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来源:VOA 2019-03-22




 Cambodia's Angkor Wat Named Worlds Top Landmark

The travel website TripAdvisor has named Cambodias ancient Angkor Wat as the top landmark in the world.
The website uses travelersreviews to choose winners each year. Angkor Wat received 33,000 five-star reviews in the last 12 months.
It also topped TripAdvisors list of landmarks in 2015.
Angkor Wat is the worlds largest religious monument. It includes temples, reservoirs and canals. The website World Archaeology describes Angkor Wat asthe most extensive urban complex in the pre-industrial world.”
Built between 802 and 1431, the city of Angkor was the center of the Khmer rule in what is now Cambodia. Power struggles, foreign invasion and climate change led to the Khmer rules downfall.
Last year, 2.2 million tourists visited Angkor Wat.
TripAdvisor reviews call itmajesticandlike absolutely nothing else Ive ever seen.”
Here are a few other landmarks that made TripAdvisors top 25 list:
Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque Center
Just after Angkor Wat on the list is the United Arab EmiratesSheikh Zayed Grand Mosque Center.
The Center in Abu Dhabi is considered one of the UAEs most important - and beautiful - places of worship. With minarets, reflecting pools and gold details, the mosque is extraordinary both inside and outside.
The mosque is named for the first president of the UAE, Sheikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan. It was built between 1996 and 2007.
Church of the Savior of Spilled Blood
The one Russian landmark to make the list is St. Petersburgs Church of the Savior of Spilled Blood. It came in at number 6.
The Russian-style church is colorful and detailed. One TripAdvisor user wrote, “the whole church is a piece of art….with mosaics covering every inch.”
The church was built on the place where revolutionaries killed Emperor Alexander II in 1881. That is where the churchs name comes from.
Construction on the church began two years after Alexanders murder. It was completed in 1907. The church fell into disrepair during the Russian Revolution in 1917, and later during World War II. Repair efforts began in the 1970s. It opened to the public 27 years later.

Great Wall of China at Mutianyu
Coming in at number 7 on TripAdvisors list is Chinas Great Wall at Mutianyu.
The Great Wall once stretched for more than 13,000 kilometers. About 8,000 kilometers still stand today.
Mutianyu is among the best-kept parts of the wall. It was first built in the middle 500s. It is the Great Walls longest restored part open to visitors.
Mutianyu is about 60 kilometers from Beijing. It has 23 watchtowers, and is surrounded by forests and little waterways. While many tourists visit this historic place each day, it still receives fewer visitors than some other parts close to Beijing, like the famous Badaling area.
Golden Gate Bridge
The highest-rated U.S. landmark on TripAdvisors list is the Golden Gate Bridge. It came in at number 11.
The famous structure stretches 2,788 meters. It opened to traffic on May 27, 1937. It is one of the worlds most impressive engineering successes. More than 110,000 cars travel across the Golden Gate Bridge everyday.
It is named after the waterway it crosses; the Golden Gate Strait flows between the Pacific Ocean and the San Francisco Bay. The bridge links the city of San Francisco with Marin County.
El Ateneo Grand Splendid
For our final landmark today, we head to South America. Coming in at number 20 is Argentinas book-filled El Ateneo Grand Splendid.
When it first opened in Buenos Aires in 1919, the Grand Splendid was a performing arts theater. Some of Argentinas most famous tango dancers performed there. Later, it became a movie theater.
Reminders of its past still remain, including red stage curtains, painted ceilings and theater boxes. But instead of rows of chairs where the audience one sat, there are now rows of bookshelves. The theater boxes are now small reading rooms. And the stage has been turned into a cafe.
Grand Splendid became a bookstore in 2000. At the time, city officials were considering tearing down the historic building. Today, it is one of the best-known bookstores in the world.
Im Ashley Thompson.
And I'm Caty Weaver
Here is a complete list of TripAdvisor's top tourism landmarks for 2017:
1. Angkor Wat, Siem Reap, Cambodia

2. Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque Center, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

3. Mezquita Cathedral de Cordoba, Spain

4. St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City, Italy

5. Taj Mahal, Agra, India

6. Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood

7. Great Wall at Mutianyu, Beijing, China

8. Machu Picchu, Peru

9. Plaza de Espana, Seville, Spain

10. Duomo di Milano, Milan, Italy

11. Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, California, USA

12. Lincoln Memorial, Washington, DC, USA

13. Eiffel Tower, Paris, France

14. Parliament, Budapest, Hungry

15. Notre Dame Cathedral, Paris, France

16. Corcovado Christ the Redeemer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

17. Big Ben, London, United Kingdom

18. Acropolis, Athens, Greece

19. Main Market Square, Krakow, Poland

20. El Ateneo Grand Splendid, Buenos Aires, Argentina

21. Temple of the Reclining Buddha, Bangkok, Thailand

22. Burj Khalifa, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

23. Fushimi Inari-taisha Shrine, Kyoto, Japan

24. Ruinas Mayas de Tulum, Mexico

25. Sydney Opera House, Australia