2014年专四真题:阅读理解

来源:网络 2019-02-19

2014年专四真题:阅读理解

PART V READING COMPREHENSION [25 MIN]
In this section there are four passages followed by questions or unfinished statements, each with four suggested answers marked
A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the best answer. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET TWO

TEXT A
After breakfast the boys wandered out into the play-ground. Here the day-boys were gradually assembling. They were sons of the local clergy, of the officers at the Depot, and of such manufacturers or men of business as the old town possessed. Presently a bell rang, and they all trooped into school. This consisted of a large, long room at opposite ends of which two under masters conducted the second and third forms, and of a smaller one, leading out of it, used by Mr. Watson, who taught the first form.

To attach the preparatory to the senior school these three classes were known officially, on speech days and in reports, as upper, middle, and lower second. Philip was put in the last. The master, a red-faced man with a pleasant voice, was called Rice; he had a jolly manner with boys, and the time passed quickly. Philip was surprised when it was quarter to eleven and they were let out for ten minutes' rest.

The whole school rushed noisily into the play-ground. The new boys were told to go into the middle, while the others stationed themselves along opposite walls. They began to play Pig in the Middle. The old boys ran from wall to wall while the new boys tried to catch them: when one was seized and the mystic words said - one, two, three, and a pig for me - he became a prisoner and, turning sides, helped to catch those who were still free. Philip saw a boy running past and tried to catch him, but his limp gave him no chance; and the runners, taking their opportunity, made straight for the ground he covered. Then one of them had the brilliant idea of imitating Philips clumsy run. Other boys saw it and began to laugh; then they all copied the first; and they ran round Philip, limping grotesquely, screaming with shrill laughter. They lost their heads with the delight of their new amusement, and choked with helpless merriment. One of them tripped Philip up and he fell, heavily as he always fell, and cut his knee. They laughed all the louder when he got up. A boy pushed him from behind, and he would have fallen again if another
had not caught him. The game was forgotten in the entertainment of Philips deformity. Philip was completely scared. He could not make out why they were laughing at him. His heart beat so that he could hardly breathe, and he was more frightened than he had ever been in his life. He stood still stupidly while the boys ran round him, mimicking and laughing; they shouted to him to try and catch them; but he did not move. He did not want them to see him run any more. He was using all his strength to prevent himself from crying.

81. From the beginning of the passage we learn that ________.
A. some pupils came from the local area B. the school only accepted day-boys
C. the school had only three classes
82. What was Philips reaction to his class?
D. Philips class was part of the senior school
A. He thought class was too short. B. He found his class surprising.
C. He seemed to have enjoyed it.
83. In the game Philip lost his ground because ________.
D. He wanted to change class.
A. the game wasnt fit for new boys like him B. the playground wasnt big enough for the game
C. he did not know the rules of the game
84. What did the boys do after Philip lost his ground?
D. he could not run as quickly as other boys
A. They continued with the game. B. They stopped to make fun of him.
C. They changed to another game. D. They stopped and went inside.
85. How did Philip feel in the end?
A. He was ashamed of himself. B. He was very nervous. C. He was really horrified. D. He felt himself stupid.
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TEXT B
For parents who send their kids off to college saying, “These will be the best years of your life,” it would be very appropri  ate to add, “If you can handle the stress of college life.”

Freshmen are showing up already stressed out, according to the latest   research study that reported studentsemotional health levels at their lowest since the survey started in 1985. While in school, more students are working part-time and near-full-time jobs. At graduation, only 29 percent of seniors have jobs lined up.

Pressure to excel  often creates stress, and many students are not learning how to effectively   handle this stress. Let me showfive facts that I believe every college student should know about stress.

First, stress can make smart people do stupid thingsStress causes what brain researchers callcortical inhibition.” In simple terms, stress inhibits a part of the brain responsible for decision-making and reaction time and can adversely affect other mental abilities as well.

Second, the human body doesnt discriminate between a big stressful event and a little one. Any stressful experience will create about 1,400 biochemical events in your body. If any amount of stress is left unchecked, many things can occur within the body, including premature aging, impaired cognitive function and energy drain.

Third, stress can become your new pattern. When you regularly experience negative feelings and high amounts of stress, your brain recognizes this as your normal state. This then becomes the new norm, or baseline for your emotional state. Fourth, stress can be controlled. Countless studies demonstrate that people can restructure their emotional state using emotion-refocusing techniques. These techniques help you recognize how you are feeling and shift to a more positive emotional, mental and physical state.

One technique involves slowing your thoughts and focusing on your heartbeat, breathing slowly and deeply, and focusing on the positive feeling that you receive.

Finallystress  can  be  lessened  by  loving  what  you  studyBarbara  Fredericksona  leading  international  authority  on  the importance of positive emotions, says humans are genetically programmed to seek positive emotions such as love and joy. It's suggested to choose a major or career path you love and enjoy. Otherwise, you could end up fighting against your own biology.

86.   The author cites the latest research study in order to show that ________.
A.students are studying harder in college B. most students have part-time job now    C. stress
continues to the time of graduation D. students only feel stressed while in school
87.   According to the passage, stress might cause all the following negative effects EXCEPT ________.
A.social
B. mental
C. emotional
D. physical
88.   In the authors opinion, stress can be controlled by ________.
A.doing what you prefer     
B. identifying your present emotional state first
C. finding a more positive feeling first
D. focusing on your emotional state
89.   According to the context, what doesyour own biologymean in the last paragraph?
A.
Your current major.
B. Your future job.
C. Your future research.
D. Your preference.
90.   Which of the following is the best as the title of the passage?
A.Causes of Stress.     
B. Type of Stress. College
C. Life and Stress.
D.   Stress    and   Control Methods.
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TEXT C
For anyone who doubts that the texting revolution is upon us, consider this: The average 13- to 17-year-old sends and receives 3,339 texts a monthmore than 100 per day, according to the Nielsen Co., the media research firm. Adults are catching up. People from ages 45 to 54 sent and received 323 texts a month in the second quarter of 2010, up 75% from a year ago, Nielsen says.

Behind the texting explosion is a fundamental shift in how we view our mobile devices. That they are phones is increasingly beside the point.

Part of what's driving the texting surge among adults is the popularity of social media. Sites like Twitter, with postings of no more than 140 characters, are creating and reinforcing the habit of communicating in micro-bursts.

Economics has much to do with textings popularity. Text messages cost carriers less than traditional mobile voice transmissions, and so they cost users less. Sprint Nextel has reconceived its Virgin Mobile brand to cater to heavy texters in a difficult economy. For $25 per month, users get unlimited texting, email, social networking and 300 talk minutes; for another $15, they get an additional 900 talk minutes. The name of the brand's new wireless plan: “Beyond Talk.”

Textings rise over conversation is changing the way we interact, social scientists and researchers say. We are now inclined to text to relay difficult information. We stare at our phone when we want to avoid eye contact. Rather than make plans in advance, we engage in what research have namedmicro-coordination”—”Ill txt u in 10mins when I know wh/ restrnt.”

Texting saves us time, but it steals from quiet reflection. “When people have a mobile device and have even a little extra time, they will communicate with someone in their life,” says Lee Rainie, director of the Pew Internet and American Life Project.

And the phone conversation will never be completely obsolete. Deal makers and other professionals still spend much of the day on the phone. Researchers say people are more likely to use text-based communications at the preliminary stages of projects. The phone comes into play when there are multiple options to consider or important decisions to be made.

91. At the beginning of the passage, the author uses figures for the purpose of ________.
A. introduction B. comparison C. explanation D. transition
92. According to the context, which of the following is closest in meaning tobeside the point”?
A. Unimportant. B. Unacknowledged. C. Underestimated. D. Undeniable.
93. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a cause for textings popularity?
A. Promotion of cheaper wireless packages. B. Increase in the number of adult texters.
C. Redesign of mobile devices. D. Rise of social media.
94. According to the passage, texting can help people to ________.
A. face difficult situations B. make appointments in advance C. communicate
wish strangers D. avoid awkward situations
95. What is the passage mainly about?
A. Textings popularity and effect. B. Role of texting in business.
C. Preference to texting over thinking. D. Innovation of mobile devices.

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TEXT D
The healthy adolescent boy or girl likes to do the real things in life, to do the things that matter. He would rather be a plumbers mate and do a real job that requires doing than learn about hydrostatics sitting at a desk, without understanding what practical use they are going to be. A girl would rather look after the baby than learn about child care. Logically we should learn about things before doing them and that is presumably why the pundits enforce this in our educational system. But it is not the natural way-nor, I venture to think, the best way. The adolescent wants to do things first for only then does he appreciate the problems involved and want to learn more about them.

They do these things better in primitive life, for there at puberty the boy joins his father in making canoes, patching huts, going out fishing or hunting. He is serving his apprenticeship in the actual accomplishments of life. It is not surprising that anthropologists(人类学家) find that the adolescents of primitive communities do not suffer from the same neurotic(神经质的) “difficultiesas those of civilized life. This is not, as some assume, because they are permitted more sexual freedom, but because they are given more natural outlets for their native interests and powers and are allowed to grow up freely into a full life of responsibility in the community.

In the 19th century this was recognized in the apprenticeship system, which allowed the boy to go out with the master carpenter, or ploughman, to engage in the actual work of carpentry or roof-mending, and so to learn his trade. In some agricultural colleges at the present time young men have to do a years work on a farm before their theoretical training at college. The great advantage  of this system is that it lets the apprentice see the practical problems before he sets to work learning how to solve them, and he can therefore take a more intelligent interest in his theoretical work.

Since more knowledge of more things is now required in order to cope with the adult world, the period of growing-up to independence takes much longer than it did in a more primitive community, and the responsibility for such education, which formerly was in the hands of the parents, is now necessarily undertaken by experts at school. But that should not make us lose sight of the basic principle, namely the need and the desire of the adolescent to engage responsibly in the real pursuits of life and then to learn howto learn through responsibility, not to learn before responsibility.

96. According to the author, what is the natural way of education?
A. Doing things while learning. B. Doing things as an apprentice.
C. Doing things before learning. D. Learning practical knowledge first.
97. The main advantage of the natural way of education, whether in primitive or modern times, is that learners ________.
A. can learn the trade through solving problems at work B. can work with their masters throughout their learning
C. are given more freedom in doing things and learning D. are given opportunities to develop their interest first
98. According to the context, “thisin the third paragraph refers to ________.
A. the way of learning in primitive communities B. the difficulties modern adolescents experience
C. the amount of freedom in learning in primitive life D. the kind of skills boys learned from their father
99. According to the author, learning should now be done in school for all the following reasons EXCEPT that ________.
A. more subjects are to be covered B. more parents should be involved in teaching C. there
should be a deeper understanding of a subject D. more time is needed for becoming independent
100. Which of the
following best sums up the authors main point?
A. The apprenticeship system was effective in learning. B. Students should be given mire freedom in learning.
C. Students develop their interest through learning. D. Learning to solve problem is learning through responsibility.

参考答案
PART V READING COMPREHENSION A) 81-85.CADBC; B) 86-90.CABDC;
C) 91-95.AACDA; D) 96-100. CDABD




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