14. According to the announcement, how much longer will passengers to New York have to wait?
Question No.15. According to the announcement, at which gate passengers to Vienna boarding?

Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following talk.
A demonstration against race prejudice drew thousands of people to central London this morning. It was organized by the Labor Party and the Trades Union Congress under the bannerUnited against Racialism”. The march was led by several leading Labor Party and Trades Union officials. It was a column that stretched for over two miles and it took the demonstrators nearly three hours to cover the distance from Speakers'Corner to Trafalgar Square. There were representatives from more than twenty maj or unions, as well as community workers and various ethnic groups. By the time the march reached Trafalgar Square an estimated fifteen thousand people hadjoined it.

Question No. 16. Where did the demonstration take place?
Question No. 17. Who organized the demonstration?
Question No. 18. What did the demonstrators protest against?
Question No. 19. According to the news, where did the demonstration march start?
Question No. 20. About how many peoplejoined the march?

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following conversation.
Male: Now could you tell me your name, please?
Female: Yes, officer, it s Daniels, Mrs. Jennifer Daniels.
Male: And could I have your address too, please?
Female: Yes, of course. It s 27 Springfield Road, Bristol.
Male: So, could you tell me, please, exactly what you saw of the incident?
Female: Yes, well, I was just coming out of the supermarket exit when all of the a sudden I heard this cry, and when I turned round to see what it was, I saw this man sort of tugging at this woman's handbag, and she was hitting him with her free hand, and then he pushed her and she fell to the ground. He then ran off down the street and round the corner.
Male: I see. And could you describe the man for me?
Female: Well, umlet me see. He was medium height, about thirtyish. I all happened so quickly it's hard to remember.
Male: Do please try, it could be very important in helping us to catch him.
Female: Oh yes, I do remember something else. He was wearing a yellow jacket-you know, a light anorak sort of thing-and jeans, bluejeans.
Male: Did you notice the color of his hair by any chance?
Female: Oh, dark I should sayyes, dark brown. And that s about all I can remember, I m afraid, and it was very wavy.
Male: Thank you very much, Mrs. Daniels. You ve been very helpful. We ll probably be in touch.

Question No. 21. Who is asking Mrs. Daniels, most probably?
Question No. 22. Where did the incident take place?
Question No. 23. According to Mrs. Daniels, about what age was the man involved?
Question No. 24. What was the man wearing?
Question No. 25. What color was the man s hair, as far as Mrs. Daniels could remember?

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following talk.
There is a great deal of land in the United States, but there are also a great many people. Where did the people come from?

The first Americans were Indians. Today there are about 900,000 American Indians. There is one part of the country with an especially large Indian population. That is the southwest.

Blacks first came to America from Africa as slaves. President Lincoln freed the slaves in 1863.About eleven percent of the present American population are Blacks.

The first immigrants in American history came form England and the Netherlands.Soon immigrants began to arriver from many other countries, and they are still arriving. In 1790 the new nation had fewer than four million. Today there are more than 210 million. There include people from all parts of the world.

Question No. 26. What might be the best title for this passage?
Question No. 27. How much is the American Indian population?
Question No. 28. Who were the first people living in America?
Question No. 29. What is current size of the American population?
Question No. 30. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?

Part C: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write you version in the corresponding space in your answer booklet. Not let's begin Sentence Translation with sentence No. 1.

Sentence No. 1. There was a heavy fog in New York and we were delayed there.
Sentence No. 2. During our stay in China, we hope to find out if we can open a new branch here.
Sentence No. 3. I hope I can meet you sometime next week; would Monday morning suit you?
Sentence No. 4. The salary will be a little bit more if you have the right qualifications and experience.
Sentence No. 5. Soon after he started working, he discovered that it was far harder work than he'd expected.

Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages. You will hear the passages only once. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write you version in the corresponding space in your answer booklet. You may take notes while you are listening. Now, let's begin Passage Translation with the first passage.

Passage 1:
I arrived in the United States ten years ago, but I remember my first day there very clearly. My friend was waiting for me when my plane landed at Kennedy Airport at three o'clock in the afternoon. The weather was very cold and it was snowing, but I was too excited to mind.

Passage 2:
About seven out of ten people released from prison will be put into prison again sooner or later. Some people think this simply shows that once a person becomes a criminal he will probably remain a criminal. But it could equally suggest that being in prison actually makes people more likely to commit crimes.

 

 




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