2011年12月17四级听力真题及答案

来源:网络 2019-03-16

2011年12月四级考试听力原文

Part III   Listening Comprehension (35 minutes

Section A

短对话

11. W: This crazy bus schedule has got me completely confused. I cant figure out when my bus to Cleveland leaves?

M: Why dont you just go to the ticket window and ask?

Q: What does the man suggest the woman do?

12.

W: I really enjoyed the TV Special about giraffes last night. Did you get home in time to see it?

M: Oh, yes. But I wish I could have stayed awake long enough to see the whole thing

Q: What does the man mean?

13.

W: Airport, please. Im running a little late, so just take the fastest way even if its not the most direct

M: Sure, but theres a lot of traffic everywhere today because of the football game

Q: What do we learn about the woman from the conversation?

14.

W: May I make a recommendation, sir? Our sea food with this special sauce is very good

M: Thank you. But I dont eat shellfish, Im allergic to it

W: Where does this conversation most probably take place?

15.

W: Now one more question if you dont mind, what position in a company appeals to you most?

M: Well, Id like the position of sales manager if that position is still vacant

Q: What do we learn about the man?

16.

M: I dont think I want to live in the dormitory next year. I need more privacy

W: I know what you mean but check out the cost of renting an apartment first, I wont be surprised if you change your mind

Q: What does the woman imply?

17.

M: Youre on the right track. I just think you need to narrow the topic down

W: Yeah, youre right. I always start by choosing too broad a topic when Im doing your research paper

Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

18.

W: This picnic sure beats the last one we went to, doesnt it?

M: Oh, yeah. We had to spend the whole time inside. Good thing the weather was cooperative this time

Q: What do we learn about the speakers from the conversation?

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长对话


Conversation One

M: When I say I live in Sweden, people always want to know about the seasons

W: The seasons?

M: Yeah, you know how cold it is in winter? What is it like when the days are so short?

W: So what is it like?

M: Well, it is cold ,very cold in winter. Sometimes it is cold as 26 degrees below centigrade. And of course when you go out, youll wrap up warm. But inside in the houses its always very warm, much warmer than at home. Swedish people always complain that when they visit England, the houses are cold even in the good winter

W: And what about the darkness?

M: Well, yeah, around Christmas time theres only one hour of daylight, so you really looks forward to the spring. It is sometimes a bit depressing. But you see the summers are amazing, from May to July in the North of Sweden the sun never sets. Its still light in the midnight. You can walk in the mountains and read a newspaper

W: Oh, yeah, the land of the midnight sun

M: Yeah, thats right, but its wonderful. You wont stay up all night. And the Swedes makes most of it often they started work earlier in summer and then leave at about 2 or 3 in the afternoon, so that they can really enjoy the long summer evenings. Theyd like to work hard, but play hard, too. I think Londoners work longer hours, but Im not sure this is a good thing

Q19: What do we learn about the man from the conversation?
AHe likes Sweden better than England.
BHe prefers hot weather to cold weather.
CHe is an English living in Sweden.
DHe visits London nearly every winter.

Q20: What do Swedish people complain about when they visit England in winter?
AThe bad weather
BThe cold houses.
CThe gloomy winter.
DThe long night.


Q21: How does the man describe the short hour of daylight around Christmas in Sweden?

ADelightful.
BPainful.
CDepressing.
DRefreshing.
 

Q22:What does the man say about the Swedish people?

AThey often stay up late reading.
B)They work hard and play hard.
C) They like to go camping in summer.
D) They try to earn more and spend more.


Conversation Two

W: What kind of training does one need to go into this type of job?

M: Thats a very good question. I dont think there is any, specifically.

W: For example, in your case, what is your educational background?


M: Well, I did a degree in French at Nottingham. After that, I did careers work in secondary schools like the careers guidance people here is in the university. Then I went into local government because I found I was more interested in the administrative side. Then progressed on to universities. So there wasnt any plan and there was no specific training. There are plenty of training courses in management techniques and committee work which you can attend now.

W: But in the first place, you did a French degree.

M: In my time, there wasnt a degree you could do for administration. I think most of the administrators Ive come across have degrees and all sorts of things.

W: Well, I know in my case, I did an English literature degree and I didnt really expect to end up doing what I am doing now.

M: Quite

W: But you are local to Nottingham, actually? Is there any reason why you went to Nottingham University?

M: No ,no, I come from the north of England, from west Yorkshire. Nottingham was one of the universities I put on my list. And I like the look of it. The campus is just beautiful.

W: Yes, indeed. Lets see. Were you from the industrial part of Yorkshire?

M: Yes, from the woolen district

Q23. What was the mans major at university?
AManagement.
BFrench
CEnglish literature
DPublic Administration

Q24: What was the mans job in secondary schools?
AEnglish teaching.
BStaff training.
CCareers guidance.
DPsychological counseling

Q25: What attracted the man to Nottingham University?
AIts pleasant environment.
BIts worldwide fame.
CIts generous scholarship.
DIts well-designed courses.

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短文题

Passage 1

While Gale Obcamp, an American artist, was givinga speech on the art of Japanese brush painting to an audience that includedvisitors from Japan, she was confused to see that many of her Japanese listenershad their eyes closed. Were they turned off because an American had the nerveto instruct Japanese in their own art form or they deliberately trying tosignal their rejection of her? Obcamp later found out that her listeners werenot being disrespectful. Japanese listeners sometimes close their eyes to enhance concentration. Her listeners were showing their respect for her bychewing on her words. Someday, you may be either a speaker or a listener in asituation involving people from other countries or members of a minority groupin North America. Learning how different cultures signal respect can help youavoid misunderstandings. Here are some examples. In the Deaf Culture of NorthAmerican, many listeners show applause not by clapping their hands but bywaving them in the air. In some cultures, both overseas and in some minoritygroups in North America, listeners are considered disrespectful if they lookdirectly at the speaker. Respect is shown by looking in the general directionbut avoiding direct eye contact. In some countries, whistling by listeners is asign of approval while in other countries it is a form of insult

26.What did Obcamps speech focus on?
A) Characteristics of Japanese artists
B) Some features of Japanese culture
C) The art of Japanese brush painting
D) The uniqueness of Japanese art

27. Why do Japanese listeners sometimes close their eyes while listening to aspeech?
A) To calm themselves down
B) To enhance concentration
C) To show their impatience
D) To signal their lack of interest

28. What does the speaker try to explain?
A) How listeners in different cultures show respect
B) How speakers can win approval from the audience
C) How speakers can misunderstand the audience
D) How different Western and Eastern art forms are

Passage2

Chris is in charge of purchasing and maintainingequipment in his division at Taxlong company. Hes soon going to have anevaluation interview with his supervisor and personnel director to discuss thework he has done in the past year. Salary, promotion and plans for the comingyear will also be discussed at the meeting

Chris has made several changes for his division inhis past year. Firstly, he bought new equipment for one of the departments.Hes been particularly happy about new equipment because many of the employeeshave told him how much it has helped them. Along with improving the equipment,Chris began a program to train employees to use equipment better and to dosimple maintenance themselves. The training saved time for the employees andmoney for the Company

Unfortunately, one serious problem developedduring the year. Two employees that Chris hired were stealing, and he had tofire them. Chris knows that a new job for a purchasing
and maintenance managerfor the whole company will be open in a few months and he would like to bepromoted to the job. Chris knows, however, that someone else wants the new job,too. Kim is in charge of purchasing and maintenance in another division of thecompany. She has also made several changes over the year. Chris knows that hisboss likes Kims work, and expects that his work will be compared with hers

29. What is Chrismain responsibility at Taxlongcompany?
A) Directing personnel evaluation.
B) Buying and maintain equipment.
C) Drawing up plans for in-service training.
D) Interviewing and recruiting employees.

30. What problem did Chris encounter in his division?
A) Some of his equipment was damaged in a fire.
B) The training program he ran was failure.
C) Two of his workers were injured at work.
D) Two of his employees committed theft.

31. What does Chris hope for in the near future?
A) A better relationship with his boss.
B) Advancement to a higher position
C) A better-paying job in another company
D) Improvement in the companys management

32. What do we learn about Kim from the passage?
A)She has more self-confidence than Chris.
B)She works with Chris in the same division.
C)She has more management experience than Chris.
D) She is competing with Chris for the new job.


Passage 3

Proverbs, sometimes called sayings, areexamples of folk wisdom. They are little lessons whicholder people of the culture pass down to the younger people to teach them aboutlife. Manyproverbs remind the people of values that are important in the culture. Valuesteach people how to act, what is right and what is wrong, because the values of eachculture are different. Understanding the values of anotherculture, helps to explain how people think and act. Understanding your ownculture values is important, too. If you can accept that people from other cultures actaccording to their values not yours, getting along with them will be much easier.Many proverbs are very old. So some of the values they teach may not be asimportant in the culture as they once were. For example, Americans today do not paymuch attention to the proverbshaste makes waste”, because patience is notimportant to them. But if you know about past values, it helps you tounderstand the present. And many of the old values are still strong today.Benjamin Franklin, a famous American diplomat, writer, and scientist died in1790. But his proverbTime is moneyis taken more seriously by Americans oftoday than ever before. A study of proverbs from around theworld shows that some values are shared by many cultures. In many cases though, the same idea is expressed differently

33. Why are proverbs so important?
A) They help us see the important values of a culture.
B) They guide us in handling human relationships.
C) They help us express ourselves more effectively.
D) They are an infinite source of human knowledge.

34. According to the speakers, what happens to some proverbs withthe passage of time?
A)Their wordings may become different.
B) The values they reflect may change.
C)Their origins can no longer be traced.
D) They may be misinterpreted.

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复合式听写

Our lives are woven together. As much as I enjoymy own company, I no longer imagine I can get through a single day, much lessall my life, completely on my own. Even if I am on vacation in the mountains, Iam eating foods someone else has grown, living in the house someone else hasbuilt, wearing clothes someone else has sewn from cloth woven by others, usingelectricity someone else is distributing to my house. Evidence ofinterdependence is everywhere. We are on this journey together. As I wasgrowing up, I remember being carefully taught that independence, notinterdependence, was everything. Make your own way, stand on your own two feet,or my mothers favorite remark when I was face to face with the consequences ofsome action: now that youve made your bed, lie on it. Total independence is adominant theme in our culture. I imagine that what my parents were trying toteach me was to take responsibility for my actions and my choices, but theteaching was shaped by our cultural images and instead, I grew up, believingthat I was supposed to be totally independent and consequently became veryreluctant to ask for help. I would do almost anything not to be a burden andnot require any help from anybody.

答案:

Section A

11.B) Go and ask the staff

12.A) He fell asleep in the middle of the TV program.

13.B) She is worried about missing her flight

14.A) In a restaurant

15.A) He is being interviewed for a job

16.B) The man is unlikely to move out of the dormitory

17.D) The woman is going to make her topic more focused

18.B) They didnt quite enjoy their last picnic

19.B)He prefers hot weather to cold weather

20.B)The cold houses

21.C)Depressing

22.B)They work hard and play hard

23.B)French

24.C)careers guidance

25. B)Its pleasant environment

 

Section B

Passage One(听力短文第一大题)

26. A. The art of Japanese brush painting

27. A. To enhance concentration

28. C. How listeners in different cultures show respect


Passage Two(听力短文第二大题)

29. A. Buying and maintaining equipment

30. D Two of his employees committed theft.

31. B Advancement to a higher position.

32. D. She is competing with Chris for that new job

33. A)They help us see the important values of a culture.

34.B) The values they reflect may change




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