2010年最新版金融词汇1

来源:未知 2019-02-14

2010年最新版金融词汇(1)

世界经济形势是不断的在变化,对于我们来讲也需要掌握最新的金融类的相关英语词汇,与时俱进。

不景气 slump (衰退 recession
       二板市场 the second board market
       中国创业板 China Growth Enterprise Market
       首次上市 IPOs (initial public offering)
       市场资本总额 market capitalization
法人股 institutional shares
内部股(非上市招股) private company shares
牛市 bull market
法律风险 legal risk
风险管理 risk management
坚持严格的贷款标准 maintain strong underwriting standards
六大风险 risks in 6 key areas (U.S. Federal Reserve criterion)
信用风险 credit risk
供给学派 supply-side economist
第一产业(农业) agriculture (primary industry)
第二产业(工业) manufacturing industry (secondary industry)
第三产业(服务业) service industry (tertiary industry)
主要经济指标 major economic indicators
国内生产总值 GDP gross domestic product (商品和劳务币值总和,不包括海外收入支出)
国民生产总值 GNP gross national product(商品和劳务币值总和,包括海外收入支出)
人均国内生产总值 GDP per capita
宏观经济 macro economy
互助基金 mutual fund
扩大内需 expand domestic demand
改善居民心理预期 inspire the general public's confidence in the future needs
鼓励增加即期消费 encourage more immediate consumption
长期国债 long-term treasury bonds
支付国债利息 to service treasury bonds
财政赤字和债务 deficits and the national debt
按原口径计算 calculate on the base line
按不变价格计算 calculate at constant price
按可比价格计算 calculate at comparable price
列入财政预算支出 listed in the fiscal budget
结售汇制度 the system of exchange, settlement and sales
经常项目顺差 favorable balance of current account, surplus of current account
开办人民币业务 engage in Renminbi (RMB) business
出口退税制度 the system of refunding taxes on exported goods
保证金台帐制度 Deposit account system for processing trade
分期付款 pay by installment
保值储蓄 inflation-proof bank savings
抵押贷款 collateralised loans
住房抵押贷款 residential mortgage loan
货币主义者 monetarist
计划经济 planned economy
指令性计划 mandatory plan
技术密集型 technology intensive
大规模生产 mass production
经济林 cash tree
跟踪审计 follow-up auditing
流动性风险 liquidity risk
操作风险 operational risk
内部审计 internal audit
抛售 bear sales
配套政策 supporting policies
中国人民银行(中央银行)The Peoples Bank of Chinacentral bank
四大国有商业银行 4 major state-owned commercial banks
中国银行 Bank of china
中国工商银行 Industrial and Commercial Bank of China()and
中国建设银行 Construction Bank of China
中国农业银行 Agricultural Bank of China
招商银行 China Merchants Bank
疲软股票 soft stock
配股 allotment of shares
实际增长率 growth rate in real terms
年均增长率 average growth rate per annum
投资回报率 rate of return on investment
外贸进出口总额 total foreign trade value
实际利用外资 incoming overseas capital (investment) in place
消费价格指数 consumer price index (CPI)
零售价格指数 retail price indexRPI
生活费用价格总指数 total price index of living cost
生活费用 income available for living expenses
扣除物价因素 in real terms / on inflation-adjusted basis
居民储蓄存款 residentsbank savings deposit
恩格尔系数(食品开支占总支出的比例) Engel coefficient
基尼系数(衡量地区差别) Gini coefficient
购买力平价法 purchasing power parity (PPP) (衡量使用不同货币的两个国家或地区的经济水平、收入水平的一种计算法,用相等的汇率比较两种货币各自的国内购买力)
片面追求发展速度 excessive pursuit of growth
泡沫经济 bubble economy 经济过热 overheating of economy
通货膨胀 inflation
实体经济 the real economy
经济规律 laws of economics
市场调节 market regulation
优化资源配置 optimize allocation of resources
规模经营优势 advantage of economies of scale
劳动密集型 labor intensive
市场风险 market risk
收紧银根 tighten up monetary policy
适度从紧的财政政策 moderately tight fiscal policy
信用紧缩 credit crunch
加强国有商业银行内部资金调度 In state commercial banks, internal capital allocation should be improved.
合理划分贷款审批权限 Limits of authority for examining and approving loans should be rationally defined.
保证有市场、有效益、守信用企业的流动资金贷款 ensure floating capital loans for well-performing and trustworthy enterprises which turn out the right products for the right markets
启动民间投资 attract investment from the private sector
适销对路的产品 the right products / readily marketable products
国有企业 state-owned enterprises (SOEs)
集体企业 collectively-owned (partnership) enterprises
私营企业 private businesses
民营企业 privately-run businesses
中小企业 small-and-medium-sized enterprises
三资企业(中外合资、中外合作、外商独资) overseas-invested enterprises; foreign-invested enterprises (Chinese-overseas equity joint ventures, Chinese-overseas contractual joint ventures, wholly foreign- owned enterprises)
存款保证金 guaranty money for deposits
货币回笼 withdrawal of currency from circulation
吸收游资 absorb idle fund
经常性贷款 commercial lending
经常性支出 operating expenses
再贷款 re-lending; subloan
支持国有大型企业和高新技术企业上市融资 support large state-owned enterprises and high and innovative technology companies in their efforts to seek financing by listing on the stock market




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