2016年12月英语四级翻译预测:24节气

来源:新东方英语 2019-03-03

四级考试还剩几天时间了,四级翻译你准备的怎么样了?下面为大家搜集整理了四级翻译预测,不管能不能预测到也希望大家认真看看,丰富下自己的句型和词汇知识,希望可以帮到各位.

(一)

  请将下面这段话翻译成英文:

  24节气(24 solar terms)是统称,包括 12节气(12 majorsolar terms)和 12中气 (12 minor solar terms),它们彼此之间相互关联。24节气反映了天气变化,指导农 业耕作,也影响着人们的生活。春秋战国时期,人们开始使用节气作为补充历法 (calendar)。公元前104年,24节气最终确立。众所周知,中国是个有着悠久农业发 展史的国家。农业生产受自然规律影响极大。在古代,农民根据太阳的运动安排 农业生产活动。24节气考虑到了太阳的位置,这就是我们重视它的原因。

  参考翻译

  The 24 solar terms is a whole name of the system that consists of 12 major solar terms and 12 minor solar terms linked with each other. It reflects the climate change, guides agriculture arrangements and also affects people's life. In the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, people began to use solar terms as the supplementary calendar. It was in 104 B,C. that the 24 solar terms were finally set down. As we all know,China is a country with a long history of agriculture. Agricultural production is largely influenced by the laws of nature. In ancient times, farmers arranged their agricultural activities according to the move of : the sun. It is the fact that the 24 solar terms takes into account the position of the sun that makes us attach importance to it.

  1.统称:即“全称”,可译为a whole/general name

  2.12节气:可译为12 major solar terms。在月首的叫做节气,如春分、谷雨等。

  3.12中气:可译为12 minor solar terms。在月中的叫做中气,如立夏、立秋等。

  4.众所周知:可译为as we all knowas is know to all

  5.自然规律:可译为the laws of nature。这里的law不是“法律”,而是“规律”的 意思。

  6.根据太阳的运动:可译为according to the move of the sun

  7.考虑到...:可译为take...into account

  8.重视:可译为attach importance to。其中to为介词,后面要加名词、代?或动名词等。

  (二)

  “二十四节气”是中国人通过观察太阳周年运动,认知一年中时令、气候、物候等方面变化规律所形成的知识体系和社会实践。

  中国古人将太阳周年运动轨迹划分为24等份,每一等份为一个“节气”,统称“二十四节气”。具体包括:立春、雨水、惊蛰、春分、清明、谷雨、立夏、小满、芒种、夏至、小暑、大暑、立秋、处暑、白露、秋分、寒露、霜降、立冬、小雪、大雪、冬至、小寒、大寒。

  “二十四节气”指导着传统农业生产和日常生活,是中国传统历法体系及其相关实践活动的重要组成部分。在国际气象界,这一时间认知体系被誉为“中国的第五大发明”。

  China's '24 solar terms' is a knowledge system and social practice formed through observations of the sun's annual motion, and cognition of the year's changes in season, climate and phenology.

  The 24 terms include Start of Spring, Rain Water, Awakening of Insects, Spring Equinox, Qingming Festival, Grain Rain, Start of Summer, Grain Buds, Grain in Ear, Summer Solstice, Minor Heat, Major Heat, Start of Autumn, End of Heat, White Dew, Autumn Equinox, Cold Dew, Frost's Descent, Start of Winter, Minor Snow, Major Snow, Winter Solstice, Minor Cold and Major Cold.

  China's 24 Solar Terms is a calendar of twenty-four periods and climate to govern agricultural arrangements in ancient China and functions even now.




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