during 的用法归纳

来源:网络 2019-03-20

1. 表示“在……期间”,是介词,不要将其误用作连词。如:  

他在巴黎期间,与他的朋友住在一起。  

误:During he was in Paris, he lived with his friends.  

正:While he was in Paris, he lived with his friends.  

正:During his stay in Paris, he lived with his friends.  

 

2. duringfor 均可表示一段时间,但两者有差别。  

(1) during 通常表示事件发生在何时(when),而for则表示事件持续了多长时间(how long)。如:  

He was in hospital for six weeks during the summer. 他在夏天住了 6 个星期的医院。  

(2) 两者之后均可接由 the whole 引起的时间短语,但通常不能接由 all 引起的时间短语。如:  

他整个夏天都住在那儿。  

正:He stayed there for [during] the whole summer.  

误:He stayed there for [during] all the summer.  

(3) 在“数词+时间名词”之前以及在some time, a long time之类表示泛指一段时间的词组之前,可用介词 for,但不用 during。如:  

He lived here for ten years (for some time). 他在这儿住过 10 年(一段时间)。




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