2010年最新版金融词汇2

来源:未知 2019-01-15

2010年最新版金融词汇(1)

世界经济形势是不断的在变化,对于我们来讲也需要掌握最新的金融类的相关英语词汇,与时俱进。

改制上市 An enterprise is re-organized according to modern corporate system so that it will get listed on the stock market.
    进一步规范和发展证券市场 further standardize and develop the securities market
增加直接融资比重 increase the proportion of direct financing
完善股票发行上市制度 improve the system for IPO and listing on stock markets
中国证监会 China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC)
深圳证券交易所市 Shenzhen Stock Exchange
上海证券交易所 Shanghai Stock Exchange
综合指数 composite index
纳斯达克(高技术企业板) NASDAQNational Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation
主板市场 the main board
通货紧缩 deflation
中国现代化建设分三步走的战略the three-step development strategy of Chinas modernization drive第一步,到1990年国民生产总值比1980年翻一番 Step One: GDP of 1990 doubles that of 1980.第二步,到2000年人均国民生产总值比1980年翻两番,人民生活达到小康水平 Step Two: GDP of 2000 quadruples that of 1980; people live a fairly comfortable life.第三步,到21世纪中期建国100周年时,达到中等发达国家水平 Step Three: By the year 2049, the 100th anniversary of the P.R.C., Chinas level of development is expected to be on par with the mid-ranking developed countries
与世界经济的联系将更加紧密 be more closely linked to the world economy
中国巨大的市场潜力将逐步转化为现实的购买力 The huge market potential that China enjoys will be turned into tangible purchasing power.
适应市场经济需要的法律法规体系还不够健全 The regulatory and legal system is not well established as to adapt to the demand of market economy.
经济管理体制可能会出现一些不适应 The economic management system may not be readily adapted to the changes.
一些行业和企业可能会受到冲击 Some sectors of economy and some businesses may be adversely affected.
立足中国国情,发挥自身优势 proceed from national conditions in China and bring our advantages into play
扬长避短,趋利避害,迎接经济全球化的挑战 foster strengths and circumvent weaknesses and rise to the challenge of economic globalization
瓶颈制约 bottleneck constraints
放权让利 decentralization and interest concessions (in late 1980s and early 1990s)
深化改革 intensify reform; deepen ones commitment to reform
配套改革 supporting (concomitant) reforms
配套资金 counterpart funds; local funding of
提高经济效益 improve economic performance; increase economic returns
讲求社会效益 value contribution to society; pay attention to social effect
加速国民经济信息化 develop information-based economy accelerate IT application in economy
拉动经济增长 fuel economic growth
利改税 substitution of tax payment for profit delivery
费改税 transform administrative fees into taxes
债转股 debt-to-equity swap
头寸宽裕(头寸紧缺) in an easy position (tight position)
朝阳产业 sunrise industry
招标投标制 the system of public bidding for project
充分发挥货币政策的作用 give full play to the role of monetary policy
实施积极的财政政策 follow a pro-active fiscal policy
向银行增发国债,扩大投资 The government issued additional treasury bonds to banks to increase investment.
再注资 recapitalization
放松银根 to ease monetary policy
信息经济 IT economy
外向型经济 export-oriented economy
信息时代 information age
全球化 globalization (全球性globality
信誉风险 reputational risk
风险评级 risk rating
到期不还贷 default on a loan
资不抵债 insolvency; be insolvent
亚洲金融危机 Asian financial crisis (1997-98)
投资(贷款)组合 investment (loan) portfolio
外汇储备充足 sufficient foreign exchange reserves
中国金融业问题 problems with financial sector in China
储蓄比例过高 the excessively large proportion of savings in the money supply
国有企业产负债率过高 high leverage ratio of the state-owned enterprises,
国有独资商业银行不良资产比例过高 high ratio of non-performing loans of the state commercial banks
少数中小存款金融机构不能支付到期债务 insolvency of a handful of small and medium-sized financial institutions
不良贷款 non-performing loans




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