act as和act like的不同

来源:网络 2019-04-05

act asact like

乍然看来,act asact like是两个同义短语,在涵义上无甚区别可言,其实不然。

Act as的意思是“充当”、“担任”,相当于 serve as,可与人或物词如:doctordirectorinterpreterguidecoachteachergo-betweenfurnituretools等字搭配使用。as是连词,引导一个省略了谓语的状语从句。例:

This herb can act as an antidote against snakebite

这种药草可以用作蛇咬的解毒药。

Last summer she acted as a guide for tourists

去年夏天,她担任旅游向导。

This coin may act as a screwdriver

这枚硬币可以充当螺丝起子用。

MrLiu acted as group leader while MrZhang was ill

张先生生病时,刘先生任组长。

请注意,有时候,act foract as的意义颇相近,但它们在表示概念方面互不相同。act as是“(临时)充当”或“起…的作用”; act for则表示“代理”的涵义。请比较下一句和前述句:

MrLiu acted for MrZhang whilethe latter was ill

张先生患病期间,刘先生代理他的工作。

Act like的意思是“行为像”、“举动像”,相当于英语的 to act in the manner of,它常与人或动物名词连用。like是介词,其后接宾语。例:

That child acts like a grown-up

那个孩子的举动像成年人一样。

Don't act like a fool

别像傻瓜一般!

His refusal of our offer acted like a wet blanket

他拒绝了我们的建议,真使我们扫兴。

(注:a wet blanket 作“令人扫兴的事或人”。)




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