Part A: Spot Dictation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the word or words you have heard on the tape. Write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the passage ONLY ONCE.
You might think that hamburgers were invented in the United States, but that is not totally true. These________ (1), or patties, actually came from Germany in the middle of the nineteenth century. They were brought to the United States by________(2) who came from the city of Hamburg. That is why ________(3)was "hamburger steak'
However, people in other place________(4) that 'they invented the hamburger. Perhaps we'll never have a ________(5).the there's no question that the hamburger was a________ (6). Why? Perhaps because at that time, industry was growing and a kind of food was need_________(7) for workers.
The hamburger became even more popular_________(8) when the first chain of fast food restaurants was started. This chain was called “White Castle”. It served tiny hamburgers that were sold for only _________(9). Then, in the 1930s there came the _________(10) where customers were served in their cars by waiters in uniform. And the humburger was one of the most _________(11).
By now, The hamburger was ready to_______(12) the world. And this happened with McDonald’s, which was actually a _________(13) at first. But by the early 1950s the hot dog was replaced by the hamburger. McDonald’s and other fast food restaurants ________(14) around the world throughout the rest of the twentieth century. McDonald’s alone has________(15) for everyone person in the world.
The importance of the hamburger to _________(16) remains significant. About _______(17)of all sandwiches that are eaten are hamburgers. According to some sources,_________(18)of current workers in the United States had their first job at McDonald’s . But the face of the hamburger is changing _______ (19). Nowadays it is possible to buy a chicken burger, a turkey burger, ________(20),or veggie burger.
Part B: Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short statements. These statements will be spoken ONLY ONCE and you will not find them written on the paper, so you must listen carefully. When you hear a statement, read the answer choices and decide which one is closest in meaning to the statement you have heard .Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSER BOOKLET.
l. (A) We were met by the head of the company at the airport.
(B) We haw Mrs. Jones was the president of the company,.
(C) Mrs. Jones used to be the secretary of the company
(D) Mrs. Jones came to see us off at the airport.,
2. (A) The board of directors asked about the changes.
(B) The board 'of directors decided to invest more on the project.
(C) The board of directors approved the revisions.
(D) The board of directors could not understand her explanation.
3. (A) Many university students prefer soft drinks to fresh fruits.
(B) Most of them are first-or-second year college students
(C) A number of college students refuse to disclose their identities
(D) Not many students are interested in our research projects.
4. (A) We decided to sell the car when the oil Prices rose.
(B) We should not delay solving the problem of oil prices.
(C) We were at a loss as to whether to buy that expensive car or not.
(D) We didn't buy a car because of the floating oil prices.
5. (A )Most of them are from low-income belies.
(B) Most of them are in favor of a tax cut.
(C) I know the Congress will veto the tax reform.
(D) I propose the tax reform be debated in the Congress.
6. (A) Effective self management skills are key to academic and career success.
(B) If you spend a lot of time on your school work, you will become a good manager later
(C) School work can be time-consuming and is likely to make you feel exhausted after class.
(D) Good management calls for more time and energy on the part of the academic staff
7. (A) Mr. Paul White has just been fired.
(B) Mr. Paul White has forgotten the woman's name.
(C) Mr. Paul White is looking for a job.
(D) Mr. Paul White has the woman Promoted.
8. (A) I shall give you a discount
(B) The crisis is affecting the Whole world.
(C) I shall come in my Sunday best.
(D) The price is still too high.
9. (A) He finished the negotiation in three days.
(B) He was on a business trip ten days ago.
(C) His toughness cost him three more days.
(D) His business trip lasted thirteen days.
l0. (A) We are sure that our children will become positive members of the changing society.
(B) Children with self esteem can make positive adjustment and achieve career success.
(C) Personal goals can be reached with the help of parents who are competent members of the society
(D) Parents with confidence will adapt themselves to the changes and accomplish personal goals.
2. Talks and Conversations
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear several short talks and conversations. After each of these, you will hear after questions. Listen carefully because you will hear the talk or conversation and questions ONLY ONCE when you hear a question, read the four answer choices and choose the best answer to that question. Then write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
l 1. (A) The products were all made from fresh vegetables and fruits
(B) The homemade products were actually made in the factory
(C) The factory was equipped with the most sophisticated machinery
(D) There were homemade fresh vegetables and fruits in the factory
l2. (A) You are special. (B) You are natural.
(C) You are stupid. (D) You are dumb
l3. (A) To better explain how to use that product.
(B) To help reduce the promotion cost of that product.
(C) To induce more famous people to use that product.
(D) To get TV viewers to remember that product.
l4. (A) Be easily affected by other products.
(B) Be aware of the same kind of product.
(C) Stick to that particular product. -
(D) Strike a bargain for other products.
l5. (A) A flight over time zones. (B) A loss of one's characters.
(C) A symptom of leg problems. (D) A condition of sleep disorders.
l6. (A) Six hours. (B) Seven hours.
(C) Eight hours (D) Nine hours.
l7. (A) Avoid junk food, salty foods, caffeine and alcohol.
(B) Drink as little water as possible between meals
(C) Take drinks with less Sugar, carbonation or caffeine
(D) Always have other fluid on the plane.
l8. (A) Sleep as soon as possible.
(B) Nap even during daytime.
(C) Get a good night's sleep.
(D) Relax yourself in a cafe.
l9. (A) He is overweight. (B) He is seriously ill
(C) He is down with cold. (D) He is hale and hearty
20. (A) Two (B) Ten.
(C) twenty (D) Thirty
2l. (A) It is the best (B) It is nutritious.
(C) It is not enough (D) It is no healthy.
22. (A) the man is a heavy smoker
(B) The man is rather short.'
(C) The man drives a car
(D) The man works with a computer.''
23. (A) Chainman of the African Club.
(B) Chainman of the International Club.
(C) Chainman of the Irish Club.
(D) Chainman of the Folk Music Club.
24. (A) Once a week (B) Once a month
(C) Once a semester (D) Once a year
25. (A) The minutes of the last meeting.
(B) The treasurer's report.
(C) The Scottish and Irish Folk Dances.
(D) The International Display Week.
26. (A) to help the students from the same countries overcome their homesickness and other problems.
(B) To set up booths decorated with pictures and things of interest in the respective countries.
(C) To recruit anyone who can sew to help make costumes so that every club member can wear their national costume.
(D) To teach the American students Scottish and Irish folk dances during the special even of the display.
27. (A) In Bath (B) In London.
(C) In York (D) In the suburbs.
28. (A) Students live in halls residence around the university buildings.
(B) Students are encouraged to conduct their independent research project
(C) Students first live in halls of residence and then are allowed to move out.
(D) Students can share the common rooms with faculty members.
29. (A) She couldn't find a room in the residential hall.
(B) She could save money to pay for her studies.
(C) She could mix well with the local people.
(D) She could live in a comfortable house.
30. (A) Give her some advice on how to strike a bargain.
(B) Introduce her to the local people
(C) Help her with the volunteer work.
(D) Show her around the ancient cathedral city#p#副标题#e#
Part C: Listening and Translation
1. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 sentences in English. You will hear the sentences ONLY ONCE. After you have heard each sentence, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
2. Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages in English. You will hear the passage ONLY ONCE. After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. You may take notes while you are listening.
SECTION 2: STUDY SKILLS (45 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you wiIl read several passages. Each passage is followed by several questions based on its content. You are to choose ONE best answer, (A), (B), (C) or (D), to each question. Answer all the questions following each passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
I came across an old country guide the other day.It listed all the tradesmen in each village in my part of the country,and it was impressive to see the great variety of services which were available on one's own doorstep in the late Victorian countryside.
Nowadays a superficial traveler in rural Eng1and might conclude that the only village tradesmen still flourishing were either selling frozen food to the inhabitants or selling antiques to visitors. Nevertheless, this would really be a false impression. Admittedly there has been a contraction of village commerce, bul its vigor is still remarkable.
Our local grocer's shop, for example, is actually expanding in spite of the competition from supermarkets in the nearest town. Women sensibly prefer to go there and exchange the local news whi1e doing their shopping, instead of queueing up anonymously at a supermarket. And the proprietor knows well that persona1 service has a substantial cash value.
His Prices may be a bit higher than those in the town, bu he will deliver anything at any time. His assistants think nothing of bicycling down the village street in their lunch hour to take a piece of cheese to an old age pensioner who sent her order by word of mouth with a friend who happened to be passing. The more affluent customers telephone their shopping lists and the goods are on their doorsteps within an hour.They have only to hint at a fancy for some commodity outside the usual stock and the grocer a red-faced figure, instantly obtains it for them..
The village gains from this sort of enterprise, of course. But I also find it satisfactory because a village shop offers one of the few ways in which a modest individualist can still get along in the world without attaching himself to the big battalions of industry or commerce.
Most of the village shopkeepers I know, at any rate, are decidedly individualist in their ways. For example, our shoemaker is a formidable figure: a thick-set, irritable man whom children treat with marked respect, knowing that an ill-judged word can provoke an angry eruption at any time. He stares with contempt at the pairs of cheap, mass-produced shoes taken to him for repair: has it come to this, he seems to be saying, that he, a craftsman, should have to waste his skills upon such trash? But we all know he will in fact do excellent work upon them.And he makes beautiful shoes for those who can afford such luxury.
1.The services available in villages nowadays are normally_________.
(A) fewer but still very active
(B) less successful than earlier but managing to survive
(C) active in providing food for the village and tourists
(D) surprisingly energetic considering the little demand for them
2.The local grocer’s shop is expanding even though________.
(A) town shops are more attractive
(B) town shops are larger and less well-known
(C) people like to shop where they are less well-known
(D) people get extra service in townshops
3.How do the village grocer’s assistants feel about delivering goods?
(A) They tend to forget it. (B) They will not consider it.
(C) They take it for granted. (D) It does not seem worth their while
4.Another aspect of personal service available in the village shop is that_________.
(A) there is a wide range of goos available
(B) goods not in stock can be obtained whenever they are needed
(C) special attention is given to the needs of wealthier customers
(D) goods are always restocked before they run out
5.In what way is the village shoemaker a “formidable figure”?
(A) He seems to pay little attention to public opinion.
(B) He refuses to mend cheap,mass-produced shoes.
(C) He has a very rough temper.
(D) He has very high standards of workmanship.
Drivers on the Basingstoke by-pass used to have their attention diverted by a sign that read—A MOMENT'S INATTENTION CAUSES ACCIDENTS. This self-defeating warning has now been removed, but its message is still very much to the point.
Almost anyting can cause an accident. Apart from momentary inattention, it might be a minor miscalculation, a sudden fit of coughing, a bop on the head with a teddy-bear from a child in the back seat, an argument with the wife, fog, falling asleep at the wheel, bad eyesight, a glaring sun, ice, rain, wind, or snow—a1l these can make the difference between a tragic hit and a lucky miss.
Although human error plays its part, it is by no means the only cause of accidends. There must be some cause other than simple human error. Road construction plays its part: researchers have found that it is not at the obvious danger spot—sharp corners, cross-roads, narrow lanes—that accidents happen. It is on those roads where there are subtle visual traps, unexpected changes in the shape or surface of the .road, or even insufficient or badly-placed signs. Wherever there is a 'black spot', it means that something is seriously wrong with the road. Why else did the careless driving of so many come out at that particular spot?
What the law requires when you have an accident
There are, firstly the legal formalities of exchanging names and addresses with others involved in an accident and, in certain cases, informing the police.However, you are required by law to stop after an accident only if:
l Somebody other than yourself in or outside your car has been injured.
2 A vehicle not your own has been damaged.
3 Any horse, cow,donkey,sheep, or dog has been injured.
It has been said that if a driver continues unaware of causing injury he must be acquitted. But the courts are wary of that excuse. Furthermore, the driver himself must wait at the scene; it is not enough for him to leave his chauffeur or a friend to attend to the boring formalities while he goes off on more important business.
If you have been involved in an accident and have stopped, you must give your name, address, and registration number to anyone who has a good reason for requesting it; this means anyone affected by the accident. If these formalities are complied with it is not necessary to wait for the arrival of the police. It is, however, often wise to do so. The police are expert at drawing plans, taking measurements and photographs and gathering other evidence. In your absence the police could be given a biased story against you; and you yourself migh wam to point out certain features of the accident to the police.
6. A MOMENT'S INATTENTION CAUSES ACCIDENTS' (para. l) is a self defeating Warning because______.
(A) it will make a driver wait at the scene
(B) it will distract the driver's attention
(C) it is too difficult to understand
(D) it is too long to be read by drivers
7. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?
(A) After an accident you have to give your name to anyone who asks for it.
(B) Drivers on the Basingstoke by-pass used to ignore the sign.
(C) Road construction problems can be a major cause of accidents.
(D) A 'black spot' is a part of the road where there are no signs.
8. 'Subtle visual traps' (para.3) are ______.
(A) places where the police hide in order to trap motorists
(B) parts of the road which are deceptive to the driver's eye
(C) danger spots such as sharp corners and cross-roads
(D) places where there are man road-signs
9. As required by the law, you must stop after an accident, if ______.
(A) you have been injured by somebody.
(B) your car has been damaged.
(C) you have injured somebody else
(D) you have witnessed the accident
l 0. After an accident it is recommended that you wait for the police because _________.
(A) it is against the law to drive off
(B) they have to examine your licence and insurance certificate
(C) they have to noto the position of your car
(D) somebody may give them a false account of the accident
Just as word oil scarcity is already causing intemational conflicts, so will the scarcity of water reach a point where wars will break out. The statistics on water are already scary. Already well over l billion people suffer from water shortages and 30 countries get more than a third of their water from outside their borders—an obvious source of disputes and instability especially as the climate changes. The whole of the sub-Saharan Africa, most of South Asia and western South America are most at risk. The reason: the rapid melting of glaciers due to global warning.
At the meeting of the coalition of 27 Intemaional charities last month, Gareth Thomas, minister of Intenatonal Development of the British government, wrote to prime minister Gordon Brown demanding action to ensure fresh water to 1.1 billion people with poor supplies. "If we do not act now, the reality is that water supplies may become the subject of international conflict in the years ahead. We need to invest now to prevent us having to pay that price in the future", Thomas said. The department warned that two-thirds of theword's population will live in water-stressed countries by 2025.
The coalition of charities has appealed for a global effort to bring running water to the developing world and supply sanitation to a further 2.6 billion people. It said that international investment is needed now to prevent competition for water to destabilize communities and escalate into conflicts.
Tackling the water and sanitation crisis is essential if the Millennium Development Goal Call to Action is to be a success. Otherwise, progress on health, education, and environment sustainability will be undermined. Each year 443 million school days are lost globally to diarrhea and 1.8 million children die from these diseases. In fact, it is often not realized tha investing in sanitation and water brillgs the greatest public health gains, more than any other single development intervention and delivers enormous economic gains.Already, some Asian countries have put tackling these issues at the forefront of theirdevelopment efforts. The Millennium Development Goals aim to halve the proportion of people without access to safe drinking water by 20l5. To achieve that urgent action needs to be taken.
There is no doubt that climate change is potentially the most important factor affecting water shor tage. This, compounded with a growing and increasingly urbanized global population will put pressure on food and water.For a temperature rise of 2°C, which is likely to happen by 2050, there would be a catastrophic 2 to 3 billion people suffering from water stress.
11. What does the author think is primarily responsible for water shortages in the world ?
(A) Climate chance. (B) Border dispute.
(C) World competition. (D) Political instability
12. According to Gareth Thomas, _______ is the price we have to pay for water shortage if we do not take immediate action.
(A ) sanitation crisis (B) intemational conflict
(C) global warming (D) over-urbanization
13. What can the coalition of charities do to prevent competition for water ?
(A) Appealing for international investment.
(B) Bringing running water to the developing world.
(C) Supplying sanitation to billions of water-stressed people.
(D) Enhancing world environment sustainability
13. The Millennium Development Goals aim to_______ in the near future.
(A) tackle the water and sanitation crisis
(B) yield economic gains as well as public health gains
(C) mak progress on health, education and environment sustainability
(D) provide more people with clean drinking water
15. According to the passage, what will add to water shortage ?
(A) Oil scarcity.
(B) A drop in temperature
(C) A growing population.
(D) Reduced food supply
Parenting was never a piece of cake in any age, but probably the greatest source of headache for parents today in Japan is the ubiquitous cellphone. Today, 96 percent of senior high school students and 58 percent of junior high school students have cellphones. Even among primary school children, 3l percent have them.
By enabling youngsters to stay connected with their parents at all times, these gadgets help to keep children safe. For the kids, they are fun toys, too, that let them text to or chat with their pals whenever they wat, play Intemet games, and enjoy blogging for their own profile and diary purposes.
But terrible dangers lurk beneath all that fun and convenience.
Every year about l,000 children become involved in rape and other crimes through dating service sites. Violent and obscene images are only a couple of clicks away. On gakkoura saito, or so-called unofficial school websites where kids can post whatever they want, anyone can fall victim to brutal ''verbal mob lynching" by their peers.
Amid today's urgent need to address these problems, the government’s Meeting on Education Rebuilding has issued a report. In response to the Prime Minister's recent comments---“I carmot think of one good reason for (letting youngsters) have a cellphone" and "I would like everyone to discuss whether cellphones are really necessary:" ----the report recommended that "parents, guardians, schools and all parties concerned should cooperate among themselves, so that elementary school pupils and junior high school students do not have a cellphone unless there is a compelling reason for them to do so."
But since many parents believe in the necessity of cellphones as a safety tool, it is unrealistic to expect everyone to do away with them. Rather, it would make more sense for guardians, schools and cellphone companies to consider, from their respective standpoints,how cellphones should be used by children.
We suggest that parents sit down with their offspring and talk about their “houserules”for cellphone use. For instance, sct the hours allowed, so the kids won't be texting to their friends late into the night, remind them never to give away personal information online, and so on..
But there are limits to what individual families can do, and this is where we also suggest that schools should educate their pupils on the dangers of cellphone use. One way to go about this, for instance, may be for each class to set its own rules on sending e-mail messages.
16. The word "ubiquitous" (para. l) is closest in meaning to ________.
(A) updated (B) sophisticated
(C) prevalent (D) obsolete
17. Many parents let their kids have cellphones because they ________.
(A) want their kids to keep up with the IT World
(B) can't think of anything better for their kids to have fun
(C) don't want their kids to miss 'what other kids have
(D) believe cellphones endble them to stay connected
18. Which of the following is NOT the potential risk kids may face when using cellphones?
(A) Involvement in rape-related crime
(B) Exposure to violent and obscene images
(C) Falling victim to brutal curses.
(D) Being tracked down by unofficial school websites.
19. The report issued by the government’s Meeting on Education Rebuilding______.
(A) recommended minimizing the use of cellphones among kids
(B) suggested setting “house rules” for cellphone use
(C) urged parents to remind their children about ce1lphone use
(D) pressed schools to educate their pupils on the dangers of cellphone use
20. What is the main idea of the passage?
(A) Parents neglect to protect their kids from cellphones.
(B) Parenting with cellphones is a source of headache.
(C) Cellphones should be banned from campus.
(D) Kids need lessons on the uses of cellphones
A stylish dining room with cream walls and curtains and black carpet as perfect foil to an eclectic array of furniture. Many of the pieces are classics of their particular era, and demonstrate how old and new designs can be happily mixed together Thc prototype chair in the foreground has yet to prove its staying power and was thought up by the flat's occupant. He is pictured in his living room which has the same decorative theme and is linked to the dining room by a high Medieval-styled archway where was once a redundant and uninspiring fireplace.
Old bathrooms often contain a great deal of ugly pipework in need of disguising. This can either be done by boxing in the exposed pipes, or by fitting wood paneling over them.
As wood paneling can be secured over almost anyting---including oid ceramic tiles and chipped walls--- is an effective way of disguising pipework as well as being an attractive form of decoration. The paneling can be vertical, horizontal or diagonal.
An alternative way to approach the problem of exposed pipes is to actually make them a feature of the room by picking the pipework out in bright strong colours.
Cooking takes second place in this charming room which, with its deep armchairs, is more of a sitting room than a kitohen, and th6 ntw RaybUm stove as a good choice, as it blends in well with the old brick and beamed fireplace. There are no fitted units or built-in appliances, so all food preparation is done at the big farmbouse table in the foreground; and the china, pots and pans have been deliberately left on show to make an attractive display. What about the kitchen sink? It's hidden away behind an archway which leads into a small scullery. Here there's a second cooker and--- in the best farmhouse tradition--- a huge walk-in larder for all food storage.
2l. Why is the colour of the carpet described in Extract l a particular advantage?
(A) It livens up the colour in an otherwise dull room.
(B) It provides a contrast to the furniture.
(C) It blends in with the tones of the furniture.
(D) It gives the room a classical style.
22. What is the purpose of the archway described in Extract 1 ?
(A) To hide an unattractive fireplace.
(B) To give the room an exotic eastem style.
(C) To join the dining room with the sitting room
(D) To make room for the unusual seating arrangements.
23. Extract 2 is probably taken from ________.
(A) an architect's blueprint
(B) a plumber’s manual
(C) a home renovation magazine
(D) an advertisement for new bathrooms
24. Extracts 2 and 3 deal with _________.
(A) old and classic furniture
(B) attractive colour schemes
(C) cheap improvement schemes
(D) home decoration
25. Compared with Extract l the room described in Extract 3 appears to _______.
(A) be more comfortable
(B) be more colourful
(C) contain more furniture
(D) posspss a greater variety of style
Large parts of the world have not enjoyed the remarkale global progress in health conditions that have taken place over the past century. Indeed, millions of deaths in impoverished nations are avoidable with prevention and treatment options that the rich world already uses. This year, l0 million children will die in low-and middle-income countries. If child death rates were the same as those in developed countries this figuer would be lower than 1 million. Conversely, if child death rates were those of rich countries just 100 years ago, the figure would be 30 million. Today's tools for improving health are so powerful and inexpensive that health conditions could be reasonably good even in poor countries if policy makers spent even relatively little in the right places.
Recent research for the Copeghagen Consensus idenifies several highly cost-effective options that would tackle some of the planet's most urgent health problems. The most promising investment is in tuberculosis treatment. Some 90 percent of the l.6 million tuberculosis deaths in 2003 occurred in low-and middle-income countries. Because tuberculosis affects working-age people, it can be a trigger of household poverty .The comerstone of control is prompt treatment using first-line drugs, which doesn't require a sophisticated health system. Spending $l billion on tuberculosis treatment in a year would save l million lives. Because good health accompanies higher levels of national economic welfare in the long run, the economic benefits are worth $30 billion.
The second most cost-effective investment is tackling hewt disease. Heart disease migh not seem like a pressing issue for poor nations, but it represents more than a quarter of their death toll. Measures to reduce risk factors other than smoking--high intake or saturated animal fat, obesity, binge drinking of alcohol, physical inactivity , and low fruit and vegetable consumption-- have had little success. Treating acute heart attacks with inexpensive drugs is, however, cost-effective. Spending $200 million could avert several hundred thousand deaths, yielding benefits that are 25 times higher than costs.
The third option is prevention and treatment of malaria. A billion dollars would expand the provision of insecticide-treated bed-nets and facilitate provision of highly effective treatment. This would save more than a million child deaths and produce economic benefits worth $20 billion.
The fourth altermative for policymakers is to focus on child health initiatives. The best measures are familiar ones expanding immunization coverage, promoting breasfeeding, increasing the use of simple and cheap treatments for diarrhea and childhood pneumonia, and so on.
Even if the costs of all these initiatives were two or three times higher than we estimate, these efforts would still provide amazing opportunities to reduce health inequality and do good in the world.
26. Over the past century, the child death rates hatve _________.
(A ) climbed steadily in impoverished countries
(B) dropped remarkably in developed countries
(C) fluctuated wildly in low-incoine countries
(D) remained stable in middle-income countries
27. The most effective investment is in the treatment for ________.
(B) heart disease
28.All of the following could be the contributing factors to heart disease EXCETP________.
(A) heavy smoking
(B) binge drinking
(C) saturated animal fat intake
(D) vegetable consumption
29.According to the author, if $ l billion were invested in the prevention and treatment of heart discase, whih of the following economic benefits would be produced?
(A) $20 billion.
(B) $25 billion.
(C) $30 billion.
(D) $35 billion.
30. What would be the best title for this passage ?
(A) Best Options for Tackling World’s Killer Diseases.
(B) Cost-effective Investment in Impoverished Nations.
(C) Health Inequality between Developed and Developing Countries.
(D) Earth’s Killer Diseases: Tuberculosis, HeartAttak and Malaria...
SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST (1) (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write your version in the corrsponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
In a normal recession, the to-do list is clear. Copies of Keynes are dusted off, the Fed lowers interest rates, the president and Congress cut taxes and hike spending. In time, purchasing, production and loans perk up, and Keynes is placed back on the shelf. No larger alterations to the economy are made, because our economy, but for the occasional bump in the road, is fundamentally sound.This has been the drill in every recession since World War II.
Republicans and Democrats argue over whose taxes should be cut the most and which projects should be funded, but under public pressure to do something, they usually find some mutually acceptable midpoint and enact a stimulus package. Even in today's hyperpartisan Washington, the odds still favor such a deal. This time, though, don’t expect that to be the end of the story-----because the coming recession will not be normal, and our economy is not fundamentally sound. This time around, the nation will have to craft new versions of some of the reforms that Franklin Roosevelt created to steer the nation out of the Great Depression.
SECTION 4: TRANSLATION TEST (2) (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into English and write your version in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
You might think that hamburgers were invented in the United States, but that is not totally true. These round, flat cakes or patties actually came from Germany in the middle of the 19th century. They were brought to the United States by German immigrants who came from the city of Hamburg. That is why their name was Hamburger Stake.
However, people in other places claim that they invented the hamburger. Perhaps we'll never have a clear answer. But there is no question that the hamburger was a great hit. Why? Perhaps because at that time, industry was growing and a kind of fast, practical and cheap food was needed for workers.
The hamburger became even more popular in the 1920s when the first chain of fast food restaurants was started. This chain was called "White Castle". It served tiny hamburgers that were sold for only 5 cents each. Then, in the 1930s there came the drive-in restaurant where customers were served in their cars by waiters in uniform. And the hamburger was one of the most popular menu items.
By now, the hamburger was ready to conquer the world. And this happened with McDonald's, which was actually a hot dog stand at first. But by the early 1950s the hot dog was replaced by the hamburger. McDonald's and other fast food restaurants spring up around the world throughout the rest of the 20th century. McDonald's alone has sold 12 hamburgers for every person in the world.
The importance of the hamburger to U.S. culture remains significant. About 60% of all sandwiches that are eaten are hamburgers. According to some sources, 7% of current workers in the Untied States had their first job at McDonald's. But the face of the hamburger is changing according to the times. Nowadays it is possible to buy a chicken burger, a turkey burger, a fish burger or a veggie burger.
1. Mrs. Jones came to us at the airport. We thought she was the secretary but she turned out to be the president of the company.
2. After Susan carefully explained her ideas at the board meeting last week, the directors all voted for the change she's made concerning the proposed project.
3. Of the students participating in our university's research project, 73% classified themselves as freshmen and sophomores.
4. Originally we had planned to buy a car by the end of last year, but then with the recent fluctuation of the crude oil prices we decided to postpone the purchase.
5. Most people I know are interested in the proposed tax reform being debated in the congress because they hope it will lower taxes for them.
6. If you're good at managing your own time and energy, it is very likely that you can do well both in your schoolwork and for your career
7. Mr. Paul White, thank you very much for your inquiry, but I feel the position more suits a female applicant. Anyway, I will keep your name on file.
8. Is this your best quote? I thought prices will be coming down now given the current situation of financial and economic crisis.
9. Last month our manager took a ten-day business trip to Chicago, but he had to stay there for 3 more days as the negotiation turned out to be a tougher one.
10. When our children are made confident that they are positive and competent individuals, they will adapt themselves to the changing society and successfully accomplish personal goals.
Talks and Conversations
Passage one (Q11-14)
W：What are you laughing about?
M: I just saw the silliest advertisement on TV for German soups. It's said our products are home-made with the freshest vegetables and fruits. Then a scene in the factory showed that products were prepared and packed by the most sophisticated machinery.
W: And I am sure that the word NATURAL was put on the jars and cans of the products. I think the stupidest advertisements are those that imply that you are one of a kind. If you buy the product, you will be a very special person. Now you will be just like every other one of the 20 million people who bought it.
M: That's really silly. But to me, the dumbest of them all is when advertisers put a celebrity on TV to talk about a particular brand of soap or about a particular car. I bet that the celebrity's never used the product before they got the job of appearing in the commercial.
W: Yeah! But most of these commercials work and people remember the product.
M: I agree, here we are talking about ads we've seen, aren't we? We are all influenced by those celebrities and brand names.
W: I think teenagers are specially vulnerable. Advertisers try to get teenagers used to a brand because they know that in later years, the teenagers will stick to that particular product of theirs.
Question 11: What in the advertisement has made the man laugh?
Question 12: When some ads imply that you are one of a kind, what does that mean?
Question 13: Why does the advertiser put a celebrity on TV to talk about a particular product?
Question 14: According to the woman, what will teenagers do if they are used to a brand?
Passage two (Q15-18)
Many of you may have heard of "jetlag", which is a condition of sleep disorders resulting from rapid travel over time zones such as on a jet plane. The symptoms of jetlag can be quite varied and may include: loss of appetite, nausea, headache, fatigue, insomnia or even mild depression. Here are few tips for you to avoid jetlag or cope if you are stricken by the condition. First adjust your biological rhythm several days before your departure. And develop a plan to start switching to the time zone of your destination. For instance, if you will be flying from New York to Paris where it is 6 hours later, get up one hour earlier for a couple of days, then two hours earlier, then three hours earlier. I would try to at least get half way to a new time zone. Turn lights on during daytime in your destination and off during the night time. Second, during the time of your adjustment and especially during the flight, drink plenty of water. If you are not a big water fan, drink some other fluid that is not high in sugar, carbonation or caffeine. Avoid junk food, salty foods, caffeine and alcohol on the plane. Of course I say that, but I always have a couple of drinks during the flight, if you do that, just be sure to drink as much water between drinks as possible. Thirdly, when you arrive in your destination, try to resist the urge to nap during day time, get outside during the daylight hours, even if it's just to sit in a café and relax. Try to get a good night's sleep for the first couple nights. The key is to reset your body's natural clock and to get enough rest. Finally when you return home, use some of the same tactics above to return to your previous time zone.
Q15. What's the speaker's definition of jetlag?
Q16.What's the difference of the time zones between New York and Paris?
Q17.What does the speaker recommend if you do not want to drink much water during the flight?
Q18. According to the speaker, what should you try to do once you arrive at the destination?
Passage 3 (Q19-22)
F: Come in Mr. Edison, take a seat.
M: Good morning doctor.
F: Now let's get a few details. Shall we? First, your age, now you're 40?
M: Er, 35 actually, doctor.
F: Right, 35. And your weight?
M: About, 105 kilos.
F: That's rather a lot for your height, don't you think?
M: Yes, Well, I don't get much exercise, doctor.
F: And what kind of work do you do exactly?
M: I work with computers.
F: So you sit most of the day, is that right?
M: All day.
F: Right, so tell me, do you smoke?
M: Well, I used to smoke 20-30 a day, but now it's about 10.
F: Emm, Have you had any illness likely?
M: Nothing serious, just usual coughs and colds.
F: I see. Now, let's talk about your diet. What have you eaten this morning, for example?
M: I've had two fried eggs, 5 bread, toast, butter and jam, and oh, 3 cups of tea.
F: Well, Mr. Edison, that isn't the best diet now, is it? What else do you normally eat?
M: Beef burgers a lot, Chips.
F: Dear Oh dear. And what about exercise do you have Mr. Edison? Do you play any Sports?
M: Er, can't say I do really.
F: Well Mr. Edison this is all rather serious. I think we have to Change a few things in your life. Firstly I recommend that you stop smoking completely. Secondly, you need to get some exercise, walk, instead of drive Mr. Edison. Join a sports club. And lastly, we must make some changes to your diet. No more fried foods, no more chips, and beef burgers, good healthy vegetables, boiled potatoes, grilled meat and fish.
Q19. What does the woman say about the man's health?
Q20. How many cigarettes does the man smoke each day now?
Q21. What does the woman think of the man's breakfast?
Q22. Which of the following can not be concluded from the conversation?
Passage 4 (Q23-26)
May I have your attention, ladies and gentlemen? Since the International club meets only once every semester for this special event, the first thing on our agenda is to have the secretary read the minutes of the last meeting. So when I finish this opening speech, the secretary will read the minutes of our meeting for the last semester. And then we'll go through our annual treasurer's report and decide whether it can be accepted or not.
At the top of our agenda, and I'm sure in everyone's mind, is the International Display Week. It has been proposed for discussion. I was chairman of the African club, and now as chairman of the International club, I know more than anyone else the importance of such a display week.
Let me explain. There are ten foreign clubs here representing the foreign students on our campus. The purpose of these clubs is, first of all, to get the students from the same countries together, so we won't get too homesick, and so we can help each other over the rough spots. And secondly, so that the American students can join the club of their interest and learn about our culture as we learn theirs.
Now, about the display. Some of you old hands will have to help me out, as there was so much going on I can't remember at all. Let me see. There are the Scottish folk dance and Irish one, too. We'll team up with the folk music club and recruit anyone who can sew to help make costumes. Of course, each group will set up a booth decorated with pictures and things of interest in their respective countries, and everyone will wear his national costume.
Question 23: Who is the man?
Question 24: How often is the meeting held?
Question 25: What is at the top of the meeting's agenda?
Question 26: What is the purpose of organizing foreign clubs on campus?
Passage 5 (Q27-30)
F: Paul, nice to see you back from the university. How do you like your new university? I remember your mum had wanted you to go to London University so that you can live at home and walk or cycle to attend the lectures.
M: Well, you know I didn't go to London University after all. My new university is on the suburbs of an ancient cathedral city and it is almost 8 miles from the city center. The university is planned on the so called American Campus System. That is to say, students live in halls of residence grouped around the main university buildings.
F: You mean you live, eat and study within the university proper?
M: Yes, I like it. Because we are a real community. We've got comfortable common rooms and bars. We arrange dances and parties. We've got clubs, theater groups, choirs and so on. And we've got an orchestra. I played the drums in it. By the way, how about your university days, Betty?
F: I rent a house with two other girls in the middle of the city about then minutes walk from the university. The house is falling to pieces. It is damp and there is no proper heating.
M: That sounds awful. I couldn't work in a place like yours. The district is poor and could almost be classed as a slum.
F: I don't think so. We live among real people who treat us as real people. We've got an electrician living next door, who is always coming in and mending our cooker and electric fires. We could try to get into one of the halls of the residents. But we prefer to be independent. It's nice to belong to the city and to do things outside the university.
M: What sort of things do you do outside the university?
M: Well, there is a group of us who go and help in a home for handicapped children. And I think in the city bar choir we get on well with the local people, not like you in that suburban district.
W: Well, I like history. And my university is one of the best universities for that subject. Besides, it is an ancient city with a lot of historical relics and sightseeing spots. If you can drop by by any chance, I can show you around.
F: You bet.
27. Where do the man's family live?
28. What is typical of the American Campus System?
29. Why did the women choose to rent a house in the city center?
30. What does the man promise to do for the woman?
Listening and Translation
1. Please hold my telephone calls and just take a message. I can call back later. I must have a little peace and quiet to concentrate on these figures.
2. This company has a registered capital of 15 million US Dollars and specializes in importing and exporting a great variety of digital products.
3. Shared prices on the London market have fallen sharply today, following sharp losses on Wall Street. Shares of leading financial banks have been the worst hit.
4. Good health is usually associated with exercise. But that is not the whole picture. In order to keep fit, you have to eat well, sleep well and generally feel good about yourself.
5. Many young people dream of becoming top models. To become slim is what they usually desire. Therefore in order to keep their weight down, they simply avoid food.
1. American Businessmen frequently use social situations to make business deals. One of the best examples of this practice is the business lunch. It is used to win clients to make influential contacts to discuss and settle internal disagreements and even to interview potential employees. Some companies always conduct job interviews over lunch. A business lunch usually lasts from one to two and half hours and it often takes place at a restaurant with a pleasant, quiet atmosphere conducive to private discussions.
2. As the world population becomes denser, we will feel greater pressure from the expanding number of people. Some experts argue that we are approaching the limit of the number of people the earth can support adequately and they feel we should turn to compulsory birth control. Other authorities feel that if birth control is imposed on the population, the future of mankind will be seriously endangered. They think intelligent people will be more likely to have fewer children, which would bring about a lowering of the level of intelligence.
1. round, flat cakes
2. German immigrants
3. their name
5. clear answer
6. great hit
7. fast, practical and cheap
8. in the 1920s
9. 5 cents each
10. drive-in restaurant
11. popular menu items
13. hot dog stand
14. spring up
15. sold 12 hamburgers
16. US culture
19. according to the times
20. a fish burger
Talks and Conversations
Our life is shortened by every tick of the second hand of the clock. Each page peeled away from the wall calendar marks a bygone day. Time is life, while life is cherished by everybody, but time, by few. How can we achieve something in our brief life? To learn some knowledge! To replenish ourselves! To help those in need! To add significance to our life! Time should not be squandered if we want to make our life meaningful (to get a lot out of our life). This principle is accepted by all, but wisely observed by very few.