A) The woman is now working in a kindergarten.
B) The man will soon start a business of his own.
C) The man would like to be a high school teacher.
D) The woman is going to major in child education.
A) The furniture has to be rearranged.
B) The sound equipment has to be set up.
C) The conference room has to be cleaned.
D) The video machine has to be checked.
A) She is exhausted.
B) She is near-sighted.
C) She cannot finish work in time.
D) She cannot go straight home.
A) The woman is too particular about food.
B) He would rather have a meal an hour later.
C) The woman should order her food quickly.
D) He usually prefers ice-cream to sandwiches.
A) He is not a good mechanic.
B) He doesn’t keep his promises.
C) He spends his spare time doing repairs.
D) He is always ready to offer help to others.
A) Sam has a big family to support.
B) Sam is not interested in traveling.
C) The pay offered by the travel agency is too low.
D) The work hours in the travel agency arc too long
A) International trade.
B) Product development.
C) Financial consulting.
D) Domestic retailing.
A) Go on a business trip.
B) Look for a job in Miami.
C) Make a ticket reservation.
D) Take a vacation.
Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
A) It is located on Route 18.
B) It has an interesting museum.
C) It is a beautiful little town.
D) It lies seven miles east of Newton.
A) They are in opposite directions.
B) They are fifty-five miles apart.
C) They are quite close to each other.
D) They are a long drive from Norwalk.
A) They are connected by Route
B) They are crowded with tourists.
C) They have lots of old houses.
D) They have many rare plants.
Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
A) Bring him up to date on the current situation in Milan.
B) Inform him of the arrangements for his trip in Italy.
C) Fetch the documents signed by Mr Gartner.
D) Accompany Mr Gartner to the Linate airport.
A) About 8:30.
B) About 6:30.
C) About 5:30.
D) About 4:15.
A) Mr Gartner from Milan.
B) Gianni Riva at Megastar.
C) The company’s sales representative.
D) Gavin from the Chamber of Commerce.
A) Travel agent.
B) Business manager.
Passage One Questions 16 to 19 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
A) She had a desire to help others.
B) She wanted to find out more about it.
C) She needed some overseas experience.
D) She was interested in farming.
A) Carry out a cultural exchange program.
B) Work on an agricultural project.
C) Learn Portuguese.
D) Teach English.
A) She found it difficult to secure a job in her own country.
B) She wanted to renew her contact with the Peace Corps.
C) She was invited to work as an English teacher.
D) She could not get the country out of her mind.
A) By teaching additional English classes.
B) By writing stories for American newspapers.
C) By working part time for the Peace Corps.
D) By doing odd jobs for local institutions.
Passage Two Questions 20 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.
A) Time spent exercising.
B) Time spent working.
C) Time spent on leisure activities.
D) Time spent with friends and family.
B) Surfing the Web.
C) Eating out.
D) Watching TV.
C) Going to the pub.
D) Visiting friends.
Passage Three Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
A) The car driver was trying to avoid hitting a rabbit.
B) The car driver was partly responsible for the accident.
C) McLaughlin was talking to his manager while driving.
D) McLaughlin’s carelessness resulted in the collision.
A) He crashed into a car parked there.
B) He knocked down several mailboxes.
C) He tore down the company’s main gate.
D) He did serious damage to a loaded truck.
A) He will lose his job.
B) He will have to pay damages.
C) He will be fined heavily.
D) He will receive retraining.
When Captain Cook asked the chiefs in Tahiti why they always ate __26__, they replied. “Because it is right.” If we ask Americans why they eat with knives and forks, or why their men wear pants __27__ skirts, or why they may be married to only one person at a time, we are likely to get __28__ and very uninformative answers: “Because it’s right. ” “Because that’s the way it’s done.” “Because it’s the __29__. ” Or even “I don’t know. ” The reason for these and countless other patterns of social behavior is that they are __30__ by social norms-shared rules or guidelines which prescribe the behavior that is appropriate in a given situation. Norms __31__ how people “ought” to behave under particular circumstances in a particular society. We conform(遵守) to norms so readily that we are hardly aware they __32__. In fact, we are much more likely to notice __33__ from norms than conformity to them. You would not be surprised if a stranger tried to shake hands when you were introduced, but you might be a little __34__ if they bowed, started to stroke you, or kissed you on both __35__ Yet each of these other forms of greeting is appropriate in other parts of the world. When we visit another society whose norms are different, we quickly become aware that things we do this way, they do that way.
M: After high school, I’d like to go to college and major in business administration.
W: But I’d rather spend my college days finding out how children learn.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
W: Is everything ready for the conference?
M: The only thing left to do is set up the microphones and speakers. They’ll be here in a few minutes.
Q: What preparations have yet to be made?
W: Is it almost time to go home now? I’m so tired. I can hardly see straight.
M: Just a few more minutes, then we can go.
Q: What is the woman’s problem?
W: I’m not sure what I’m in a mood for. Ice-cream or sandwiches? They are both really good here.
M: The movie starts in an hour. And we still have to get there and park. So just make a decision.
Q: What does the man mean?
W: Tom said he would come to repair our solar heater when he has time.
M: He often says he is willing to help, but he never seems to have time.
Q: What does the man imply about Tom?
W: So you know that Sam turns down the job offered by the travel agency.
M: Yes. The hours were convenient. But if he had accepted it, he wouldn’t be able to make ends meet.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
M: Could you tell me a bit about the business your company is doing?
W: We mainly deal with large volume buyers from western countries and our products have been well received.
Q: What business is the woman’s company doing?
W: Yesterday I made reservations for my trip to Miami next month.
M: You must really be looking forward to it. You haven’t had any time off for at least two years.
Q: What is the woman going to do?
M: Excuse me, I need some information about some of the towns near here.
W: What would you like to know?
M: Well, first, I’d like directions to go to Norwalk. I believe there is an interesting museum there. It isn’t far, is it?
W: No, not at all. Norwalk is about eighteen miles east of here on Route 7. And you’re right. It’s a wonderful little museum.
M: Oh good. Now what about Amitsville? I have some friends. I’d like to visit there and I also want to get to Newton. They are near each other, aren’t they?
W: Hmm… well, they are actually in opposite directions. Amitsville is northeast. It’s about thirty five miles northeast of here.
M: Huh-uh, thirty five miles northeast. And how about Newton?
W: Well, Newton is in the other direction. It’s southwest, so it isn’t really very close to Amitsville at all and it’s a long drive. It’s about fifty five miles southwest from here and the road is not at all straight.
M: Fifty five miles southwest! Well, maybe I won’t go there this time.
W: I’d recommend visiting Westfield or Great Town. They are both very close. Westfield is just seven miles west of here and Great Town is about five miles south. They are really pretty little towns with lots of old houses and beautiful tree-lined streets.
M: I see. Seven miles west to Westfield and five miles south to Great Town. Good. Well, I think that’s all the information I need for a while. Thank you. You’ve been very helpful.
W: You’re welcome, sir. I hope you enjoy your stay.
Q9: What does the man know about Norwalk?
Q10: What does the woman say about Amitsville and Newton?
Q11: What do we learn about Westfield and Great Town?
M: Err… Sandra, I’ve finished with Mr. Gordon now. Do you think you could pop through in bringing me up-to-date on their arrangements for the Italian trip?
W: Certainly, Mr. Wilkinson. I’ll bring everything with me.
M: Right, take a seat. Now my first meeting is when?
W: Your first meeting is on Monday the 21st at 9a.m. with Dr. Gucci of Bancos en Piedra in Milan.
M: OK, so can I fly out early Monday morning?
W: Well, there is a flight to Lenarty Airport which leaves at six thirty London time and gets in at eight thirty Italian time.
M: Yeah, but that only leaves me thirty minutes to clear customs in getting to the city center and it means I have to check in by five thirty, which means leaving home at about four fifteen.
W: I’m afraid so.
M: Hmm… not so keen on that. What’s the program for the rest of that day?
W: It’s quite full, I’m afraid. At eleven, you’re seeing Jeana Rivard at Meg Star and then you’ll have a lunch engagement with Gaven from the Chamber of Commerce at one.
M: Where’s that?
W: You’re meeting him at his office and then he’s taking you somewhere.
M: Good, that sounds fine. What about the afternoon?
W: Well, at three thirty, you’re seeing our sales representative there and then you’re free till evening.
M: I see. I seem to remember that I’m having a dinner with someone from Bergamo.
W: That’s right. And Mr. Betty from SAP Industries at eight.
Q12: What would the man like the woman to do?
Q13: At what time is Mr. Wilkinson going to leave home for the airport?
Q14: Who is Mr. Wilkinson going to have a lunch with on Monday?
Q15: What is most probably the woman’s job?
Donna Fredrick’s served with the Peace Corps for two years in Brazil. She joined the Peace Corps after she graduated from the college because she wanted to do something to help other people. She had been brought up on a farm, so the Peace Corps assigned her to a agricultural project. Before she went to Brazil, she studied Portuguese for three months. She also learnt a great deal about its history and culture. During her two years with the Peace Corps, Donna lived in a village in northeast Brazil. That part of Brazil is very dry and farming is often difficult there. Donna helped the people of the village to organise an arrigation project, and she also advised them on planting corps. They didn’t require much water. When Donna returned to the States, she couldn’t settle down. She tried several jobs, but they seemed very boring to her. She couldn’t get Brazil out of her mind. Finally, one day she got on an plane and went back to Brazil. She wasn’t sure what she’s going to do. She just wanted to be there. After a few weeks, Donna found a job as an English teacher, teaching five classes a day. Like most of the teachers, she doesn’t make much money. She shares a small apartment with another teacher. And she makes a little extra money by sending stories to newspapers in the States. Eventually she wants to quit teaching and work as a full-time journalist.
Why did Donna join the Peace Corps after she graduated from college?
What was Donna assigned to do in Brazil?
Why did Donna go back to Brazil once again?
How did Donna make extra money to support herself?
Results of a recent Harry’s pool on free time showed that the average work week for many Americans is 50 hours. With the time spent eating, sleeping and taking care of the household duties, there’s little time left for leisure activities for many Americans. However, having free time to relax and pursue hobbies is important. People need time away from the pressures of study or work to relax and enjoy time with friends and family. In many countries free time is spent in different ways. The results of a Harry’s pool showed that reading was the most popular spare time activity in the US. This was followed by watching TV. In a UK survey on leisure time activities, watching TV and videos was the most popular. Listening to the radio came second. In a similar survey conducted in Japan, the most popular free time activity was eating out. The second most popular activity was driving. There were also differences in the most popular outdoor pursuits between the three countries. The most popular outdoor activity for Americans was gardening. In the UK, it was going to the pub. In Japan, going to bars ranked eighth in popularity and gardening ranked ninth. Although people around the world may enjoy doing similar things in their free time, there’s evidence to suggest that these interests are changing. In the US, for example, the popularity of computer activities is increasing. Many more people in the States are spending their free time surfing the web, emailing friends or playing games online.
What is the recent Harry Pole about?
What was the most popular leisure activity in the US?
What was the most popular outdoor pursuit in the UK?
On March 13th, while on duty Charles Mclocklin, a very careless driver employed by the company Lummis was involved in another accident. The accident occurred in Riverside California. Not paying attention to his driving, Mclocklin turned right on main street and 33rd street and hit Volkswagen rabbit. This caused minor damage to his truck and serious damage to the car. On the basis of the police report, the Lummis accident committee correctly determined that Mclocklin had been quite careless. As a result of the committee’s conclusion, the branch manager Mr. David Rossi reported that he had talked with Mclocklin about his extremely poor driving record. Further evidence of Mclocklin’s irresponsibility occurred on May 6th when he was returning from his shift. That day he ran into a roll-up door at the Lummis facility in Valero, causing significant damage to the door. Damage to the truck, however, was minor. Finally, on June 7th, Mclocklin once again demonstrated his carelessness by knocking down several mail boxes near the edge of the company’s parking lot. There was damage to the mailboxes and minor damage to the truck. Mr. David Rossi stated that he had spoken with Mclocklin on several occasions about his driving record. He added that he had warned Mclocklin that three preventable accidents in one year could lead to his discharge, as indeed it should.
23. What did the Lummis accident committee find out about the accident that occurred on March 13th?
24. What did Mclocklin do on June 7th near the edge of the company’s parking lot?
25. What is most probably going to happen to Mclocklin?
When Captain Cook asked the chiefs in Tahiti why they always ate apart and alone, they replied, “Because it is right.” If we ask Americans why they eat with knives and forks, or why their men wear pants instead of skirts or why they may be married to only one person at a time, we are likely to get similar and very uninformative answers because it’s right, because that’s the way it’s done, because it’s the custom or even I don’t know. The reason for these and countless other patterns of social behavior is that they are controlled by social norms shared rules or guide lines which prescribe the behavior that is appropriate in a given situation. Norms define how people ought to behave under particular circumstances in a particular society. We conform to norms so readily that we are hardly aware they exist. In fact we are much more likely to notice departures from norms than conformity to them. You will not be surprised if a stranger tried to shake hands when you were introduced, but you might be a little startled if they bowed, started to stroke you or kissed you on both cheeks. Yet each of these other forms of greeting is appropriate in other parts of the world. When we visit another society whose norms are different, we quickly become aware that things we do this way, they do that way.
1.D The woman is going to major in child education.
2.B The sound equipment has to be set up.
3.A She is exhausted.
4.C The woman should order her food quickly.
5. B He doesn’t keep his promises.
6.C The pay offer by the travel agency is too low.
7.A International trade.
8.D Take a vacation.
本次四级短对话整体难度相对简单，与过往几年真题相比，无论从对话内容还是从题目本身来看都还是非常相似。对话场景涉猎范围包括日常生活（生活琐事、看电影、旅游等）、校园生活、工作（会议、求职等）。例如，第一则对话为校园生活场景。主要考查捕捉细节和推理判断的能力。第二、六、七则对话均涉及工作场景；第三、四、五、八则对话涉及日常生活话题。这次短对话中主要难词生词有：solar heater“太阳能热水器”，travel agency“旅行社”，make ends meet“收支相抵”，make reservations for“预订，预约”，what I’m in a mood for“我想吃什么” well-received“收到认可、受欢迎的” look forward to“期待”等。
9. B) It has an interesting museum.
10. A) They are in opposite directions.
11. C) They have lots of old houses.
三个问题都是考查细节，但并没有要求学生去注意Norwalk，Amitsville and Newton，Westfield and Great Town这几个地方的具体方位及距离，因此题目难度不算太大。
12. B) Inform him of the arrangements for his trip in Italy.
13. D) About 4:15.
14. D) Gavin from the Chamber of Commerce.
15. C) Secretary.
16. A She had a desire to help others.
17. B Work on an agricultural project.
18. D She could not get the country out of her mind.
19. B By writing stories for American newspaper.
第一篇短文主要讲述了Donna Fredrick大学毕业之后的职业发展。Donna Fredrick=毕业之后加入the Peace Corps，参加农业项目，两年的时间她住在巴西的东北部，开展灌溉项目，帮助当地居民种植无需很多水的农作物。回到美国之后尝试了几个工作，但仍一心想着巴西。最终回到巴西做了英语老师，并给美国报纸写文章，来赚取额外的生活费。最后提到Donna的终极理想是做一名专职记者。
20. C Time spent on leisure activities.
21. A Reading.
22. C Going to the pub.
23. D) Mclaughlin’s carelessness resulted in the collision.
24. B) He knocked down several mailboxes.
25. A) He will lose his job.
本篇文章难度同样不大。文章虽然出现了一些人名和地名，但是同学们不需要知道它们是什么意思，人名地名不会作为考察点放在题目中，同学们需要重点分辨的是这三次事故发生的时间，如前两篇文章一样，这篇文章题目重点也在考察考生对短文信息的捕捉能力。但是其中有几个短语和单词需要关注一下： run into 撞上；撞到；roll-up door 卷帘门；knock down 撞翻；parking lot 停车场；mailbox 邮箱，邮筒；preventable 可预防的。
When Captain Cook asked the chiefs inTahitiwhy they always ate (26)apart and alone, they replied, “Because it is right.” If we ask Americans why they eat with knives and forks, or why their men wear pants (27)instead of skirts or why they may be married to only one person at a time, we are likely to get (28)similar and very uninformative answers: “Because it’s right.” “Because that’s the way it’s done.” “Because it’s the(29) custom.” Or even “I don’t know.” The reason for these and countless other patterns of social behavior is that they are(30) controlled by social norms – shared rules or guidelines which prescribe the behavior that is appropriate in a given situation. Norms (31)define how people “ought to” behave under particular circumstances in a particular society. We conform (遵守) to norms so readily that we are hardly aware they (32)exist. In fact we are much more likely to notice (33)departures from norms than conformity to them. You would not be surprised if a stranger tried to shake hands when you were introduced, but you might be a little (34)startled if they bowed, started to stroke you or kissed you on both (35)cheeks. Yet each of these other forms of greeting is appropriate in other parts of the world. When we visit another society whose norms are different, we quickly become aware that things we do this way, they do that way.
这篇听写是今年四级改革后第一次在正式考试中的处子秀，和历年真题一样，仍然是对动词，名词和形容词等实词的考查。不出意料，文章难度确实有所降低。最明显的地方就是空格部分都是考生平常熟悉的四级大纲、甚至在中学期间就基本已经掌握了的词汇和短语，像instead of, exist, controlled, similar基本属于考生应该十拿九稳的分数。除此之外departure，startle可能稍有些挑战性，departure是动词depart的名词形式，文中意思表示“背离”；startle表示“吃惊”。此外，这次的听写再一次考验了学生对-ed、-s等词缀的把握能力，所以大家今后还是需要注意动词时态和名词单复数的变化，切勿因此导致一些非受迫性的失误。