6.动名词

来源:http://www.putclub.com 2019-04-02

6. 动名词
 
6.1 动名词作主语、宾语和表语

1)作主语
   Fighting broke out between the South and the North.
   南方与北方开战了。

2)作宾语 

 a. 动词后加动名词doing作宾语 V. + doing sth
admit 承认   appreciate 感激,赞赏 avoid 避免    
complete 完成  consider 认为     delay 耽误   deny 否认    detest 讨厌      endure 忍受    enjoy 喜欢   escape 逃脱      prevent阻止
fancy 想象   finish 完成      imagine 想象   mind 介意    miss 想念       postpone 推迟        practise 训练  recall 回忆      resent 讨厌     resist 抵抗   resume 继续      risk 冒险
suggest 建议  face 面对       include 包括    stand 忍受   understand 理解    forgive 宽恕         keep 继续

举例:
 (1) Would you mind turning down your radio a little, please?
 (2) The squirrel was lucky that it just missed being caught.   

 b. 词组后接doing
admit to   preferto     be used to    lead to   devote oneself to  object to   stick to   busy    look forward to(to为介词)

no good, no use, It's worth…,  as well as,
can't help, It's no use /good  be tired of
be fond of  be capable of  be afraid of 
be proud of  think of / about  hold off    
put off  keep on  insist on  count on / upon
set about  be successful in  good at  take up
give up  burst out  preventfrom… 

3)作表语
  Her job is washingcleaning and taking care of the children.

6.2 worth 的用法
 
worthworthyworth-while都为adj. 意为"值得"。
1. worthbe worth + n.  当名词为金钱时,表示"…… 值得……"
 be worth doing sth. "……某事值得被做"
   The question is not worth discussing again and again.

2. worthybe worthy of +n. 当名词为抽象名词时表示"……值得……"
 be worthy to be done "某事值得被做"
   The question is not worthy to be discussed againand again.

3. worth-whilebe worth-while to do sth  "值得做某事"
  worth whileIt is worth while doing sth
         It is worth while sb to do sth.

典型例题
It is not ____ to discuss the question again and again.
A.worth B.worthy C.worth-while D.worth while
答案C. 由worth的用法可知,此句只适合词组be worth-while to do sth.。因此选C
 

 
 




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