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From VOA Learning English, this is the Agriculture Report.

 For the third straight year, the World Rice Conference has voted Cambodian rice as the worlds best. This year Cambodia shares the award with Thailand.

Cambodia produced just one percent of the worlds rice in 2012. It is trying to increase that amount. The award may help.

The countrys rice industry is small and not well-organized. As a result, large amounts of unmilled, or unprocessed, rice is sent to Thailand and Vietnam where it is sold for a higher price. But rice is very important to Cambodias economy. Many Cambodians survive in part by growing rice on small pieces of land.

Sok Puthyvuth is the president of the Cambodia Rice Federation.

We need better seeds, we need a better collection process, we need better storage, we need better logistics, and also our exports need to brand Cambodian rice to be one of the top brand(s) in the world.”

The group has set a target of one million tons of milled rice exported by 2015. So far this year, Cambodia has exported around 400,000 tons, mostly to European Union countries.

Keat Chhon is Cambodias deputy prime minister. He says increasing rice exports will improve the lives of many of the countrys farmers.

He says the purpose of the rice policy is to reduce poverty and help people in rural areas earn more. This shrinks the development gap between rural and urban areas.

China is loaning the country $300 million to help Cambodia develop its rice industry, including improving storage.

But exporter David Van says the countrys rice industry continues to suffer from the same problems it has had for many years. He says these include the high cost of electricity and a lack of good seeds. And he says the countrys rice industry needs to change the way it markets its product to show it is different from what other countries offer.

You need to differentiate your product from your competitor next door. Otherwise, you will keep on being compared automatically to what the next-door competitor is offering.”

Cambodia faces other problems. Countries like Myanmar also want to increase their rice exports. And, Thailand has extra rice, which is forcing down prices.

The award for best rice may help Cambodia grow its exports even if it does not reach its million-ton target next year. And that will help the industry and millions of Cambodias poor farmers.

文本来源于LK英语乐园[report整理] SENEWS-2014-12-23




Sok Puthyvuth是柬埔寨大米联合会主席



Keat Chhon是柬埔寨副首相。他说,增加大米出口将会提高很多国家农民的生活。



但是专家David Van说,该国的水稻业很多年来一直遭受着同样的问题。他说其中包括电力的高成本和缺乏优质种子。并且他还表示该国的水稻业需要改变其市场,其产品来证明它有别于其他国家提供的产品方式。