2016年6月大学英语四级阅读练习(52)

来源:新东方 2019-02-27

In the age of a global economy and an information society, the world is now seeking a new economic pattern beyond traditional capitalism and socialism.

As the influence of Japan in the world economy becomes greater, Japanese companies will necessarily be globalized in a "borderless" economy. There are two aspects to the information revolution. The first is rapid technologic innovation in various fields such as microelectronics, new materials and biotechnology. The second is the reorganization of industrial structure. These environmental changes require the Japanese economy to be a driving force of technological innovation and to create new business and new employment opportunities. Japanese companies should meet requirements not only to survive themselves, but also to lead the new industrial revolution throughout the world.

We can say that the concept of HES proposes a new economic system which Japan has actually developed in the process of adaptation to a changing environment. HES is a system that can integrate both the efficiency of capitalistic competition and the equality of socialistic democracy. It is a system that can resolve the internal contradiction of both the systems of capitalism and socialism, in which power is concentrated in minoritythe capitalists or the central government. Moreover, HES is a system of high productivity, which the Japanese economy demonstrates.

In Japan, there seems to have been an invisible principle of "coexistence of opposites. " Historically, Japan has allowed the coexistence of various religions such as Shintoism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism and Christianity. In the process of modernization after the Meiji Restoration, Japan has incorporated Western science and technology onto the Eastern spiritual culture. Since the Second World War, Japan has built a cooperative relationship between management and labor unions. Today, Japan is trying to synthesize capitalism and socialism into a new economic system.

21. The title below that best expresses the ideas of this passage is
A. New Economic Pattern of the 21st Century
B. The Influence of Japan on the World Economy
C. A Global Economy and an Information Society
D. A System of High Productivity

22. In the 2nd paragraph, the word "borderless" could best be replaced by which of the following?
A. lack of border B. edgeless
C. international. D. global

23. The phrase "These requirements" in Paragraph 2 means
A. environmental changes
B. rapid technological innovation and reorganization of industrial structure
C. the Japanese economy to be driving force of technological innovation and to create new business and new employment opportunities
D. two aspects of information revolution

24. HES is a system_______.
A. that is a mixture of capitalism and socialism
B. whose concept has been created by a changing environment of the world
C. in which Japanese productivity is high
D. in which power is concentrated in a minority

25. In Japan, an invisible principle of "coexistence of opposites" is shown in the passage in _______ respects.

A. two B. three
C. four D. five
  
21. A 22. D 23. C 24. A 25. C




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