2016年专业四级考试样题

来源:网络 2019-01-13

TEM4 SAMPLE TEST(部分)      
TIME LIMIT: 130 MIN    
PART I    DICTATION                   [10 MIN]

Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be done at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seconds. The last reading will be done at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 1 minute to check through your work once more.

lease write the whole passage on ANSWER SHEET ONE

PART II    LISTENING COMPREHENSION        [20 MIN]   
SECTION A  TALK 
In this section you will hear a talk. You will hear the talk ONCE ONLY. While listening, you may look at ANSWER SHEET ONE and write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each gap. Make sure the word(s) you fill in is (are) both grammatically and semantically acceptable. You may use the blank sheet for note-takingYou have THIRTY seconds to preview the gap-filling task.
Now listen to the talk. When it is over, you will be given TWO minutes to complete your work

SECTION B  CONVERSATIONS
In this section you will hear two conversations. At the end of each conversation, five questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken ONCE ONLY. After each question there will be a ten-second pause. During the pause, you should read the four choices of A), B), C) and D), and mark the best answer to each question on ANSWER SHEET TWO.

You have thirty seconds to preview the questions.
Now, listen to the conversations.

Conversation One.  
1. A. The return trip is too expensive
B. There is no technology to get people back.
C. People dont want to return.
D. The return trip is too risky.  

2. AIntelligenceB. Health. C. Skills. D. Calmness.  

3. A. The kind of people suitable for the trip
B. Interests and hobbies of the speakers.
C. Recruitment of people for the trip.
D. Preparation for the trip to Mars. ……   

Conversation Two  
6. A. Going to the high street
B. Visiting everyday shops
C. Buying things like electrical goods.
D. Visiting shops and buying online.  

7. A. 3%  B. 33% C. 42% D. 24%    

8. A. They want to know more about pricing
B. They can return the product later.
C. They want to see the real thing first.
D. They can bargain for a lower shop price.

PART III   LANGUAGE KNOWLEDGE          [10 MIN]   

There are twenty sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words, phrases or statements marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word, phrase or statement that best completes the sentence.

Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET TWO.

11. When you have finished with that book, don't forget to put it back on the shelf, _______? 
A. don't you B. do you C. will you D. won't you   

12. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT
A. Only one out of six were present at the meeting
B. Ten dollars was stolen from the cash register
C. Either my sister or my brother is coming
D. Five miles seem like a long walk to me.   

13. It is not so much the language _______ the cultural background that makes the film difficult  to understand
A. but B. nor C. like D. as   

14. There is no doubt _______ the committee has made the right decision on the housing project
A. why  B. that C. whether D. when   

15. If you explained the situation to your lawyer, he _______ able to advise you much better  than I can
A. will be B. was C. would be D. were    

16. Which of the following is a stative verb (静态动词) ? 
A. Drink. B. Close. C. Rain. D. Belong.   

17. Which of the following italicized parts indicates a subject-verb relation
A. The man has a large family to supportB. She had no wish to quarrel with her brotherC. He was the last guest to leaveD. Mary needs a friend to talk to.

18. Which of the following is INCORRECT
A. Another two girls. B. Few wordsC. This workD. A bit of flowers.   

19. When one has good health, _______ should feel fortunate
A. you B. she C. he D. we   

20. There _______ nothing more for discussion, the meeting came to an end half an hour earlier
A. to be B. to have been C. be D. being    

21. Bottles from this region sell _______ at about $50 a case.  
A. entirely   B. totally  C. wholesale  D. together   

22. The product contains no _______ colours, flavours, or preservatives
A. fake B. artificial C. false D. wrong  

23. _______ and business leaders were delighted at the decision to hold the national motor fair  in the city
A. Civil B. Civilized C. Civilian D. Civic  

24. The city council is planning a huge road-building programme to ease congestion. The  underlined part means _______. 
A. calm B. relieve C. comfort D. still  

25. His unfortunate appearance was offset by an attractive personality. The underlined part  means all the following EXCEPT _______. 
A. improved B. made up for  C. balanced D. compensated for  

26. The doctor said that the gash in his cheek required ten stitches. The underlined part means  _______. 
A. lump B. depression C. swelling D. cut  

27. During the economic crisis, they had to cut back production and _______ workers
A. lay off B. lay into C. lay down D. lay aside  

28. To mark its one hundredth anniversary, the university held a series of activities including  conferences, film shows, etc. The underlined part means _______.  A. signify  B. celebrate C. symbolize D. suggest

29. His fertile mind keeps turning out new ideas. The underlined part means _______. 
A. abundant B. unbelievable C. productive D. generative  

30. These issues were discussed at length during the meeting. The underlined part means  _______. 
A. eventually B. subsequently C. lastly D. fully

PART IV    CLOZE                                [10 MIN]    

Decide which of the words given in the box below would best complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. The words can be used ONCE ONLY. Mark the letter for each word on ANSWER SHEET TWO.

A as   B aimless   C bother    D fast   E flights     F helpless      G labor-saving  H levels   I money-saving  J pause    K quite    L stand by   M standstill  N traffic      O trapped

Electricity is such a part of our everyday lives and so much taken for granted nowadays that we rarely think twice when we switch on the light or turn on the TV set. At night, roads are brightly lit, enabling people and (31) _______ to move freely. Neon lighting used in advertising has become part of the character of every modern city. In the home, many (32) _______ devices are powered by electricityEven when we turn off the bedside lamp and are (33)         asleep, electricity is working for us, driving our refrigerators, heating our water, or keeping our rooms  air-conditioned. Every day, trains, buses and subways take us to and from work. We rarely (34) _______ to consider why or how they rununtil  something goes wrongIn the summer of 1959, something did go wrong with the power-plant that provided New York with electricity. For a great many hours, life came almost to a (35) _______. Trains refused to move and the people in them sat in the dark, powerless to do anything; lifts stopped working, so that even if you were lucky enough not to be (36) _______ between two floors, you had the unpleasant task of finding your way down (37) _______ of stairs. Famous streets like Broadway and Fifth Avenue in an instant became as gloomy and uninviting (38) _______ the most remote back streets. People were afraid to leave their houses, for although the police had been ordered to (39) _______ in case of emergency, they were just as confused and (40) _______ as anybody else.

PART V    READING COMPREHENSION           [35 MIN]   
SECTION A  MULTIPLE-CHOICE QUESTIONS 

In this section there are several passages followed by ten multiple-choice questions. For each question, there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the one that you think is the best answer and mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET TWO.

PASSAGE ONE 
Inundated by more information than we can possibly hold in our heads, were increasingly handing off the job of remembering to search engines and smart phones. Google is even reportedly working on eyeglasses that could one day recognize faces and supply details about whoever youre looking at. But new research shows that outsourcing our memoryand expecting that information will be continually and instantaneously availableis changing our cognitive habitsResearch conducted by Betsy Sparrow, an assistant professor of psychology at Columbia University, has identified three new realities about how we process information in the Internet age. First, her experiments showed that when we dont know the answer to a question, we now think about where we can find the nearest Web connection instead of the subject of the question itself. A second revelation is that when we expect to be able to find information again later on, we dont remember it as well as when we think it might become unavailable. And then there is the researchersfinal observation: the expectation that well be able to locate information down the line leads us to form a memory not of the fact itself but of where well be able to find itBut this handoff comes with a downside. Skills like critical thinking and analysis must develop in the context of facts: we need something to think and reason about, after all. And these facts cant be Googled as we go; they need to be stored in the original hard drive, our long-term memory. Especially in the case of children, “factual knowledge must precede skill,” says Daniel Willingham, a professor of psychology, at the University of Virginiameaning that the days of drilling the multiplication table and memorizing the names of the Presidents arent over quite yet. Adults, too, need to recruit a supply of stored knowledge in order to situate and evaluate new information they encounter. You cant Google contextLast, theres the possibility, increasingly terrifying to contemplate, that our machines will fail us. As Sparrow puts it, “The experience of losing our Internet connection becomes more and more like losing a friend.” If youre going to keep your memory on your smart phone, better make sure its fully charged.

41. Googles eyeglasses are supposed to ______. 
A. improve our memory
B. function like memory
C. help us see faces better
D. work like smart phones  

42. Which of the following statements about Sparrows research is CORRECT
A. We remember people and things as much as before.
B. We remember more Internet connections than before
C. We pay equal attention to location and content of information.
D. We tend to remember location rather than the core of facts.  

43. What is the implied message of the author
A. Web connections aid our memory.
B. People differ in what to remember.
C. People keep memory on smart phones.
D. People need to exercise their memory.

PASSAGE TWO  
I was a second-year medical student at the university, and was on my second day of rounds at a nearby hospital. My universitys philosophy was to get students seeing patients early in their education. Nice idea, but it overlooked one detail: second-year students know next to nothing about medicine

Assigned to my team that day was an attendinga senior faculty member who was there mostly to make patients feel they werent in the hands of amateurs. Many attendings were researchers who didnt have much recent hospital experience. Mine was actually an arthritis specialist. Also along was a resident (the real boss, with a staggering mastery of medicine, at least to a rookie like myself). In addition, there were two interns (住院实习医生). These guys were just as green as I was, but in a scarier way: they had recently graduated from the medical school, so they were technically MDs

I began the day at 6:30am. An intern and I did a quick check of our eight patients; later, we were to present our findings to the resident and then to the attending. I had three patients and the intern had the other fivepiece of cake

But when I arrived in the room of 71-year-old Mr. Adams, he was sitting up in bed, sweating heavily and panting (喘气). Hed just had a hip operation and looked terrible. I listened to his lungs with my stethoscope, but they sounded clear. Next I checked the log of his vital signs and saw that his respiration and heart rate had been climbing, but his temperature was steady. It didnt seem like heart failure, nor did it appear to be pneumonia. So I asked Mr. Adams what he thought was going on

Its really hot in here, Doc,” he replied

So I attributed his condition to the stuffy room and told him the rest of the team would return in a few hours. He smiled and feebly waved goodbye

At 8:40 am., during our team meeting, “Code Blue Room 307!” blared from the loudspeaker

I froze

That was Mr. Adamss room

When we arrived, he was motionless.  

The autopsy (尸体解剖) later found Mr. Adams had suffered a massive pulmonary embolism (肺部栓塞). A blood clot had formed in his leg, worked its way to his lungs, and cut his breathing capacity in half. His symptoms had been textbook: heavy perspiration and shortness of breath despite clear lungs. The only thing was: I hadnt read that chapter in the textbook yet. And I was too scared, insecure, and proud to ask a real doctor for help

This mistake has haunted me for nearly 30 years, but whats particularly frustrating is that the same medical education system persists. Who knows how many people have died or suffered harm at the hands of students as naïve as I, and how many more will?

44. We learn that the authors team members had ______. 
A. much practical experience
B. adequate knowledge
C. long been working there
D. some professional deficiency  

45. “His symptoms had been textbookmeans that his symptoms were ______. 
A. part of the textbook 
B. no longer in the textbook 
C. recently included in the textbook
D. explained in the textbook  

46. At the end of the passage, the author expresses ______ about the medical education system
A. optimism 
B. hesitation
C. concern
D. support

PASSAGE THREE  
The war on smoking, now five decades old and counting, is one of the nations greatest public health success storiesbut not for everyone.

As a whole, the country has made amazing progress. In 1964, four in ten adults in the US smoked; today fewer than two in ten do. But some statesKentucky, South Dakota and Alabama, to name just a fewseem to have missed the message that smoking is deadly

Their failure is the greatest disappointment in an effort to save lives that was started on Jan. 11, 1964, by the first Surgeon Generals Report on Smoking and Health. Its finding that smoking is a cause of lung cancer and other diseases was major news then. The hazards of smoking were just starting to emerge

The report led to cigarette warning labels, a ban on TV ads and eventually an anti-smoking movement that shifted the nations attitude on smoking. Then, smokers were cool. Today, many are outcasts, rejected by restaurants, bars, public buildings and even their own workplaces. Millions of lives have been saved

The formula for success is no longer guesswork: Adopt tough warning labels, air public service ads, fund smoking cessation programs and impose smoke-free laws. But the surest way to prevent smoking, particularly among price-sensitive teens, is to raise taxes. If you can stop them from smoking, youve won the war. Few people start smoking after turning 19. 

The real-life evidence of taxing power is powerful. The 10 states with the lowest adult smoking rates slap an average tax of $2.42 on every packthree times the average tax in the states with the highest smoking rates

New York has the highest cigarette tax in the country, at $4.35 per pack, and just 12 percent of teens smokefar below the national average of 18 percent. Compare that with Kentucky, where taxes are low (60 cents), smoking restrictions are weak and the teen smoking rate is double New Yorks. Other low-tax states have similarly dismal records


Enemies of high tobacco taxes cling to the tired argument that they fall disproportionately on the poor. True, but so do the deadly effects of smokingfar worse than a tax. The effect of the taxes is amplified further when the revenue is used to fund initiatives that help smokers quit or persuade teens not to startAnti-smoking forces have plenty to celebrate this week, having helped avoid 8 million premature deaths in the past 50 years. But as long as 3,000 adolescents and teens take their first puff each day, the war is not won.

47. According to the context, “Their failurerefers to ______. 
A. those adults who continue to smoke
B. those states that missed the message
C. findings of the report
D. hazards of smoking  

48. What is the passage mainly about
A. How to stage anti-smoking campaigns
B. The effects of the report on smoking and health.
C. Tax as the surest path to cut smoking.  
D. The efforts to cut down on teenage smoking.

PASSAGE FOUR  
Attachment Parenting is not Indulgent Parenting. Attachment parents do not "spoil" their children. Spoiling is done when a child is given everything that they want regardless of what they need and regardless of what is practical. Indulgent parents give toys for tantrums (发脾气), ice cream for breakfast. Attachment parents don't give their children everything that they want, they give their children everything that they need. Attachment parents believe that love and comfort are free and necessary. Not sweets or toys

Attachment Parenting is not "afraid of tears" parenting. Our kids cry. The difference is that we understand that tantrums and tears come from emotions and not manipulation. And our children understand this too. They cry and have tantrums sometimes, of course. But they do this because their emotions are so overwhelming that they need to get it out. They do not expect to be "rewarded" for their strong negative emotions; they simply expect that we will listen. We pick up our babies when they cry, and we respond to the tears of our older children because we believe firmly that comfort is free, love is free, and that when a child has need for comfort and love, it is our job to provide those things. We are not afraid of tears. We don't avoid them. We hold our children through them and teach them that when they are hurt or frustrated we are here to comfort them and help them work through their emotions

Attachment Parenting is not Clingy Parenting. I do not cling to my children. In fact, I'm pretty free-range. As soon as they can move they usually move away from me and let me set up a chase as they crawl, run, skip and hop on their merry way to explore the world. Sure, I carry them and hug them and chase them and kiss them and rock them and sleep with them. But this is not me following them everywhere and pulling them back to me. This is me being a home base. The "attachment" comes from their being allowed to attach to us, not from us attaching to them like parental leechesAttachment Parenting is not Selfish Parenting. It is also not selfless parenting. We are not doing it for us, and we are not doing it to torment ourselves

Attachment parenting is not Helicopter Parenting. I don't hover. I supervise. I follow, I teach, I demonstrate, I explain. I don't slap curious hands away. I show how to do things safely. I let my child do the things that my child wishes to do, first with help and then with supervision and finally with trust. I don't insist that my 23 month old hold my hand when we walk on the sidewalk because I know that I can recall him with my voice because he trusts me to allow him to explore and he trusts me to explain when something is dangerous and to help him satisfy his curiosities safelyMost of the negative things that I hear about "attachment parents" are completely off-base and describe something that is entirely unlike Attachment Parenting. Attachment Parenting is child-centric and focuses on the needs of the child. Children need structure, rules, and boundaries. Attachment Parents simply believe that the child and the parent are allies, not adversaries. And that children are taught, not trained.

49. According to the author, what should parents do when their kids cry
A. Providing comfort and love.
B. Trying to stop kids crying.
C. Holding them till they stop.
D. Rewarding kids with toys.  

50. What doesfree-rangemean according to the passage
A. Fond of providing a home base.
B. Ready to play games with my kids.
C. Curious to watch what games they play.
D. Willing to give kids freedom of movement.

SECTION B    SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS 
In this section there are five short answer questions based on the passages in Section A. Answer the questions with NO more than TEN words in the space provided on ANSWER SHEET TWO.

PASSAGE ONE 
51. According to the passage, what doescognitive habitsrefers to?  
PASSAGE TWO 
52. Why was the author doing rounds in a hospital?  
PASSAGE THREE 
53. What doescountingmean in the context
54. What does the author think of raising tax on cigarettes?  

PASSAGE FOUR 

55. What does the passage mainly discuss?

PART VI    WRITING                           [45 MIN]   
Should we revive traditional Chinese characters or continue using simplified characters? This has been an intensely discussed question for years. The following are the supportersand opponentsopinions. Read carefully the opinions from both sides and writer your response in no less than 200 words, in which you should:  1. summarize the opinions from both sides, and then 2. give your view on the issue.   

Marks will be awarded for content relevance, content sufficiency, organization and language quality. Failure to follow the above instructions may result in a loss of marks






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