2003 年 12 月英语二级口译实务试题及答案
Test for Interpreters of Level 2
Speeches for Consecutive Interpreting
Transcripts for the Recorded Speeches
Interpret the following passages from English into Chinese.
China is in the midst of a developmental stage where advanced management knowledge and techniques and advanced industrial automation technology and solutions are fundamental and necessary elements for China’s sustained growth and global competitiveness.
There is no one good definition of what industrial automation is. Perhaps the best definition is a simple one: industrial automation is the use of electronics to control and monitor a process or machinery. While there are many steps that China must take to ensure the appropriate development of its industrial base and supporting infrastructure, the utilization of advanced industrial automation is a critical step. Increases in productivity and efficiency are not possible without a high level of industrial automation.
If we were to look at the growth in productivity of U.S. industry from the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s, two pivotal factors stand out. The first is a revolution in management techniques and consequent restructuring of the American corporation. Management became results-focused, flatter and more distributed, with great participation by the work force.
The second pivotal factor was the infusion of advanced industrial automation into manufacturing and other automated processes. Together these two elements led to significant increases in productivity and efficiency. These increases led the way to sustained growth in the U.S. economy, so that by the late 1980s and the early 1990s the U.S. economy was growing faster than that of Japan for the first time in several decades.
China, which is now at its own critical industrial and management systems crossroads, can borrow from some of these experiences. China has an unparalleled opportunity to adopt advanced industrial automation as this technology moves into the new millennium and into the information era.
The future of industrial automation will be a networked future with a great reliance on wireless connectivity. Utilization of effective and open networks such as DeviceNet, ControlNet and Ethernet/IP, with their ability to connect to the Internet, allows for continuous control and feedback from the factory floor to the management office and beyond.
The factory floor and the management office can be linked continuously and in real time with suppliers, sales force and customers. Every part of this chain will be able to monitor, input to and adjust the manufacturing process and supporting activities.
The future of industrial automation will also very much be linked to software that is an open platform and is multifunctional. The right software package provides tremendous flexibility and agility in the manufacturing process.
Industrial software provides the operator interface and gateway from the factory floor to the Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system and even to the Internet to provide seamless flow of data and information so that the “Information Enabled Enterprise” can be managed in a more flexible, integrated, and efficient manner.
Ludwig van Beethoven was an unhappy genius. He had deep feelings that he could not express in words. He found the way to express these feelings in music, and this led to a new kind of music that is expressive.
Beethoven was born in the German city of Bonn, in 1770. His father was a singer in the Church choir, and he soon saw that Ludwig had musical ability. The father thought that Ludwig might be another wonder-child, like Mozart, and that he would make the family’s name and fortune. He forced the little boy to practice long hours on the violin.
Mozart’s father had been kind, but Beethoven’s father was impatient and often rough with him. Also, Beethoven’s father was not reliable in earning a living for his family. As young Ludwig grew up he had to take a great deal of responsibility. When he was 15, and was working in the Church as assistance organist, Ludwig was practically supporting the family.
But he had kind teachers and some good friends, and he was lucky enough to get a position playing the viola in the opera orchestra in Bonn. There he became familiar with the operas of Mozart and other composers, and he learned a great deal about the instruments of the orchestra and how they played together. This was to be valuable to him later in his own composing.
When he decided to go to Vienna to study, the Archbishop at Bonn paid for his journey and other friends gave him letters to noblemen in Vienna. Beethoven was a very fine pianist, besides being able to play the violin and other stringed instruments. The Viennese music-lovers quickly adopted him as a favorite concert performer. But they criticized every new work of Beethoven’s because it was too different.
The Viennese soon realized that they had an extraordinary genius living among them, and they made every effort to keep him. When Beethoven had an offer to go to another city as an orchestra conductor, three noblemen of Vienna banded together to pay him a regular income every year if he would stay with them. He stayed, and went on composing his big, powerful symphonies, concertos, piano sonatas and many other works.
But except for his music, Beethoven was not a happy man. Before he was 30, he began to grow deaf. This was a terrible misfortune for a musician. His deafness came slowly and he was able to continue playing concerts until he was 44. But 10 years later, when his great Ninth Symphony was performed for the first time, he could not hear at all. He was sitting on the stage at the performance, watching the conductor, and he had his back to the audience. One of the singers turned him around so that he could see the audience enthusiastically applauding this tremendous symphony.
Beethoven was a lonely man. Although he had fallen in love several times, he never married. His deafness made him still more lonely, for he would not go out in public at all. But he rose above his loneliness and deafness through his music. Even when he was totally deaf, he went on creating music that he could not hear except in his mind, expressing all the feelings he could not express to anyone in words.
Interpret the following passages from Chinese into English.
中国人民抗击“非典”的斗争赢得了国际社会的广泛同情和支持。不久前， 英政府决定向中国提供 500 万美元的援助，体现了英国人民对中国人民的深情厚 谊。中国有句老话， 患难见真情”，英方的友好举措博得了中国人民的高度评价与赞赏。
1986 年全国人大常委会副委员长班禅喇嘛在西康地区大法会上教诲信徒们， 要爱惜民族团结，维护祖国统一。
在中国，公民的信仰自由受到法律保护。目前全西藏在寺僧尼约有 14,000 多 人，另有 800 位宗教界人士在各级人大、政协、佛教协会和政府部门中工作。 据不完全统计，从 1978 年以来，中央和地方政府共投资 2,000 多万元人民币， 在西藏修复了 200 多座寺庙和 700 多所佛堂，使藏族同胞的正常宗教活动得到保证。
藏族是一个历史悠久，文化发达的民族。作为一个全民信教的民族，藏族的 文化又总是与宗教保持着千丝万缕的联系。宗教活动中有艺术形式，艺术活动中 有宗教因素，二者谁也离不开谁。
Test for Interpreters of Level 2
Speeches for Consecutive Interpreting
中国目前正处在一个发展的阶段。在这个阶段中，先进的管理知识和技术 以及先进的工业自动化技术和解决方案是十分必要的，对中国的持续发展和在全 球的竞争中起着根本的作用。 目前工业自动化还没有一个最佳的定义。也许最好的其实是一个很简单的定义：工业自动化就是使用电子技术来监控生产流程或机械设备。为了确保工业基础和配套设施的有序发展，中国需要采取很多措施，而其中利用先进的工业自动化是至关重要的。没有高水平的工业自动化，提高生产力和效率都是不可能的。如果我们看一看美国工业生产力从80年代中期到90年代中期的发展情况，就会发现两个重要的因素。首先是管理技术方面的革命和随之而来的对美国公司 的重组改造。改革后的管理更注重效果，管理层面减少，权利下放，企业职工参 与性更高。
第二个因素是将先进的工业自动化引入了制造业和其它自动化流程。这两 个因素共同作用大大提高了生产力和效率，使美国经济得以可持续发展，80 年 代末 90 年代初的发展速度几十年来第一次超过了日本。
生产车间和管理部门之间联网，与供应商、销售部门以及客户之间也可以 实现实时联网。在这条链中的任何一个环节都可以进行监控和输入，还可以调整 生产过程和生产支持。
未来的工业自动化将在很大程度上和有着开放性平台、多功能的软件系统联网。一套合适的软件包将使生产过程变得非常灵活，反应非常敏捷。工业软件将提供操作者平台，提供从车间到企业资源规划系统的通道，甚 至与英特网连接，提供源源不断的数据信息，从而进行更为灵活，更为有效的综 合性管理。这就叫做“信息化管理企业”。
贝多芬是一个不幸的天才。他有很多不能用语言表达的深沉情感，但他找到了用音乐表达这些情感的方法，从而产生了一种新的表现力极强的音乐。贝多芬于1770年生于德国的波恩。他的父亲是教堂唱诗班的歌手，不久就 发现儿子身上的音乐天分，认为他很可能成为象莫扎特一样的“神童”，为家族 带来声望和财富。他逼着儿子长时间地练琴。
莫扎特的父亲很仁慈，但贝多芬的父亲却十分暴躁，经常对他动粗。他还不 能正常地挣钱养家，这使得贝多芬很小就挑起了家庭的重担。贝多芬 15 岁时就 在教堂担任助理风琴师，挣钱养家。
但是，除了献身音乐外，贝多芬活得并不幸福。他在不到 30 岁时听力就开 始减退，这对一个搞音乐的人来说是巨大的不幸。耳聋来的还算缓慢，使他在 44 岁前还能参加音乐会演出。 但是，当10年后他的伟大的第九交响乐首演时，他已经什么也听不见了。他坐在舞台上看着指挥，却把背对着观众。一个歌手帮他转过身来，使他看到了观众正在为他的宏大的作品热情地鼓掌。
贝多芬是个性情孤僻的人，他多次恋爱，但从未成家。耳聋限制他出门社交， 使他变得更加孤独。但他通过音乐战胜了孤独和耳聋，在完全失聪的情况下，他 依旧不断创造着他只能在心灵中才能听到的音乐，倾诉着无法用语言诉说的情 感。
I am delighted to have the opportunity of this annual meeting of the British-Chinese Trade Association to convey my cordial greetings to friends from the British business community. Over the years, the Association has been active in supporting the development of Sino-British relations and has served as a bridge of friendly exchanges and a bond of mutually-beneficial cooperation. Hereby, I wish to express my warm congratulations on the convocation of the meeting and my sincere thanks to the Association and all the friends present here for your unremitting efforts and the outstanding contribution you have made in promoting Sino-British economic cooperation and trade.
Since the 16th National Party Congress, we have continued to take economic development as our central task and press ahead with reform and opening-up. We have been making steady progress in all our endeavors. Unfortunately, however, the epidemic of SARS struck parts of China all of a sudden. As it is a new type of disease and the humanity has not yet had full knowledge of it, there will be some time before we can effectively control and eventually eradicate the epidemic.
The Chinese Government is a highly responsible government. It has all along prioritized the health and safety of its people in its governance. Since the outbreak of the disease, we have taken a series of resolute measures to improve the mechanisms for emergency handling and social relief. We have launched throughout the country a decisive battle against SARS by relying on science and on our people. We know the task is enormously challenging, but we have the conviction to win the battle. In the battle against SARS, the Chinese people have won sympathy and support worldwide. Not long ago, the British Government decided to render five million US dollars worth of assistance to China. This is an embodiment of the deep friendship between our two peoples. We have a saying in China: “True friendship is seen in times of adversity” and in English “A friend in need is a friend indeed”. The friendly gestures of the British side have been highly acclaimed and appreciated by the Chinese people.
Britain boasts advanced medical science and technology, strong R & D capabilities and ample useful experience in the prevention and treatment of communicable diseases. We would like to enter into cooperation with you in this regard to learn from your strong points. The Chinese nation is a nation with the strength of fighting and advancing in adversities, and the Chinese government is a government that has the courage to face up to difficulties. We are deeply convinced that the Chinese people, with the support of the international community and the unyielding efforts of their own, will surely dispel the dark clouds of the epidemic and embrace greater prosperity and development.
In 1986, Panchen Lama, Deputy Chairman of the Standing Committee of the NPC, instructed his disciples at a grand religious ceremony in Xikang Prefecture to cherish ethnic solidarity and safeguard national unity.
In China, a citizen’s freedom to religious belief is protected by law. At present, there are about 14,000 monks and nuns throughout Tibet. Eight hundred religious personages work in the people’s congresses, political consultative conferences, Buddhist associations and government bodies of various levels.
According to available statistics, since 1978, the central and local governments have invested more than 20 million yuan for renovating around 200 temples and monasteries and 700 worship halls. The regular religious activities of Tibetan compatriots are guaranteed.
Tibetans have a long history and highly developed culture. As all Tibetans are religious believers, the Tibetan culture is intertwined with religion. One notices artistic form in the religious activities and religious factors in arts. They are inseparable.