VOA慢速英语[健康报道] 世卫组织称新抗生素能治疗“超级细菌”

来源:VOA 2019-04-12



WHO: New Treatments Needed for Antibiotic-Resistant 'Superbugs' 

The World Health Organization (WHO) has made an appeal to scientists, drug manufacturers and governments.
The WHO wants them to work together to develop drugs to fight 12 bacteria. These bacteria are able to resist powerful antibiotic drugs. The resistance is so unusually strong all 12 have been given a special name: “superbug.”
The United Nations agency reported this week the 12 superbugs are a threat to human health. It said they have the ability to turn easily treatable infections into killers.
A few examples are blood, lung and brain infections, food poisoning and gonorrhea, a disease spread by sexual activity.
The WHO says superbugs can also pass along genetic material that helps other bacteria become resistant to drug treatment.
Marie-Paule Kieny is the U.N. agencys assistant director-general. She saidantibiotic resistance is growing and we are fast running out of treatment options.” She urged governments to give drug companies reasons to develop new treatments.
If we leave it to market forces alone, the new antibiotics we most urgently need are not going to be developed in time,” she said.
Antibiotic drugs can lose their effectiveness when people take more or less of than the amount required by doctors. When this happens, infections that were at one time easily treated become resistant. Germs can also be spread in nature from air, water and animals.
Im Jill Robbins.
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