Part I Listen to the following dialogue and interpret it as required. After you hear a sentence or a short passage in Chinese, interpret it into English by speaking to the microphone. And after you hear an English sentence or short passage, interpret it into Chinese. You will hear the dialogue only once.
Smith: Earth Day was started in 1970. It was set to help raise the general public’s environmental awareness. For one thing, it provides a special day to remind people to take care of the Earth. It also gives special interest and environmental groups an opportunity to motivate their members to take action in their communities.
Smith: That is certainly true. By the year 2005, there will be 7 billion people on the planet. I personally think that recycling is the answer. Paper, metal, rubber, oil, and many other materials are going to have to be recycled on a much greater scale. Everyone will have to be involved. Perhaps even special legislation will be required. It is true that we are losing millions of hectares every year to housing and roads. But there is still a lot of undeveloped land that could be used for both farming and housing. And science and technology is helping us to get more out of the land that is used for farming.
Smith: I will probably attend our city’s annual “Earth Day” celebrations and then help pick up the mountain of garbage left over.
Part II Interpret the following passage from English to Chinese.
On August 31, 1997, Lady Diana Spencer, former wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, was killed with her companion Dodi Fayed in a car accident in Paris.
Tests conducted by French police indicated that the driver, who also died in the crash, was intoxicated and likely caused the accident while trying to escape the paparazzi photographers who consistently tailed Diana during any public outing.
Sixteen years earlier, nearly four billion people in 74 countries had tuned in to witness the marriage of Prince Charles, heir to the British throne, to Lady Diana, a young English schoolteacher. Married in a grand ceremony at St Paul’s Cathedral in the presence of 2,650 guests, the couple’s romance was for the moment the envy of the world.
However, before long the fairy-tale couple grew apart, an experience that was particularly painful under the ubiquitous eyes of the world’s tabloid media.
In August 1996, two months after Queen Elizabeth II urged the couple to divorce, the prince and princess reached a final agreement.
In exchange for a generous settlement, and the right to retain her apartments at Kensington Palace and her title of princess, Diana agreed to relinquish the title of “Her Royal Highness” and any future claims to the British throne.
In the year between the divorce and her fatal car accident, the popular princess seemed well on her way of achieving her dream of becoming “a queen in people’s hearts.”
Part III Interpret the following passage from Chinese to English.
Zhao: So what is the purpose of “Earth Day”, how did it get started and what exactly has it accomplished?
Zhao: That all sounds nice. But compared with progress made in environmental protection, nothing seems to have changed in population explosion, ozone depletion, global warming and that sort of thing. Let’s face it, the more people on the earth, the more resources will be used up and the more waste there will be. What are we going to do if we run out of land for food? We must not take the issue lightly.
Zhao: So what are you going to do for Earth Day this year?
Minister Zhao Qizheng of the State Council Information Office said at the opening ceremony, China and the U.S. are two great nations, and their relationship is not only highly important to the two countries, but also to peace and development the world over.
During his first visit to China in 1972, President Nixon said that to the American people China was a remote and mysterious country on the other side of the Pacific Ocean. Nearly 30 years later, this sense of mystery has reduced remarkably, but the level of mutual understanding between the two countries is still very far from where it should have been.
Understanding and friendship of the two peoples are the foundation stone of bilateral relationship. China Cultural Exchange 2000 is designed precisely to lay such a foundation stone.