2000年3月上海英语中级口译第一阶段考试

来源:网络 2019-02-06

2000年3月上海市英语中级口译资格证书第一阶段考试


SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST (40minutes
Part A: Spot Dictation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in the corresponding space in you ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the passage ONLY ONCE.
 Experience is the great teacher. A student needs to be well versed in theory. In other words, he can learn (1) from books, but it is the experience of the situations and the application of this knowledge that will (2). With this in mind, many schools nowadays have incorporated into their curricula activities of outdoor education, such as field trips, camping holidays and(3). To our students from large cities, the countryside has two(4): one is the vast wealth of wild life, historical relics and scenic grandeur that is (5) the other is the pure joy of physical exhilaration which is part and parcel of every trek or(6). If we fail to exploit both (7), we are the losers. While enjoying the former, we have moved into the realms of the latter(8). There should be no doubt about the very real(9) to be gained by participation in outdoor activities. Although physical education in schools(10) considerably, the general picture is still of(11) periods dotted here and there throughout the academic year. In the wider field of(12), however, the physical effort, even though it may only involve(13), continues over long periods and often on a(14) for several days on end. The physical improvement is very obvious and(15) after as short a time as, say, ten days.
  The wide range of outdoor activities increases the(16). And there are many instances in which(17) have tasted the lasting satisfaction of their first                (18), often under testing situations. This is a basic essential and breeds(19) as well as respect for others. Furthermore, it often produces and air of self-confidence which(20) may well have damaged in some students.

Part B: Listening Comprehension
I. Statements
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short statements. These statements will be spoken ONLY ONCE, and you will not find them written on the paper so you must listen carefully. When you hear a statement, read the answer choices and decide which one is closest in meaning to the statement you have heard. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in you ANSWER BOOKLET.
1. A. Why doesnt George want to write out the outline?
 B. Why do you think George cant do an outline for us?
 C. If George wants us to do an outline, hell have to ask us.
 D. Since George is willing, he should be allowed to do the outline.
2. A. It took us about two hours to drive into the city today.
 B. The city is a two-hour drive from here.
 C. We must carry an extra tire with us when driving.
 D. We had to run for an hour because our car broke down.
3. A. Now we pay 5 cents.     B. Now we print half-size pages.
 C. Now we pay 15 cents.    D. Now we pay 20 cents.
4. A. The post office was slow in delivering the letter.
 B. you failed to give your new address to the post office.
 C. The post office didnt process the change of address fast enough.
 D. You forgot to write your new address on the letter.
5. A. Mrs. Green signed when she heard the suggestion.
 B. Mrs. Green rejected the committees suggestion.
 C. Mrs. Green quit when her idea was not accepted.
 D. Mrs. Green didnt accept the signature.
6. A. The plane left two hours before.
 B. The plane left at ten oclock in the morning.
 C. The plane left at two oclock in the afternoon.
 D. The plane left at four oclock in the afternoon.
7. A. I know why Paul hasnt arrived although he was due earlier.
 B. I cant understand why Paul is here.
 C. Paul is due to pay for the meal ticket.
 D. I dont know why Paul is late for the meeting.
8. A. The newly-completed bridge was was many miles away.
 B. One of our plans was to set up a new bridge behind the road.
C. The building of the new bridge was not finished in time.
 D. We were unable to fit into our schedule the visit to the new bridge.
9. A. The problems are far greater than we had expected.
 B. The name of the scientist is just on the tip of my tongue.
 C. One environmental issue of our time is the problem of the iceberg.
 D. We should not take these environmental problems too seriously.
10.A. Mr. Carter made a last minute decision not to fund the project.
  B. Mr. Carter was the last to find out the errors in the report.
  C. It was Mr. Carters car that backed out of the finance department last night.
  D. There were more mini-cars sold because of the financial crisis.

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Ⅱ. Talks and Conversations
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short talks and conversations. After each of these, you will hear a few questions. Listen care fully, because you will hear the talk or of these, you will hear a few questions. Listen carefully, because you will hear the talk or conversation and the questions ONLY ONCE. When you hear a question, read the four answer choices and choose the best answer to that question. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 11~14
11. A. Furniture                 B. Telephone
  C. Wine                   D. Paper
12. A. The late delivery             B. The incomplete document
  C. The quality of the wine          D. The unreliability of the agents
13. A. Sometimes they are unreliable.    B. Obviously they have made a mistake.
C. On the whole they can be trustedD. Generally speaking, they are very helpful.
14. A. Leave a message with the switchboard operator.
  B. Have the operator connect him to another office.
  C. Make another call to his forwarding agents.
  D. Tell the switchboard operator to expect his telephone call.

Questions 15~18
15. A. Optimistic                    B. Encouraging
  C. Doubtful                    D. Negative
16. A. It will then be revised by the director.
  B. It will be put on a different channel.
  C. It will be shown on the international airlines.
  D. It will no longer be shown on TV.
17. A. By funding the shooting of these programs.
  B. By giving free vouchers to selected actors and actresses.
  C. By sending mail to prospective customers.
  D. By replacing them with programs of their own.
18. A. Advertisers are the most sincere in TV commercials.
  B. Most people like to watch TV programs with commercial breaks.
  C. Most TV programs on show are not of good taste.
D. Newspapers and magazines can never compete with TV commercial.

Questions 19~22
19. A. Hes always got his car stolen.
  B. Hes nearly smashed into a wall several times.
  C. Hes sometimes run the risk of being killed.
  D. Hes run into another car in front of him.
20. A. During his last race.       B. In a race of the previous year.
  C. During the Mexican Grand PrixD. On his way to the studio.
21. A. The man was badly hurt.      B. The man won a bronze medal.
  C. Two racing cars collided.     D. Two racing-drivers were killed.
22. A. He was chased by a number of racing cars.
  B. He was stopped and fined by the police.
  C. He had lost his way through London streets.
  D. He had to drive through busy streets.

Questions 23~26
23. A. None                   B. One
  C. Two                     D. Three
24. A. It has changed the status of first-class passengers.
  B. It will please all the customers, whatever their classes.
  C. It is under the provision of federal regulations.
  D. It has created an additional passenger class.
25. A. They all wholeheartedly welcomed it.         B. They all gave it up.
  C. They made no unanimous decision.          D. They tried it only on overseas flights.
26. A. The crew            B. The full-fare passengers
  C. The discount passengers      D. The airline companies

Questions 27~30
27. A. The first Wednesday of March     B. The tenth of March
  C. The eleventh of March        D. The twelfth of March
28. A. A couple of weeks           B. Only a year
C. Two years              D. Four years
29. A. She gets regularly promoted.     B. She can stay in the office all day.
C. She travels a lot in her job.      C. She is given different assignments.
30. A. It is required of him by the Accounting Manage.
B. It is the best course at the night school.
  C. He is interested in visiting big cities.
  D. He is tired of staying in the same office.

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Part C: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences ONLY ONCE. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
(1)                                                                                            
                                                                                                  
(2)                                                                                         
                                                                                                         
(3)                                                                                                  
                                                                                            
(4)                                                                                      
                                                                                                       
(5)                                                                                          
                                                                                                

Ⅱ. Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages. You will hear the passages ONLY ONCE. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in you ANSWER BOOKLET. You may take notes while you are listening.
(1)                                                                                     
                                                                                          
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  
                                                                                             
                                                                                        
(2)                                                                                        
                                                           
                                                                                                
                                                                                                                                                               
                                                                        
                                                                                                                                                                                       

SECTION 2: STUDY SKILLS (50 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will read several passages. Each passage is followed by several questions based on its content. You are to choose ONE best answer, (A), (B), (C) or (D), to each question. Answer all the questions following each passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 1~5
  A Japanese construction company plans to build a huge independent city-state, akin to the legendary Atlantis, in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. The city, dubbedMarinnation”, would have about one million inhabitants, two airports, and possibly even a spaceport. Marinnation, if built, would be a separate country but could serve as a home for international organizations such as the United Nations and the World Bank.
 Aside from the many political and social problems that would have to be solved, the engineering task envisaged is monumental. The initial stage requires the building of a circular dam 18 miles in diameter attached to the seabed in a relatively shallow place in international waters. Then, several hundred pumps, operating for more than a year, would suck out the seawater from within the dam. When empty and dry, the area would have a city constructed on it. The actual land would be about 300 feet below sea level.
  According to designers, the hardest task from an engineering point of view would be to ensure that the dam is leak proof and earthquake proof.
  If all goes well, it is hoped that Marinnation could be ready for habitation at the end of the second decade of the twenty-first century. Whether anyone would want to live in such an isolated and artificial community, however, will remain an open question until that time.
1. According to the passage, what kind of city will Marinnation be?
 A. Underground                 B. Underwater
 C. Marine                   D. Legendary
2. In paragraph 2, the underlined wordenvisagedis closest in meaning to        .
 A. undertaken                    B. conceived
 C. completed                   D. implicated
3. According to the passage, the problems of Marinnation focused on here are mainly        .
 A. human                     B. engineering
 C. political                     D. social
4. The author mentions that Marinnation would be all the following EXCEPT        .
 A. a circular city attached to the seabed    B. a home for international organizations
 C. a monumental engineering task       D. a place where people would want to live
5. What is the main idea expressed in the passage?
A. The uses of a city like Marinnation.
B. The inhabitants of a city built in the ocean.
C. The construction of an independent city-state.
D. The engineering feats needed for building an oceanic city.

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Questions 6~10
 History books record that the first film with sound was The jazz Singer in 1927. But sound films, ortalkies”, did not suddenly appear after years of silent screenings. From the earliest public performances in 1896, films were accompanied by music and sound effects. These were produced by a single pianist, a small hand, or a full-scale orchestra large movie theaters could buy sound-effects machines. Research into sound that was reproduced at exactly the same time as the picturescalledsynchronized sound”—began soon after the very first films were shown. With synchronized sound, characters on the movie screen could sing and speak. As early as 1896, the newly invented gramophone, which played a large disc carrying music and dialogue, was used as a sound system. The biggest disadvantage was that the sound and pictures could become unsynchronized if, for example, the gramophone needle jumped or if the speed of the projector changed. This system was only effective for a single song or dialogue sequence.
  In thesound-on-filmsystem, sounds were recorded as a series of marks on celluloid which could be read by an optical sensor. These signals would be placed on the film alongside the image, guaranteeing synchronization. Short feature films were produced in this way as early as 1922. This system eventually brought ustalking pictures.”
6. The underlined wordscreeningsin Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to          .
 A. projections                      B. revelations
 C. demonstrations                   D. diversions
7. It can be inferred from the passage that          .
A. most movie theaters had a pianist, a hand or an orchestra
B. sound-effects machines were common because they were more effective
C. full-scale orchestras could effectively synchronize sound with pictures
D. gramophones came into being about the same time as moving pictures did
8. According to the passage, gramophones were sometimes ineffective because they        .
 A. got out of synchronization with pictures  B. were too large for most movie theaters
 C. were newly invented          D. changed speeds when the needle jumped
9. The sound-on-film system guaranteed synchronization because the recording was         .
 A. made during the filming of the picture    B. edited by an optical sensor
 C. inserted on the film             D. marked on the gramophone
10. According to the passage, short feature films produced as early as 1992          .
 A. were recorded by optical sensors      B. put musicians out of work
 C. were only effective for dialogue sequences D. preceded talking pictures

Questions 11~15 refer to the following chart
Sources of Personal Income in the United Stated, 1998
Functional Distribution
Type of Income Amount of Income Percent of Total
 (billions of $) Personal Income
 Personal rental income
Wages, salaries, and other 
Labor income less contributions 
For social security $3225.4 62.5%
Personal rental income 99.8 1.9
Personal interest income 732.4 14.2
Personal dividend income 132.8 2.6
Net income of unincorporated 
Businesses (including farms) 217.8 4.2
Transfer payments 749 14.5
Total $5157.5 100.0%
11. The division of income into categories such as wages and rental income is called        .                 
 A. functional distribution of income  B. percent of total income
 C. amount of income        D. net income
12. According to the chart, the smallest source of personal income in 1998 was         .                              
  A. interest income         B. dividend income
  C. rental income           D. transfer payment
13. The inference that can be made from the chart is that           .                                    
A. rental property is a sound investment
B. most Americans have large savings accounts
C. social security contributions are 14.5% of a persons gross income
D. many Americans own small businesses
14. Which of the following can be learned from the chart for the year 1998?
A. Average personal income in the United States.
B. How many people have personal dividend income.
C. Total personal income in the United States.
D. Average family income in the United States.
15. If this chart is compared to similar charts for 1999 and 2000, the figures can be used to     .
A. analyze trends in personal income sources
B. assess the effects of changes in tax laws
C. analyze investment trends
D. determine changes in average personal income

Questions 16~20
 Every year about two million people visit Mount Rushmore, where the faces of four U.S. presidents were carved in granite by sculptor Gutzon Borglum and his son, the late Lincoln Borglum. The creation of the Mount Rushmore monument took 14 yearsfrom 1927 to 1941—and nearly a million dollars. These were times when money was difficult to come by and many people were jobless. To move the more than 400,000 tons of rock, Borglum hired laid-off workers from the closed-down mines in the Black Hills area. He taught these men to dynamite,
Drill, carve, and finish the granite as they were hanging in midair in his specially devised chairs, which had many safety features. Borglum was proud of the fact that no workers were killed or severely injured during the years of blasting and carving.
  During the carving, many changes in the original design had to be made to keep the carved heads free of large fissures that were uncovered. However, not all the cracks could be avoided, so Borglum concocted a mixture of granite dust, white lead, and linseed oil to fill them.
 Every winter, water from melting snows gets into the fissures and expands as it freezes, making the fissures bigger. Consequently, every autumn maintenance work is done to refill the cracks. The repairers swing out in space over a 500-foot drop and fix the monument with the same mixture that borglum used to preserve this national monument for future generations.
16. According to the passage, Borglums son        .
  A. is dead           B. was a president
  C. did maintenance work    D. spent a million dollars
17. According to the passage, the men whom Borglum hired were        .
 A. trained sculptors        B. laid-off stone masons
 C. Black Hills volunteers    D. visitors to Mount Rushmore
18. It can be found from the passage that        .
  A. the heads are not as originally planned    B. the workers made mistakes when blasting
 C. the cracks caused serious injuries      D. the designs had large fissures in them
19. Borglums mixture for filling cracks was         .
 A. very expensive         B. bought at the Black Hills mines
 C. invented by the sculptor himself  D. uncovered during carving
20. Mount Rushmore needs to be       .
  A. protected from air pollution     B. polished for tourists
  C. closed during the winter        D. repaired periodically

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Questions 21~25
 According to airline industry statistics, almost 90% of airline accidents are survivable or partially survivable. But passengers can increase their chances of survival by learning and following certain tips. Experts say that you should read and listen to safety instructions before takeoff and ask questions if you have uncertainties. You should fasten your seat belt low on your hips and as tightly as possible. Of course, you should also know how the release mechanism of your belt operates. During takeoffs and landings, you are advised to keep your feet flat on the floor. Before takeoff you should locate the nearest exit and an alternative exit and count the rows of seats between you and the exits so that you can find them in the dark if necessary.
 In the event that you are forewarned of a possible accident, you should put your hands on your ankles and keep your head down until the plane comes to a complete stop. If smoke is present in the cabin, you should keep your head low and cover your face with napkins, towels, or clothing. If possible, wet these for added protection against smoke inhalation. To evacuate as or clothing. If possible, wet these for added protection against smoke inhalation. To evacuate as quickly as possible, follow crew commands and do not take personal belongings with you. Do not jump on escape slides before they are fully inflated, and whey you jump, do so with your arms and legs extended in front of you. When you get to the ground, you should move away from the plane as quickly as possible, and never smoke near the wreckage.
21. According to the passage, airline travelers should keep their feet flat on the floor       .
  A. throughout the flight            B. during takeoffs and landings
  C. especially during landings           D. in case of an accident
22. According to the passage, which exits should an airline passenger locate before takeoff?
A. The front one and the back one.
B. The two closest to the pilot seat.
C. The ones that can be found in the dark.
D. The ones with counted rows of seats between them.
23. People are more likely to survive fires in the aircraft if they           .
 A. keep their heads low          B. wear a safety belt
  C. dont smoke in or near a plane      D. read airline safety statistics
24. In an emergency airline passengers are advised to do all of the following EXCEPT        .
 A. follow crew commands          B. jump on fully inflated escape slides
 C. run away as soon as possible         D. carry personal belongings
25. What does the paragraph following the passage most probably discuss?
A. How to recover your luggage
B. Where to go to continue your trip
C. When to return to the aircraft
D. How to proceed once you are away from the aircraft

Questions 26~30
  Witnesses may pick out from an identification parade the person who most resembles their idea of what the criminal would look like, a conference organized by the British Psychological Society was told on Saturday. Mr. Ray Bull, a senior lecturer at the North East London Polytechnic, said research had shown that the public tended to link abnormal appearance with abnormalities of behaviour. “The public and police do agree about what face fits what crime,” he said. “One apparently widely held Belief is thewhat is beautiful is goodstereotype. An in dividuals facial attractiveness has an effect on how threatening other people judge that person to be. I have found that the addition of one or two small scars to a face leads to that face being judged more dishonest.”
  Those beliefs also influence length of sentence and verdict, he said. Research in mock-trial settings had shown that the more unattractive defendant was more heavily sentenced than one of attractive character and appearance. Mr Bull, an expert on identification by witn esses, was addressing psychologists and lawyers at a conference in London held by Sir Brian MacKenna, a retired high court judge, on the role of psychology in the legal system.
 For decades it has been known that people often do not see or hear things presented to their senses, but doseeandhearthings that have not occurred. But none of those factors meant that identification evidence was of little value. Laboratory research based on photographs had shown recognition rates were high, about 80 per cent, even after delays of 35 days. But rates were lower when identification was tested in mock criminal episodes in the streets because of stress and the inability of the witness to concentrate simultaneously on self-preservation and remembering details of the culprit. Law enforcement authorities should be more aware of the factors that influence memory and identification, Mr. Bull said. Apart from peoples prejudices about thelookof a criminal, the factors included the way questions were asked.
26. According to Mr. Ray Bulls research, which of the following defendants would be more heavily sentenced?
A. The defendant with normal behaviour.
B. The defendant with attractive character.
C. The defendant with unattractive appearance.
D. The defendant with psychological problems.
27. According to the passage, people often          .
  A. have sensory problems       B. foretell what have not yet happened
  C. distort what they have seen or heard   D. neglect what they see or hear
28. The wordepisodesin paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to        .
  A. witnesses                    B. incidents
  C. details                       D. photographs
29. According to the passage, which of the following statements is NOT true?
A. Mr. Ray Bull pointed out that the criminal with abnormal appearance would be sentenced more heavily than the one with attractive appearance.
B. Mr. Ray Bull delivered a speech at a conference to psychologists and lawyers on the role of psychology in the legal system.
C. Mr. Ray Bull has found out that the addition of one or two small scars to a face leads to the face being judged more dishonest.
D. Mr. Ray Bull argued that law enforcement authorities should be less aware of the factors that influence memory and identification.
30. What is the main idea expressed in the passage?
A. Witnessesmemory and identification are unreliable.
B. British Psychological Society has studied the role of psychology in legal system.
C. Both the appearance and the character of a person would influence peoples judgment on him.
D. What is beautiful is good.

SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST (1) (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
  Information and communications are central to modern society and organizations. One approach to understand the working environment is to consider an organization as a communications system. An organization that has open lines of communication with valid, honest information going up, down, and throughout the organization will be much more effective and a much better place to work than the organization that attempts to restrict the flow of information or distort and deceive. When leadership attempts to keep workers in the dark, workers tend to become distrustful. This undermines their cooperation.
  It is easy to understand the value and importance of open, honest communications and valid information. Yet, few organizations are able to function in this manner. In the long run, poor communication will undermine the entire organization. Restricting communication and distorting information are symptoms of short-range thinking. We must avoid these stupid, short-sighted traps and constantly strive for and open communications system with objective information.

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SECTION 4: TRANSLATION TEST (2) (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into English and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
  中华民族历来爱好自由与和平。中国人始终希望天下太平,希望同各国人民友好相处。中国人民在近代饱受战争和侵略的痛苦,更深感自由与和平的珍贵。任何一个国家建设和发展,都需要一个和平稳定的国际国内环境。任何一个国家和民族的自由,都是一切个人自由的前提和基础。我们希望各国人民都生活在没有战争和暴力的世界里,希望各国人民都能享有不被人压迫、歧视和欺凌的自由。

参考答案:
SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST
Part A: Spot Dictation
1. a great deal          2. eventually count
3. mountain area expeditions                4. fascinating aspects
5. part of our heritage           6. exploration
7. to the full          8. without realizing it
9. physical benefits           10. has expanded
11. isolated classroom          12. outdoor activities
13. walking             14. daily basis
15. can be easily measured            16. opportunities for success
17. young students           18. real achievement
19. self-respect           20. more formal education

Part B: Listening Comprehension
1—5    D A D B C         6—10 C D C A A
11—15 C B C A D      16—20 D A C C B
21—25 C D C D C      26—30 B B C C D

Part C: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ.  Sentence Translation
 1. 在香港,有一个地方你是一定要去的。那是孩子们的必到之处。去那里,他们一定会感到高兴。
 2. 考虑到我们现在具备的良好的财政和政治上的支持以及投资环境,我想我们应该开始这个项目。
3. 在这个国家大约有150万人在旅游部门供职,每年旅游业为国家经济创收三亿元。
4. 彼得·布朗在公司里已经做了五年多的助理经理。未能得到提升对他是个沉重的打击。
 5. 你能从这一类的定期存款中获取5%的利息,那要高出平均利率。但如果你提前支取就会有处罚。

Ⅱ. Passage Translation
 1. 在乡村生活的问题是那里太安静了。要干的活儿不够多,而且公共汽车太少,你如果没有私车,晚上就很难进城。商店和服务行业也太远。在下雨时,有些路过于泥泞,无法走路。昨天,雨下得那么大,以至于我仅仅在下班走回这一段路,膝盖以下都沾满了泥。
 2. 关于自杀的一个错误概念,是认为自杀的大都是老年人或行将就木者。事实是50岁以下的人更容易自杀。自杀的原因通常是由于严重压抑或者无法处理个人学习和生涯中的失败。因压抑或失败而自杀,现在已经是15至25岁的人群中第三大死亡原因,也是大学生中第二大死亡原因。
 
SECTION 2: STUDY SKILLS
1—5 C B B D C     6—10 A D A C D
11—15 A C C C A     16—20 A A A C D
21—25 B C A D D     26—30 C D B D C

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SECTION 3: TRANSLATION (1)
 信息和交流对现代社会和机构是非常重要的。了解工作环境的一个方法是把一个机构看作一个交流系统。如果一个机构有着公开的交流渠道,内部上下沟通,信息真实可靠,那么它就是颇有工作效能的,在这里工作比在一个企图限制信息交流或进行歪曲和欺骗的机构中工作要好得多。领导如果什么事情都不对员工讲,员工就会对领导不信任。这就破坏了他们的合作。
 懂得公开真诚的交流和可靠信息的价值和重要性是不难的。然而,只有极少数的机构可以做到这点。从长远来看,交流不好,会破坏整个机构。限制沟通和曲解信息是短期行为的思路。我们必须避免这些愚昧、短视的陷阱,不断地努力营造一个以客观信息为基础的沟通体系。

SECTION 4: TRANSLATION (2)
 The Chinese people have been a freedom-and-peace-loving nation. They have always hoped for the world to be at peace and the peoples of various countries to co-exist peacefully. Having suffered from wars and foreign aggression in modern times, the Chinese people treasure freedom and peace all the more. Every nation needs a peaceful and stable international and domestic environment for its construction and development. The freedom of a country or nation is the prerequisite and base of the freedom of any individual.
 We hope that all nations can live in a world free from war and violence and that people from all parts of the world can enjoy freedom without oppression, discrimination, bullying and humiliation.

听力测试题录音文字稿:
SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST
Part A: Sport Dictation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in the corresponding space in your answer booklet. Remember you will hear the passage only once. Now lets begin Part A with Spot Dictation.
 Experience is the great teacher. A student needs to be well versed in the theory. In other words, he can learn a great deal from books, but it is the experience of the situations and the application of this knowledge that will eventually count. With this in mind, many schools nowadays have incorporated into their curricula activities of outdoor education, such as field trips, camping holidays and mountain area expeditions. To our students from large cities, the countryside has two fascinating aspects: one is the vast wealth of wild life, historical relics and scenic grandeur that is part of our heritage; the other is the pure joy of physical exhilaration which is part and parcel of every trek or exploration. If we fail to exploit both to the full, we are the losers. While enjoying the former, we have moved into the realms of the latter without realising it. There should be no doubt about the very real physical benefits to be gained by participating in out-door activities. Although physical education in schools has expanded considerably, the general picture is still of isolated classroom periods dotted here and there throughout the academic year. In the wider field of outdoor activities, however, the physical effort, even though it may only involve walking, continues over long periods and often on a daily basis for several days on end. The physical improvement is very obvious and can easily be measured after as short a time as, say, ten days.
 The wide range of outdoor activities increases the opportunities for success. And there are many instances in which young students have tasted the lasting satisfaction of their first real achievement, often under testing situations. This is a basic essential and breeds self-respect as well as respect for others. Furthermore, it often produces an air of self-confidence which more formal education may well have damaged in some students.

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Part B: Listening Comprehension
Ⅰ. Statements
Directions: In this part of the test you will hear several short statements. These statements will be spoken ONLY ONCE, and you will not find them written on the paper; so you must listen carefully. When you hear a statement, read the answer choices and decide which one is closest in meaning to the statement you have heard. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the following interview in a sport programme.
 (WomanMr. Deluca, youve been a racing-driver for nearly 10 years. Youve had a very dangerous life, havent you? I mean, youve almost been killed a couple of times during these years, havent you?
(Man)   Yes, I suppose thats right.
(Woman)   When was your worst accident?
 (ManId say last year. It was during the British Grand Prix last September. In the the middle of the race I smashed into a wall. The car was completely ruined and my left leg was broken. Luckily, nobody was killed.
(WomanIs that the only time youve beenerclose to death?
 (ManNo. Once, during the Mexican Grand Prix, two cars in front of me had a bad accident. One of them ran into the other. I swerved to avoid them and hit a fence. My car was badly damaged but luckily I wasnt even hurt.
 (WomanYou must enjoy danger. I mean, you wouldnt be a racing-driver if you didnt, would you?
 (ManI dont know about that. I had a very frightening experience quite recently. I was frightened to death! I thought I was going to be killed at any moment.
(WomanReally? When was that? During your last race?
 (ManNo. It was on my way to this studio. I had to drive through London streets during the lunch hour. There were so many cars all around me and they are so close to each other.
Question No.19. Why does the woman say that the man has led a dangerous life?
Question No.20. According to the man, when was his worst accident?
Question No.21. What happened during the Mexican Grand Prix?
Question No.22. What frightening experience did the man have quite recently?

Questions 23 to 26 are based on the following interview.
 (WomanHello and welcome to this weeks edition ofConsumersRights”. Today weve brought you out of the city center and into Mr. Nick Marshfields office which overlooks the Armlay International Airport. Mr. Nick Marshfield is the assistant manager of the Atlantic Airlines. And he is going to tell us something about the changes, if any, taking place in our airline companies. Nick?
 (ManHello. A few months ago four airline companies decided to create what you could call a third-class section by separating their discount passengers and giving them less service than the regular full-fare fliers.
 (WomanI should think that would make things more complicated for the crew, with another group of passengers to take care of.
 (ManWell, the plan turned out to be rather unpopular with some people anyway. One airline has completely dropped the idea after using it for about a month, sayingnobody liked it”. Another company doesnt know whether it will go on with it or not. Two other companies say they will continue the service only on their overseas flights. One thing about itits competition. The airline companies have been freed from federal government, and can now make their policies to please the customers. I suppose there is some advantage for the regular flight passengers because under this plan they get better service than the discount passengers. At any rate, the good part about it is that the customers will be the ones to decide what they want rather than the federal government. If the airline companies get more customers with the three-class system they may let it stay that way. If flights with only two classes are more popular overall, that is the way it will turn out.
 Question No.23. Initially, how many passenger classes were approved by the federal government?
 Question No.24.  What does the man tell us about the new plan being tried out by the airline companies?
Question No.25.  How did the airline companies respond to the new idea?
Question No.26.  Who would be expected to benefit most from the new plan?

Questions 27 to 30 are based on the following conversation.
(Man)   Do you know what day it is tomorrow?
(Woman)   Yes, its Wednesday, the eleventh of March. Why? Whats special about that?
 (ManThe eleventh of March. Its my anniversary. I will have been here for two years tomorrow.
(Woman)   Really? It cant have been that long! It seems like just a couple of weeks ago.
(Man)   I must have seemed like a green kid when I walked in that door.
(Woman)   It was your first job, wasnt it?
(Man)   My first job, and the only job Ive ever had.
(Woman)   But youve been promoted and transferred. Youve done pretty well, I think.
 (ManYes, I suppose I have, but I should have kept on in night school. I should have gone ahead and taken some courses in Business Administration.
(Woman)   Are you thinking about going back and doing it now?
 (ManI may. The work in the accounting department is getting to be pretty routine. And I feel that I can do with some change. Dont you ever feel that way about your job?
(woman)   All the traveling I do keeps it interesting. I get to see a lot of different places.
(Man)   You must have visited just about every big city in the country.
(Woman)   Most of them, and quite a few in Canada, Mexico, and the Caribbean too.
(Man)   While I just stay in the same old office day after day.
 (WomanYou do sound restless! Youd really better look into the business administration course.
(Man)   Yes, I guess I should. Ill talk with Joyce and see what she has to say bout it.
 (WomanYou mean Joyce Carter, the Accounting Manager? Im sure shed encourage you to go ahead.
 (ManI was so afraid of her when I first walked in. And now I just think of her as a friend. I wonder what the next two years are going to bring.
Question No.27. When is the conversation taking place?
Question No.28. How long will the man have worked there by the eleventh of March?
Question No.29. According to the woman, why does she find her job interesting?
Question No.30. Why does the man want to take the business administration course?

Part C: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences ONLY ONCE. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Now lets begin Sentence Translation with Sentence No. 1.
 Sentence No.1.  Theres one other place you shouldnt miss while you are in Hong Kong. Its an absolute must for the kids. They would certainly enjoy going there.
 Sentence No.2. Considering the favourable financial and political support and investment environment we now have, I think we ought to go ahead with the project.
 Sentence No.3.  In this country, about 1.5 million people are employed in tourism, and every year the tourist industry contributes 300 million dollars to the national economy.
 Sentence No.4.  His failure to get the promotion was a real blow to Peter Brown, who had been an assistant manager in the company for more than five years.
 Sentence No.5.  Youll earn a 5 percent interest on this type of deposit account, which is higher than the average interest rate, but therell be a penalty for early withdrawal.

Ⅱ. Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages. You will hear the passages ONLY ONCE. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOLLET. You may take notes while you are listening. Now, lets begin Passage Translation with the first passage.
Passage 1
 The trouble with living in the country is that its much too quiet. There arent enough things to do, and there are so few buses that you cannot get into town easily in the evening if you havent got a car. Shops and services are not near enough, either. And when it rains, some of the roads get too muddy to walk on. Yesterday it rained so much that I got covered in mud up to my knees just walking home from work.

Passage 2
 A common misconception about suicide is that most people who take their own lives are old and near death. The truth is that those under 50 are more likely to commit suicide than those over 50. Suicide, or taking ones own life, usually results from severe depression or inability to cope with failure in ones study and career. It is now the third leading cause of death among young people between age 15 and 25, and it is the second leading cause of death among university and college students.
 




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