Part III Listening Comprehension （35 minutes）
11. W: This crazy bus schedule has got me completely confused. I can’t figure out when my bus to Cleveland leaves?
M: Why don’t you just go to the ticket window and ask?
Q: What does the man suggest the woman do?
W: I really enjoyed the TV Special about giraffes last night. Did you get home in time to see it?
M: Oh, yes. But I wish I could have stayed awake long enough to see the whole thing。
Q: What does the man mean?
W: Airport, please. I’m running a little late, so just take the fastest way even if it’s not the most direct。
M: Sure, but there’s a lot of traffic everywhere today because of the football game。
Q: What do we learn about the woman from the conversation?
W: May I make a recommendation, sir? Our sea food with this special sauce is very good。
M: Thank you. But I don’t eat shellfish, I’m allergic to it。
W: Where does this conversation most probably take place?
W: Now one more question if you don’t mind, what position in a company appeals to you most?
M: Well, I’d like the position of sales manager if that position is still vacant。
Q: What do we learn about the man?
M: I don’t think I want to live in the dormitory next year. I need more privacy。
W: I know what you mean but check out the cost of renting an apartment first, I won’t be surprised if you change your mind。
Q: What does the woman imply?
M: You’re on the right track. I just think you need to narrow the topic down。
W: Yeah, you’re right. I always start by choosing too broad a topic when I’m doing your research paper。
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
W: This picnic sure beats the last one we went to, doesn’t it?
M: Oh, yeah. We had to spend the whole time inside. Good thing the weather was cooperative this time。
Q: What do we learn about the speakers from the conversation?
M: When I say I live in Sweden, people always want to know about the seasons。
W: The seasons?
M: Yeah, you know how cold it is in winter? What is it like when the days are so short?
W: So what is it like?
M: Well, it is cold ,very cold in winter. Sometimes it is cold as 26 degrees below centigrade. And of course when you go out, you’ll wrap up warm. But inside in the houses it’s always very warm, much warmer than at home. Swedish people always complain that when they visit England, the houses are cold even in the good winter。
W: And what about the darkness?
M: Well, yeah, around Christmas time there’s only one hour of daylight, so you really looks forward to the spring. It is sometimes a bit depressing. But you see the summers are amazing, from May to July in the North of Sweden the sun never sets. It’s still light in the midnight. You can walk in the mountains and read a newspaper。
W: Oh, yeah, the land of the midnight sun。
M: Yeah, that’s right, but it’s wonderful. You won’t stay up all night. And the Swedes makes most of it often they started work earlier in summer and then leave at about 2 or 3 in the afternoon, so that they can really enjoy the long summer evenings. They’d like to work hard, but play hard, too. I think Londoners work longer hours, but I’m not sure this is a good thing。
Q19: What do we learn about the man from the conversation?
A）He likes Sweden better than England.
B）He prefers hot weather to cold weather.
C）He is an English living in Sweden.
D）He visits London nearly every winter.
Q20: What do Swedish people complain about when they visit England in winter?
A）The bad weather
B）The cold houses.
C）The gloomy winter.
D）The long night.
Q21: How does the man describe the short hour of daylight around Christmas in Sweden?
Q22:What does the man say about the Swedish people?
A）They often stay up late reading.
B)They work hard and play hard.
C) They like to go camping in summer.
D) They try to earn more and spend more.
W: What kind of training does one need to go into this type of job?
M: That’s a very good question. I don’t think there is any, specifically.
W: For example, in your case, what is your educational background?
M: Well, I did a degree in French at Nottingham. After that, I did careers work in secondary schools like the careers guidance people here is in the university. Then I went into local government because I found I was more interested in the administrative side. Then progressed on to universities. So there wasn’t any plan and there was no specific training. There are plenty of training courses in management techniques and committee work which you can attend now.
W: But in the first place, you did a French degree.
M: In my time, there wasn’t a degree you could do for administration. I think most of the administrators I’ve come across have degrees and all sorts of things.
W: Well, I know in my case, I did an English literature degree and I didn’t really expect to end up doing what I am doing now.
W: But you are local to Nottingham, actually? Is there any reason why you went to Nottingham University?
M: No ,no, I come from the north of England, from west Yorkshire. Nottingham was one of the universities I put on my list. And I like the look of it. The campus is just beautiful.
W: Yes, indeed. Let’s see. Were you from the industrial part of Yorkshire?
M: Yes, from the woolen district。
Q23. What was the man’s major at university?
Q24: What was the man’s job in secondary schools?
Q25: What attracted the man to Nottingham University?
A）Its pleasant environment.
B）Its worldwide fame.
C）Its generous scholarship.
D）Its well-designed courses.
While Gale Obcamp, an American artist, was givinga speech on the art of Japanese brush painting to an audience that includedvisitors from Japan, she was confused to see that many of her Japanese listenershad their eyes closed. Were they turned off because an American had the nerveto instruct Japanese in their own art form or they deliberately trying tosignal their rejection of her? Obcamp later found out that her listeners werenot being disrespectful. Japanese listeners sometimes close their eyes to enhance concentration. Her listeners were showing their respect for her bychewing on her words. Someday, you may be either a speaker or a listener in asituation involving people from other countries or members of a minority groupin North America. Learning how different cultures signal respect can help youavoid misunderstandings. Here are some examples. In the Deaf Culture of NorthAmerican, many listeners show applause not by clapping their hands but bywaving them in the air. In some cultures, both overseas and in some minoritygroups in North America, listeners are considered disrespectful if they lookdirectly at the speaker. Respect is shown by looking in the general directionbut avoiding direct eye contact. In some countries, whistling by listeners is asign of approval while in other countries it is a form of insult。
26.What did Obcamp’s speech focus on?
A) Characteristics of Japanese artists
B) Some features of Japanese culture
C) The art of Japanese brush painting
D) The uniqueness of Japanese art
27. Why do Japanese listeners sometimes close their eyes while listening to aspeech?
A) To calm themselves down
B) To enhance concentration
C) To show their impatience
D) To signal their lack of interest
28. What does the speaker try to explain?
A) How listeners in different cultures show respect
B) How speakers can win approval from the audience
C) How speakers can misunderstand the audience
D) How different Western and Eastern art forms are
Chris is in charge of purchasing and maintainingequipment in his division at Taxlong company. He’s soon going to have anevaluation interview with his supervisor and personnel director to discuss thework he has done in the past year. Salary, promotion and plans for the comingyear will also be discussed at the meeting。
Chris has made several changes for his division inhis past year. Firstly, he bought new equipment for one of the departments.He’s been particularly happy about new equipment because many of the employeeshave told him how much it has helped them. Along with improving the equipment,Chris began a program to train employees to use equipment better and to dosimple maintenance themselves. The training saved time for the employees andmoney for the Company。
Unfortunately, one serious problem developedduring the year. Two employees that Chris hired were stealing, and he had tofire them. Chris knows that a new job for a purchasing
and maintenance managerfor the whole company will be open in a few months and he would like to bepromoted to the job. Chris knows, however, that someone else wants the new job,too. Kim is in charge of purchasing and maintenance in another division of thecompany. She has also made several changes over the year. Chris knows that hisboss likes Kim’s work, and expects that his work will be compared with hers。
29. What is Chris’ main responsibility at Taxlongcompany?
A) Directing personnel evaluation.
B) Buying and maintain equipment.
C) Drawing up plans for in-service training.
D) Interviewing and recruiting employees.
30. What problem did Chris encounter in his division?
A) Some of his equipment was damaged in a fire.
B) The training program he ran was failure.
C) Two of his workers were injured at work.
D) Two of his employees committed theft.
31. What does Chris hope for in the near future?
A) A better relationship with his boss.
B) Advancement to a higher position
C) A better-paying job in another company
D) Improvement in the company’s management
32. What do we learn about Kim from the passage?
A)She has more self-confidence than Chris.
B)She works with Chris in the same division.
C)She has more management experience than Chris.
D) She is competing with Chris for the new job.
Proverbs, sometimes called sayings, areexamples of folk wisdom. They are little lessons whicholder people of the culture pass down to the younger people to teach them aboutlife. Manyproverbs remind the people of values that are important in the culture. Valuesteach people how to act, what is right and what is wrong, because the values of eachculture are different. Understanding the values of anotherculture, helps to explain how people think and act. Understanding your ownculture values is important, too. If you can accept that people from other cultures actaccording to their values not yours, getting along with them will be much easier.Many proverbs are very old. So some of the values they teach may not be asimportant in the culture as they once were. For example, Americans today do not paymuch attention to the proverbs “haste makes waste”， because patience is notimportant to them. But if you know about past values, it helps you tounderstand the present. And many of the old values are still strong today.Benjamin Franklin, a famous American diplomat, writer, and scientist died in1790. But his proverb “Time is money” is taken more seriously by Americans oftoday than ever before. A study of proverbs from around theworld shows that some values are shared by many cultures. In many cases though, the same idea is expressed differently。
33. Why are proverbs so important?
A) They help us see the important values of a culture.
B) They guide us in handling human relationships.
C) They help us express ourselves more effectively.
D) They are an infinite source of human knowledge.
34. According to the speakers, what happens to some proverbs withthe passage of time?
A)Their wordings may become different.
B) The values they reflect may change.
C)Their origins can no longer be traced.
D) They may be misinterpreted.
Our lives are woven together. As much as I enjoymy own company, I no longer imagine I can get through a single day, much lessall my life, completely on my own. Even if I am on vacation in the mountains, Iam eating foods someone else has grown, living in the house someone else hasbuilt, wearing clothes someone else has sewn from cloth woven by others, usingelectricity someone else is distributing to my house. Evidence ofinterdependence is everywhere. We are on this journey together. As I wasgrowing up, I remember being carefully taught that independence, notinterdependence, was everything. Make your own way, stand on your own two feet,or my mother’s favorite remark when I was face to face with the consequences ofsome action: now that you’ve made your bed, lie on it. Total independence is adominant theme in our culture. I imagine that what my parents were trying toteach me was to take responsibility for my actions and my choices, but theteaching was shaped by our cultural images and instead, I grew up, believingthat I was supposed to be totally independent and consequently became veryreluctant to ask for help. I would do almost anything not to be a burden andnot require any help from anybody.
11.B) Go and ask the staff。
12.A) He fell asleep in the middle of the TV program.
13.B) She is worried about missing her flight。
14.A) In a restaurant
15.A) He is being interviewed for a job。
16.B) The man is unlikely to move out of the dormitory。
17.D) The woman is going to make her topic more focused。
18.B) They didn’t quite enjoy their last picnic。
19.B)He prefers hot weather to cold weather。
20.B)The cold houses。
22.B)They work hard and play hard。
25. B)Its pleasant environment。
26. A. The art of Japanese brush painting
27. A. To enhance concentration
28. C. How listeners in different cultures show respect
29. A. Buying and maintaining equipment。
30. D Two of his employees committed theft.
31. B Advancement to a higher position.
32. D. She is competing with Chris for that new job。
33. A)They help us see the important values of a culture.
34.B) The values they reflect may change